USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Bird Checklists of the United States

Missouri River Mitigation Projects

Omaha District, Nebraska


MISSOURI RIVER MITIGATION PROJECT

The Corps of Engineers was established as part of the Continental Army at the time of Independence. Army Engineers built early roads and harbors. The Corps engineering school at West Point being the only one in the country, supplied both military and civilian engineers. The Army Corps of Engineers soon assumed Congressional duties of flood control, hydropower production, water supply, shoreline protection and restoration, fish and wildlife management and recreation. Corps projects now host more than 500 million recreational visitors a year. Corps facilities are carefully planned to conserve the natural environment while promoting project land and water use.

The Army Corps of Engineers is currently undertaking mitigation projects along many of the nations rivers. The authorized mitigation project will restore, develop and preserve approximately 48,000 acres of habitat that was lost (about 10% of losses that occurred) due to the Bank Stabilization and Navigation Project. The Omaha District Missouri River Mitigation Project will affect 18,000 acres (3.5%) of impacted lands. It is restoring natural river flow at points in Nebraska, Iowa and part of Missouri. This will reverse the habitat loss on some of the most heavily impacted areas, allowing wetlands to reform where they will again serve as wildlife, fish and waterfowl breeding and rearing areas.

THREATENED AND ENDANGERED: BIRDS

The Bald Eagle was plentiful along the nations rivers until the late 1800's. Waterfront development during the early 1900's reduced populations. The postwar use of pesticides, particularly DDT, nearly decimated eastern eagle populations in less than 20 years. Discontinued use of certain pesticides, and habitat protection through the Endangered Species Act, and the Bald Eagle Protection Act, have resulted in the return of the National Bird to many of its historical ranges. By the 1990's, the Bald Eagle was again nesting in Nebraska. Bald Eagles occur as winter residents at several sites along the Missouri River. This bird has been delisted from the national Endangered Species List and is now considered threatened. Adult Bald Eagles, dark brown with white head and tail, are familiar to almost everyone. The young, however, can be very difficult to identify; brownish, with highly variable amounts of white mottling.


GREBES

___Pied-billed Grebe

CORMORANTS ___Double-crested Cormorant
HERONS ___Great Blue Heron ___Green Heron
GEESE AND DUCKS ___Snow Goose ___Canada Goose ___Wood Duck ___Green-winged Teal ___Mallard ___Blue-winged Teal ___Ring-necked Duck ___Common Goldeneye ___Bufflehead ___Common Merganser ___Ruddy Duck
AMERICAN VULTURES ___Turkey Vulture
KITES, EAGLES, HAWKS AND ALLIES ___Bald Eagle ___Northern Harrier ___Sharp-shinned Hawk ___Red-tailed Hawk
FALCONS ___American Kestrel
PARTRIDGES AND QUAIL ___Ring-necked Pheasant ___Northern Bobwhite
COOTS ___Coot
PLOVERS ___Killdeer
SANDPIPERS, PHALAROPES AND ALLIES ___Lesser Yellowlegs ___Spotted Sandpiper ___Common Snipe
GULLS ___Franklin's Gull
DOVES ___Rock Dove ___Mourning Dove
CUCKOOS ___Yellow-billed Cuckoo
OWLS ___Eastern Screech-Owl ___Great Horned Owl
GOATSUCKERS ___Common Nighthawk
SWIFTS ___Chimney Swift
HUMMINGBIRDS ___Ruby-throated Hummingbird
KINGFISHERS ___Belted Kingfisher
WOODPECKERS AND ALLIES ___Red-headed Woodpecker ___Red-bellied Woodpecker ___Northern Flicker
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS ___Eastern Wood-Pewee ___Least Flycatcher ___Eastern Phoebe ___Great Crested Flycatcher ___Eastern Kingbird
LARKS ___Horned Lark
SWALLOWS ___Purple Martin ___No. Rough-winged Swallow ___Cliff Swallow ___Barn Swallow
JAYS AND CROWS ___Blue Jay ___American Crow
TITMICE ___Black-capped Chickadee ___Tufted Titmouse
NUTHATCHES ___White-breasted Nuthatch
WRENS ___House Wren

THRUSHES ___Golden-crowned Kinglet ___Blue-gray Gnatcatcher ___Eastern Bluebird ___Swainson's Thrush ___American Robin ___Gray Catbird
MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS AND ALLIES ___Northern Mockingbird ___Brown Thrasher
WAXWINGS ___Cedar Waxwing
STARLINGS ___European Starling
VIREOS ___Bell's Vireo ___Warbling Vireo
WOOD-WARBLERS ___Tennessee Warbler ___Orange-crowned Warbler ___Nashville Warbler ___Yellow Warbler ___Yellow-rumped Warbler ___American Redstart ___Common Yellowthroat
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS AND ALLIES ___Northern Cardinal ___Rose-breasted Grosbeak ___Indigo Bunting ___Dickcissel
TOWHEES ___Eastern Towhee
SPARROWS ___American Tree Sparrow ___Chipping Sparrow ___Field Sparrow ___Grasshopper Sparrow ___Song Sparrow ___White-throated Sparrow ___Harris' Sparrow ___Dark-eyed Junco
BLACKBIRDS AND ALLIES ___Red-winged Blackbirds ___Eastern Meadowlark ___Yellow-headed Blackbird ___Common Grackle ___Brown-headed Cowbird ___Baltimore Oriole
FINCHES ___House Finch ___American Goldfinch
OLD WORLD SPARROWS ___House Sparrow

The Department of the Army and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation are cooperating on an international program to promote conservation of neotropical migratory birds. For information, call DoD at (703) 604-1773 or NFWF at (202) 857-0166.
This resource is based on the following source:
Department of the Army and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. No date. 
     Wildlife of Missouri River Mitigation Projects, Corps of Engineers, Omaha 
     District. Department of the Army and the National Fish and Wildlife 
     Foundation.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Department of the Army and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. No date. 
     Wildlife of Missouri River Mitigation Projects, Corps of Engineers, Omaha 
     District. Department of the Army and the National Fish and Wildlife 
     Foundation.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife 
     Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govomaha.htm 
     (Version 18SEP00)

Return to Bird Checklists of Nebraska
Return to Bird Checklists of the United States

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/chekbird/r6/omaha.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 19:01:08 EST
Reston, VA [vaww55]