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Bird Checklists of the United States

National Bison Range

Moiese, Montana


The National Bison Range is one of the oldest big game refuges in the United States. Although originally established in 1908 for the preservation of the American bison, the Range was also designated as a refuge for native birds in 1921. As a part of the National Wildlife Refuge System, it is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Since it was established, 205 bird species have been recorded. Common names and list order are based on the Sixth Edition (1983) and the 36th Supplement (1987) of the American Ornithologist's Union's Checklist of North American Birds. Seasonal occurrence, abundance, and habitats frequented are shown according to the following key.


SEASONS:

Sp - Spring
S - Summer
F - Fall
W - Winter

ABUNDANCE:

a - abundant: large flocks or seen on every visit
c - common: seen on most visits
u - uncommon: seen on about half the visits
o - occasional: seen on 1/3 or less visits
r - rare: seen on rare occasion
t - transient: passing through, 5 or less sightings
h - historical: historic record, no recent sightings
2 - any numeral signifies number of sightings if 3 or under
* - nests locally

HABITAT:

g - open grassland
f - montane conifer forest
b - brushy draws
j - cottonwood-juniper bottomlands
t - stream-side thickets
r - rivers and streams
p - ponds or lakes
c - rocky cliffs and banks
m - marshy areas


GREBES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe p r r r r ___ Red-necked Grebe p r r r - ___ Eared Grebe p r r r - ___ Western Grebe p r - r -
CORMORANTS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant rp o u o -
HERONS, BITTERNS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American Bittern prm r r r - ___ Great Blue Heron pr u u u u
GEESE, SWANS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan rp o r - r ___ Snow Goose p u - u - ___ Canada Goose* prj c a a c
DUCKS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Wood Duck* prj u o o - ___ Green-winged Teal* pr u o u o ___ Mallard* pr c c a a ___ Northern Pintail* pr u u u o ___ Blue-winged Teal* p u u o - ___ Cinnamon Teal* p o o o - ___ Northern Shoveler* p o o o - ___ Gadwall* p o o o r ___ American Wigeon* pr u o c r ___ Canvasback p r - r - ___ Redhead* p o o o - ___ Ring-necked Duck p r - r - ___ Lesser Scaup p o - r - ___ Common Goldeneye* pr c u c c ___ Barrow's Goldeneye pr o r r - ___ Bufflehead p r - r - ___ Hooded Merganser* r u o u o ___ Common Merganser* r c u c c ___ Ruddy Duck* p r r r -
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture g r r - - ___ Osprey r o u o - ___ Bald Eagle rj o o o o ___ Northern Harrier* g c c c o ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* jt o o o o ___ Cooper's Hawk fjt o o o r ___ Northern Goshawk fjt o o o r ___ Swainson's Hawk g r o r - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* gfj c c c o ___ Ferruginous Hawk gj r r r - ___ Rough-legged Hawk g c - c c ___ Golden Eagle* gf c c c c ___ American Kestrel* gtj c c c u ___ Merlin t o r o r ___ Peregrine Falcon fgc r r r - ___ Gyrfalcon jg - - - r ___ Prairie Falcon* gc o u u r
GROUSE HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge* gb c c c c ___ Chukar* gbf h h h h ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* gb u u c u ___ Blue Grouse* f c c c c ___ Ruffed Grouse* fj o o o o ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse* gb h h h h
RAILS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail m r r r - ___ Sora* m o o o - ___ American Coot* p o o o r
SHOREBIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover p r - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover p r - - - ___ Killdeer* gp c c c o ___ American Avocet* p o o - - ___ Greater Yellowlegs p u o u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs p o r r - ___ Solitary Sandpiper p r r - - ___ Willet p r - - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* rp u u u - ___ Long-billed Curlew g r r r - ___ Marbled Godwit p r r - - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper p r - - - ___ Least Sandpiper p r - r - ___ Baird's Sandpiper p r - r - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher p o r r - ___ Common Snipe* pmg c c c o ___ Wilson's Phalarope* p u u u - ___ Red-necked Phalarope p r - - -
GULLS, TERNS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Ring-billed Gull rp o o o u ___ California Gull rp - o o - ___ Common Tern p r r - - ___ Forster's Tern p r r - - ___ Black Tern p r r - -
DOVES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove* gj a a a o
CUCKOOS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo jtf - r - -
OWLS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Western Screech Owl jf t t t t ___ Great Horned Owl* jft c c c c ___ Snowy Owl jg - - - r ___ Northern Pygmy Owl* tj o o o o ___ Burrowing Owl* g r r r - ___ Barred Owl* j o o o o ___ Long-eared Owl* jt u u u r ___ Short-eared Owl* g u u o r ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl* tj o u o o
NIGHTHAWKS, SWIFTS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk gj - c - - ___ Black Swift gmr r o r - ___ Vaux's Swift r - o - -
HUMMINGBIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird tjh - r - - ___ Calliope Hummingbird* tjh r u - - ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird tjh - r - - ___ Rufous Hummingbird* tjh r u - -
KINGFISHER HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* r u u u o
WOODPECKERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Lewis' Woodpecker* f c c u - ___ Red-naped Woodpecker* jt c c c - ___ Downy Woodpecker* jf u u u u ___ Hairy Woodpecker* jf u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* jft c c c u ___ Pileated Woodpecker* jf o o o o
FLYCATCHERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Western Wood-Pewee* jft - c - - ___ Willow Flycatcher* mt - o - - ___ Hammond's Flycatcher* f - u - - ___ Dusky Flycatcher* b - c - - ___ Western Flycatcher tj - o - - ___ Say's Phoebe* ctgh o o o - ___ Western Kingbird* gj u c o - ___ Eastern Kingbird* gb c a u -
LARKS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark g o o o u
SWALLOWS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow* rpjg c a c - ___ Violet-green Swallow* rpmc c c u - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* rpch u c - - ___ Bank Swallow* cpr c c u - ___ Cliff Swallow* cprh c c u - ___ Barn Swallow* prh c a u -
JAYS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Gray Jay f - - r r ___ Steller's Jay f r r o o ___ Clark's Nutcracker* f c c c c ___ Black-billed Magpie* gtj c a a c ___ American Crow gtj u r u - ___ Common Raven* gjf c c c c
CHICKADEES, NUTHATCHES, CREEPERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* jft c c c c ___ Mountain Chickadee* f u u u u ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch* jf c c c c ___ White-breasted Nuthatch fj o o o o ___ Pygmy Nuthatch* f u u u u ___ Brown Creeper* jf o o o o
WRENS, DIPPERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Rock Wren* c c c c - ___ House Wren* jth u c u - ___ Marsh Wren* pmt o o o r ___ American Dipper r o o o o
KINGLETS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet* fj o o o o ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet* fj u u u r
THRUSHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Western Bluebird g t - - - ___ Mountain Bluebird* g c c c r ___ Townsend's Solitaire* jtc u u c c ___ Veery f - r r - ___ Swainson's Thrush* f o o - - ___ Hermit Thrush jt - r - - ___ American Robin* jtfh a a a o ___ Varied Thrush f r - - r
MOCKINGBIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* tj o o o - ___ Northern Mockingbird bt 3 1 - -
PIPITS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American Pipit g u - u -
WAXWINGS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing jt u - u a ___ Cedar Waxwing* jt o u u o
SHRIKES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike gtb u - u u ___ Loggerhead Shrike gtb - r - -
STARLING HABITAT Sp S F W ___ European Starling* jht c c c u
VIREO HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo f c c - - ___ Warbling Vireo* fjtb c c u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* jft c c u -
WARBLERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler fj u u o - ___ Nashville Warbler fj r r - - ___ Yellow Warbler* jt c c o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler fj u o u r ___ Townsend's Warbler f - o - - ___ American Redstart* fj - o - - ___ Northern Waterthrush tm - r - - ___ MacGillivray's Warbler* tbj o c - - ___ Common Yellowthroat* mt o u o - ___ Wilson's Warbler tjb - o r - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* bgt o u - -
TANAGERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___Western Tanager* jft o u o -
BUNTINGS, TOWHEES, SPARROWS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-headed Grosbeak fj - o - - ___ Lazuli Bunting* tb u c - - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* t c c o - ___ American Tree Sparrow g - - o u ___ Chipping Sparrow* tbj u c u - ___ Brewer's Sparrow gb - r r - ___ Vesper Sparrow* g a a c - ___ Lark Sparrow tb u u o - ___ Lark Bunting g t t - - ___ Savannah Sparrow* gb u u o - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* g c c - - ___ Fox Sparrow tj r r r t ___ Song Sparrow* tm c c c o ___ Lincoln's Sparrow tb o - - - ___ White-crowned Sparrow tb o o u r ___ Harris' Sparrow tj - - - r ___ Dark-eyed Junco ___ Oregon race* fj c c c c ___ Slate-colored race f - - - o ___ Lapland Longspur g - - - r ___ Snow Bunting g o - o o
BLACKBIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Bobolink m r r - - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* mpt a a c o ___ Western Meadowlark* g a a a o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird mp o o o - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* g a a a o ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* tjfg u u - - ___ Northern Oriole* jt - c - -
FINCHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Rosy Finch ___ Gray-crowned race gb o - o u ___ Gray-headed race gb o - o u ___ Pine Grosbeak f o r r o ___ Cassin's Finch fj o o o c ___ House Finch jf - - r c ___ Red Crossbill* f o o o o ___ White-winged Crossbill f - - r - ___ Common Redpoll g - - c c ___ Hoary Redpoll g - - - r ___ Pine Siskin* f u u u o ___ American Goldfinch* jt o o u u ___ Evening Grosbeak jf u - u c
WEAVER FINCHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* hjgt c c c c

If you detect any errors or omissions or would like further information, please contact:
                       Refuge Manager
                       National Bison Range
                       Moiese, Montana 59824
                       Telephone: 406/644-2211
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of National Bison Range.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of National Bison Range.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govbison.htm   
     (Version 22MAY98).

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