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Bird Checklists of the United States

Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge

Chatham, Massachusetts


Welcome to Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge. The two islands total approximately 2,700 acres which provide nesting and feeding habitat for a wide variety of birds.

This list was compiled from 1975-1990 records. Some species observed prior to 1975 and a few accidentals, seen only once, have been excluded. Bird activity is highlighted by shorebird, sea duck and waterfowl migrations in fall and early spring.

This list applies only to the Monomoy Islands, including the portion of Morris Island near refuge headquarters. North and South Monomoy Islands can be reached only by boat under favorable weather conditions.

This checklist contains 285 birds that have been identified on the refuge, and is in accordance with the Sixth American Ornithologists' Union Checklist.


Most birds are migratory; therefore, their seasonal occurrence is coded as follows:

Season

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Relative Abundance

a - abundant: a species which is very numerous
c - common: likely to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: may be present but not every year
* - birds known to nest on or near the refuge
# - threatened or endangered species


LOONS, GREBES Sp S F W ___ Red-throated Loon c o c o ___ Common Loon c u c c ___ Pied-billed Grebe* u u u - ___ Horned Grebe o - - o ___ Red-necked Grebe r - r r
SHEARWATERS, STORM PETRELS Sp S F W ___ Northern Fulmar r - r r ___ Cory's Shearwater - o o - ___ Greater Shearwater - o o - ___ Sooty Shearwater o o r - ___ Wilson's Storm-Petrel - o - - ___ Leach's Storm-Petrel r r - -
GANNET, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Northern Gannet c r a u ___ Great Cormorant c o c c ___ Double-crested Cormorant c c c -
BITTERNS, HERONS, IBISES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern r - o r ___ Least Bittern - r - - ___ Great Blue Heron c u c u ___ Great Egret o o u - ___ Snowy Egret* c c c - ___ Little Blue Heron o o o - ___ Tricolored Heron r o r - ___ Cattle Egret r - r - ___ Green Heron r u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c c c o ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron - r r - ___ Glossy Ibis o u o -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck - - r - ___ Mute Swan u u u r ___ Snow Goose r - o - ___ Brant c r c c ___ Canada Goose* a c a a ___ Wood Duck r - r - ___ Green-winged Teal* c c c o ___ American Black Duck* a c a a ___ Mallard* c c c c ___ Northern Pintail* c u c o ___ Blue-winged Teal* c u c - ___ Northern Shoveler* u u u - ___ Gadwall* c c c o ___ Eurasian Wigeon r - r r ___ American Wigeon* c u c o ___ Canvasback o - c o ___ Redhead o - o o ___ Ring-necked Duck o - c o ___ Tufted Duck r r r - ___ Greater Scaup o - c o ___ Lesser Scaup o - o r ___ Common Eider a u a a ___ King Eider r - r r ___ Harlequin Duck - - r r ___ Oldsquaw c o a c ___ Black Scoter c r c c ___ Surf Scoter c r c c ___ White-winged Scoter c r a c ___ Common Goldeneye o - c c ___ Bufflehead c - c c ___ Hooded Merganser o - c o ___ Common Merganser o - - o ___ Red-breasted Merganser* c r a c ___ Ruddy Duck* o o c o
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture - - r - ___ Turkey Vulture r u r - ___ Osprey o u o - ___ Mississippi Kite r - - - ___ Bald Eagle# r o o r ___ Northern Harrier* c u c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u - c - ___ Cooper's Hawk r - o - ___ Northern Goshawk r - - r ___ Broad-winged Hawk r r - - ___ Red-tailed Hawk o o o o ___ American Kestrel u - u - ___ Merlin o - c o ___ Peregrine Falcon# u - u u ___ Gyrfalcon - - r r
GROUSE, QUAIL Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant o o o o ___ Northern Bobwhite o o o o
RAILS, CRANES Sp S F W ___ Clapper Rail - - r - ___ King Rail - - r - ___ Virginia Rail* r r o - ___ Sora* r r o - ___ Common Moorhen r - r - ___ American Coot o - c o
PLOVERS, SANDPIPERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover a c a o ___ American Golden Plover r r o - ___ Semipalmated Plover u c c - ___ Piping Plover*# c c o - ___ Killdeer u - u - ___ American Oystercatcher* c c c - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c c c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u c c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper r r r - ___ Willet* c c o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* u u o - ___ Upland Sandpiper r o - - ___ Whimbrel r c c - ___ Eurasian Curlew - - r - ___ Long-billed Curlew - r - - ___ Hudsonian Godwit - c o - ___ Bar-tailed Godwit r r - - ___ Marbled Godwit - o o - ___ Ruddy Turnstone c o c - ___ Red Knot c c c r ___ Sanderling a c a o ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper a a c - ___ Western Sandpiper - r o - ___ Least Sandpiper* c c c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper o r u - ___ Baird's Sandpiper - - o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper o o c - ___ Sharp-tailed Sandpiper - - r - ___ Dunlin a o a o ___ Curlew Sandpiper - r - - ___ Stilt Sandpiper - o o - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper - - r - ___ Ruff r r r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher c a c - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - r o - ___ Common Snipe r - o - ___ American Woodcock r - r - ___ Wilson's Phalarope r o r - ___ Red-necked Phalarope o - o - ___ Red Phalarope r - r -
JAEGERS, GULLS, TERNS, AUKS Sp S F W ___ Pomarine Jaeger r - r - ___ Parasitic Jaeger o r o - ___ Laughing Gull* c c c - ___ Little Gull r - r - ___ Common Black-headed Gull r r r r ___ Bonaparte's Gull u o c o ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c c ___ Herring Gull* a a a a ___ Iceland Gull r - - o ___ Lesser Black-backed Gull - - o r ___ Glaucous Gull r - - r ___ Great Black-backed Gull* a a a a ___ Black-legged Kittiwake c o c c ___ Caspian Tern - r - - ___ Royal Tern - o - - ___ Sandwich Tern - o - - ___ Roseate Tern*# c a c - ___ Common Tern* a a c - ___ Arctic Tern* c c - - ___ Forster's Tern - o o - ___ Least Tern*# c c - - ___ Black Tern o o o - ___ Black Skimmer* - o o - ___ Dovekie - - - o ___ Thick-billed Murre - - - o ___ Razorbill r - o o
DOVES, CUCKOOS, OWLS, SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRD Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* c c c o ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r r o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo r r o - ___ Barn Owl r - r - ___ Great Horned Owl o o o o ___ Snowy Owl - - - r ___ Short-eared Owl* u u u o ___ Common Nighthawk r - r - ___ Whip-poor-will - o o - ___ Chimney Swift o o o - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird r - r - ___ Belted Kingfisher* u u u -
WOODPECKERS, FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker r - o - ___ Downy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Hairy Woodpecker o o o o ___ Northern Flicker* c c c o ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r - r - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee o o o - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - o - ___ Willow Flycatcher o - o - ___ Least Flycatcher o - o - ___ Eastern Phoebe r - o - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* o u r - ___ Western Kingbird - - r - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c o -
LARKS, SWALLOWS, JAYS, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* c c c c ___ Purple Martin r r r - ___ Tree Swallow* c c a - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* u u - - ___ Bank Swallow o o - - ___ Cliff Swallow r - r - ___ Barn Swallow* c a o - ___ Blue Jay c c c u ___ American Crow* c c c c
TITMICE, NUTHATCHES, WRENS Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* u u u o ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch* u - c u ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u u u u ___ Brown Creeper o - o - ___ House Wren - - r - ___ Winter Wren r - r - ___ Marsh Wren - - o -
KINGLETS, THRUSHES, THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r - c - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet o - c - ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher o - o - ___ Eastern Bluebird - r r - ___ Veery r - o - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush r - r - ___ Swainson's Thrush o - c - ___ Hermit Thrush r - o - ___ Wood Thrush - - r - ___ American Robin* c u c - ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Northern Mockingbird* u u o - ___ Brown Thrasher o o o -
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLING Sp S F W ___ American Pipit o - c - ___ Cedar Waxwing u u c - ___ Northern Shrike r - - r ___ Loggerhead Shrike - - r - ___ European Starling* c c c c
VIREOS, WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo - - r - ___ Solitary Vireo r - o - ___ Warbling Vireo r r r - ___ Philadelphia Vireo - - o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo o - c - ___ Blue-winged Warbler - - o - ___ Golden-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler r - c - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler - - o - ___ Nashville Warbler r - o - ___ Northern Parula o - o - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler r - o - ___ Magnolia Warbler o - o - ___ Cape May Warbler r - c - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler r - o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - a o ___ Black-throated Green Warbler o - c - ___ Blackburnian Warbler o - o - ___ Pine Warbler* u u u - ___ Prairie Warbler u u c - ___ Palm Warbler o - c - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler o - c - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - c - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u - u - ___ American Redstart o - c - ___ Ovenbird r - o - ___ Northern Waterthrush o - c - ___ Connecticut Warbler - - r - ___ Mourning Warbler r - o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ Wilson's Warbler o - o - ___ Canada Warbler r - o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat - - o -
TANAGERS, SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager r - o - ___ Northern Cardinal* u u u u ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak o - c - ___ Indigo Bunting o - o - ___ Dickcissel - - r - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* u u u - ___ American Tree Sparrow - - - o ___ Chipping Sparrow r - c - ___ Field Sparrow r - o - ___ Vesper Sparrow - - r - ___ Lark Sparrow - r r - ___ Savannah Sparrow* c c c c ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow* c c o - ___ Seaside Sparrow* o o o - ___ Fox Sparrow - - o - ___ Song Sparrow* c c c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow - - o - ___ Swamp Sparrow r - c - ___ White-throated Sparrow o - c - ___ White-crowned Sparrow r - o - ___ Dark-eyed Junco o - c u ___ Lapland Longspur u - u o ___ Snow Bunting - - c c
BLACKBIRDS, FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink u - c - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c - ___ Eastern Meadowlark r - o - ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird - r - - ___ Rusty Blackbird - - o - ___ Common Grackle* u u u - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird u u u - ___ Baltimore Oriole o u c - ___ Pine Grosbeak - - - r ___ Purple Finch o - o o ___ House Finch* a a a a ___ Red Crossbill - - - r ___ White-winged Crossbill - - - r ___ Common Redpoll - - - r ___ Pine Siskin r - o o ___ American Goldfinch* u u c o ___ Evening Grosbeak o - o o ___ House Sparrow* u u u u
For further information, contact:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge
                     Wikis Way, Morris Island
                     Chatham, Massachusetts 02633
                     Telephone: 508/945-0594

Monomoy is one of more than 430 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat and represents the most comprehensive wildlife resource management program in the world. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys, and include small islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The character of the refuges is as diverse as the nation itself.

The Service also manages National Fish Hatcheries, and provides Federal leadership in habitat protection, fish and wildlife research, technical assistance and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.


This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Monomoy National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Chatham, Massachusetts.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  
     Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Monomoy National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Chatham, Massachusetts.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  
     Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govmonomoy.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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