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Bird Checklists of the United States

Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Pingree, North Dakota


Welcome

Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) was established by Executive Order in 1935 as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. This 15,934 acre refuge straddles the James River and encompasses a diversity of habitats - lakes, marshes, grasslands, wooded coulees, and cultivated fields. As the James River meanders throughout the Refuge, it passes through four main water areas - Arrowwood, Mud, and Jim Lakes, and DePuy Marsh. Water levels within the three naturally occurring riverine lakes and the DePuy Marsh are now controlled by structures at their outlets.

Arrowwood NWR is managed primarily to attract waterfowl. The Refuge also has excellent nesting habitat for ducks, geese, grebes, shorebirds, and numerous upland songbirds. The Refuge attracts thousands of ducks, geese, and swans during spring and fall migrations, Canada geese usually arrive in mid-March. Mallards and northern pintails follow shortly thereafter, while flights of snow geese usually reach their peak in mid-April. Wood ducks and hooded mergansers nest in the many nesting boxes placed along the lakes and wetlands. Western grebes can be observed on lakes doing their mating dance in late May and early June. Extensive beds of sago pondweed in the lakes attract large numbers of swans and diving ducks, especially canvasbacks, during the fall migration. Visitors can also enjoy migrating shorebirds as well as resident species of wildlife, such as the sharp-tailed grouse, in a natural setting.

How to use your checklist

The following list includes 266 birds. The 124 species that nest on the Refuge are noted with a bullet (*). Most of the species listed here are seen on the Refuge. Those species known to occur in the vicinity, but not actually sighted on the Refuge, are noted in italics. All Species names are in accordance with the American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Checklist of North American birds. 7th ed. Am. Ornithol. Union, Washington, D.C. For clarity, some of the former names are shown in parentheses.

Seasons

Since many birds are migratory, their seasonal occurrence and relative abundance are noted as follows:

Sp - Spring (March - May)
S - Summer (June - August)
F - Fall (September - November)
W - Winter (December - February)

Relative abundance

c - common; certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon; present, but not certain to be seen
r - rare; may be present, but not most years
* - birds that nest on the Refuge
# - threatened and endangered species in the United States.


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon r r - -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c c c - ___ Horned Grebe* u u u - ___ Red-necked Grebe* r r r - ___ Eared Grebe* c c c - ___ Western Grebe* c c c - ___ Clark's Grebe r r r -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c c c -
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant c c c -
BITTERNS, HERONS, EGRETS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* c c c - ___ Least Bittern r r r - ___ Great Blue Heron c c c - ___ Great Egret u c c - ___ Snowy Egret r r r - ___ Little Blue Heron r r r - ___ Cattle Egret r r u - ___ Green Heron* r r r - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c c c - ___ White-faced Ibis r - - -
NEW WORLD VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture r - r -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan c - c - ___ Greater White-fronted Goose u r u - ___ Snow Goose* c r c - ___ Ross's Goose r - r - ___ Brant - - r - ___ Canada Goose* c c c u ___ Brant - - r - ___ Wood Duck* c c c - ___ Gadwall* c c c - ___ American Wigeon* c c c - ___ American Black Duck* u u u - ___ Mallard* c c c - ___ Blue-winged Teal* c c c - ___ Cinnamon Teal* r r r - ___ Northern Shoveler* c c c - ___ Northern Pintail* c c c - ___ Green-winged Teal* c u c - ___ Canvasback* c c c - ___ Redhead* c c c - ___ Ring-necked Duck* c r u - ___ Greater Scaup r - u - ___ Lesser Scaup* c r c - ___ White-winged Scoter* - - r - ___ Bufflehead c - c - ___ Common Goldeneye c - u - ___ Hooded Merganser c c c - ___ Common Merganser c - c - ___ Red-breasted Merganser u - - - ___ Ruddy Duck* c u c -
OSPREYS, KITES, HAWKS, AND EAGLES Sp S F W ___ Osprey r - r - ___ Bald Eagle# c - c r ___ Northern Harrier* c c c r ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u - u r ___ Cooper's Hawk* u r u r ___ Northern Goshawk r - r r ___ Broad-winged Hawk r - r - ___ Swainson's Hawk* c c c - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c r ___ Ferruginous Hawk* u r u r ___ Rough-legged Hawk c - c r ___ Golden Eagle u r u u
FALCONS AND CARACARAS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel* c u c r ___ Merlin u - u r ___ Peregrine Falcon# r - r r ___ Prairie Falcon u r u r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge* c c c c ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* c c c c ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse* c c c c ___ Greater Prairie-Chicken* r r r r ___ Wild Turkey u u u u
RAILS Sp S F W ___ King Rail r r r - ___ Virginia Rail* u u u - ___ Sora* c c c - ___ American Coot* c c c - ___ Common Moorhen r - - -
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane c r c - ___ Whooping Crane# r - r -
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover r - r - ___ American Golden Plover u - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover u - u - ___ Piping Plover*# r r r - ___ Killdeer* c c c -
AVOCETS Sp S F W ___ American Avocet* c c c -
SANDPIPERS AND PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs u u u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c u c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u u u - ___ Willet* c c c - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* u u c - ___ Upland Sandpiper* c c - - ___ Hudsonian Godwit r - - - ___ Marbled Godwit* c c r - ___ Sanderling r - r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c - u - ___ Western Sandpiper c r c - ___ Least Sandpiper c r c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper c - r - ___ Baird's Sandpiper c - u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c - u - ___ Dunlin r - r - ___ Stilt Sandpiper u - u - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper r - - - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher u u u - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher c u c - ___ Common Snipe* c u c - ___ American Woodcock r r r - ___ Wilson's Phalarope* u u u - ___ Red-necked Phalarope u - u -
SKUAS, JAEGERS, GULLS, AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull c c c - ___ Bonaparte's Gull u - u - ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c - ___ California Gull c c c - ___ Herring Gull r - - - ___ Caspian Tern r - r - ___ Common Tern c c c - ___ Forster's Tern* u u - - ___ Black Tern* c c c -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* c c c c ___ Mourning Dove* c c c r
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* u c u - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo r - - -
BARN OWL Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl* r r r r
TYPICAL OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* r c r u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl r - u u ___ Burrowing Owl - r - - ___ Barred Owl - - - r ___ Long-eared Owl* r r r - ___ Short-eared Owl c c c u ___ Northern Saw-Whet Owl - - - r
NIGHTJARS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* u u u - ___ Whip-poor-will r - - -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift r r r -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird r u r -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher c c c -
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* r r r - ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u - ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Northern Flicker* c c c r
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r - r - ___ Eastern Wood-Peewee* u u u - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - - - ___ Alder Flycatcher r - - - ___ Willow Flycatcher* u c u - ___ Least Flycatcher* u c r - ___ Eastern Phoebe u r u - ___ Say's Phoebe* u u u - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher r r r - ___ Western Kingbird* c c c - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c -
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike u u r - ___ Northern Shrike u - u u
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Blue-headed Vireo r - r - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo r - r - ___ Warbling Vireo* u c u - ___ Philadelphia Vireo r - r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo u u u -
CROWS, JAYS, AND MAGPIES Sp S F W ___ Gray Jay - - - r ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Black-billed Magpie* c c c c ___ American Crow* c u c u
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* c c c c
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* u c u - ___ Tree Swallow* c c c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* u u - - ___ Bank Swallow* c c u - ___ Cliff Swallow* c c c - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c -
TITMICE AND CHICKADEES Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch u - u c ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u u c c
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper u - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ House Wren* c c c - ___ Winter Wren r - - - ___ Sedge Wren* u c r - ___ Marsh Wren* u c u -
KINGLETS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r - r - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c u u - ___ Mountain Bluebird u - u - ___ Veery u - u - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush* u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush c - u - ___ Hermit Thrush r - r - ___ American Robin* c c c r ___ Gray Catbird* c c u - ___ Brown Thrasher* c c u -
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* u u u u
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American (Water) Pipit u - u - ___ Sprague's Pipit* u u u -
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing u - u u ___ Cedar Waxwing* u c c u
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-winged Warbler r - - - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler c - u - ___ Nashville Warbler u - r - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - u - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u - ___ Cape May Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c c r - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler r - r - ___ Blackburnian Warbler r - r - ___ Pine Warbler - r - - ___ Palm Warbler c - u - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler r - r - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - u - ___ Black-and-White Warbler c - u - ___ American Redstart u r u - ___ Ovenbird c - u - ___ Northern Waterthrush c - u - ___ Connecticut Warbler r - - - ___ Mourning Warbler r - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat r - r -
SPARROWS AND TOWHEES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Towhee r - r - ___ American Tree Sparrow c - c r ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c u - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow* c c u - ___ Field Sparrow u r u - ___ Vesper Sparrow u c u - ___ Lark Sparrow* u r u - ___ Lark Bunting* u u - - ___ Savannah Sparrow* c c u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* u c r - ___ Baird's Sparrow* r r r - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow* u c u - ___ Nelson's Sharp-Tailed Sparrow* u u u - ___ Fox Sparrow r - r - ___ Song Sparrow* c c c r ___ Swamp Sparrow u r u - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow c - u - ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c r ___ Harris' Sparrow c - c r ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c - ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c r ___ Lapland Longspur c r c c ___ Smith's Longspur r - r - ___ Chestnut-collared Longspur* u u u - ___ Snow Bunting u - u c
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS, AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Rose-breasted Grosbreak u r u - ___ Indigo Bunting r - r - ___ Dickcissel u u u -
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* c c u - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c u ___ Western Meadowlark* c c c r ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c c u - ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u r ___ Brewer's Blackbird* u u u r ___ Common Grackle* c c c r ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c - ___ Orchard Oriole* c u r - ___ Baltimore Oriole* c c u -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Pine Grosbeak r - r r ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ House Finch r r r c ___ Red Crossbill r - r u ___ White-winged Crossbill r - r r ___ Common Redpoll u - u c ___ Hoary Redpoll - - - r ___ Pine Siskin* u r c c ___ American Goldfinch* u c c r ___ Evening Grosbeak - - r r
OLD WORLD SPARROWS ___ House Sparrow* c c c c

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge
                 7745 11th St. SE
                 Pingree, North Dakota 58476-8308
                 Telephone: 701/285-3341
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1999.  Birds of Arrowwood National 
     Wildlife Refuge, Pingree, North Dakota.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1999.  Birds of Arrowwood National 
     Wildlife Refuge, Pingree, North Dakota.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie 
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govarrowwoo.htm    
     (Version 22FEB00).

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