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Dugway Proving Ground, Utah


Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground was established in 1942. Named for the pioneer method of crossing mountain passes; to excavate trenching and haul wagons up the "dug way." Comprising 798,855 acres, DPG is larger than the state of Rhode Island. The military mission, as part of Test and Evaluation Command (TECOM), is field and laboratory testing and evaluation of chemical and biological defense and detection systems, their delivery systems, and Army and Air Force unit training.

Elevation ranges from salt flats of 4200 feet to peaks of about 7000 feet. Precipitation, mostly in the form of snow, averages 7 inches per year. English Village housing area, with abundant tree, acts as an oasis providing cover, food, and water not readily available elsewhere. DPG manages a large vegetated dune complex, perhaps one of the best undisturbed vegetated dunes remaining in the entire Great Basin. Basin and range playas are primarily active during spring migration, attracting numerous water and shorebirds. These seasonally wet areas are largely inaccessible for observation due to saturated clay soils.

Overall, DPG vegetation of can be classified as shrubsteppe in the foothills, salt desert scrub on the valley floors, interspersed with juniper-covered mountain islands. Cheatgrass, an introduced plant, is displacing portions of native shrub communities. Introduced through early settlement grazing practices, cheatgrass continues to increase due to current training activities and subsequent fire events. As much as 60% of native sagebrush habitat on DPG has been reduced by fire since the 1960's.

There are 207 species of birds recorded from DPG. DPG has recently entered into a long-term agreement with Utah Division of Wildlife Resources to monitor resident and Neotropical birds under Partners in Flight. For information, contact the Directorate on Environmental Programs: 435-831-3734.


Species Occurence Legend

Abundant - 1
Common - 2
Uncommon - 3
Rare - 4
Irregular - 5
Accidental - 6


Species
LOONS                              |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec|

Common Loon                        |---|---|---|-66|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

GREBES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Pied-billed Grebe |---|---|344|333|666|666|666|663|333|33-|---|---| Eared Grebe |---|--6|666|666|444|6--|---|-66|666|66-|---|---| Western Grebe |---|---|---|---|6--|---|---|---|---|6--|---|---|
PELICANS, CORMORANTS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American White Pelican |---|---|---|-33|333|333|333|333|333|333|---|---|
HERONS, BITTERNS, IBISES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Bittern |---|---|---|---|-6-|---|---|---|---|6--|---|---| Great Blue Heron |---|---|---|344|43-|---|---|-33|33-|---|---|---| Great Egret |---|---|---|-6-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Snowy Egret |---|---|---|-33|334|---|---|--4|4--|---|---|---| Black-crowned Night Heron |---|---|---|444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---|---| White-faced Ibis |---|---|---|-43|344|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Wood Stork |---|---|---|---|---|---|6--|---|---|---|---|---|
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Tundra Swan |---|---|66-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Snow Goose |---|444|444|6--|---|---|---|---|---|---|6--|---| Canada Goose |---|---|---|44-|---|---|---|---|---|444|44-|---| Green-winged Teal |--4|222|222|466|666|666|666|6--|---|---|---|---| Mallard |---|-42|222|244|666|666|666|644|44-|---|---|---| Northern Pintail |---|--4|222|222|244|666|666|666|334|---|---|---| Blue-winged Teal |---|---|---|333|334|466|666|666|644|444|---|---| Cinnamon Teal |---|---|-43|334|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Northern Shoveler |---|---|-42|222|224|666|666|666|666|434|---|---| Gadwall |---|-42|222|224|666|666|6--|---|---|---|---|---| American Wigeon |666|666|666|24-|---|---|---|---|--4|444|666|666| Canvasback |---|---|---|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|---|---| Redhead |---|---|--2|224|666|666|666|666|433|334|4--|---| Ring-necked Duck |---|---|-43|333|34-|---|---|---|--4|444|---|---| Lesser Scaup |---|---|--4|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---| Common Goldeneye |---|444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Bufflehead |---|---|---|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Ruddy Duck |---|---|---|222|222|466|666|666|664|444|---|---|
HAWKS, EAGLES, FALCONS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Turkey Vulture |---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|333|333|334|44-|---| Osprey |---|---|---|444|444|---|---|---|444|444|444|---| Bald Eagle |333|333|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--4|333| Northern Harrier |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Sharp-shinned Hawk |444|444|444|443|444|444|444|444|433|333|444|444| Cooper's Hawk |333|333|333|322|223|444|444|333|222|333|333|333| Northern Goshawk |444|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|---|-44|444|444| Swainson's Hawk |---|---|---|433|333|333|333|333|34-|---|---|---| Red-tailed Hawk |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Rough-legged Hawk |333|333|333|334|4--|---|---|---|---|---|433|333| Ferruginous Hawk |444|444|443|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|344|444| Golden Eagle |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| American Kestrel |333|333|333|322|222|222|222|222|222|233|333|333| Merlin |666|666|666|6--|---|---|---|---|---|--6|666|666| Peregrine Falcon |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Prairie Falcon |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|
PHEASANTS, PARTRIDGES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Chuckar |424|242|424|242|424|242|424|242|424|242|424|242| Ring-necked Pheasant |666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|
RAILS, COOTS, CRANE |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Sora |---|---|---|---|44-|---|---|-44|4--|---|---|---| American Coot |---|--4|442|222|222|444|444|444|222|24-|---|---| Sandhill Crane |---|---|--6|666|---|---|---|--6|666|666|---|---|
SHOREBIRDS, GULLS, TERNS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Snowy Plover |---|---|---|333|334|444|444|443|333|334|---|---| Killdeer |---|---|322|222|333|333|333|333|333|223|---|---| Mountain Plover |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|4--|---| Black-necked Stilt |---|---|---|433|334|44-|---|---|---|---|---|---| American Avocet |---|---|--4|222|244|4--|-44|444|44-|---|---|---| Greater Yellowlegs |---|---|--3|333|33-|---|---|---|-44|44-|---|---| Solitary Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|---|---|--6|66-|---|---|---|---| Willet |---|---|---|433|444|444|443|333|---|---|---|---| Spotted Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|22-|---|-22|222|2--|---|---|---| Long-billed Curlew |---|---|---|443|333|333|333|334|---|---|---|---| Marbled Godwit |---|---|---|666|6--|---|666|666|666|---|---|---| Sanderling |---|---|---|-66|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Western Sandpiper |---|---|-43|334|---|---|444|444|---|---|---|---| Least Sandpiper |---|---|---|--3|334|---|---|433|334|---|---|---| Baird's Sandpiper |---|---|---|666|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Pectoral Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|446|6--|---|---| Long-billed Dowitcher |---|---|--4|333|34-|---|44-|---|---|---|---|---| Common Snipe |---|--4|444|222|24-|---|---|---|422|224|4--|---| Wilson's Phalarope |---|---|---|--3|222|344|433|333|3--|---|---|---| Red-necked Phalarope |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-66|---|---|---|---| Bonaparte's Gull |---|---|---|-66|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Ring-billed Gull |---|---|444|444|44-|---|---|---|666|666|---|---| California Gull |---|---|433|333|344|444|444|444|444|334|---|---| Caspian Tern |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|666|---|---|---|---| Black Tern |---|---|---|-66|66-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
DOVES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Rock Dove |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Mourning Dove |---|---|---|422|222|111|222|222|111|224|44-|---|
OWLS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Western Screech-Owl |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Great Horned Owl |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Burrowing Owl |---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|333|333|3--|---|---| Long-eared Owl |444|443|333|333|333|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Short-eared Owl |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Northern Saw-whet Owl |666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|
GOATSUCKERS, SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Common Nighthawk |---|---|---|---|-32|222|222|222|334|---|---|---| Common Poorwill |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|333|333|44-|---|---| White-throated Swift |---|---|---|444|333|333|333|333|334|---|---|---| Black-chinned Hummingbird |---|---|---|433|333|333|333|333|344|4--|---|---| Calliope Hummingbird |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--6|---|---|---|---| Broad-tailed Hummingbird |---|---|---|--4|433|333|333|333|444|---|---|---| Rufous Hummingbird |---|---|---|---|333|3--|---|-42|24-|---|---|---| Belted Kingfisher |---|---|---|-43|34-|---|---|---|433|34-|---|---| Red-headed Woodpecker |---|---|---|---|---|-6-|---|---|---|---|---|---| Red-naped Sapsucker |444|444|443|334|---|---|---|---|433|334|444|444| Downy Woodpecker |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Hairy Woodpecker |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Northern Flicker |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
FLYCATCHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Olive-sided Flycatcher |---|---|---|--4|443|333|333|333|444|---|---|---| Western Wood-Pewee |---|---|---|---|-42|24-|---|--4|333|3--|---|---| Willow Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|-44|666|666|664|44-|---|---|---| Hammond's Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|--6|666|666|66-|---|---|---|---| Dusky Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|444|---|---|--4|44-|---|---|---| Gray Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|---|433|444|333|44-|---|---|---| Say's Phoebe |---|---|-44|422|222|222|222|222|224|4--|---|---| Ash-throated Flycatcher |---|---|--4|333|333|333|334|---|---|---|---|---| Western Kingbird |---|---|--4|222|222|222|222|222|24-|---|---|---| Eastern Kingbird |---|---|---|---|--3|344|444|333|334|---|---|---|
LARKS, SWALLOWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Horned Lark |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| Tree Swallow |---|---|---|-33|333|3--|---|--4|444|---|---|---| Violet-green Swallow |---|---|---|-43|34-|---|---|-34|---|---|---|---| Northern Rough-winged Swallow |---|---|---|---|444|4--|---|-44|4--|---|---|---| Bank Swallow |---|---|--4|443|334|---|---|-43|344|---|---|---| Cliff Swallow |---|---|---|--2|233|333|322|222|4--|---|---|---| Barn Swallow |---|---|---|---|-11|222|222|222|221|1--|---|---|
JAYS, MAGPIES, CROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Steller's Jay |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-66|---| Western Scrub-Jay |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Pinyon Jay |444|444|444|222|222|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Black-billed Magpie |444|444|444|222|222|444|444|442|222|224|444|444| American Crow |---|--4|444|4--|---|---|--4|444|44-|---|---|---| Common Raven |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
NUTHATCHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Black-capped Chickadee |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Mountain Chickadee |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Juniper Titmouse |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Bushtit |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Red-breasted Nuthatch |222|222|333|333|333|4--|---|--4|333|333|222|222| Brown Creeper |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|
WRENS, THRUSHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Rock Wren |---|---|-44|444|444|444|444|444|444|4--|---|---| Canyon Wren |---|---|---|666|666|666|666|666|666|---|---|---| Bewick's Wren |---|---|--4|334|444|444|444|444|433|4--|---|---| House Wren |---|---|---|433|---|---|---|---|433|4--|---|---| Marsh Wren |---|---|--3|222|333|333|333|333|322|222|23-|---| Golden-crowned Kinglet |---|---|---|66-|---|---|---|---|---|66-|---|---| Ruby-crowned Kinglet |---|---|--4|333|4--|---|---|--4|443|344|4--|---| Blue-gray Gnatcatcher |---|---|---|--4|222|222|222|244|44-|---|---|---| Mountain Bluebird |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Townsend's Soliaire |333|333|333|333|4--|---|---|--4|333|333|333|333| Veery |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|66-|---|---| Hermit Thrush |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--6|6--|---|---| American Robin |---|421|111|111|112|222|222|111|111|112|---|---| Varied Thrush |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-66|---|---|---| Gray Catbird |---|---|---|---|66-|---|---|---|-66|---|---|---|
THRASHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Northern Mockingbird |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|334|---|---|---|---| Sage Thrasher |---|---|443|222|222|333|333|222|234|---|---|---|
PIPITS, WAXWINGS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Pipit |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--6|666|666|666| Bohemian Waxwing |666|666|666|66-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|666| Cedar Waxwing |424|242|424|242|---|---|---|---|---|-42|242|424|
SHRIKES, STARLINGS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Northern Shrike |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-66|---|---| Loggerhead Shrike |444|444|444|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|444|444| European Starling |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
VIREOS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Gray Vireo |---|---|---|--4|444|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---| Plumbeus Vireo |---|---|---|--4|444|433|333|333|444|---|---|---| Warbling Vireo |---|---|---|---|-43|34-|---|433|344|---|---|---|
WOOD WARBLERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Orange-crowned Warbler |---|---|---|--4|444|444|444|444|433|4--|---|---| Nashville Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--4|444|---|---|---| Virginia's Warbler |---|---|---|---|-44|---|---|--4|444|444|---|---| Yellow Warbler |---|---|---|--4|333|444|444|433|344|---|---|---| Yellow-rumped Warbler |444|444|444|421|124|---|---|444|211|112|444|444| Black-throated Green Warbler |---|---|---|---|666|666|---|666|666|---|---|---| Townsend's Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|66-|---|---|---| American Redstart |---|---|---|-44|333|4--|---|-43|334|---|---|---| Northern Waterthrush |---|---|---|--6|666|---|---|---|-44|444|---|---| MacGillivray's Warbler |---|---|---|---|444|4--|---|---|444|4--|---|---| Common Yellowthroat |---|---|---|---|444|466|---|664|444|4--|---|---| Wilson's Warbler |---|---|---|---|433|---|---|--3|333|334|---|---| Yellow-breasted Chat |---|---|---|---|444|---|---|---|44-|---|---|---|
TANAGERS, GROSBEAKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Western Tanager |---|---|---|---|--4|4--|--4|444|444|---|---|---| Black-headed Grosbeak |---|---|---|---|432|233|333|332|234|---|---|---| Lazuli Bunting |---|---|---|---|433|333|333|333|334|---|---|---|
SPARROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Green-tailed Towhee |---|---|---|432|222|223|333|322|222|34-|---|---| Spotted Towhee |---|---|444|44-|---|---|---|---|--4|4--|---|---| American Tree Sparrow |444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---|--4|444|444| Chipping Sparrow |---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|333|34-|---|---| Brewer's Sparrow |---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|333|34-|---|---|---| Vesper Sparrow |---|---|--4|422|224|4--|---|---|433|4--|---|---| Lark Sparrow |---|---|---|--4|222|222|222|222|24-|---|---|---| Black-throated Sparrow |---|---|---|-42|222|222|222|224|---|---|---|---| Sage Sparrow |---|---|---|---|-43|333|333|333|4--|---|---|---| Lark Bunting |---|---|---|---|-44|4--|---|---|-44|---|---|---| Savannah Sparrow |---|---|--4|422|224|4--|---|---|422|224|44-|---| Grasshopper Sparrow |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|666|---|---|---| Fox Sparrow |---|---|---|--4|444|---|---|--4|444|44-|---|---| Song Sparrow |---|---|-44|333|333|333|333|333|333|34-|---|---| Lincoln's Sparrow |---|---|-33|34-|---|---|---|---|-33|34-|---|---| Golden-crowned Sparrow |444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|---|---|664|444|444| White-crowned Sparrow |---|---|-42|222|24-|---|---|---|-42|24-|---|---| Harris's Sparrow |---|---|-42|222|24-|---|---|---|-42|24-|---|---| Dark-eyed Junco |222|222|222|234|---|---|---|---|-43|222|222|222| Lapland Longspur |666|666|666|666|---|---|---|---|---|666|666|666| Chestnut-collared Longspur |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-66|6--|---|
BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS, FINCHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Bobolink |---|---|---|-66|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Red-winged Blackbird |333|222|222|222|223|333|333|333|222|222|223|333| Western Meadowlark |333|333|332|222|222|222|222|222|222|233|333|333| Yellow-headed Blackbird |---|---|432|222|223|333|333|322|234|---|---|---| Rusty Blackbird |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--6|---| Brewer's Blackbird |333|333|333|211|111|111|111|111|111|112|333|333| Brown-headed Cowbird |---|---|---|-32|222|222|222|222|234|44-|---|---| Bullock's Oriole |---|---|---|---|422|444|442|224|4--|---|---|---| Scott's Oriole |---|---|---|--4|333|333|333|4--|---|---|---|---| Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch |555|555|55-|---|---|---|---|---|---|--5|555|555| Black Rosy-Finch |555|555|55-|---|---|---|---|---|---|--5|555|555| Pine Grosbeak |---|---|---|---|-6-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| Cassin's Finch |333|333|333|333|666|666|666|666|666|333|333|333| House Finch |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| Pine Siskin |333|333|333|333|334|444|444|444|444|433|333|333| Lesser Goldfinch |444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44| American Goldfinch |222|222|222|233|333|---|---|---|322|222|222|222| Evening Grosbeak |555|555|555|555|55-|---|---|---|---|---|555|555| House Sparrow |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|

Army Resource Management

The Department of Defense manages more than 25 million acres worldwide. Much of this land is in sensitive wetlands along coastlines and riverbanks, some of the most ecologically significant areas in the world. The location of these real estate holdings makes it imperative that the various military missions are planned and executed in harmony with the environment. DoD supports numerous partnerships with other Federal, State, local and private resource groups to promote such programs as the North American Waterfowl Management Plan, Neotropical Protection and Enhancement, and Watchable Wildlife. To succeed in its mission, and to earn public confidence, DoD must emphasize natural resources stewardship in every aspect of its land use.


The Department of Defense and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation are cooperating on an international program to promote conservation of neotropical migratory birds. For information, call DoD Legacy Office at (703) 604-1773 or NFWF at (202) 857-0166
This resource is based on the following source:
Department of Defense. No date. Checklist of Birds: Dugway Proving Grounds. 
     Department of Defense. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Department of Defense. No date. Checklist of Birds: Dugway Proving Grounds. 
     Department of Defense. Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govdugprov.htm 
     (Version 04APR00)

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