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Bird Checklists of the United States

Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Dugway, Utah


Fish Springs is truly an oasis in the desert. It is located on the south edge of the Great Salt Lake Desert and is extremely isolated. This oasis attracts a myriad of birds. The species present vary with the seasons: in the fall we have thousands of ducks, geese, swans and coots. In the spring and summer we have fewer numbers of birds but a greater variety of species: waterfowl, marsh birds, shore birds and passerines. Young birds begin hatching in early summer - duck and goose broods are easily viewed from the dike roads.

Also present on the refuge is a variety of mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Mammal species include: mule deer, coyote, bobcat, kit fox, badger, striped skunk, spotted skunk, long-tailed weasel, antelope, ground squirrel, kangaroo rat, wood rat, muskrat, black-tailed jackrabbit, desert cottontail and a variety of mice. Eleven species of reptiles and two species of amphibians are present - collared lizard, leopard lizard, dessert horned lizard, Great Basin sagebrush lizard, western fence lizard, desert side-blotched lizard, Great Basin whiptail lizard, striped whipsnake, wandering garter snake, Great Basin rattlesnake, Great Basin gopher snake, leopard frog and bullfrog. Three species of fish are present: Utah chub, mosquito fish and speckled dace.


Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

a - abundant: certain to be seen, very numerous
c - common: should be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: might be seen in suitable habitat
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years

Birds nesting on the refuge are indicated by a "*".

The following bird list is in accordance with the 6th A.O.U. Checklist as amended.


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon o o - -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* a a a a ___ Horned Grebe - - - r ___ Eared Grebe a u u u ___ Western Grebe* u u u -
PELICANS, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c o o r ___ Double-crested Cormorant c u - -
HERONS, BITTERNS, IBISES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* u u u u ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Great Egret - o o u ___ Snowy Egret* a a o r ___ Cattle Egret r o - - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* a a c c ___ White-faced Ibis* u a o r
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan (Whistling Swan) - - c c ___ Trumpeter Swan - - - r ___ Snow Goose - - u - ___ Canada Goose* a a a a ___ Green-winged Teal o - a a ___ Mallard* a a a a ___ Northern Pintail* a a a a ___ Blue-winged Teal* o o o r ___ Cinnamon Teal* a a u o ___ Northern Shoveler* a c a a ___ Gadwall* a a a a ___ American Wigeon o o a a ___ Canvasback* u u u o ___ Redhead* a a a c ___ Ring-necked Duck u u c c ___ Lesser Scaup u o c c ___ Common Goldeneye - - - o ___ Bufflehead o - o u ___ Hooded Merganser - - r r ___ Common Merganser o o u o ___ Red-breasted Merganser o u u - ___ Ruddy Duck* a a a c
HAWKS, EAGLES, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Osprey r - u - ___ Bald Eagle - - u u ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk)* c c c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk - - o - ___ Cooper's Hawk - - o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* o o o o ___ Ferruginous Hawk r - - - ___ Rough-legged Hawk o - u u ___ Golden Eagle* u u u u ___ American Kestrel - o o - ___ Merlin - - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon - - o o ___ Prairie Falcon o - u u
PHEASANTS, PARTRIDGES Sp S F W ___ Chukar* o o - - ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* c c c c
RAILS, COOTS, CRANES Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail* u u u u ___ Sora* u u u u ___ American Coot* a a a a ___ Sandhill Crane o - - -
SHOREBIRDS, GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover r r - - ___ Snowy Plover* u u - - ___ Semipalmated Plover o o o - ___ Killdeer* c a c o ___ Black-necked Stilt* a a - - ___ American Avocet* a a o - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c o a u ___ Lesser Yellowlegs - u - u ___ Solitary Sandpiper - r - - ___ Willet* c c - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u - - ___ Long-billed Curlew* u u - - ___ Marbled Godwit o r - - ___ Western Sandpiper o c r - ___ Least Sandpiper - o - - ___ Baird's Sandpiper - r - - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper r r - - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher u o u o ___ Common Snipe o - u u ___ Wilson's Phalarope* o a o - ___ Red-necked Phalarope - u u - ___ Franklin's Gull r r - - ___ Ring-billed Gull a a c o ___ California Gull r o - - ___ Caspian Tern u u - - ___ Forster's Tern* a a o - ___ Black Tern r o - -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o - - ___ Mourning Dove* c c u -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl - r - - ___ Great Horned Owl o o o o ___ Burrowing Owl - - r - ___ Short-eared Owl* o o o o
GOATSUCKERS, SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk - u - - ___ Common Poorwill - - o - ___ White-throated Swift r - - - ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird* o u - - ___ Rufous Hummingbird - r - -
KINGFISHERS, WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher o - o - ___ Lewis' Woodpecker - - r - ___ Red-naped Sapsucker - - u - ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker - - u - ___ Downy Woodpecker - - u - ___ Northern Flicker r - u u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Western Wood Pewee u u - - ___ Say's Phoebe* u u u - ___ Western Kingbird* u u - - ___ Eastern Kingbird* o o - -
LARKS, SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* a a a a ___ Tree Swallow c - - - ___ Violet-green Swallow r - - - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow c - - - ___ Cliff Swallow r - - - ___ Barn Swallow* a a - -
JAYS, MAGPIES, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Pinyon Jay r - - - ___ Clark's Nutcracker - r - - ___ Black-billed Magpie - - - r ___ American Crow - - r - ___ Common Raven c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - r -
WRENS, THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Rock Wren - r r - ___ House Wren - - r - ___ Marsh Wren c c c c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet - - r - ___ Western Bluebird o o - - ___ Mountain Bluebird - u o u ___ Townsend's Solitaire* u u u - ___ Hermit Thrush - - r - ___ American Robin* o u c o
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Mockingbird* u o o - ___ Sage Thrasher - o o - ___ Brown Thrasher - r r -
PIPITS, WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) r - - o ___ Bohemian Waxwing - - r r ___ Cedar Waxwing - - o - ___ Loggerhead Shrike o u u u ___ European Starling* c o c -
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Warbling Vireo o - - -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Yellow Warbler* c u u - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c u u - ___ Townsend's Warbler - - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* u c - - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - r -
TANAGERS, GROSBEAKS Sp S F W ___ Western Tanager u u - - ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak r - - - ___ Lazuli Bunting o - - - ___ Evening Grosbeak - - r -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Green-tailed Towhee r - - - ___ American Tree Sparrow o - - u ___ Chipping Sparrow o - o o ___ Lark Sparrow u c o - ___ Black-throated Sparrow o a o - ___ Sage Sparrow - - - o ___ Savannah Sparrow* a a a o ___ Song Sparrow c - c c ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - u u ___ Dark-eyed Junco - - a u
BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS, FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink r - - - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a c a c ___ Western Meadowlark* c a a o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* a c u - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* a a a - ___ Northern Oriole* o o - - ___ House Finch* u u - - ___ Pine Siskin o - - - ___ American Goldfinch o - u u ___ House Sparrow o - - -

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge
                 Dugway, Utah 84022
                 Telephone: 801/831-5353

Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge is one of a system of refuges administered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and dedicated to the preservation of wildlife. The financial base for this system was firmly established in 1934 through the passage of the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act. This Act requires waterfowl hunters to purchase annually a migratory bird or "duck stamp." Funds collected from duck stamp sales have been used to purchase numerous refuges that provide habitats necessary to sustain a variety of wildlife for both hunters and nonhunters to enjoy.
This resource is based on the followig source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1988.  Birds of the Fish Springs 
     National Wildlife Refuge, Dugway, Utah.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1988.  Birds of the Fish Springs 
     National Wildlife Refuge, Dugway, Utah.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife 
     Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govfishsprg.htm  
     (Version 1996).

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