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Bird Checklists of the United States

Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge

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Office in Sussex, New Jersey

Introduction: Shawangunk (pronounces "shawn-gum") Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge is a satellite of Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge and a unit of a system of more than 520 national wildlife refuges located throughout the United States. The refuge was established in 1999 to protect the habitat of grassland dependent migratory birds. More than 150 species of birds have been observed here during the year. In summer, many grassland birds nest in the refuge's vast meadows. Other songbirds nest in shrubs and in the trees along the grassland margins. Several hawk and owl species spend the winter within the refuge boundary.

The bird list below is based on 2 consecutive years of bird inventories and limited historical records. This list will be periodically updated with information compiled from on-going annual bird inventories and contributions from our birding partners. We would appreciate your comments if you see any bird species not listed or have any corrections to the bird list. Please contact the Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge at 1547 Route 565, Sussex, New Jersey 07451 or cal 973/702-7266.

Most birds are migratory and their seasonal occurrence is coded as follows:

s - Spring - March - May
S - Summer - June - August
F - Fall - September - November
W - Winter - December - February

• Birds known to nest on or near the refuge. Italics indicate threatened, endangered, and special concern species of New York State.

Endangered (E) - Any native species in imminent danger of extirpation or extinction in New York State.
Threatened (T) - Any native species likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future in New York State.
Special Concerns (S) - Any native species for which a welfare concern or risk of endangerment has been documented in New York State.

Relative Abundance:
Relative abundance indicates how frequently you might see a bird in its favored habitat.

a - abundant: a species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during the season
r - rare: may be present but not every year

BITTERNS, HERONS and EGRETS s S F W ___ Great Blue Heron c c c r ___ Little Blue Heron - r - - ___ Cattle Egret r - - - ___ Green Heron c u - -
NEW WORLD VULTURES s S F W ___ Black Vulture u u u u ___ Turkey Vulture c c c o
SWAN, GEESE and DUCKS s S F W ___ Snow Goose - - u u ___ Canada Goose c c c c ___ Brant r - - - ___ Wood Duck u u - - ___ American Black Duck c c u u ___ Mallard c c c u
OSPREY, KITES, HAWKS, and EAGLES s S F W ___ Northern Harrier (T) u u c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk (S) u - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk (S) o o o o ___ Northern Goshawk (S) - - - r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk (S) o - - o ___ Broad-winged Hawk c c c - ___ Red-tailed Hawk c c c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - o
FALCONS and KESTRELS s S F W ___ American Kestrel u u u u ___ Merlin - - r - ___ Peregrine Falcon (E) - - o r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS s S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant o o o o ___ Ruffed Grouse r r r r ___ Wild Turkey c c c c
PLOVERS s S F W ___ Killdeer c c c r
SANDPIPERS s S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs o - o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u u - ___ •Upland Sandpiper (T) o o - - ___ •Common Snipe o o o - ___ American Woodcock c u u r
SKUAS, JAEGERS, GULLS and TERNS s S F W ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c c ___ Herring Gull o - - o ___ Great Black-backed Gull - - - o
PIGEONS and DOVES s S F W ___ •Rock Dove c c c c ___ •Mourning Dove c a c c
CUCKOOS and ANIS s S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo u u - - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo u u - -
TYPICAL OWLS s S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl u u u u ___ Snowy Owl - - - r ___ Long-eared Owl - - - r ___ Short-eared Owl (E) o - o u
NIGHTJARS s S F W ___ Common Nighthawk (S) a - a -
SWIFTS s S F W ___ Chimney Swift c c - -
HUMMINGBIRDS s S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird o o - -
KINGFISHERS s S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher o o o -
WOODPECKERS s S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker (S) o o o o ___ •Red-bellied Woodpecker c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u u ___ •Downy Woodpecker c c c c ___ •Hairy Woodpecker u u u u ___ •Northern Flicker c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker u u u u
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS s S F W ___ •Eastern Wood-Pewee - c - - ___ •Alder Flycatcher o o - - ___ •Willow Flycatcher c c - - ___ •Least Flycatcher c c - - ___ •Eastern Phoebe c c c - ___ •Great Crested Flycatcher c c - - ___ •Eastern Kingbird c c - -
SHRIKES s S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike (E) r - - - ___ Northern Shrike - - - r
VIREOS s S F W ___ •Warbling Vireo c c - - ___ •Red-eyed Vireo c c - - ___ Solitary Vireo u - r -
CROWS, JAYS and MAGPIES s S F W ___ Blue Jay c c c c ___ •American Crow c c c c ___ Fish Crow u u r - ___ Common Raven r r r -
LARKS s S F W ___ Horned Lark (S) c - o c
SWALLOWS s S F W ___ •Purple Martin u u - - ___ •Tree Swallow c c - - ___ •Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u - - ___ •Bank Swallow u u - - ___ •Barn Swallow c c - -
TITMICE s S F W ___ •Black-capped Chickadee c c c c ___ •Tufted Titmouse c c c c
NUTHATCHES s S F W ___ •White-breasted Nuthatch c c c c
CREEPERS s S F W ___ •Brown Creeper o o o o
WRENS s S F W ___ •Carolina Wren u u u u ___ •House Wren c c - -
KINGLETS s S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r - - c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u -
THRUSHES s S F W ___ •Eastern Bluebird c c c c ___ Hermit Thrush u - r - ___ •Wood Thrush c c - - ___ •American Robin c a a u
MIMIC THRUSHES s S F W ___ •Gray Catbird c c c - ___ •Northern Mockingbird c c c c ___ •Brown Thrasher o o - -
STARLINGS s S F W ___ •European Starling a a a a
WAXWINGS s S F W ___ •Cedar Waxwing o o o o
WOOD WARBLERS s S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler c c - - ___ •Yellow Warbler c c - - ___ •Chestnut-sided Warbler o o - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c c c o ___ •Prairie Warbler o o - - ___ Palm Warbler u u u - ___ •Black-and-white Warbler u u - - ___ •American Redstart o o - - ___ •Ovenbird u u - - ___ •Common Yellowthroat a a - - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat (S) r r - -
TANAGERS s S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager r o - -
SPARROWS s S F W ___ Eastern Towhee c c c r ___ American Tree Sparrow - - c c ___ •Chipping Sparrow c c c - ___ •Field Sparrow c c c o ___ Vesper Sparrow (S) o o o - ___ •Savannah Sparrow c c c o ___ Grasshopper Sparrow (S) o o - - ___ Henslow's Sparrow (T) r r - - ___ Fox Sparrow u - - u ___ •Song Sparrow c c c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow r - - o ___ Swamp Sparrow u u u r ___ White-throated Sparrow c - o u ___ White-crowned Sparrow o - o - ___ Dark-eyed Junco - - o c ___ Lapland Longspur - - - r ___ Snow Bunting - - - o
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS and ALLIES s S F W ___ •Northern Cardinal c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak - o - - ___ Indigo Bunting - c - -
BLACKBIRDS s S F W ___ Bobolink a a r - ___ •Red-winged Blackbird a a a u ___ •Eastern Meadowlark c c c o ___ Rusty Blackbird o - o r ___ •Common Grackle c c c o ___ •Brown-headed Cowbird a a a r ___ Orchard Oriole o o - - ___ •Baltimore Oriole a a r -
FINCHES s S F W ___ Purple Finch u - o u ___ •House Finch c c c c ___ Common Redpoll - - - o ___ Pine Siskin - - - o ___ •American Goldfinch a a a c
OLD WORLD SPARROWS s S F W ___ •House Sparrow c c c c

Sighting Notes



No. of Species:________________________________________________________________

Route or area:_________________________________________________________________




For further information, or to report unusual birds, please contact:
                       Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge
                       c/o Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge
                       1547 County Route 565
                       Sussex, NJ 07461-4013
                       Telephone: 973/702 7266

Federal Relay Service for the deaf and hard-of-hearing 1-800-654-5984 
TDD/1-800-654-5988 voice.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
1 800/344 WILD

Shawangunk Grasslands is one of more than 520 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat and represents the most comprehensive wildlife management program in the world. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys and include small islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The character of refuges is diverse as the nation itself.

The Service also manages national fish hatcheries, and provides federal leadership in habitat protection, fish and wildlife research, technical assistance, and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. September 2000. Shawangunk Grasslands 
     National Wildlife Refuge. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. September 2000. Shawangunk Grasslands 
     National Wildlife Refuge. Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 30DEC2002).

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