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Bird Checklists of the United States

Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge

Hartford, Kansas


Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge provides excellent habitat for a variety of wildlife species. Comprised of 18,500 acres, Refuge habitat includes uplands, grasslands, agricultural lands, hardwood river bottoms, marshes, and flooded sloughs.

The Refuge is managed primarily for migratory waterfowl and attracts thousands of ducks and geese in the spring and fall during migration. It is also home to many species of resident wildlife. Visitors to the refuge are invited to observe and enjoy wildlife and plants in their natural environment.

April and May are the best months for observing songbirds and perching birds at the Refuge. November is an excellent time to observe the peak migration of waterfowl.


The following tabulation lists 294 birds, including 90 species which nest on the refuge.
Since most birds are migratory, their seasonal occurrence and relative abundance is coded as follows:

* - species known to nest on the refuge

S - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

a - abundant: occurring in large numbers
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
x - accidental: straggler or out of normal range


LOONS S S F W ___ Common Loon u r u -
GREBES S S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c o c o ___ Horned Grebe o - o - ___ Eared Grebe o - u - ___ Western Grebe - - r - ___ Clark's Grebe a - a -
PELICANS S S F W ___ American White Pelican c o c -
CORMORANTS S S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant* c u c -
HERONS AND ALLIES S S F W ___ American Bittern u o u - ___ Least Bittern* o o r - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c u ___ Great Egret u u u - ___ Snowy Egret u u u - ___ Little Blue Heron u u c - ___ Cattle Egret o u o - ___ Green Heron* c c c - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron u o u - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron o o o - ___ White-faced Ibis r - r -
SWANS S S F W ___ Tundra Swan r - r r
GEESE S S F W ___ Greater White-fronted Goose c - c u ___ Snow Goose a - a u ___ Ross' Goose c - c - ___ Canada Goose* a u a u
DUCKS S S F W ___ Wood Duck* c c c r ___ Green-winged Teal a o a o ___ American Black Duck u - u o ___ Mallard* a u a a ___ Northern Pintail a o a u ___ Blue-winged Teal* a o a - ___ Cinnamon Teal x - x - ___ Northern Shoveler c o c - ___ Gadwall c r c r ___ Eurasian Wigeon r - - - ___ American Wigeon a r a u ___ Canvasback u r u r ___ Redhead c r c r ___ Ring-necked Duck c r c r ___ Lesser Scaup a r a r ___ Oldsquaw x - x - ___ Common Goldeneye u - o u ___ Bufflehead u - u o ___ Hooded Merganser o - u - ___ Common Merganser a - c a ___ Red-breasted Merganser u - u r ___ Ruddy Duck c r c r
VULTURES S S F W ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c -
OSPREY S S F W ___ Osprey o - o -
KITE S S F W ___ Mississippi Kite r r - -
HAWKS, EAGLES S S F W ___ Bald Eagle* u u u c ___ Golden Eagle o - o o ___ Northern Harrier* c u c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u o u u ___ Cooper's Hawk u o u o ___ Northern Goshawk - - - r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk r r r - ___ Broad-winged Hawk u r u - ___ Swainson's Hawk u o u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* a a a a ___ Ferruginous Hawk - - r r ___ Rough-legged Hawk u - u c
FALCONS S S F W ___ American Kestrel* c c c c ___ Merlin o - o r ___ Peregrine Falcon o - o r ___ Prairie Falcon u - u u
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS S S F W ___ Turkey* c c c c ___ Greater Prairie-Chicken* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* a a a a ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* o o o o
RAILS S S F W ___ King Rail o r o - ___ Virginia Rail u o c - ___ Sora u r c - ___ Purple Gallinule r - - - ___ Common Moorhen r r - - ___ American Coot a o a o
CRANES S S F W ___ Sandhill Crane r r - -
PLOVERS S S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover o - o - ___ American Golden-Plover u - o - ___ Snowy Plover r - - - ___ Semipalmated Plover o - o - ___ Piping Plover r - r - ___ Killdeer* a a a u
AVOCETS S S F W ___ American Avocet u - u -
SANDPIPERS S S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs u o u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c o c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u - u - ___ Willet o - o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u u - ___ Upland Sandpiper* a a c - ___ Long-billed Curlew r - r - ___ Hudsonian Godwit o - r - ___ Marbled Godwit u - o - ___ Ruddy Turnstone x - - - ___ Sanderling r - r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c r c - ___ Western Sandpiper u r o - ___ Least Sandpiper c o c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper u r u - ___ Baird's Sandpiper c r c - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u o u - ___ Dunlin o r o - ___ Stilt Sandpiper u r u - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher x - x - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher a u a - ___ Common Snipe u u u r ___ American Woodcock* u u u -
PHALAROPES S S F W ___ Wilson's Phalarope c o c -
JAEGERS S S F W ___ Parasitic Jaeger - - r -
GULLS S S F W ___ Franklin's Gull a - a - ___ Little Gull r - r - ___ Bonaparte's Gull o r r - ___ Ring-billed Gull c u c c ___ Herring Gull u r u u ___ Glaucous Gull - - - r ___ Great Black-backed Gull - - - r ___ Black-legged Kittiwake - - r - ___ Thayer's Gull - - a -
TERNS S S F W ___ Caspian Tern o - o - ___ Forster's Tern u - u - ___ Least Tern r - r - ___ Black Tern c u u -
DOVES S S F W ___ Rock Dove* u u u u ___ Mourning Dove* a a a o
CUCKOOS S S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* c u u - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c c -
OWLS S S F W ___ Barn Owl* o o u o ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl - - - r ___ Burrowing Owl o o - - ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Long-eared Owl o o - u ___ Short-eared Owl u - u u ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl - - - o
GOATSUCKERS S S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* c c c - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* u u u - ___ Whip-poor-will* u u u - ___ Poor-will r r r r
SWIFTS S S F W ___ Chimney Swift* a a a -
HUMMINGBIRDS S S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* c c c -
KINGFISHERS S S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c o
WOODPECKERS S S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c c u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* a a a a ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u u ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* o o o o
FLYCATCHERS S S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher o - o - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r r - - ___ Acadian Flycatcher u u u - ___ Alder Flycatcher u - u - ___ Willow Flycatcher u - u - ___ Least Flycatcher u - u - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c - ___ Say's Phoebe - a - - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Western Kingbird* u u u - ___ Eastern Kingbird* a a a - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher* c c c -
LARKS S S F W ___ Horned Lark* a c a a
SWALLOWS S S F W ___ Purple Martin* c c c - ___ Tree Swallow* c o c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* c u c - ___ Bank Swallow u - u - ___ Cliff Swallow* u u u - ___ Barn Swallow* a a a -
JAYS AND CROWS S S F W ___ Blue Jay* a a a a ___ American Crow* c c c c
TITMICE S S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* a a a a ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES S S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - o u ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c u c c
CREEPERS S S F W ___ Brown Creeper c - u c
WRENS S S F W ___ Rock Wren - - r - ___ Carolina Wren* u u u u ___ Bewick's Wren* u u u - ___ House Wren* a a c - ___ Winter Wren - - - o ___ Sedge Wren* o - u - ___ Marsh Wren u u u r
THRUSHES, BLUEBIRDS, KINGLETS S S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c - c u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - c o ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* c c c - ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c u ___ Townsend's Solitaire o - - o ___ Veery u - - - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush u - - - ___ Swainson's Thrush a - u - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u - ___ Wood Thrush* c u u - ___ American Robin* a a a u
THRASHERS, MOCKINGBIRD S S F W ___ Gray Catbird* u u u - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c u ___ Brown Thrasher* c a a r
PIPITS S S F W ___ American Pipit c - c - ___ Sprague's Pipit o - o -
WAXWINGS S S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing c - u u ___ Cedar Waxwing - - - r
SHRIKES S S F W ___ Northern Shrike - - - r ___ Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c
STARLINGS S S F W ___ European Starling* a a a a
VIREOS S S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo u u o - ___ Bell's Vireo* c c c - ___ Solitary Vireo u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo o - o - ___ Warbling Vireo* c c c - ___ Philadelphia Vireo u - o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c u c -
WARBLERS S S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler a - a r ___ Nashville Warbler c - c - ___ Northern Parula* u r u - ___ Yellow Warbler* - u c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - u - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - o - ___ Cape May Warbler r - - - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler r - - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a - a r ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - o - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - o - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler x - - - ___ Palm Warbler r - - r ___ Bay-breasted Warbler o - o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - u - ___ Cerulean Warbler u - - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u - u - ___ American Redstart c r o - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* u u u - ___ Worm-eating Warbler x - - - ___ Ovenbird u - u - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - o - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* o r u - ___ Kentucky Warbler* u u o - ___ Mourning Warbler u - o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* a c c - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler r - - - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat o r r -
TANAGERS S S F W ___ Summer Tanager* o o o - ___ Scarlet Tanager r - r -
GROSBEAKS/BUNTINGS S S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Evening Grosbeak - - - r ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* o o o - ___ Blue Grosbeak* u u o - ___ Lazuli Bunting r - - - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c - ___ Painted Bunting* o o r - ___ Dickcissel* c c c -
TOWHEES AND SPARROWS S S F W ___ Eastern Towhee* u u u u ___ Spotted Towhee u - u u ___ American Tree Sparrow a - a a ___ Chipping Sparrow c - c - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow u - u - ___ Field Sparrow* c u c r ___ Vesper Sparrow c - c - ___ Lark Sparrow* c c u - ___ Lark Bunting o - - - ___ Savannah Sparrow c - c - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* c c c - ___ Henslow's Sparrow r r r - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow u u - x ___ Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow r - - - ___ Fox Sparrow u - u u ___ Song Sparrow c - c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow c - c o ___ Swamp Sparrow u - u r ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c u ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c c ___ Harris' Sparrow a - a - ___ Dark-eyed Junco a c a - ___ Lapland Longspur c c a - ___ Smith's Longspur o - r r ___ Chestnut-collared Longspur r - r - ___ Snow Bunting - - - r
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES S S F W ___ Bobolink o - r - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a a ___ Eastern Meadowlark* a a a a ___ Western Meadowlark u o o u ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird u - u - ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u u ___ Brewer's Blackbird c - c c ___ Great-tailed Grackle* o o o - ___ Common Grackle* a a a u ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* a c a c ___ Orchard Oriole* c u u - ___ Baltimore Oriole* c c u -
FINCHES S S F W ___ Common Redpoll - - - r ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ Pine Siskin o r o u ___ American Goldfinch* c c c a ___ Red Crossbill - - - r
SPARROW S S F W ___ House Sparrow* a a a a

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge
                 PO Box 128
                 Hartford, Kansas 66854
                 Telephone: 316/392-5553
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1990.  Birds of Flint Hills National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Hartford, Kansas.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1990.  Birds of Flint Hills National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Hartford, Kansas.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govflinthil.htm  
     (Version 22MAY98).

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