Bird Checklists of the United States

Long Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Target Rock

small state map showing location

Shirley, New York


SEASON
s - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

* - birds known to nest on or near the refuge


LOONS-GREBES SEASON ___ Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata sAW ___ Common Loon Gavia immer sAW ___ Arctic Loon Gavia arctica --- ___ Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis --- ___ Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus sAW ___ Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena --- ___ Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis --- ___ Pied-billed Grebe* Podilymbus podiceps sSAW ___ Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo sAW ___ Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus sSAW ___ Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis --- ___ White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos --- ___ Northern Gannet Morus bassanus sAW ___ Brown Booby Sula leucogaster ---
BITTERNS-HERONS-IBISES SEASON ___ American Bittern* Botaurus lentiginosus sAW ___ Least Bittern* Ixobrychus exilis --- ___ Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias sSAW ___ Great Egret Casmerodius albus sSA ___ Snowy Egret Egretta thula sSA ___ Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea sSA ___ Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor sSA ___ Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis SA ___ Green Heron Butorides striatus sSA* ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax cycticorax sSAW ___ Yellow-crownded Night-Heron Nycticorax violacea sSA* ___ Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus sSA ___ White Ibis Eudocimus albus --- ___ White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi ---
SWANS-GEESE-DUCKS SEASON ___ Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus --- ___ Mute Swan* Cygnus olor sSAW* ___ Snow Goose Chen caerulscens sAW ___ Brant Branta bernicla sAW ___ Canada Goose* Branta canadensis sSAW* ___ Wood Duck* Aix sponsa sSA* ___ Green-winged Teal Anas crecca sAW ___ American Black Duck* Anas rubripes sSAW* ___ Mallard* Anas platyrhynchos sSAW* ___ Northern Pintail Anas acuta sAW ___ Blue-winged Teal* Anas dicors sAW ___ Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata sAW ___ Gadwall* Anas strepera sAW ___ American Wigeon* Anas americana sAW ___ Canvasback Aytha valisineria sAW ___ Redhead Aytha americana sAW ___ Ring-necked Duck Aytha collaris sA ___ Greater Scaup Aytha marila sAW ___ Lesser Scaup Aytha affinis sAW ___ Common Eider Somateria mollissima sAW ___ Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus --- ___ Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis sAW ___ Black Scoter Melanitta nigra sAW ___ Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata sAW ___ White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca sAW ___ Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula sAW ___ Bufflehead Bucephala albeola sAW ___ Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus sAW ___ Common Merganser Mergus merganser --- ___ Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator sAW ___ Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis sAW
VULTURES-HAWKS-FALCONS SEASON ___ Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura --- ___ Black Vulture Coragyps atratus --- ___ Osprey* Pandion haliaetus sSA ___ Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus --- ___ Northern Harrier* Circus cyaneus sSAW ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus sAW ___ Cooper's Hawk* Accipiter cooperii sSAW* ___ Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis sAW ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* Buteo lineatus sA ___ Broad-winged Hawk* Buteo platypterus sA ___ Red-tailed Hawk* Buteo jamaicensis sSAW* ___ Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus sAW ___ Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos --- ___ American Kestrel* Falco sparverius sSAW* ___ Merlin Falco columbarius sAW ___ Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus sAW ___ Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus --- ___ Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus ---
PHEASANTS-GROUSE-QUAIL-TURKEY SEASON ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* Phasianus colchicus sSAW* ___ Ruffed Grouse* Bonasa umbellus --- ___ Northern Bobwhite* Colinus virginianus sSAW* ___ Wild Turkey* Meleagris gallopavo ---
RAILS-COOTS SEASON ___ Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis --- ___ Clapper Rail* Rallus longirostris sSA ___ King Rail Rallus elegans --- ___ Virginia Rail* Rallus limicola sSA ___ Sora Porzana carolina sA ___ American Coot* Fulica americana sAW ___ Common Gallinule* Gallinula chloropus --- ___ Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica --- ___ Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis --- ___ Corn Crake Crex crex ---
PLOVERS-SANDPIPERS SEASON ___ Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola sSAW ___ American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica sA ___ Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia --- ___ Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus sSA ___ Piping Plover* Charadrius melodus sSA ___ Killdeer* Charadrius vociferus sSA ___ American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus sSA ___ Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca sSAW ___ Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes sSA ___ Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria sSA ___ Spotted Sandpiper* Actitis macularia sSA ___ Willet* Catoptrophorus semipalmatus sSA ___ Whimbrel Nemenius phaeopus --- ___ Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres sSA ___ Red Knot Calidris canutus sSA ___ Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica --- ___ Sanderling Calidris alba sSAW ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla sSA ___ Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri sA ___ Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla sSA ___ White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis S ___ Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos sSA ___ Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima --- ___ Dunlin Calidris alpina sSAW ___ Stilt Sandpiper Micropalama himantopus --- ___ Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus sSA ___ Common Snipe Capella gallinago sAW ___ American Woodcock* Philohela minor sAW ___ Northern Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus sSA ___ Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius --- ___ Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor sSA ___ Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda --- ___ Lapwing Vanellus vanellus ---
JAEGERS-TERNS-SKIMMERS SEASON ___ Parasitic Jaegers Stercorarius parasiticus SA ___ Laughing Gull Larus atricilla sSA ___ Herring Gull Larus argentatus sSAW ___ Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides --- ___ Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus --- ___ Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus --- ___ Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus sSAW ___ Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea --- ___ Caspian Tern Sterna caspia --- ___ Royal Tern Sterna maxima sSA ___ Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii --- ___ Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea --- ___ Common Tern* Sterna hirundo sSA ___ Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri SA ___ Least Tern* Sterna albifrons sSA ___ Black Tern Childonias nigra S ___ Black Skimmer Rynchops niger sSA ___ Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica --- ___ Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla ---
DOVES-KINGFISHERS SEASON ___ Rock Dove* Columbia livia sSAW ___ Mourning Dove* Zenaida macroura sSAW* ___ Monk Parakeet Miopsitta monachus --- ___ Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus --- ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* Coccyzus erythropthalmus sSA* ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* Coccyzus americanus sSA* ___ Barn Owl* Tyto alba --- ___ Eastern Screeh-Owl* Otus asio sSAW* ___ Great Horned Owl* Bubo virginianus sSAW* ___ Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca --- ___ Long-eared Owl Asio otus --- ___ Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus sAW ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus sA ___ Common Nighthawk* Chordeiles minor sSA ___ Whip-poor-will* Caprimulgus vociferus sSA ___ Chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis --- ___ Chimney Swift* Chaetura pelagica sSA* ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* Archilochus colubris sSA* ___ Belted Kingfisher* Megaceryle alcyon sSAW*
WOODPECKERS-FLYCATCHERS SEASON ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* Melanerpes erythrocephalus sSA* ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* Centurus carolinus sSAW* ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius sA ___ Downy Woodpecker* Picoides pubescens sSAW* ___ Hairy Woodpecker* Picoides villosus sSAW* ___ Northern Flicker* Colaptes auratus sSAW* ___ Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus A ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher Nuttallornis borealis sA ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* Contopus virens sSA* ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris A ___ Alder Flycatcher* Empidonax alnorum sA ___ Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus sA ___ Acadian Flycatcher* Empidonax virescens sA ___ Eastern Phoebe* Sayornis phoebe sSA* ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* Myiarchus crinitus sSA* ___ Eastern Kingbird* Tyrannus tyrannus sSA*
LARKS-SWALLOWS-JAYS-CROWS SEASON ___ Horned Lark* Eremophila alpestris sAW ___ Purple Martin* Progne subis sA ___ Tree Swallow* Iridoprocne bicolor sSA* ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* Stelgidopteryx ruficollis sSA* ___ Bank Swallow* Riparia riparia sSA* ___ Barn Swallow* Hirundo rustica sSA* ___ Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota --- ___ Blue Jay* Cyanocitta cristata sSAW* ___ American Crow* Corvus brachyrhynchos sSAW* ___ Fish Crow* Corvus ossifragus sSAW*
TITMICE-NUTHATCHES-WRENS SEASON ___ Black-capped Chickadee* Parus atricapillus sSAW* ___ Tufted Titmouse* arus bicolor sSAW* ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis sAW ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* Sitta carolinensis sSAW* ___ Brown Creeper* Certhia familiaris sAW ___ Carolina Wren* Thyothorus Ludovicianus sSAW* ___ House Wren* Troglodytes aedon sSAW* ___ Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes sAW ___ Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis --- ___ Marsh Wren* Cistothorus palustris sSAW*
KINGLETS-THRASHERS SEASON ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa sAW ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula sAW ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* Polioptila caerulea sSA* ___ Eastern Bluebird* Sialia sialis sA ___ Veery* Cathaurs fuscescens sSA* ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus sA ___ Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus sA ___ Hermit Thrush* Catharus guttatus sSAW* ___ Wood Thrush* Hylocichla mustelina sSA* ___ American Robin* Turdus migratorius sSAW* ___ Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe A ___ Gray Catbird* Dumetella carolinensis sSAW* ___ Northern Mockingbird* Mimus polyglottos sSAW* ___ Brown Thrasher* Toxostoma rufum sSA*
PIPITS-SHRIKES-STARLINGS SEASON ___ American Pipit Anthus spinoletta --- ___ Cedar Waxwing* Bombycilla cedrorum sSAW* ___ Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor --- ___ Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus --- ___ European Starling* Sturnus vulgaris sSAW*
VIREOS-WOOD WARBLERS SEASON ___ White-eyed Vireo* Vireo griseus sSA* ___ Solitary Vireo Vireo solitarius sA ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* Vireo flavifrons sSA* ___ Warbling Vireo* Vireo gilvus sSA* ___ Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus sA ___ Red-eyed Vireo* Vireo olivaceus sSA* ___ Blue-winged Warbler* Vermivora pinus sSA* ___ Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera sA ___ Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina sA ___ Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata sA ___ Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla sA ___ Northern Parula Warbler Parula americana sSA* ___ Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia sSA* ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica sSA* ___ Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia sA ___ Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina sA ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens sSA* ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata sAW ___ Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens sA ___ Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca sA ___ Pine Warbler* Dendroica pinus sA ___ Prairie Warbler* Dendroica discolor sSA* ___ Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum sA ___ Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea sA ___ Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata sA ___ Black-and-White Warbler* Mniotilta varia sSA* ___ American Redstart* Setophaga ruticilla sSA* ___ Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea --- ___ Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus sA ___ Ovenbird* Seiurus aurocapillus sSA* ___ Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis sA ___ Louisiana Waterthrush Seurus motacilla sA ___ Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus sA ___ Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis sA ___ Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia sA ___ Common Yellowthroat* Geothlypis trichas sSA* ___ Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina sA ___ Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea sA ___ Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla sA ___ Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis sSA* ___ Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens sSA*
TANAGERS-SPARROWS SEASON ___ Summer Tanager Piranga rubra --- ___ Scarlet Tanager* Piranga olivacea sSA* ___ Northern Cardinal* Cardinalis cardinalis sSAW* ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* Pheucticus ludovicianus sSA* ___ Indigo Bunting* Passerina cyanea sSA* ___ Dickcissel Spiza americana --- ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* Pipilo erythrophthalmus sSA* ___ American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea sAW ___ Chipping Sparrow* Spizella passerina sSA* ___ Field Sparrow* Spizella pusilla sSA* ___ Savannah Sparrow* Passerculus sandwichensis sAW ___ Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum --- ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow* Ammospiza caudacuta sSAW* ___ Seaside Sparrow* Ammospiza maritima sSAW* ___ Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus sA ___ Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca sAW ___ Song Sparrow* Milospiza melodia sSAW* ___ Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii --- ___ Swamp Sparrow* Melospiza geogiana sA ___ Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus --- ___ White-throated Sparrow Zonatrichia albicollis sAW ___ White-crowned Sparrow Zonatrichia leucophrys sW ___ Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis sAW ___ Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis sAW
BLACKBIRDS-FINCHES SEASON ___ Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus --- ___ Red-winged Blackbird* Agelaius phoeniceus sSAW* ___ Eastern Meadowlark* Sturnella magna sAW ___ Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus sA ___ Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus --- ___ Common Grackle* Quiscalus quiscula sSAW* ___ Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major --- ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* Molothrus ater sSAW* ___ Orchard Oriole* Icterus spurius sSA* ___ Northern Oriole Icterus galbula sSA* ___ Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus sAW ___ House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus sSAW* ___ Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra sAW ___ White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera sAW ___ Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea sAW ___ Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni sAW ___ Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator sAW ___ Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus sAW ___ American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis sSAW* ___ Evening Grosbeak Hesperiphona vespertina sAW ___ House Sparrow Passer domesticus sSAW*

For further information contact:
                      Refuge Manager
                      P.O. Box 21
                      Shirley, NY 11967
                      Phone: (516)286-0485

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Refuge.  No date.  Avian Distribution at the Long Island 
     National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Target Rock.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service.  12 pages.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Refuge.  No date.  Avian Distribution at the Long Island 
     National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Target Rock.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service.  12 pages.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research 
     Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govtrock.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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