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Bird Checklists of the United States

Quivira National Wildlife Refuge

Stafford, Kansas


Marshes, grasslands, farmlands and low sandhills of the Great Plains produce an unusually interesting variety of eastern and western bird species on Quivira National Wildlife Refuge.

Waterfowl numbers begin to build-up in early October and continue at high levels into November. Some birds stay and some go further south. Then in spring, waterfowl return and are numerous in February and March.

If you visit the refuge during November, December of January watch for Bald Eagles around the Little Salt Marsh area. You may drive through the refuge and along its boundaries. The best viewing is along the scenic tour route and the Wildlife Drive. See the general refuge leaflet for a map and more information.


Birds which nest on the refuge are noted with a "*".
Endangered species in the United States "#".
Species names are in accordance with the Sixth A.O.U. Checklist. This list of 253 birds is coded by season and abundance as follows:

Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

a - abundant: a common species which is numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon r r r -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c c c o ___ Horned Grebe u r r - ___ Eared Grebe* u u u - ___ Western Grebe r - r -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican a u a -
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant a c c -
HERONS AND BITTERNS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* c a c r ___ Least Bittern* u u u - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c o ___ Great Egret c c c - ___ Snowy Egret c c c - ___ Little Blue Heron o u u - ___ Tricolored Heron r r - - ___ Cattle Egret o o u - ___ Green Heron* u u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c a c r ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron o o o -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White-faced Ibis* u u u -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Whistling-Duck - r - - ___ Tundra Swan (Whistling Swan) r - r r ___ Greater White-fronted Goose a - a c ___ Snow Goose u - u u ___ Ross' Goose r - r - ___ Canada Goose* a u a a ___ Wood Duck* u u o - ___ Green-winged Teal* a u a c ___ American Black Duck u o u u ___ Mallard* a c a a ___ Northern Pintail* a u a c ___ Blue-winged Teal* a c a r ___ Cinnamon Teal o - r r ___ Northern Shoveler* a c a c ___ Gadwall* a u a u ___ American Wigeon* a u a c ___ Canvasback* c u c r ___ Redhead* a c a r ___ Ring-necked Duck c r c r ___ Lesser Scaup* a u a r ___ Common Goldeneye u - u c ___ Bufflehead c - c c ___ Hooded Merganser u - u - ___ Common Merganser c - c c ___ Red-breasted Merganser o - o - ___ Ruddy Duck c u c u
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture u o u -
HAWKS AND FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Osprey u - u - ___ Mississippi Kite* c c c - ___ Bald Eagle# c - c a ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk)* c c a c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk* c c c u ___ Northern Goshawk - - - r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk o - o - ___ Broad-winged Hawk u - u - ___ Swainson's Hawk* c c c - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c c ___ Ferruginous Hawk u - r o ___ Rough-legged Hawk c - c c ___ Golden Eagle u - u u ___ American Kestrel a o a o ___ Merlin r - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon# u - u o ___ Prairie Falcon u r u c
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* a a a a ___ Greater Prairie-Chicken* o o o o ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c
RAILS Sp S F W ___ Black Rail r o r - ___ King Rail* u u u - ___ Virginia Rail* u u u - ___ Sora* u u c - ___ Common Moorhen* o o - - ___ American Coot* c c a r
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane a - a r ___ Whooping Crane# o - o -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover c r c - ___ American Golden Plover (Lesser Gol-Pl.) u r u - ___ Snowy Plover* c c u - ___ Semipalmated Plover c o c - ___ Piping Plover o r o - ___ Killdeer* c c c u ___ Black-necked Stilt* o o o - ___ American Avocet* c c c - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c o c r ___ Lesser Yellowlegs a u a - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u u u - ___ Willet u o u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper c c c - ___ Upland Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Long-billed Curlew o o o - ___ Hudsonian Godwit o - o - ___ Marbled Godwit u r u - ___ Ruddy Turnstone o r o - ___ Red Knot r r r - ___ Sanderling o u o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c u c - ___ Least Sandpiper c o c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper a u a - ___ Baird's Sandpiper a u a - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c u c - ___ Dunlin o r r - ___ Stilt Sandpiper o u o - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper r - r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher r r r - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher c u a - ___ Common Snipe c u c o ___ Wilson's Phalarope* a u c - ___ Red-necked Phalarope o - o -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull a c a - ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - o - ___ Ring-billed Gull c o c c ___ Herring Gull u - u o ___ Caspian Tern r r r - ___ Common Tern r r r - ___ Forster's Tern* c c c - ___ Least Tern*# c c o - ___ Black Tern* c c c -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove* a a a u
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo o o o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c c -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl r r r r ___ Eastern Screech-Owl u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl - - - r ___ Burrowing Owl* c c c - ___ Barred Owl r r r r ___ Long-eared Owl - - - o ___ Short-eared Owl u - u c
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* c c c - ___ Common Poorwill o o - - ___ Chuck-will's-widow o o o -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* u u u -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird c c c -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher c c c o
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c o - ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c u ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u u u o ___ Downy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Hairy Woodpecker u u u u ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker)* c a a c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher o - o - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee u u u - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher o - o - ___ Willow Flycatcher o o o - ___ Least Flycatcher o o o - ___ Eastern Phoebe o o o - ___ Say's Phoebe o o o - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher u u u - ___ Western Kingbird* c a c - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c a c - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher* c c c -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* c u c o
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* u u u - ___ Tree Swallow c o c - ___ Violet-green Swallow - - r - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow a o a - ___ Bank Swallow* a u a - ___ Cliff Swallow* a c a - ___ Barn Swallow* a c a -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c a c ___ Black-billed Magpie o o o u ___ American Crow* a c a a
TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c u c c ___ Carolina Chickadee o - o o ___ Tufted Titmouse o o o o
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch o - - o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch o o o o
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper o - o o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren u u u o ___ Bewick's Wren u u u u ___ House Wren* u u u - ___ Winter Wren - - - o ___ Sedge Wren - - - u ___ Marsh Wren* o o o u
KINGLETS AND THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u o ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u - ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher o o o - ___ Eastern Bluebird o o o r ___ Mountain Bluebird - - - r ___ Swainson's Thrush r r r - ___ American Robin* a c a c
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird u u u - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c u - ___ Brown Thrasher* c c u r
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) o - o - ___ Sprague's Pipit r - r -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing - - - r ___ Cedar Waxwing o - o o
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c ___ Northern Shrike - - o o
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c a a a
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Bell's Vireo* u c c - ___ Warbling Vireo o c u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo o u u -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler r - - - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler c - c - ___ Nashville Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow Warbler c c c - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a - a - ___ Blackpoll Warbler r - o - ___ Prothonotary Warbler o u u - ___ Mourning Warbler r - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* u u u - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler r - - - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* - o - -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager u u u -
GROSBEAKS AND SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak u - u - ___ Blue Grosbeak u u u - ___ Lazuli Bunting r o o - ___ Indigo Bunting u - u - ___ Painted Bunting u u u - ___ Dickcissel* c a c - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee u - - u ___ American Tree Sparrow a - a a ___ Chipping Sparrow c o c - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow c - c - ___ Field Sparrow u u u u ___ Vesper Sparrow c - c u ___ Lark Sparrow* c c c - ___ Lark Bunting u u u - ___ Savannah Sparrow c c c u ___ Grasshopper Sparrow c u c - ___ Henslow's Sparrow r - r - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow u r u r ___ Fox Sparrow - - - o ___ Song Sparrow c - c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow o - o o ___ Swamp Sparrow r - r - ___ White-throated Sparrow u - u u ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c c ___ Harris' Sparrow c - c c ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c a ___ Lapland Longspur u - c c ___ Chestnut-collared Longspur u - u c ___ Snow Bunting - - - r
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* u u o - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a c a a ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c c ___ Western Meadowlark* a a a a ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c c c o ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u o ___ Brewer's Blackbird c - c o ___ Great-tailed Grackle u o u o ___ Common Grackle* c c c o ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c u ___ Orchard Oriole* c c c - ___ Northern Oriole* a a c -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ American Goldfinch* c c c o
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c

The following species have been observed only once or twice on the refuge and are considered accidental:
Least Grebe                         Greater Roadrunner
White Ibis                          Scrub Jay
Greater Scaup                       Clark's Nutcracker
Oldsquaw                            Western Bluebird
Gyrfalcon                           Townsend's Solitaire
Whimbrel                            Golden-winged Warbler
Western Sandpiper                   Black-headed Grosbeak
American Woodcock                   Baird's Sparrow
Parasitic Jaeger                    Pine Siskin
California Gull                     Evening Grosbeak

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Quivira National Wildlife Refuge
                 Rt 3, Box 48A
                 Stafford, Kansas 67578
                 Telephone: 316/486-2393
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1990.  Birds of Quivira National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1990.  Birds of Quivira National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, 
     ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govquivira.htm  
     (Version 22MAY98).

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