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Bird Checklists of the United States

Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex

Lake Andes, South Dakota


The Lake Andes Complex consists of the Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge, the Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge and the Lake Andes Wetland Management District.

Lake Andes NWR is managed as a waterfowl production refuge and contains 938 acres in fee title and a 4,700 acre easement on the lake itself. The Karl E. Mundt NWR provides a sanctuary for wintering bald eagles as well as a recent nesting bald eagle pair, protecting 780 acres of river bottomland roost sites. An additional 305 acres of woodlands are protected by perpetual easement. Over 18,400 acres of waterfowl habitat are preserved and managed within the 13 county Lake Andes WMD as Waterfowl Production Areas. The District also contains 34,682 acres in perpetual wetland and grassland easements which protect the existing habitats from degredation.

The best opportunities for bird watching on the Lake Andes Refuge and District are between April 1 and October 15. The Karl E. Mundt Refuge is closed to the public to prevent disturbance to the nesting and wintering bald eagles. Wintering bald eagles can, however, be seen easily from adjacent Corps of Engineers land from November 1 to March 1. The nesting bald eagle pair may be seen from this vantage point as well during the spring and summer months.

This bird list contains 213 species that have been recorded on or near the Lake Andes NWR Complex. The list is in accordance with the 6th A.O.U. Check-list. New names are used where applicable.


Species known to nest on the Complex are marked with a "*".
Season and abundance are coded as follows:

Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

a - abundant: common species, very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon o - - -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c u a - ___ Horned Grebe u - u - ___ Red-necked Grebe o - o - ___ Eared Grebe* u u u - ___ Western Grebe* u - u -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c c c -
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant c c c -
HERONS AND BITTERNS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* u u u - ___ Least Bittern u u u - ___ Great Blue Heron c u c - ___ Great Egret - o - - ___ Snowy Egret - o - - ___ Little Blue Heron - o - - ___ Green Heron o o o - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c c c - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron r r r -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White-faced Ibis o o o -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan (Whistling Swan) o - o - ___ Greater White-fronted Goose c - c - ___ Snow Goose u - u - ___ Canada Goose u a u a ___ Wood Duck* o r o r ___ Green-winged Teal* a u a o ___ American Black Duck o - o o ___ Mallard* a u a a ___ Northern Pintail* a u a o ___ Blue-winged Teal* a a a - ___ Cinnamon Teal o o o - ___ Northern Shoveler* c c c - ___ Gadwall* a c a r ___ American Wigeon* a o a o ___ Canvasback* c o c - ___ Redhead* c o c - ___ Ring-necked Duck* c - c r ___ Greater Scaup o - o - ___ Lesser Scaup* a o a r ___ Oldsquaw - - r - ___ White-winged Scoter o - o - ___ Common Goldeneye u o u o ___ Bufflehead u - u r ___ Hooded Merganser o - o - ___ Common Merganser u - c - ___ Red-breasted Merganser u - u - ___ Ruddy Duck* c u c -
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture* o o o -
HAWKS AND FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Osprey o r o - ___ Bald Eagle* c c c a ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk)* c c c r ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - o - ___ Cooper's Hawk o - o - ___ Northern Goshawk o - o - ___ Red-shouldered Hawk o u o - ___ Broad-winged Hawk o u o - ___ Swainson's Hawk* o o o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* o u o - ___ Ferruginous Hawk o - o o ___ Rough-legged Hawk o r o c ___ Golden Eagle - - - o ___ American Kestrel* c c c - ___ Merlin o - o - ___ Peregrine Falcon o - o - ___ Prairie Falcon o - o -
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge* u u u u ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* a a a a ___ Greater Prairie-Chicken* o o o o ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse* o o o o ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* u u u u
RAILS Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail o o o - ___ Sora* u u u - ___ American Coot* c c c r
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane u - u -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover o - o - ___ American Golden Plover (Lesser Gol-Pl.) o - o - ___ Semipalmated Plover c o c - ___ Piping Plover o o - - ___ Killdeer* c c c - ___ American Avocet u o u - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c o c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c o c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper o - o - ___ Willet o o o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* o o o - ___ Upland Sandpiper* o o o - ___ Hudsonian Godwit o - o - ___ Marbled Godwit u u u - ___ Ruddy Turnstone o - o - ___ Sanderling o - o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper o o o - ___ Least Sandpiper c o u - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper o o o - ___ Baird's Sandpiper u o u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u o u - ___ Stilt Sandpiper o o o - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper o o o - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher c o c - ___ Common Snipe o r o - ___ Wilson's Phalarope c o u - ___ Red-necked Phalarope o - u -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull c a c - ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - o - ___ Ring-billed Gull u u u - ___ California Gull u - u - ___ Herring Gull u o u r ___ Common Tern* c c o - ___ Forster's Tern* u u u - ___ Least Tern o o - - ___ Black Tern* c a c -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* a a a r
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* o o - - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* o o - -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl - - - u ___ Burrowing Owl* o o o o ___ Long-eared Owl o o o r ___ Short-eared Owl o o o r
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* u u o -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift - c - -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird - o - -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher u u u -
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c c - ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker u u u u ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u o u - ___ Downy Woodpecker* u o u c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u o u c ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker)* c c c -
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher o - o - ___ Least Flycatcher o - - - ___ Eastern Phoebe o o - - ___ Western Kingbird* c c c - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark c o c a
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* o o o - ___ Tree Swallow* c c c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* o o o - ___ Bank Swallow* c c c - ___ Cliff Swallow* c c c - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c o ___ Black-billed Magpie* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* o o o o
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch u o u o
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper u u u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ House Wren* c c - - ___ Sedge Wren* c c u - ___ Marsh Wren* c c u -
KINGLETS AND THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r - r - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet r - r - ___ Eastern Bluebird o u - - ___ Swainson's Thrush o - u - ___ American Robin* c c o r
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* u c - - ___ Brown Thrasher* u c - -
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) u - u -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing r r o o ___ Cedar Waxwing r r o o
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike o o o -
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c c
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Warbling Vireo o o - - ___ Philadelphia Vireo o o - - ___ Red-eyed Vireo u u - -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c - - ___ Magnolia Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - c - ___ American Redstart u - - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler r - r - ___ Ovenbird r r - - ___ Northern Waterthrush o o - - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat r r - -
GROSBEAKS AND SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal r r - r ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak c c c - ___ Blue Grosbeak r r - - ___ Lazuli Bunting r r - - ___ Indigo Bunting r r - - ___ Dickcissel c c u - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee u u - - ___ American Tree Sparrow c - o r ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c o - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow* u u - - ___ Vesper Sparrow o o - - ___ Lark Sparrow u u o - ___ Lark Bunting u u - - ___ Savannah Sparrow* c c - - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* u u - - ___ Song Sparrow* c a o r ___ Lincoln's Sparrow o - - - ___ White-throated Sparrow u - o - ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - o - ___ Harris' Sparrow u - o - ___ Dark-eyed Junco u - o c ___ Lapland Longspur - - - c ___ Chestnut-collared Longspur* c u u - ___ Snow Bunting - - - o
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* c c - - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c o r ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c a o o ___ Western Meadowlark* c a o o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c c o - ___ Rusty Blackbird u u u - ___ Brewer's Blackbird u u u - ___ Common Grackle* c c o o ___ Brown-headed Cowbird c c o - ___ Orchard Oriole* c c - - ___ Northern Oriole* u u - -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ American Goldfinch* c c o o ___ Evening Grosbeak o - o u
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex
                 RR 1, Box 77
                 Lake Andes, South Dakota 57356
                 Telephone: 605/487-7603

Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge is one of a system of refuges administered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and dedicated to the preservation of wildlife. The financial base for this system was firmly established in 1934 through the passage of the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act. This Act requires waterfowl hunters to purchase annually a migratory bird or "duck stamp." Funds collected from duck stamp sales have been used to purchase numerous refuges that provide habitats necessary to sustain a variety of wildlife for both hunters and nonhunters to enjoy.
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1983.  Birds of the Lake Andes National 
     Wildlife Refuge Complex, Lake Andes, South Dakota.  U.S. Fish and 
     Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1983.  Birds of the Lake Andes National 
     Wildlife Refuge Complex, Lake Andes, South Dakota.  U.S. Fish and 
     Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie 
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govlakeande.htm  
     (Version 22MAY98).

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