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Bird Checklists of the United States

Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

Lewistown, Montana


During spring a medley of cries, calls and wingbeats fill the air. Meadowlarks and vesper sparrows announce their seasonal territories from the stalks of last year's grass. The loud musical call of an upland sandpiper or long-billed curlew occasionally breaks through the heat of summer. Late June through August, thousands of mourning doves nest in the "breaks" of the Missouri.

Most of the 240 species included in this list can be seen on the refuge at some time during the year in the proper habitat. Mid-April through June is a particularly interesting time to visit the refuge. It is the green-up period and multitudes of bird life are moving northward over the land. Year-long and summer residents begin their courtships and establish territories. Armed with binoculars and bird guide, a visit to the refuge will provide a rewarding experience to the novice and expert birder.


EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS:

Seasons:

S - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

Birds nesting locally are followed by an *. Threatened or Endangered Species are followed by a (T) or an (E). Symbols indicative of seasonal abundance of each species are as follows:

a - abundant:         a common species which is very numerous;
c - common:           certain to be seen in suitable habitat;
u - uncommon:       present, but not certain to be seen;
o - occasional:       seen only a few times during a season;
r - rare:                  seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years;

The following bird list is in accordance with the sixth A.O.U. check list as amended. New names are used in all cases.


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon c u u -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Red-necked Grebe r - - - ___ Horned Grebe u - u - ___ Eared Grebe* c c c - ___ Western Grebe* c c c - ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c c c -
PELICANS, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican* c c c - ___ Double-crested Cormorant* c c c -
HERONS, BITTERNS Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c r ___ Snowy Egret - r - - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron c - o - ___ American Bittern u u u -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan o - o - ___ Canada Goose* c c c o ___ Greater White-fronted Goose o - o - ___ Snow Goose u - u - ___ Ross' Goose r - r - ___ Mallard* a c a c ___ American Black Duck - - r r ___ Gadwall* c c c - ___ Northern Pintail a c c o ___ Green-winged Teal c c c - ___ Blue-winged Teal* c a c - ___ Cinnamon Teal r r r - ___ American Wigeon* c c c - ___ Northern Shoveler* c c c - ___ Wood Duck* o - o - ___ Redhead c u c - ___ Ring-necked Duck o - o - ___ Canvasback c u c - ___ Lesser Scaup c u c - ___ Common Goldeneye c u c c ___ Barrow's Goldeneye o - o - ___ Bufflehead c u c o ___ Oldsquaw - - r - ___ White-winged Scoter r - r - ___ Ruddy Duck c u c - ___ Hooded Merganser r - r - ___ Common Merganser* c u c c ___ Red-breasted Merganser c o o -
VULTURES, HAWKS, EAGLES, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture - o - - ___ Northern Goshawk o - o - ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* u u u - ___ Cooper's Hawk* o o o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* a c a - ___ Broad-winged Hawk r - r - ___ Swainson's Hawk c c c - ___ Rough-legged Hawk c - c c ___ Ferruginous Hawk* o u o - ___ Golden Eagle* c c c c ___ Bald Eagle (E) c - u c ___ Northern Harrier* c a c o ___ Osprey* c c u - ___ Gyrfalcon - - - r ___ Prairie Falcon* u u u o ___ Peregrine Falcon (E) r - r r ___ Merlin* u r u o ___ American Kestrel* c a c -
GROUSE, PHEASANTS, PARTRIDGES, TURKEYS Sp S F W ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse* c c c c ___ Sage Grouse* c c c c ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* c c c c ___ Gray Partridge* c c c c ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u
CRANES, RAILS Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane c - c - ___ Virginia Rail r r - - ___ Sora* u u u - ___ American Coot* c c c o
SHOREBIRDS, GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Semipalmated Plover c - c - ___ Piping Plover* u u u - ___ Killdeer* c a r - ___ Mountain Plover* u u u - ___ Lesser Golden Plover r - r - ___ Black-bellied Plover o - o - ___ Ruddy Turnstone - r r - ___ Common Snipe* c c c - ___ Long-billed Curlew* u u u - ___ Whimbrel r - r - ___ Upland Sandpiper* u o u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper c c c - ___ Willet* c u c - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c c c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c c c - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u - r - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper r - - - ___ Baird's Sandpiper c u c - ___ Least Sandpiper c u c - ___ Dunlin r - - - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher c - c - ___ Stilt Sandpiper r - - - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u r u - ___ Western Sandpiper u u u - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper - - r - ___ Marbled Godwit u u u - ___ Sanderling - u u - ___ American Avocet* u u u - ___ Wilson's Phalarope* c c c - ___ Red-necked Phalarope u - u - ___ Glaucous Gull - - - u ___ Herring Gull u r u c ___ California Gull* c a c o ___ Ring-billed Gull* c a c - ___ Franklin's Gull u c u - ___ Bonaparte's Gull u - u o ___ Forster's Tern* c c - - ___ Common Tern* c c - - ___ Caspian Tern* u u - - ___ Black Tern u u u -
DOVES, PIGEONS Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* a a a -
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* - u u -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl o - - o ___ Burrowing Owl* c c c - ___ Long-eared Owl* c c c c ___ Short-eared Owl* c c c c ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl u u u u
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Poor-will c a c - ___ Common Nighthawk* u a a -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* o u - - ___ White-throated Swift* - u - -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c o c -
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Flicker* c c c u ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u - ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker r - - - ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c u ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Kingbird* c a - - ___ Western Kingbird* c c - - ___ Say's Phoebe* c c c - ___ Willow Flycatcher o o - - ___ Least Flycatcher* c c - - ___ Dusky Flycatcher - o - - ___ Western Flycatcher o o - - ___ Western Wood-Pewee* c c u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* a a a u
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Violet-green Swallow* u u u - ___ Tree Swallow* c c c - ___ Bank Swallow* c a c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* u u u - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c - ___ Cliff Swallow* c c c -
JAYS, MAGPIES, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay o o o o ___ Pinyon Jay c a c - ___ Black-billed Magpie* c a c a ___ Common Raven r o - - ___ American Crow* c c c - ___ Clark's Nutcracker* r r r -
CHICKADEES Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Mountain Chickadee o o u o
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch o - o r ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch c c c o
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper o - r -
DIPPERS Sp S F W ___ American Dipper u u - -
WRENS Sp S F W ___ House Wren* c c c - ___ Marsh Wren r c r - ___ Rock Wren c c c -
MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Mockingbird r - - - ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c - ___ Sage Thrasher u u u -
THRUSHES, BLUEBIRDS Sp S F W ___ American Robin* c a c o ___ Hermit Thrush o u - - ___ Swainson's Thrush o u - - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush o o - - ___ Veery r - - - ___ Eastern Bluebird* r r r - ___ Mountain Bluebird* c a c - ___ Townsend's Solitaire o - u o
GNATCATCHERS, KINGLETS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet o - o - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet o - o -
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit o o o - ___ Sprague's Pipit u u o -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing c - c a ___ Cedar Waxwing* c u u o
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike o - o u ___ Loggerhead Shrike* c c c -
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c o
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Red-eyed Vireo u o - - ___ Warbling Vireo* c c o -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler r - - - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c c - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler* u o u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler o o o - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u r u - ___ Palm Warbler o - o - ___ Ovenbird u u u - ___ Northern Waterthrush o o - - ___ Mac Gillivray's Warbler r r r - ___ Common Yellowthroat c c c - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat u u u - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - c - ___ American Redstart u u u -
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* a a a a
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink c - c - ___ Western Meadowlark* a a a o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c a c - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c a c o ___ Orchard Oriole* o o - - ___ Northern Oriole* c c c - ___ Rusty Blackbird r - r - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* c a c - ___ Common Grackle* o c o - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Western Tanager* c o c -
GROSBEAKS, FINCHES, SPARROWS, BUNTINGS Sp S F W ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* u u u - ___ Black-headed Grosbeak u u u - ___ Indigo Bunting - r - - ___ Lazuli Bunting* r u r - ___ Evening Grosbeak - - - u ___ Pine Grosbeak - - u u ___ Rosy Finch u - u o ___ Hoary Redpoll r - - r ___ Common Redpoll u - - u ___ Pine Siskin c o o o ___ American Goldfinch* c a c - ___ Red Crossbill u c u c ___ Green-tailed Towhee o o - - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee c c c - ___ Lark Bunting* a a - - ___ Savannah Sparrow u c u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow - u - - ___ Vesper Sparrow* u c u - ___ Lark Sparrow* u c u - ___ Dark-eyed Junco c o u r ___ American Tree Sparrow c - c o ___ Chipping Sparrow* c a c - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow* c c u - ___ Brewer's Sparrow r r - - ___ Field Sparrow* u c u - ___ Harris' Sparrow c - c - ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c - ___ White-throated Sparrow o - o - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow o - r - ___ Song Sparrow c c c - ___ McCowns Longspur o - o - ___ Lapland Longspur u - u u ___ Chestnut-collared Longspur u c - - ___ Snow Bunting - - o u

As the Nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of the Interior has basic responsibilities for water, fish, wildlife, mineral, land, park, and recreational resources. Indian and Territorial affairs are other major concerns of America's "Department of Natural Resources."

The Department works to assure the wisest choice in managing all our resources so each will make its full contributin to a better United States—now and in the future. Take Pride in America—learn about your public lands.


Please Note:
We would appreciate you help! If you observe birds that are listed as rare or if you notice unusual concentrations or activities of birds on this Refuge, please report the following information by letter or telephone to the Refuge Manager:

                 Your name, address ___________________________________
                 date, weather, exact location ________________________
                 species, number of birds, ____________________________
                 distinguishing features and/or _______________________
                 activities ___________________________________________
                 
-- When in doubt as to any refuge regulation, contact a refuge officer.

-- Where to write for current regulations and information:

                 Refuge Manager
                 Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge
                 P.O. Box 110
                 Lewistown, MT 59457
                 

This resource is based on the following source:
Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of 
     the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Montana.  Department 
     of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of 
     the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Montana.  Department 
     of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govcmrussel.htm 
     (Version 23FEB2001).

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