Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Birds of Southeastern Wyoming
This checklist encompasses all of southcentral and southeastern Wyoming within the Rawlins District, known as the Great Divide Resource Area. This area includes all of Laramie, Albany, and Carbon Counties, and the eastern portion of Sweetwater County, and encompasses some 4 million acres of public lands. Divers and scenic mountain uplifts, dramatic river canyons and large reservoirs, badlands, and rolling sagebrush/grassland vistas form some of the most distinctive features in the area.
The region is characterized by gently rolling sagebrush-dominated prairie, interspersed with pockets of lodgepole pine/Douglas fir, aspen/conifer, and limberpine/juniper woodlands. Among the sagebrush communities are areas of greasewood, saltbush, riparian meadow, and grasslands. Upland drainages, or woody draws provide stringers of deciduous woodlands dominated by cottonwood and aspen. Higher elevation mountain foothills provide areas of mountain shrub, primarily, true mountain mahogany, bitterbrush, and snowberry. River bottom forests are dominated by cottonwood. An extremely divers complex of habitat types provides an abundance of habitats for year-round residents, summer residents, and neotropical migratory birds.
Ab - Abundant; occurs in large numbers and is easily observed because of
its habits and conspicuousness.
C - Common; occurs in large numbers.
F - Fairly common; occurs in fair to moderate numbers.
U - Uncommon; occurs in low numbers.
R - Rare; may occur somewhere in the region but in low numbers
Ac - Accidental; data insufficient to determine season present in the regions.
E - Extirpated; no longer occurs in the region but did historically.
Cm - Common migrant; occurs in large numbers usually through migration in spring and fall.
Um - Uncommon migrant; occurs in low numbers usually through migration in spring and fall.
Rm - Rare migrant; occurs in low numbers usually through migration in spring and fall.
Au - Abundance undetermined.
Populations of many species of birds are declining. Those with special conservation needs are identified as follows:
E - Federally listed Endangered species in Wyoming.
T - Federally listed Threatened species in Wyoming.
C - Federally listed as a Candidate species for listing as Threatened or Endangered somewhere in its range.
N - Neotropical migrant; land birds that winter in Mexico, tropical America, or outside the Americas and may be impacted by destruction of those winter habitats.
NG11 - Priority I nongame species in the state of Wyoming in need of special management. Priority I species need immediate attention and active management to insure that extirpation or a significant decline in the breeding population in Wyoming does not occur.
NG2 - Priority II nongame species. Priority II species need additional study to determine whether intensive management is warranted.
NG3 - Priority III nongame species. Priority III species needs should be accomocated in resource management planning, however intensive management programs to maintain or enhance populations do not appear warranted at present.
GB - Game bird.
GBNS - Game bird, no season.
PD2 - Possible Decline
SD - Significant decline
Spring Migration: (SP) March 15 - May 31
Summer Nesting: (SU) June 1 - August 31
Fall Migration: (FA) September 1 - November 15
Winter: (WI) November 16 - March 14
1 Designations NG1, NG2, and NG3 are Wyoming
Game and Fish status designators and are used to identify management priorities
by species within the state.
2 PD and SD are BLM descriptors of population status.
Obs. Date Species Status* Abundance During
Loons & Grebes Sp Su Fa Wi ____Common Loon NG1 - U - - ____Pied-billed Grebe C C U - ____Horned Grebe U U - - ____Red-necked Grebe R R R - ____Eared Grebe C C C - ____Western Grebe NG2 C C C - ____Clark's Grebe NG2 U U U -
Pelicans & Cormorants Sp Su Fa Wi ____American White Pelican NG1 C C C - ____Double-crested Cormorant C C C -
Herons, Egrets, & Bitterns Sp Su Fa Wi ____American Bittern NG2 Uc Uc Uc ____Great Blue Heron NG3 C C C - ____Great Egret Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Snowy Egret NG1 U U U - ____Little Blue Heron Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Cattle Egret Rm Rm Rm - ____Green-backed Heron Rm Rm Rm - ____Black-crowned Night Heron NG1 U U U - ____Yellow-crowned Night Heron Ac Ac Ac Ac
Ibises Sp Su Fa Wi ____White-faced Ibis C,NG1 U U U -
Swans, Geese, & Ducks Sp Su Fa Wi ____Tundra Swan GBNS - - - U ____Trumpeter Swan VC,NG1 U U U U ____Greater White-fronted Goose GB Rm - Rm - ____Canada Goose GB C C C C ____Snow Goose GB Um - Um - ____Ross' Goose GB Rm - Rm - ____Wood Duck GB U U U - ____Green-winged Teal GB Ab Ab Ab F ____Mallard GB Ab Ab Ab Ab ____Northern Pintail GB Ab Ab Ab Ab ____Blue-winged Teal GB C C C - ____Cinnamon Teal GB Ab Ab Ab - ____Northern Shoveler GB C C C - ____Gadwall GB Ab Ab Ab Ab ____Eurasian Widgeon GB Ac Ac Ac Ac ____American Widgeon GB Ab Ab Ab Ab ____Canvasback GB C C C - ____Redhead GB C C C - ____Ring-necked Duck GB C C C - ____Tufted Duck GB Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Greater Scaup GB Rm - Rm - ____Lesser Scaup GB C C C - ____Harlequin Duck C,GBNS R R R - ____Oldsquaw GB Rm - Rm - ____Black Scoter GB Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Surf Scoter GB Rm - Rm - ____White-winged Scoter GB Um - Um - ____Common Goldeneye GB C C C C ____Barrow's Goldeneye GB C C C C ____Bufflehead GB U U U U ____Hooded Merganser GB U U U U ____Common Merganser GB C C C C ____Red-Breasted Merganser GB U U U - ____Ruddy Duck GB C C C -
Vultures Sp Su Fa Wi ____Turkey Vulture N C C C -
Hawks, Kites, & Eagles Sp Su Fa Wi ____Osprey N F F F - ____Black-shouldered Kite Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Bald Eagle E U U U F ____Northern Harrier N C C C - ____Sharp-shinned Hawk N C C C - ____Cooper's Hawk N C C C - ____Northern Goshawk N,C C C C - ____Broad-winged Hawk N Rm - Rm - ____Swainson's Hawk N C C C - ____Red-tailed Hawk N C C C - ____Ferruginous Hawk N,C,NG3 C C C - ____Rough-legged Hawk C - C C ____Golden Eagle N C C C C
Falcons Sp Su Fa Wi ____American Kestrel N C C C - ____Merlin N,NG2 U U U U ____Peregrine Falcon E,N R R R - ____Gyrfalcon R ____Prairie Falcon N C C C R
Pheasante, Grouse, & Quail Sp Su Fa Wi ____Gray Partridge GB R R R R ____Chukar Partridge GB U U U U ____Ring-necked Pheasant GB U U U U ____Blue Grouse GB C C C C ____White-tailed Ptarmigan GBNS R R R R ____Ruffed Grouse GB C C C C ____Sage Grouse GB C C C C ____Greater Prairie Chicken GB Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Sharp-tailed Grouse (Columbian) C,GB F F F F ____Sharp-tailed Grouse (Plains) GB F F F F ____Wild Turkey GB C C C C ____Northern Bobwhite Quail GB U U U U
Rails, Gallinules, & Coots Sp Su Fa Wi ____Virginia Rail GB Au Au Au - ____Sora GB C C C - ____Purple Gallinule GB Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Common Moorhen GB Ac Ac Ac Ac ____American Coot GB Ab Ab Ab Ab
Cranes Sp Su Fa Wi ____Sandhill Crane GB C C C - ____Whooping Crane E E E E E
Plovers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Black-bellied Plover Um - Um - ____Lesser Golden Plover Rm - Rm - ____Snowy Plover R R R - ____Semipalmated Plover Um - Um - ____Piping Plover N,T Rm - Rm - ____Killdeer Ab Ab Ab - ____Mountain Plover C,N,SD C C C -
Avocets & Stilts Sp Su Fa Wi ____Black-necked Stilt U U U - ____American Avocet C C C -
Sandpipers & Allies Sp Su Fa Wi ____Greater Yellowlegs Cm - Cm - ____Lesser Yellowlegs Cm - Cm - ____Solitary Sandpiper Cm - Cm - ____Willet C C C - ____Spotted Sandpiper C C C - ____Upland Sandpiper N,NG2 U U U - ____Whimbrel Rm - Rm - ____Long-billed Curlew N,C,NG3 U U U - ____Hudsonian Godwit Rm - Rm - ____Marbled Godwit Um - Um - ____Ruddy Turnstone Rm - Rm - ____Red Knot Rm - Rm - ____Sanderling Um - Um - ____Semipalmated Sandpiper Um - Um - ____Western Sandpiper Um - Um - ____Least Sandpiper Cm - Cm - ____White-rumped Sandpiper Rm - Rm - ____Baird's Sandpiper Cm - Cm - ____Pectoral Sandpiper Um - Um - ____Dunlin Rm - Rm - ____Stilt Sandpiper Um - Um - ____Buff-breasted Sandpiper Rm - Rm - ____Short-billed Dowitcher Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Long-billed Dowitcher Cm - Cm - ____Common Snipe GB C C C - ____Wilson's Phalarope C C C - ____Red-necked Phalarope Um - Um -
Gulls & Terns & Allies Sp Su Fa Wi ____Parasitic Jaeger Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Franklin's Gull C C C - ____Common Black-headed Gull Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Bonapart's Gull Um - Um - ____Ring-billed Gull C C C - ____California Gull C C C - ____Herring Gull R R R - ____Glaucous Gull Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Sabine's Gull Rm - Rm - ____Caspian Tern NG1 U U U - ____Common Tern Um - Um - ____Foster's Tern NG1 C C C - ____Black Tern C,NG2 C C C -
Auks, Murres, Puffins & Guillemots Sp Su Fa Wi ____Ancient Murrelet Ac Ac Ac Ac
Pigeons & Doves Sp Su Fa Wi ____Rock Dove Ab Ab Ab Ab ____Band-tailed Pigeon N Rm - Rm - ____Mourning Dove N,NG Ab Ab Ab -
Cuckoos Sp Su Fa Wi ____Black-billed Cuckoo N U U U - ____Yellow-billed Cuckoo N,GB U U U -
Barn Owls Sp Su Fa Wi ____Barn Owl Au Au Au
Typican Owls Sp Su Fa Wi ____Flammulated Owl N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Eastern Screech Owl U U U U ____Great Horned Owl C C C C ____Snowy Owl - - - R ____Northern Pygmy Owl R R R R ____Burrowing Owl N,NG2,PD U U U - ____Great Gray Owl U U U U ____Long-eared Owl C C C C ____Short-eared Owl N C C C C ____Boreal Owl N,PD Au Au Au Au ____Northern Saw-whet Owl PD Au Au Au Au
Nightjars Sp Su Fa Wi ____Common Nighthawk N Ab Ab Ab - ____Common Poorwill N U U U -
Swifts Sp Su Fa Wi ____Black Swift N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Chimney Swift N R R R - ____White-throated Swift N C C C -
Hummingbirds Sp Su Fa Wi ____Black-chinned Hummingbird N U U U - ____Calliope Hummingbird N C C C - ____Broad-tailed Hummingbird N C C C - ____Rufous Hummingbird N,PD C C C -
Kingfishers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Belted Kingfisher N,PD C C C -
Woodpeckers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Lewis's Woodpecker N,NG3,PD - U U U ____Red-headed Woodpecker U U U - ____Acorn Woodpecker Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Red-naped Sapsucker N C C C - ____Williamson's Sapsucker U U U - ____Downy Woodpecker C C C C ____Hairy Woodpecker U U U U ____Three-toed Woodpecker U U U U ____Black-backed Woodpecker NG2 R R R R ____Northern Flicker C C C C
Tyrant Flycatchers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Olive-sided Flycatcher N,PD C C C - ____Western Wood-Pewee N,PD C C C - ____Eastern Wood-Pewee N,PD Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Willow Flycatcher N C C C - ____Least Flycatcher N,PD C C C - ____Hammond's Flycatcher N U U U - ____Dusky Flycatcher N C C C - ____Gray Flycatcher N C C C - ____Cordilleran Flycatcher N C C C - ____Eastern Phoebe N,PD Au Au Au - ____Say's Phoebe N C C C - ____Ash-throated Flycatcher N,NG3 Au Au Au - ____Great Crested Flycatcher N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Cassin's Kingbird N U U U - ____Western Kingbird N C C C - ____Eastern Kingbird N C C C - ____Scissor-tailed Flycatcher N Ac Ac Ac Ac
Larks Sp Su Fa Wi ____Horned Lark N,PD Ab Ab Ab Ab
Swallows Sp Su Fa Wi ____Purple Martin N Au Au Au - ____Tree Swallow N C C C - ____Violet-green Swallow N C C C - ____Northern Rough-winged Swallow N C C C - ____Bank Swallow N C C C - ____Cliff Swallow N C C C - ____Barn Swallow N C C C -
Jays, Magpies & Crows Sp Su Fa Wi ____Gray Jay C C C C ____Steller's Jay C C C C ____Blue Jay C C C C ____Scrub Jay NG3 U U U U ____Pinyon Jay U U U U ____Clark's Nutcracker C C C C ____Black-billed Magpie Ab Ab Ab Ab ____American Crow C C C C ____Common Raven C C C C
Titmice Sp Su Fa Wi ____Black-capped Chickadee C C C C ____Mountain Chickadee C C C C ____Plain Titmouse NG3 U U U U
Bushtits Sp Su Fa Wi ____Bushtit NG3 U U U -
Nuthatches Sp Su Fa Wi ____Red-breasted Nuthatch C C C C ____White-breasted Nuthatch C C C C ____Pygmy Nuthatch U U U U
Creepers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Brown Creeper C C C C
Wrens Sp Su Fa Wi ____Rock Wren N,PD C C C - ____Canyon Wren U U U - ____Bewick's Wren U U U - ____House Wren N C C C - ____Winter Wren Rm - Rm - ____Sedge Wren N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Marsh Wren C C C -
Dippers Sp Su Fa Wi ____American Dipper C C C C
Old World Flycatchers & Allies Sp Su Fa Wi ____Golden-crowned Kinglet U U U U ____Ruby-crowned Kinglet PD C C C - ____Blue-gray Gnatcatcher N U U U - ____Eastern Bluebird N U U U - ____Western Bluebird N,PD U U U - ____Mountain Bluebird N,PD C C C - ____Townsend's Solitaire N C C C C ____Veery N U U U - ____Gray-cheeked Thrush N Rm - Rm - ____Swainson's Thrush N C C C - ____Hermit Thrush N C C C - ____Wood Thrush N Rm - Rm - ____American Robin N C C C - ____Varied Thrush Rm - Rm -
Mockingbirds & Thrashers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Gray Catbird N,PD C C C - ____Northern Mockingbird N U U U - ____Sage Thrasher N C C C - ____Brown Thrasher C C C -
Wagtails & Pipets Sp Su Fa Wi ____American Pipet N C C C - ____Sprague's Pipet N Um - Um -
Waxwings Sp Su Fa Wi ____Bohemian Waxwing - - - C ____Cedar Waxwing N U U U U
Shrikes Sp Su Fa Wi ____Northern Shrike - - - C ____Loggerhead Shrike N,C,SD - C C C
Starlings Sp Su Fa Wi ____European Starling Ab Ab Ab Ab
Vireos Sp Su Fa Wi ____Solitary Vireo N U U U - ____Warbling Vireo N Ab Ab Ab - ____Philadelphia Vireo N Rm - Rm - ____Red-eyed Vireo N U U U -
Wood Warblers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Golden-winged Warbler N,SD Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Tennessee Warbler N Um - Um - ____Orange-crowned Warbler N U U U - ____Nashville Warbler N Rm - Rm - ____Virginia's Warbler N Au Au Au - ____Northern Parula N Rm - Rm - ____Yellow Warbler N Ab Ab Ab - ____Chestnut-sided Warbler N Rm - Rm - ____Bay-breasted Warbler N Rm - Rm - ____Magnolia Warbler N Rm - Rm - ____Black-throated Blue Warbler N Rm - Rm - ____Yellow-rumped Warbler N C C C C ____Black-throated Gray Warbler N U U U U ____Townsend's Warbler N Au Au Au - ____Black-throated Green Warbler N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Blackburnian Warbler N Rm - Rm - ____Yellow-throated Warbler N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Pine Warbler Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Palm Warbler N Rm - Rm - ____Blackpoll Warbler N Um - Um - ____Black-and-white Warbler N Um - Um - ____American Redstart N U U U - ____Prothonotary Warbler N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Worm-eating Warbler N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Ovenbird N C C C - ____Northern Waterthrush N Um - Um - ____Kentucky Warbler N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____MacGillivary's Warbler N,PD C C C - ____Common Yellowthroat N,PD C C C - ____Hooded Warbler N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Wilson's Warbler N C C C - ____Canada Warbler N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Yellow-breasted Chat N,PD C C C -
Tanagers Sp Su Fa Wi ____Hepatic Tanager N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Summer Tanager N Rm - Rm - ____Scarlet Tanager N Rm - Rm - ____Western Tanager N,PD C C C -
Cardinals, Grosbeaks, & Allies Sp Su Fa Wi ____Northern Cardinal Rm - Rm - ____Rose-breasted Grosbeak N U U U - ____Black-headed Grosbeak N,PD C C C - ____Blue Grosbeak N C C C - ____Lazuli Bunting N U U U - ____Indigo Bunting N U U U - ____Painted Bunting N Ac Ac Ac Ac ____Dickcissel N U U U - ____Green-tailed Towhee N C C C - ____Rufous-sided Towhee N,SD C C C - ____American Tree Sparrow - - - U ____Chipping Sparrow N C C C - ____Clay-colored Sparrow N,SD U U U - ____Brewer's Sparrow N,PD C C C - ____Field Sparrow Au Au Au - ____Vesper Sparrow N,PD C C C - ____Lark Sparrow N,PD C C C - ____Black-throated Sparrow N,SD Au Au Au - ____Sage Sparrow N C C C - ____Lark Bunting N,PD Ab Ab Ab - ____Savannah Sparrow N,PD C C C - ____Baird's Sparrow N,SD U U U - ____Grasshopper Sparrow N C C C - ____Fox Sparrow N C C C C ____Song Sparrow N C C C C ____Lincoln's Sparrow N C C C - ____Swamp Sparrow N,SD Rm - Rm - ____White-throated Sparrow N Um - Um - ____White-crowned Sparrow N C C C - ____Harris' Sparrow - - - U ____Dark-eyed Junco N,PD C C C C ____McCown's Longspur N C C C - ____Chestnut-collared Longspur N U U U - ____Snow Bunting - - - U
Blackbirds & Orioles Sp Su Fa Wi ____Bobolink N U U U - ____Red-winged Blackbird N,PD Ab Ab Ab - ____Western Meadowlark N,PD Ab Ab Ab - ____Yellow-headed Blackbird N C C C - ____Rusty Blackbird Um - Um - ____Brewer's Blackbird N,PD Ab Ab Ab - ____Common Grackle C C C - ____Brown-headed Cowbird N,PD C C C - ____Orchard Oriole N U U U - ____Northern Oriole N C C C - ____Scott's Oriole N,NG3 R R R -
Old World Finches & Allies Sp Su Fa Wi ____Rosy Finch C C C C ____Pine Grosbeak U U U U ____Purple Finch N,PD - - - U ____Cassin's Finch C C C C ____House Finch C C C C ____Red Crossbill C C C C ____White-winged Crossbill U U U U ____Common Redpoll - - - U ____Hoary Redpoll - - - R ____Pine Siskin N C C C C ____Lesser Goldfinch N,PD Um - Um - ____American Goldfinch N,SD C C C C ____Evening Grosbeak C C C C
Old World Sparrows Sp Su Fa Wi ____House Sparrow Ab Ab Ab Ab
District Wildlife Biologist Nongame Mammal/Bird Biologist Bureau of Land Management Wyoming Game & Fish Dept. 1300 N. Third 260 Buena Vista Rawlins, WY 82301 Lander, WY 82520 (307) 324-7171 (307) 332-2688Please include, if possible, the date of the observation, the location of the observation, and any other pertinent information, such as habitat types the bird was using.
Bureau of Land Management Rawlins District Offices Rawlins District Office Great Divide Resource Area 1300 N. Third 812 East Murray Street Rawlins, WY 82301-0670 Rawlins, WY 82301-0670 (307) 324-7171 (307) 328-4841 Lander Resource Area 125 Sunflower Street Lander, WY 82520-0589 (307) 332-7822
Wyoming Bird and Mammal Atlas, by the Wyoming Game and Fish Department. 1992.
Wyoming Bird Checklist, by the Wyoming Game and Fish Department. (Not Dated)
Field Guide to the Birds of North America, by the National Audubon Society. 19.
Birds of North America, by Chandler S. Robbins, Bertel Bruun, and herbert S. Zimm. Golden Press, New York. 1983.
Western Birds (Peterson Field Guides) by Roger Tory Peterson, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.
The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds (Western Region), by Miklos D.F. Udvardy. Alfred D. Knopf, New York.
Wyoming Birds by Jane L. Dorn and Robert D. Dorn. Mountain West Publishing, Cheyenne.
Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States: Natural History and Habitat Use. U.S. Dept. of Ag., Forest Service, Agricultural Handbook 688, U.S. Govt. Supt. of Doc., Washington, D.C. 1991.
Nongame Bird and Mammal Strategic Plan. Wyoming Game & Fish Department. 1987. 127 pages.
U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management. 1994. Birds of Southeastern Wyoming, Rawlins District. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management. 1994. Birds of Southeastern Wyoming, Rawlins District. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govrawlins.htm (Version 23FEB2001)