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Bird Checklists of the United States

Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge

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Milford, Maine

Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge is located in east-central Maine about 15 miles north of Bangor in the town of Milford. Over 10,000 acres in size, the refuge encompasses the second largest peat bog in the state, with forested wetlands and uplands surrounding the bog. This diversity of habitats attracts a myriad of bird species which use the area for nesting and migration.

Early summer is the best time to bird watch on the refuge. The woods are filled with the songs of neotropical migrants - songbirds such as warblers that winter in Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America and return to nest at Sunkhaze Meadows. The stream hosts waterfowl species such as American black ducks and hooded mergansers, in addition to American bitterns and common snipe. Ospreys soar overhead.

This brochure contains nearly 200 birds that have been identified on or near the refuge since its establishment in 1988. This list is in accordance with the Seventh American Ornithologist's Union Checklist.

Most birds are migratory, therefore, their seasonal occurrence is coded as follows:

Sp   spring            March - May
S     summer         June - August
F     fall                September - November
W    winter           December - February

* Birds known to nest on or near the refuge.

Relative abundance indicates how frequently you might see a bird in its favored habitat.

a   abundant          a species which is very numerous
c   common           likely to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u   uncommon       present, but not certain to be seen
o   occasional        seen only a few times during a season
r   rare                  may be present but not every year

Loons Sp S F W ___ Common Loon o o o -
Grebes Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe o u o -
Cormorants Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant c c c -
Bitterns - Herons - Egrets Sp S F W ___*American Bittern c c c - ___*Least Bittern r r - - ___ Great Blue Heron c c c - ___*Green Heron o o o - ___ Black-crowned Night Heron r r - -
Ibises Sp S F W ___ Glossy Ibis - r - -
New World Vultures Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture o o o -
Swans - Geese - Ducks Sp S F W ___ Canada Goose o o o - ___*Wood Duck c c c - ___ Gadwall r - r - ___ American Wigeon r - r - ___*American Black Duck c c c - ___*Mallard c c c - ___*Blue-winged Teal c c c - ___*Green-winged Teal o u u - ___ Northern Shoveler r - r - ___ Northern Pintail o r o - ___*Ring-necked Duck c u o - ___ Bufflehead o - r - ___ Common Goldeneye o - r - ___*Hooded Merganser c c c - ___ Common Merganser o r o -
Osprey - Hawks - Eagles Sp S F W ___*Osprey c c c - ___ Bald Eagle o o o o ___*Northern Harrier c c c r ___*Sharp-shinned Hawk u u u u ___ Cooper's Hawk u u u o ___*Northern Goshawk u u u u ___*Red-shouldered Hawk u u u - ___*Broad-winged Hawk c u c - ___ Red-tailed Hawk o o o o ___ Rough-legged Hawk r - r r ___ Golden Eagle r r r r
Falcons Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel o o o r ___ Merlin - o u r ___ Peregrine Falcon o - o r
Gallinaceous Bird Sp S F W ___*Ruffed Grouse c c c c ___*Spruce Grouse o o o o ___*Wild Turkey u u u u
Rails Sp S F W ___ Yellow Rail r - r - ___*Virginia Rail c c c - ___*Sora o o o -
Plovers Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover - - r - ___*Killdeer o o o -
Sandpipers Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs o u o - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs o - o - ___ Solitary Sandpiper c - c - ___*Spotted Sandpiper c c c - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper o u u - ___ Least Sandpiper o u u - ___*Common Snipe a a a - ___*American Woodcock c c c -
Gulls - Terns Sp S F W ___ Ring-billed Gull o o o - ___ Herring Gull o o o o ___ Great Black-backed Gull o o o o
Doves Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___*Mourning Dove c c c o
Cuckoos Sp S F W ___*Black-billed Cuckoo - u o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo - r u -
Typical Owls Sp S F W ___*Great Horned Owl o o o o ___ Northern Hawk Owl r - r r ___*Barred Owl c c c o ___ Long-eared Owl - r - - ___ Short-eared Owl - - r - ___ Boreal Owl r - r r ___*Northern Saw-whet Owl u u u u
Nightjars Sp S F W ___*Common Nighthawk o o o - ___ Whip-poor-will - r r -
Swifts Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift c c c -
Hummingbirds Sp S F W ___*Ruby-throated Hummingbird u u u -
Kingfishers Sp S F W ___*Belted Kingfisher c c c -
Woodpeckers Sp S F W ___*Yellow-bellied Sapsucker a a c - ___*Downy Woodpecker c c c c ___*Hairy Woodpecker c c c c ___*Black-backed Woodpecker u u u u ___*Northern Flicker c c a - ___*Pileated Woodpecker o o o o
Tyrant Flycatchers Sp S F W ___*Olive-sided Flycatcher o o r - ___*Eastern Wood-Pewee o o o - ___*Yellow-bellied Flycatcher u c o - ___*Alder Flycatcher u c o - ___*Willow Flycatcher - o - - ___*Least Flycatcher c c u - ___*Eastern Phoebe c c c - ___*Great Crested Flycatcher c c u - ___*Eastern Kingbird c c u -
Shrikes Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike r - - r
Vireos Sp S F W ___*Blue-headed Vireo c c o - ___*Warbling Vireo c c u - ___ Philadelphia Vireo - o o - ___*Red-eyed Vireo c c c -
Jays - Crows Sp S F W ___*Gray Jay u u u u ___*Blue Jay a a a a ___*American Crow a a a c ___*Common Raven c c c c
Swallows Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin - o - - ___*Tree Swallow a a a - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u - - ___ Bank Swallow o o o - ___ Cliff Swallow c c - - ___ Barn Swallow c c o -
Chickadees - Titmice Sp S F W ___*Black-capped Chickadee a a a a ___*Boreal Chickadee u u u u ___*Tufted Titmouse u u u -
Nuthatches Sp S F W ___*Red-breasted Nuthatch a a a a ___*White-breasted Nuthatch u u u u
Creepers Sp S F W ___*Brown Creeper o o o o
Wrens Sp S F W ___*House Wren o o o - ___*Winter Wren c c c - ___ Sedge Wren - r - - ___*Marsh Wren - c - -
Kinglets Sp S F W ___*Golden-crowned Kinglet c c c c ___*Ruby-crowned Kinglet c u c -
Old World Warblers Sp S F W ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher r r - -
Thrushes Sp S F W ___*Eastern Bluebird o o o - ___*Veery c c u - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush o - o - ___*Swainson's Thrush u u - - ___*Hermit Thrush c c u - ___*Wood Thrush u u - - ___*American Robin c c c u
Mimic Thrushes Sp S F W ___*Gray Catbird c c c - ___*Northern Mockingbird - u - - ___*Brown Thrasher u u u -
Starlings Sp S F W ___*European Starling c c c c
Pipits Sp S F W ___ American Pipit r - r -
Waxwings Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing r - - r ___*Cedar Waxwing c c c r
Wood Warblers Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler - r - - ___*Tennessee Warbler u u u - ___*Nashville Warbler c c u - ___*Northern Parula c c u - ___*Yellow Warbler c c u - ___*Chestnut-sided Warbler c c u - ___*Magnolia Warbler c c u - ___*Cape May Warbler u u u - ___*Black-throated Blue Warbler o o u - ___*Yellow-rumped Warbler c c c - ___*Black-throated Green Warbler c c u - ___*Blackburnian Warbler c c u - ___*Pine Warbler o o u - ___*Palm Warbler o a c - ___*Bay-breasted Warbler u u u - ___*Blackpoll Warbler u u u - ___*Black-and-White Warbler c c u - ___*American Redstart c c u - ___*Ovenbird c c u - ___*Northern Waterthrush c c u - ___*Mourning Warbler u u u - ___*Common Yellowthroat a a c - ___*Wilson's Warbler u c u - ___*Canada Warbler o o u -
Tanagers Sp S F W ___*Scarlet Tanager u u u - ___ Eastern Towhee r r - -
Sparrows - Towhees Sp S F W ___ American Tree Sparrow c - o c ___ Chipping Sparrow c c u - ___*Field Sparrow o - o - ___ Savannah Sparrow u u o - ___*Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow - u - - ___ Fox Sparrow u - u - ___*Song Sparrow c a c r ___*Lincoln's Sparrow o c o - ___*Swamp Sparrow a a a - ___*White-throated Sparrow a a a r ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u - ___*Dark-eyed Junco c u a o ___ Snow Bunting - - - o
Cardinals - Grosbeaks - Allies Sp S F W ___*Northern Cardinal o o o - ___*Rose-breasted Grosbeak c c u - ___*Indigo Bunting u u u -
Blackbirds - Orioles Sp S F W ___*Bobolink c c u - ___*Red-winged Blackbird a a c - ___ Eastern Meadowlark r r r - ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u - ___*Common Grackle c c c - ___*Brown-headed Cowbird c c o - ___ Orchard Oriole r r r - ___*Baltimore Oriole u u u -
Finches Sp S F W ___ Pine Grosbeak u - - u ___*Purple Finch c c c c ___*House Finch u u - - ___ Red Crossbill u u u u ___ White-winged Crossbill u u u u ___ Common Redpoll o - - o ___ Hoary Redpoll - - - u ___*Pine Siskin c u c c ___*American Goldfinch c c c c ___ Evening Grosbeak u - o o
Old World Sparrows Sp S F W ___*House Sparrow o o o o

Sunkhaze Meadows is one of over 500 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat and represents the most comprehensive wildlife management program in the world. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys and include small islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The character of the refuges is as diverse as the nation itself.

The Service also manages National Fish Hatcheries and provides Federal leadership in habitat protection, technical assistance and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.


Location__________________________________________ Date___________________ Time______________________ Observers_________________________________________ Weather___________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

For further information, please contact:
Sunkhaze Meadows
National Wildlife Refuge
1033 South Main Street
Old Town, ME 04468
207/827 6138

Federal Relay Service
for the deaf and hard-of-hearing
1 800/877 8339

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
1 800/344 WILD

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  December 2000.  Sunkhaze Meadows National 
     Wildlife Refuge, Birds.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  December 2000.  Sunkhaze Meadows National 
     Wildlife Refuge, Birds.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 10JUL2001).

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