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Wertheim, Target Rock, and Morton National Wildlife Refuges

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Shirley, New York


Welcome to the Long Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex. The Complex is composed of nine separate units. Three of these refuges, Wertheim, Target Rock and Morton, are managed to provide opportunities for bird watching. Access to each refuge is listed below.

WERTHEIM REFUGE protects 2,400 acres on the south shore of Long Island including the Carmans River, one of the last and largest undeveloped estuaries on Long Island. The refuge has a wide diversity of habitats including oak-pine woodland, fields, ponds, river, streams, bay and fresh, brackish and saltwater marshes. These habitats attract and support a remarkable diversity and abundance of wildlife including birds. The primary importance of the refuge is protection of the Carmans River estuary for use by migratory waterfowl, particularly black ducks, mallards, wood ducks and gadwall. Access is available by foot at the fishing access site or by boat to the Indian Landing Trail. Carry-in boat launching is available at the fishing access site or at Squassux Landing. Access is available daily, 1/2 hour before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset.

TARGET ROCK REFUGE is 80 acres on a peninsula on the north shore of Long Island. The refuge is comprised of mostly upland forest and a half mile of bay beach. This refuge has a variety of songbirds, waterfowl, bank swallows, shorebirds, and an occasional raptor. The diversity of warblers are best viewed during migration in May and September. Both beach (seasonally closed) and upland trails are open to the public. Access is available daily, 1/2 hour before sunrise to l/2 hour after sunset. An entrance fee is charged.

MORTON REFUGE consists of 187 acres including Jessups Neck and contains exceptionally diverse habitats. Sandy, gravel, and rocky beaches fringe the peninsula, and the wooded bluffs of Jessups Neck overlook Peconic and Noyack Bays. The remainder is upland forest, brackish and freshwater ponds, a lagoon and open fields. The refuge was set aside to protect a unique natural area for migratory birds. Endangered and threatened species such as piping plovers, least terns and osprey use the beach area for nesting. A loss of habitat and human disturbance have caused their populations to decline throughout their range. They are protected by law. During the nesting season (April to August). public access to the peninsula is prohibited to protect their nest sites. Both beach (seasonaly closed) and upland trails are open to the public. Access is available daily, 1/2 hour before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset.

Visitors can expect to see wildlife at any time, but viewing is best during early morning and evening hours while taking a quiet, observant walk or boat trip. Remember, these animals are wild and shy. For the best chance to see them, bring binoculars and have patience.

As part of the National Wildlife Refuge System, the Long Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex is committed to the primary goal of protecting the nation's wildlife. We do provide for public use when it does not interfere with our primary goal. We need your support in accomplishing this. Take pride in America and help protect YOUR nation's wildlife.


SEASON
s - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

RELATIVE ABUNDANCE
A - abundant: a species which is very numerous
C - common: likely to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
U - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
O - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
R - rare: may be present but not every year

+ - birds known to nest on or near the refuge
# - indicates threatened/endangered species


LOONS-GREBES Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Red-throated Loon R R R O O O O O O ___ Common Loon O R O O U R C U O O O ___ Pied-billed Grebe +U O U U U U U O ___ Horned Grebe R C R C C U U U ___ Eared Grebe R ___ Red-necked Grebe O O O R R ___ Great Cormorant R R R O O U U U O ___ Double-crested Cormorant C C C O A A A O C C C O ___ Brown Pelican R ___ Northern Gannet O O
BITTERNS-HERONS-IBISES Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ American Bittern +U U U U O O O R R ___ Least Bittern +U U U R U U R R ___ Great Blue Heron C C C C U U U U C C C O ___ Great Egret C C C R C C C R C C C R ___ Snowy Egret C C C C C C R C C C ___ Little Blue Heron U U U U U R ___ Tricolored Heron O O O R R R ___ Cattle Egret R R R R R R R R R ___ Green-backed Heron +C C C R +C C C R +U U U ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron U U U O U U U O C C C R ___ Yellow-crownded Night-Heron R R R R +R R R ___ Glossy Ibis U U U U U U O
SWANS-GEESE-DUCKS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Tundra Swan R ___ Mute Swan +C C C C +C C C C U U U U ___ Snow Goose O U O U U U R R ___ Brant U O O O U U O O O ___ Canada Goose +C C C C +C U C U +C O O O ___ Wood Duck +A A A U +U U U O ___ Green-winged Teal +C O C U U U O O R ___ American Black Duck +A C A A +A U A A +C O C A ___ Mallard +C C C C +U U U U +C C C C ___ Northern Pintail +O O O O O O R R R ___ Blue-winged Teal +U O U R U U R R ___ Northern Shoveler O O U ___ Gadwall +C U C C +O R O O O O ___ American Wigeon +U P U U U U U O O O ___ Canvasback U U U O O U O O O ___ Redhead O O O U ___ Ring-necked Duck U O O R R ___ Greater Scaup C R C C U U U C U C ___ Lesser Scaup O R O U U U U R R U ___ Common Eider R R ___ Harlequin Duck R ___ Oldsquaw O R O O A A A C U C ___ Black Scoter U U U R U U ___ Surf Scoter U U U U U U ___ White-winged Scoter A A A U U U ___ Common Goldeneye O R O O C C C C C C ___ Bufflehead C R C C C C A C R C C ___ Hooded Merganser C R C C R O U R R R ___ Common Merganser C R U C U U U U ___ Red-breasted Merganser +C O C C C U C A C C C ___ Ruddy Duck R R U U R R R R R
VULTURES-HAWKS-FALCONS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Turkey Vulture R R R ___ Black Vulture R ___ Osprey +C C C +C C C C C C ___ #Bald Eagle R R O O R R R R ___ Northern Harrier +U U C C O O O O R R ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk +C O C U C C U U U O ___ Cooper's Hawk +C O C U C C U +U R U O ___ Northern Goshawk R R R R R R R ___ Red-shouldered Hawk O R O R R R ___ Broad-winged Hawk O O O +U U U O O ___ Red-tailed Hawk +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Rough-legged Hawk O O U R R R R ___ Golden Eagle R ___ American Kestrel +U O U O +U O U O +U O U O ___ Merlin O U O O O O R R R ___ #Peregrine Falcon O R O O R O R R R R
PHEASANTS-GROUSE-QUAIL-TURKEY Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant +U U U U +U U U U +C C C C ___ Ruffed Grouse +R R R R +R R R R ___ Northern Bobwhite +A A A A +C C C C +O O O O ___ Wild Turkey +C C C C
RAILS-COOTS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Black Rail R R ___ Clapper Rail +U U U R O O O O ___ King Rail R R R R ___ Virginia Rail +U U U U U U U R ___ Sora O R U R U U U R ___ American Coot +U O U C O O R ___ Common Gallinule R R R ___ Purple Gallinule R
PLOVERS-SANDPIPERS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover U O U R U U U U U O C R ___ Lesser Golden Plover R R R R R ___ Wilson's Plover R ___ Semipalmated Plover U O U U U U R R R ___ #Piping Plover +U U U O O ___ Killdeer +U U U U +U U U U R R R ___ American Oystercatcher U U U R U U U R ___ Greater Yellowlegs C C C C C U U U U ___ Lesser Yellowlegs U U U U U U R R R ___ Solitary Sandpiper O O O O O R R ___ Willet +U U U +U U U R R R ___ Spotted Sandpiper +U U U +U U U R R U ___ Whimbrel R O O ___ Ruddy Turnstone O O U C C C R O O O ___ Red Knot O O O U U U R R ___ Hudsonian Godwit R R R ___ Sanderling U U U U C C C U R R R ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper U C C U C C O U U ___ Western Sandpiper O O O U ___ Least Sandpiper A A A U U U O O O ___ White-rumped Sandpiper O O U U ___ Pectoral Sandpiper U U U U U U R R R ___ Purple Sandpiper R ___ Dunlin O O O O O O O O O O O ___ Stilt Sandpiper O O O R R ___ Short-billed Dowitcher O O O U U U R R R ___ Common Snipe U U U U U U U R R ___ American Woodcock +U U U O +U U U R U R R ___ Northern Phalarope R R R ___ Red Phalarope R R R ___ Wilson's Phalarope O R R
JAEGERS-TERNS-SKIMMERS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Parasitic Jaegers R R ___ Laughing Gull O O O R U U U R C C U ___ Bonaparte's Gull R R R R R R R ___ Ring-billed Gull C U C C C U C C U U C C ___ Herring Gull A A A A A A A A A A A A ___ Iceland Gull R R ___ Lesser Black-backed Gull R ___ Glaucous Gull R R R ___ Great Black-backed Gull A A A A A C A A C C C C ___ Caspian Tern R ___ Royal Tern O O O O U O ___ #Roseate Tern R R U U U ___ Arctic Tern R R ___ Common Tern C C C +A A A A A A ___ Forster's Tern O U U U U O O ___ #Least Tern C C C +C C C C C C ___ Black Tern R U R ___ Black Skimmer U U U O U U R ___ Gull-billed Tern R
DOVES-KINGFISHERS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Rock Dove +U U U U +O O O O O O O O ___ Mourning Dove +A A A A +A A A A +C C A C ___ Monk Parakeet R R R R ___ Black-billed Cuckoo +U U U +U U U +R R R ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo +U U U +U U U +R R R ___ Barn Owl +U U U U U U U U ___ Eastern Screeh-Owl +C C C C +U U U U +U U U U ___ Great Horned Owl +U U U U +U U U U +O O O O ___ Snowy Owl R R R R R ___ Long-eared Owl O O O O R R R R R R ___ Short-eared Owl U R U U O O O R ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl R R R U U ___ Common Nighthawk O U U U U O O O ___ Whip-poor-will +C C C U U U R R R ___ Chimney Swift +U U U +U U U U U U ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird +U U U +O O O R R R ___ Belted Kingfisher +C C C C +C C C U +C C U U
WOODPECKERS-FLYCATCHERS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker R R R R R R +R R R ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker +C C C C +U U U U +C C C C ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker U U R U U O O ___ Downy Woodpecker +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Hairy Woodpecker +U U U C +U U U U +C U U U ___ Northern Flicker +A C A U +A C A U +A C A U ___ Olive-sided Woodpecker R R R R R R ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee +C C C +U U U +O O O ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher O ___ Alder Flycatcher R R ___ Willow Flycatcher +U U U R ___ Least Flycatcher +U R U O O U U ___ Acadian Flycatcher +O O O ___ Eastern Phoebe +C C C +U U U +O O O ___ Great Crested Flycatcher +C C C +U U U +U U U ___ Eastern Kingbird +C C C +U U U +C C U
LARKS-SWALLOWS-JAYS-CROWS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Horned Lark O O O +U U U U U U ___ Purple Martin +U U U R ___ Tree Swallow +A A A R +C C C +U U U ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow +O O O +U U O +O O O ___ Bank Swallow +C C C +C C C ___ Barn Swallow +C C C +U U U +C C U ___ Cliff Swallow R R ___ Blue Jay +A A A A +C C C C +C C A C ___ American Crow +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Fish Crow +C C C O U U U O C C C C
TITMICE-NUTHATCHES-WRENS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Tufted Titmouse +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch U U U U U U R R R ___ White-breasted Nuthatch +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Brown Creeper +U U U U U U U R R R ___ Carolina Wren +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ House Wren +C C C +C C C +C C C ___ Winter Wren O O U O O O R R R ___ Sedge Wren R R R R ___ Marsh Wren +A A A O +U U U
KINGLETS-THRASHERS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet U U U U U U U U U ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet U U U U U U U U U ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher +U U O +O O O R R ___ Eastern Bluebird +U U U U R R R R R R R ___ Veery +U U U U R U R R ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush U U U U R R ___ Swainson's Thrush U U U U U U ___ Hermit Thrush +U U U O +U U U O U R U R ___ Wood Thrush +C C C +U U U +U U U ___ American Robin +A A A U +C C C U +C C A U ___ Northern Wheatear R ___ Gray Catbird +A A A O +A A A O +A A A O ___ Northern Mockingbird +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Brown Thrasher +U U U O +U U U O +U U U R
PIPITS-SHRIKES-STARLINGS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ American Pipit R R U U ___ Cedar Waxwing +U U U U +U R U U +U O U O ___ Northern Shrike R R R R R R ___ Loggerhead Shrike R R R R R R ___ European Starling +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C
VIREOS-WOOD WARBLERS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo +U U U +U U U R R R ___ Solitary Vireo U U U U R R ___ Yellow-throated Vireo R R R R R R R R R ___ Warbling Vireo R R R R ___ Philadelphia Vireo U U R R ___ Red-eyed Vireo +U U U +U U U +O O O ___ Blue-winged Vireo +C C C +U U U +O O O ___ Golden-winged Warbler R R R R ___ Tennessee Warbler U U U U R ___ Orange-crowned Warbler U R ___ Nashville Warbler O O O O O O ___ Northern Parula C C C U +U R U ___ Yellow Warbler +C C C +C C C +C C C ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler +U R U U U +U R U ___ Magnolia Warbler U U U U U U ___ Cape May Warbler U U U U O O ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler U U U U +O O O ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C R C U C C U U R C U ___ Black-throated Green Warbler U U U U U U ___ Blackburnian Warbler U U U U O O ___ Pine Warbler +U U U O O O R ___ Prairie Warbler +U U U +U U U +O O O ___ Palm Warbler U U R U U O O ___ Bay-breasted Warbler U U U U O O ___ Blackpoll Warbler U U U U U U ___ Black-and-White Warbler +C C C +U U U +U U U ___ American Redstart +C C C +C C U +C C U ___ Prothonotary Warbler R R R R R R R ___ Worm-eating Warbler R R ___ Ovenbird +C C C +U U U +U U U ___ Northern Waterthrush U U U U R R ___ Louisiana Waterthrush R R U R R ___ Kentucky Warbler O O R R R ___ Connecticut Warbler O O U O O ___ Mourning Warbler O O U O O ___ Common Yellowthroat +C C C +C C C +C C C ___ Hooded Warbler U U R R ___ Cerulean Warbler R R ___ Wilson's Warbler U U U U O O ___ Canada Warbler U R U O O O O O ___ Yellow-breasted Chat +R R R O O O R R R
TANAGERS-SPARROWS Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Summer Tanager R R R R R ___ Scarlet Tanager +U U U +U U U +O O O ___ Northern Cardinal +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak +U U U +U U U +U O O ___ Indigo Bunting +U U U R R R O O R ___ Dickcissel O R R ___ Rufous-sided Towhee +A A A O +C C C U +A A C U ___ American Tree Sparrow C C C U U U O O O ___ Chipping Sparrow +C C C R +U U U O +C O O R ___ Field Sparrow +U U U U +U U U R U U U R ___ Savannah Sparrow O O O O +U U U U R R ___ Grasshopper Sparrow +O O R ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow +C C C R +U U U R +O O O R ___ Seaside Sparrow +U U U +O O O ___ Vesper Sparrow R R R ___ Fox Sparrow U U U U U U U U U ___ Song Sparrow +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Lincoln's Sparrow R O O ___ Swamp Sparrow +C C C U +U U U U O O O R ___ Lark Sparrow R ___ White-throated Sparrow C C C A A A C C C ___ White-crowned Sparrow R O R R O R R R ___ Dark-eyed Junco C C C C C C C C C ___ Snow Bunting R O O U U U O
BLACKBIRDS-FINCHES Wertheim Morton Target Rock s S F W s S F W s S F W ___ Bobolink O R O R R R R ___ Red-winged Blackbird +A A A U +C C C U +A A U U ___ Eastern Meadowlark +U U U U U U U U R R R R ___ Rusty Blackbird O O O U U U R ___ Brewer's Blackbird R ___ Common Grackle +C C C O +C A C O +C A C O ___ Boat-tailed Grackle C ___ Brown-headed Cowbird +U C U O +U U U O U U U O ___ Orchard Oriole +O O +O O O +O O O ___ Northern Oriole +C C C R +C C C +U U U ___ Purple Finch +O O O O +O O U U R ___ House Finch +C C C C +C C C C +C C C C ___ Red Crossbill R R R ___ White-winged Crossbill R R R ___ Common Redpoll R R R U U ___ Hoary Redpoll R R R ___ Pine Grosbeak R R ___ Pine Siskin R R R O O O R R ___ American Goldfinch +U U U U +U U U U +U U C U ___ Evening Grosbeak O O O U U U ___ House Sparrow +U U U U +U U U U +C C C C

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Wertheim, Target Rock and Morton are three of over 500 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat and represents the most comprehensive wildlife management program in the world. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys and include small islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The character of the refuges is as diverse as the nation itself.

The Service also manages national fish hatcheries, and provides federal leadership in habitat protection, technical assistance, and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.

For further information contact:

Refuge Manager
Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge
Box 21
Shirley, NY 11967
Telephone: (516) 286-0485
Hearing impaired visitors may call the New York Relay Service at 1-800-662-1220 TDD/1-800-421-1220 voice.

This resource is based on the following source:

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1996.  Birds of Wertheim, Target Rock, and
     Morton National Wildlife Refuges, Long Island, New York.  U.S. Fish and
     Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1996.  Birds of Wertheim, Target Rock, and
     Morton National Wildlife Refuges, Long Island, New York.  U.S. Fish and
     Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govwerthe.htm
     (Version 22MAY98).

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