Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Office in Sussex, New Jersey
The bird list below is based on 2 consecutive years of bird inventories and limited historical records. This list will be periodically updated with information compiled from on-going annual bird inventories and contributions from our birding partners. We would appreciate your comments if you see any bird species not listed or have any corrections to the bird list. Please contact the Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge at 1547 Route 565, Sussex, New Jersey 07451 or cal 973/702-7266.
s - Spring - March - May
S - Summer - June - August
F - Fall - September - November
W - Winter - December - February
Birds known to nest on or near the refuge. Italics indicate threatened, endangered, and special concern species of New York State.
Endangered (E) - Any native species in imminent danger of extirpation
or extinction in New York State.
Threatened (T) - Any native species likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future in New York State.
Special Concerns (S) - Any native species for which a welfare concern or risk of endangerment has been documented in New York State.
Relative abundance indicates how frequently you might see a bird in its favored habitat.
a - abundant: a species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during the season
r - rare: may be present but not every year
BITTERNS, HERONS and EGRETS s S F W ___ Great Blue Heron c c c r ___ Little Blue Heron - r - - ___ Cattle Egret r - - - ___ Green Heron c u - -
NEW WORLD VULTURES s S F W ___ Black Vulture u u u u ___ Turkey Vulture c c c o
SWAN, GEESE and DUCKS s S F W ___ Snow Goose - - u u ___ Canada Goose c c c c ___ Brant r - - - ___ Wood Duck u u - - ___ American Black Duck c c u u ___ Mallard c c c u
OSPREY, KITES, HAWKS, and EAGLES s S F W ___ Northern Harrier (T) u u c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk (S) u - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk (S) o o o o ___ Northern Goshawk (S) - - - r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk (S) o - - o ___ Broad-winged Hawk c c c - ___ Red-tailed Hawk c c c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - o
FALCONS and KESTRELS s S F W ___ American Kestrel u u u u ___ Merlin - - r - ___ Peregrine Falcon (E) - - o r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS s S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant o o o o ___ Ruffed Grouse r r r r ___ Wild Turkey c c c c
PLOVERS s S F W ___ Killdeer c c c r
SANDPIPERS s S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs o - o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u u - ___ Upland Sandpiper (T) o o - - ___ Common Snipe o o o - ___ American Woodcock c u u r
SKUAS, JAEGERS, GULLS and TERNS s S F W ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c c ___ Herring Gull o - - o ___ Great Black-backed Gull - - - o
PIGEONS and DOVES s S F W ___ Rock Dove c c c c ___ Mourning Dove c a c c
CUCKOOS and ANIS s S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo u u - - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo u u - -
TYPICAL OWLS s S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl u u u u ___ Snowy Owl - - - r ___ Long-eared Owl - - - r ___ Short-eared Owl (E) o - o u
NIGHTJARS s S F W ___ Common Nighthawk (S) a - a -
SWIFTS s S F W ___ Chimney Swift c c - -
HUMMINGBIRDS s S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird o o - -
KINGFISHERS s S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher o o o -
WOODPECKERS s S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker (S) o o o o ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u u ___ Downy Woodpecker c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker u u u u ___ Northern Flicker c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker u u u u
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS s S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee - c - - ___ Alder Flycatcher o o - - ___ Willow Flycatcher c c - - ___ Least Flycatcher c c - - ___ Eastern Phoebe c c c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher c c - - ___ Eastern Kingbird c c - -
SHRIKES s S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike (E) r - - - ___ Northern Shrike - - - r
VIREOS s S F W ___ Warbling Vireo c c - - ___ Red-eyed Vireo c c - - ___ Solitary Vireo u - r -
CROWS, JAYS and MAGPIES s S F W ___ Blue Jay c c c c ___ American Crow c c c c ___ Fish Crow u u r - ___ Common Raven r r r -
LARKS s S F W ___ Horned Lark (S) c - o c
SWALLOWS s S F W ___ Purple Martin u u - - ___ Tree Swallow c c - - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u - - ___ Bank Swallow u u - - ___ Barn Swallow c c - -
TITMICE s S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse c c c c
NUTHATCHES s S F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch c c c c
CREEPERS s S F W ___ Brown Creeper o o o o
WRENS s S F W ___ Carolina Wren u u u u ___ House Wren c c - -
KINGLETS s S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r - - c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u -
THRUSHES s S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird c c c c ___ Hermit Thrush u - r - ___ Wood Thrush c c - - ___ American Robin c a a u
MIMIC THRUSHES s S F W ___ Gray Catbird c c c - ___ Northern Mockingbird c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher o o - -
STARLINGS s S F W ___ European Starling a a a a
WAXWINGS s S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing o o o o
WOOD WARBLERS s S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler c c - - ___ Yellow Warbler c c - - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler o o - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c c c o ___ Prairie Warbler o o - - ___ Palm Warbler u u u - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u u - - ___ American Redstart o o - - ___ Ovenbird u u - - ___ Common Yellowthroat a a - - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat (S) r r - -
TANAGERS s S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager r o - -
SPARROWS s S F W ___ Eastern Towhee c c c r ___ American Tree Sparrow - - c c ___ Chipping Sparrow c c c - ___ Field Sparrow c c c o ___ Vesper Sparrow (S) o o o - ___ Savannah Sparrow c c c o ___ Grasshopper Sparrow (S) o o - - ___ Henslow's Sparrow (T) r r - - ___ Fox Sparrow u - - u ___ Song Sparrow c c c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow r - - o ___ Swamp Sparrow u u u r ___ White-throated Sparrow c - o u ___ White-crowned Sparrow o - o - ___ Dark-eyed Junco - - o c ___ Lapland Longspur - - - r ___ Snow Bunting - - - o
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS and ALLIES s S F W ___ Northern Cardinal c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak - o - - ___ Indigo Bunting - c - -
BLACKBIRDS s S F W ___ Bobolink a a r - ___ Red-winged Blackbird a a a u ___ Eastern Meadowlark c c c o ___ Rusty Blackbird o - o r ___ Common Grackle c c c o ___ Brown-headed Cowbird a a a r ___ Orchard Oriole o o - - ___ Baltimore Oriole a a r -
FINCHES s S F W ___ Purple Finch u - o u ___ House Finch c c c c ___ Common Redpoll - - - o ___ Pine Siskin - - - o ___ American Goldfinch a a a c
OLD WORLD SPARROWS s S F W ___ House Sparrow c c c c
Date:__________________________________________________________________________ Time:__________________________________________________________________________ Weather:_______________________________________________________________________ No. of Species:________________________________________________________________ Route or area:_________________________________________________________________ Observers:_____________________________________________________________________ Remarks:_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge c/o Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge 1547 County Route 565 Sussex, NJ 07461-4013 Telephone: 973/702 7266 Email: FW5RW_WRNWR@fws.gov Federal Relay Service for the deaf and hard-of-hearing 1-800-654-5984 TDD/1-800-654-5988 voice. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1 800/344 WILD http://www.fws.gov
The Service also manages national fish hatcheries, and provides federal leadership in habitat protection, fish and wildlife research, technical assistance, and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. September 2000. Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. September 2000. Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govShawgras.htm (Version 30DEC2002).