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Bird Checklists of the United States

Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge

Swanton, Vermont


Welcome to Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge. This resource lists 203 species that have been identified on Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge since its establishment in 1943, and is in accordance with the Sixth American Ornithologists Union Checklist.

This list was updated in 1995 by Michele Patenaude, expert birder and refuge volunteer.


Most birds are migratory, therefore their seasonal occurrence is coded as follows:

Season

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Relative Abundance

a - abundant: a species which is very numerous
c - common: likely to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: may be present but not every year
* - birds known to nest on or near the refuge
# - threatened or endangered species


LOONS, GREBES, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon o o o - ___ Pied-billed Grebe* u c u - ___ Horned Grebe o o o - ___ Red-necked Grebe o - o - ___ Double-crested Cormorant* c c c -
BITTERNS, HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* c c o - ___ Least Bittern* r u - - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c r ___ Great Egret r r - - ___ Green Heron u c o - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron o c o -
GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Snow Goose u - u - ___ Brant r - r - ___ Canada Goose o u c r ___ Wood Duck* a a a - ___ Green-winged Teal* c o c - ___ American Black Duck* a a a r ___ Mallard* a a a r ___ Northern Pintail c o c - ___ Blue-winged Teal* c c o - ___ Northern Shoveler c o c - ___ Gadwall o o c - ___ American Wigeon o o c - ___ Canvasback o - c - ___ Redhead - - o - ___ Ring-necked Duck c o c - ___ Greater Scaup u - u - ___ Lesser Scaup c - c - ___ Oldsquaw - - o - ___ Black Scoter - - o - ___ Surf Scoter - - r r ___ White-winged Scoter - - o - ___ Common Goldeneye* c c c o ___ Bufflehead u - o - ___ Hooded Merganser* c c c - ___ Common Merganser c o c o ___ Red-breasted Merganser r - r - ___ Ruddy Duck o - o -
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture u c u - ___ Osprey* c c c - ___ Bald Eagle# o o r - ___ Northern Harrier* c c c - ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o o o - ___ Cooper's Hawk o o o - ___ Northern Goshawk o o o o ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* o o o - ___ Broad-winged Hawk r - r - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c o ___ Rough-legged Hawk u r o o ___ American Kestrel* c c o - ___ Merlin r r r - ___ Peregrine Falcon# o r o -
GROUSE, TURKEY Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge* u u u u ___ Ruffed Grouse* u u u u ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u
RAILS, COOT Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail* o c c - ___ Sora* o o o - ___ Common Moorhen* c c o - ___ American Coot o r c -
PLOVERS, SANDPIPERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover - - o - ___ Semipalmated Plover o - o - ___ Killdeer* c c c - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c - c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs o - o - ___ Solitary Sandpiper o - o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* o c o - ___ Sanderling - - o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper - - o - ___ Least Sandpiper - - o - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper o - o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper - - o - ___ Dunlin - - o - ___ Common Snipe* c c c - ___ American Woodcock* c c c -
GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Bonaparte's Gull r r r - ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c o ___ Herring Gull u u u - ___ Common Tern c o c - ___ Black Tern* c c - -
DOVES, CUCKOOS, OWLS, SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* c c c c ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c ___ Black-billed Cuckoo u u u - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo u u u - ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* o o o o ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c u ___ Snowy Owl r - r r ___ Northern Hawk Owl r - r r ___ Barred Owl* u u u u ___ Short-eared Owl o o o - ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl o o o o ___ Common Nighthawk o o r - ___ Whip-poor-will r r r - ___ Chimney Swift* o o o - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* o c o - ___ Belted Kingfisher* u c c -
WOODPECKERS, FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* - r - - ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker* c c o - ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Northern Flicker* c c o - ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher* o u o - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c c - ___ Alder Flycatcher* c c o - ___ Willow Flycatcher* u u o - ___ Least Flycatcher* c c o - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c o - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c -
LARKS, SWALLOWS, JAYS, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark o o o o ___ Purple Martin* o c o - ___ Tree Swallow* c a c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u u - ___ Bank Swallow* c c o - ___ Cliff Swallow o o - - ___ Barn Swallow* c c o - ___ Blue Jay* c c c o ___ American Crow* c c c o
TITMICE, NUTHATCHES, WRENS Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* a c c a ___ Boreal Chickadee - - r r ___ Tufted Titmouse u u u - ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch r r r r ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c ___ Brown Creeper* c u c c ___ House Wren* o u u - ___ Winter Wren r r r - ___ Marsh Wren* o c o -
KINGLETS, THRUSHES, THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet o r o - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u r u r ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u c - - ___ Eastern Bluebird r r r - ___ Veery* c c o - ___ Swainson's Thrush r r - - ___ Hermit Thrush* c c c - ___ Wood Thrush* c c u - ___ American Robin* c c c - ___ Gray Catbird* c c o - ___ Brown Thrasher o o o -
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLING Sp S F W ___ American Pipit u o u - ___ Cedar Waxwing* o c c - ___ Northern Shrike u r u u ___ European Starling* a c a c
VIREOS, WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo* u u o - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo o c o - ___ Warbling Vireo* o c o - ___ Philadelphia Vireo o o r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c o - ___ Tennessee Warbler - r r - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler - - r - ___ Nashville Warbler o o o - ___ Northern Parula - - r - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c o - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler o o - - ___ Magnolia Warbler r r - - ___ Cape May Warbler o o - - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler o o o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler o r o - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u r u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler o o o - ___ Palm Warbler o - o - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler o o o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - u - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u u u - ___ American Redstart* c c o - ___ Ovenbird* o o - - ___ Northern Waterthrush* o c o - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush o u - - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ Canada Warbler o o o -
TANAGERS, SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager r r r - ___ Northern Cardinal* u u u c ___ Indigo Bunting o o o - ___ American Tree Sparrow c r o c ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c c - ___ Field Sparrow* o u o - ___ Vesper Sparrow o o o - ___ Savannah Sparrow* c c c - ___ Fox Sparrow o - o o ___ Song Sparrow* c c c - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow - - r - ___ Swamp Sparrow* c c c - ___ White-throated Sparrow* c c o - ___ White-crowned Sparrow o o o o ___ Dark-eyed Junco c r o c ___ Snow Bunting o r o c
BLACKBIRDS, FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* c a o - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a c - ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c o - ___ Rusty Blackbird u u u - ___ Common Grackle* c c o - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c - ___ Baltimore Oriole* c c - - ___ Pine Grosbeak - - r r ___ Purple Finch o o o o ___ House Finch u c u u ___ White-winged Crossbill o r o - ___ Common Redpoll - - - r ___ Pine Siskin r r r - ___ American Goldfinch* c c c o ___ Evening Grosbeak c o o c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* c c o - ___ House Sparrow* c c c c
For further information, please contact:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge
                     P.O. Box 163
                     Swanton, Vermont 05488-4781
                     Telephone: 802/868-4781
Hearing impaired visitors may call the Vermont Relay Center at 1-800-253-0191 TDD/1-800-253-0195 voice.
Missisquoi is one of over 500 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat and represents the most comprehensive wildlife resource management program in the world. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys, and include small islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The character of the refuges is as diverse as the nation itself.

The Service also manages National Fish Hatcheries, and provides Federal leadership in habitat protection, fish and wildlife research, technical assistance and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.


This resource is based on the following source:
Patenaude, M.  1995.  Birds of Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge, Swanton, 
     Vermont.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Patenaude, M.  1995.  Birds of Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge, Swanton, 
     Vermont.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, 
     ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govmissquoi.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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