USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of Jackson Hole

small state map showing location

Lander, Wyoming


Jackson Hole is defined, for the purposes of this checklist, as including the western slope of the Gros Ventre Range, the Teton Range and the valley area south of Yellowstone National Park extending to the confluence of the Snake and Hoback Rivers. The area covered includes all of Grand Teton National Park, the National Elk Refuge, the corridor between Yellowstone and Teton parks and a large portion of the Bridger-Teton National Forest.

Seven primary habitat zones are present in this area: Riverbottoms, Lakes and Ponds, Sageflats, Ranches and Hayfields, Morainal and Piedmont Forests, Mountainsides, Alpine, and Settlements. Elevation varies from approximately 6,000 feet to over 13,000 feet.

As the list indicates, 305 species of birds have been recorded. Surely, more have been and will be observed. Future checklists will improve on the number of species, breeding status, and especially on relative frequency of occurrence if checklist users will note both common and unusual species and please return the list,postage paid.Listing numbers of each species observed in the brackets to the left of the species will greatly increase the value of the record. Please do not hesitate to provide us with differing opinions on relative frequency of occurrence or breeding status. A replacement checklist will be provided if requested. Your help will be appreciated!

SEASONS

Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF OCURRENCE

a - abundant: likely to be seen in large numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
c - common: may be observed most of the time and in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
o - occasional: occurs irregularly or in small numbers, but in appropriate habitat and season.
r - rare: unexpected as to season or range.
x - accidental or surprising: out of its range, or recorded only once or twice.
? - verification unavailable: additional information especially welcome.

BREEDING STATUS

* - following species' name indicates nest or dependent young have been observed.
^ - following species' name indicates only circumstantial evidence of breeding.


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Pacific Loon - - x - ___ Common Loon* o o o x ___ Red-throated Loon - - x -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* o o o r ___ Horned Grebe r r o - ___ Red-necked Grebe x - x - ___ Eared Grebe^ c o o - ___ Western Grebe* o o o - ___ Clark's Grebe o o o -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c c c -
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant* c c c -
HERONS Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c o ___ American Bittern* o o o - ___ Great Egret (Common or American) x - - - ___ Snowy Egret o o o - ___ Little Blue Heron ? - - - ___ Cattle Egret x - - - ___ Green Heron x - - - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron x - x -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White-faced Ibis o - - -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan (Whistling Swan) o - o o ___ Trumpeter Swan* c c c c ___ Greater White-fronted Goose - - x - ___ Snow Goose o - o r ___ Ross' Goose - - - x ___ Canada Goose* c c c c ___ Wood Duck r r r r ___ Green-winged Teal* c c c o ___ Mallard* a c a c ___ Northern Pintail* o o c c ___ Blue-winged Teal c o c r ___ Cinnamon Teal* o o r x ___ Northern Shoveler* o r o o ___ Gadwall* c o c o ___ Eurasian Wigeon (European Wigeon) x x - - ___ American Wigeon* c c c r ___ Canvasback* o r o - ___ Redhead^ o o c - ___ Ring-necked Duck* o c c r ___ Greater Scaup - x - - ___ Lesser Scaup* o o o - ___ Harlequin Duck* o o o - ___ Surf Scoter - - x - ___ White-winged Scoter - - x - ___ Common Goldeneye* o o o o ___ Barrow's Goldeneye* c c c o ___ Bufflehead* o c o c ___ Hooded Merganser* r - r o ___ Common Merganser c c c c ___ Red-breasted Merganser o - o ? ___ Ruddy Duck* o o o x
VULTURES, HAWKS AND FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture r r r - ___ Osprey* c c c - ___ White-tailed Kite (Black-shouldered Kite) - - x - ___ Bald Eagle* c c c c ___ Northern Harrier* (Marsh Hawk) o o o r ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* o o o x ___ Cooper's Hawk* o o o x ___ Northern Goshawk* c c c o ___ Broad-winged Hawk x - ? - ___ Swainson's Hawk* c c c - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c r ___ Ferruginous Hawk* r r r - ___ Rough-legged Hawk* o - c o ___ Golden Eagle* o o o o ___ American Kestrel* c c c r ___ Merlin^ o r o x ___ Peregrine Falcon* r r r r ___ Gryfalcon x - x x ___ Prairie Falcon* o o o x
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge* r o o o ___ Chukar* r r r r ___ Blue Grouse* c c c c ___ Ruffed Grouse* c c c c ___ Sage Grouse* c c c c ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse - r r x
RAILS AND COOTS Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail - x x - ___ Sora* c c c - ___ American Coot* o o c r
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane* c o c - ___ Whooping Crane r r r -
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover r - r - ___ American Golden Plover (Lesser Gol-Pl.) x - - - ___ Semipalmated Plover r - r - ___ Killdeer* o c c o ___ Mountain Plover - x - - ___ Black-necked Stilt x x x - ___ American Avocet* o o o - ___ Greater Yellowlegs o o o - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs o o o - ___ Solitary Sandpiper o r o - ___ Willet* o r o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Upland Sandpiper - x - - ___ Long-billed Curlew* o o o - ___ Marbled Godwit o r r - ___ Whimbrel x - - - ___ Red Knot x - - x ___ Sanderling x r x - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper - r o - ___ Western Sandpiper x r o - ___ Least Sandpiper o r o - ___ Baird's Sandpiper r o o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper - - r - ___ Dunlin ? x - - ___ Stilt Sandpiper r - - - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher o o o - ___ Common Snipe* c c c - ___ American Woodcock ? ? - -
PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Wilson's Phalarope* - c o r ___ Red-necked Phalarope (Northern Phalarope) r - r - ___ Red Phalarope - - x -
JAEGERS Sp S F W ___ Parasitic Jaeger - - x -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull o o o - ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - r - ___ Ring-billed Gull r o r - ___ California Gull c c c - ___ Western Gull - - - ? ___ Sabine's Gull - - - x ___ Caspian Tern r o o - ___ Common Tern - r r - ___ Forster's Tern r r r - ___ Black Tern o o o - ___ Ancient Murrelet - - - x
DOVES AND CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove^ o o o o ___ Band-tailed Pigeon x x - - ___ Mourning Dove* o o o x ___ Black-billed Cuckoo - x x - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo r r r -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl - - x - ___ Flammulated Owl - - x - ___ Western Screech-Owl^ r r r r ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl - - x x ___ Northern Hawk-Owl - ? - - ___ Northern Pygmy-Owl^ o o o r ___ Burrowing Owl* r r r - ___ Barred Owl - - x - ___ Great Gray Owl* o o o o ___ Long-eared Owl* x o o x ___ Short-eared Owl* r o o r ___ Boreal Owl* o o o r ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl* o o o r
NIGHTHAWKS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* c c c - ___ Common Poorwill* u - - -
SWIFTS AND HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Vaux's Swift - - ? - ___ Black Swift - ? - - ___ White-throated Swift - x - - ___ Magnificent Hummingbird (Rivoli's Humm.) - x - - ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird - o r - ___ Calliope Hummingbird* c c c - ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird* c c o - ___ Rufous Hummingbird* o o o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c c
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Lewis' Woodpecker* o o r - ___ Red-headed Woodpecker x x - - ___ Acorn Woodpecker - x - - ___ Red-naped Sapsucker (formerly ssp. of Yellow-bellied Sapsucker) c c c x ___ Williamson's Sapsucker* o o r - ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ White-headed Woodpecker* x x - - ___ Three-toed Woodpecker* (Northern Three- toed Woodpecker) o o r - ___ Black-backed Woodpecker* (Black-backed Three-toed Woodpecker) o o o r ___ Northern Flicker* (Common, Red-, and Yellow-shafted Flicker) c c c o ___ Pileated Woodpecker - ? - -
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Western Wood-Pewee* c c c - ___ Willow Flycatcher* o o o - ___ Least Flycatcher - o - - ___ Hammond's Flycatcher o o o - ___ Dusky Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Cordilleran Flycatcher^ (Western Fly.) o o o - ___ Say's Phoebe r r r - ___ Vermilion Flycatcher - x - - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher - - x - ___ Western Kingbird r r r - ___ Eastern Kingbird o o o -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark^ o o o o
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow* a a a - ___ Violet-green Swallow* c c c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* o o o - ___ Bank Swallow* c c c - ___ Cliff Swallow* a a c - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c -
JAYS, MAGPIES AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Gray Jay* c c c c ___ Steller's Jay* c c c c ___ Blue Jay x - - x ___ Pinyon Jay - x x x ___ Clark's Nutcracker* c c c c ___ Black-billed Magpie* c c c c ___ American Crow* o o o o ___ Common Raven* c c c c
CHICKADEES Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Mountain Chickadee* c c c c ___ Plain Titmouse - ? - -
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c ___ Pygmy Nuthatch - - x -
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper* o o o o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Rock Wren* o o o o ___ House Wren* c c c - ___ Winter Wren^ x r ? - ___ Marsh Wren* c c c - ___ Canyon Wren - x x -
DIPPERS Sp S F W ___ American Dipper* c c c c
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet^ o o o r ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet* c c o r ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher x - - x
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Western Bluebird o r o - ___ Mountain Bluebird* c c c - ___ Townsend's Solitaire* c c o o ___ Veery^ o o o - ___ Swainson's Thrush* c c o - ___ Hermit Thrush* c c o - ___ American Robin* a a a r ___ Varied Thrush x x x -
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird^ o o r - ___ Northern Mockingbird - x x - ___ Sage Thrasher* o o o - ___ Brown Thrasher - x - -
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit^ (Water Pipit) c c c ? ___ Sprague's Pipit x - - x
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing o - r o ___ Cedar Waxwing o o o o
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike o - o o ___ Loggerhead Shrike^ o r r o
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c o
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo - r r - ___ Warbling Vireo* a a o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo r - r -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler x r x - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler^ o o o - ___ Nashville Warbler x - x - ___ Yellow Warbler* a a c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler x x - - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler - - x - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler* a a c - ___ Townsend's Warbler - r r - ___ Blackburnian Warbler - x - - ___ Palm Warbler - x - - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler - x - - ___ American Redstart* o o - - ___ Prothonotary Warbler - x - - ___ Northern Waterthrush r r x - ___ MacGillivray's Warbler* c c o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ Wilson's Warbler* c c c - ___ Painted Redstart ? - - - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat x x x -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Western Tanager* c c o - ___ Scarlet Tanager x - - -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS, SPARROWS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES AND FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak o x - - ___ Black-headed Grosbeak* o c o - ___ Lazuli Bunting* o o r - ___ Indigo Bunting x x - - ___ Green-tailed Towhee* o c c - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee r r r - ___ Canyon Towhee (Brown) - x ? - ___ American Tree Sparrow o - o o ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c c ? ___ Clay-colored Sparrow* - r - - ___ Brewer's Sparrow* c c c - ___ Dickcissel - x - - ___ Vesper Sparrow c c c - ___ Lark Sparrow o o o - ___ Black-throated Sparrow x - - - ___ Sage Sparrow x x - - ___ Lark Bunting r r - - ___ Savannah Sparrow^ c c c - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow - x - - ___ Fox Sparrow* o o - - ___ Song Sparrow* c c c o ___ Lincoln's Sparrow* o c c - ___ Swamp Sparrow - ? ? - ___ White-throated Sparrow r - r - ___ White-crowned Sparrow* a a a r ___ Harris' Sparrow r - r r ___ Dark-eyed Junco* (White-winged, Slate- colored, Oregon and Gray-headed Junco) a a c o ___ McCown's Longspur - x - - ___ Lapland Longspur x - - x ___ Snow Bunting x - r o ___ Bobolink* o o - - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c o ___ Western Meadowlark^ o o o x ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c c c x ___ Rusty Blackbird - - x - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* c c a o ___ Common Grackle* c c c - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c - ___ Orchard Oriole* x - - - ___ Bullock's Oriole* o o o - ___ Rosy Finch* (Gray-crowned, Black Rosy Finch) c c o o ___ Pine Grosbeak^ o o o o ___ Purple Finch - - - ? ___ Cassin's Finch* c c c o ___ House Finch x x x x ___ Red Crossbill* o o o o ___ White-winged Crossbill* x x - x ___ Common Redpoll c - o o ___ Hoary Redpoll x - - x ___ Pine Siskin* c c c o ___ American Goldfinch* o o o x ___ Evening Grosbeak* c o c c ___ House Sparrow* c c c c

This checklist was compiled by Bert and Meg Raynes.

Please don't forget... Your observations will play an important role in keeping this checklist up-to-date. Thank you! To report observations, or for more information, please contact:

                 Attention: Nongame Bird Biologist
                 Wyoming Game & Fish Department
                 260 Buena Vista
                 Lander, Wyoming 82520
                 Telephone: 307/332-2688


This resource is based on the following source:
Raynes, B. & M.  1996.  Birds of Jackson Hole.  Grand Teton Natural 
     History Association.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Raynes, B. & M.  1996.  Birds of Jackson Hole.  Grand Teton Natural 
     History Association.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govjackhole.htm  
     (Version 22MAY98).

Return to Bird Checklists of Wyoming
Return to Bird Checklists of the United States

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/chekbird/r6/jackhole.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 19:00:03 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww54]