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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of Massachusetts

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Massachusetts


Using This List

Three check box spaces appear to the left of each species listing under columns labelled A,B and C. These are for checking off species you see at three different locations or geographic areas. For instance, you might want to use column A for birds you see in your yard, column B for birds you see in your town, and column C for birdsd you see in the state (or in New England). Or, you may choose to use the columns for single dates andn locations. If you choose this route, rodord the locations and dates in the spaces provided below. Your data may have considerable scientific value, particularly if it is recorded at the same sites and dates over a period of years.

Location A: ___________________________________________________________________
Date(s):    ___________________________________________________________________

Location B: ___________________________________________________________________
Date(s):    ___________________________________________________________________

Location C: ___________________________________________________________________
Date(s):    ___________________________________________________________________

Understanding the Codes

This list follws nomenclature and taxonomy established by The A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds (7th edition, American Ornithologists' Union, 1998).

Frequency, rather than abundance, is treated in the following list. Leter codes adapted from Heinzel et al. (The Birds of Britain and Europe, J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, 1972) are used to indicate status, with upper case letters representing major status and italicized lower case letters minor status. The general status codes apply to Massachusetts as a whole and no attempt should be made to relate these codes to specific geographic locales such as Nantucket or the Connecticut Valley. The following letters and symbols are used:

Frequency of Occurrence Symbols:

R,r - Permanent Resident
S,s - Summer Resident
W,w - Winter Resident
M,m - Migrant
V   - Regular Vagrant, annual
A   - Accidental (= Irregular Vagrant, not annual)
i   - introduced species
f   - expected principally in the fall
SS  - Scattered records throughout the year with no particular pattern
*   - recorded in eight or fewer of the last 50 years
E   - Extinct; once occurred in Massachusetts; now no longer exists 
      anywhere in the world

Nesting Status (N.S.) Symbols

+   - nest annually
r   - notably rare and/or local nester; nesting ocurs within a restricted 
      geographic range and/or sparingly in suitable habitat
T   - Extirpated as a nesting species; has not nested in Massachusetts for 
      at least a decade
t   - nests unpredictably or accidentally
o   - males defending territories, but no nesting confirmed

A bracketed date following an extinct species (E) is the last year the species was recorded in Massachusetts. Similarly, a bracketed date following an extirpated nesting species (T) is the last year the species was known to breed in Massachusetts.

For ease in use and understanding the list, the symbols appear in two columns. The first column (N.S.), appearing to the left of each species, denotes the Nesting Status (if any) of each species. The second column, appearing to the right of each species, denotes Major/Minor Frequency of Occurrence, and also includes the introduced designation (i) if the species was introduced. To cite three examples using this code:

"t - Wilson's Phalarope - Mf"

means that the species nests irregularly in Massachusetts, is primarily a migrant, and is expected principally in the fall.

"r+ - Common Loon - sWM"

means that the species is a rare and local annual nester known in Massachusetts chiefly as both a migrant and a winter resident, although a minor summer population occurs.

"t - Yellow-breasted Chat - swM"

means the species nests irregularly, appears in Massachusetts chiefly as a migrant, but that there are small numbers present in summer and winter.


A  B  C  N.S.  Species                                  Major/Minor Occurrence

               Gaviidae - Loons (3)

-  -  -        Red-throated Loon (Gavia stelleta)                 wM
-  -  -        Arctic/Pacific Loon (G. arctica/pacifica)          A
-  -  -  r+    Common Loon (G. immer)                             sWM

A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Podicipedidae - Grebes (5) - - - r+ Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) swM - - - Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus) WM - - - Red-necked Grebe (P. grisegena) wM - - - Eared Grebe (P. nigricollis) A - - - Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis) A
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Procellariidae - Petrels & Shearwaters (6) - - - Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) W - - - Cory's Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) Sm - - - Greater Shearwater (Puffinus gravis) SM - - - Sooty Shearwater (P. griseus) SM - - - t Manx Shearwater (P. puffinus) sM - - - Audubon's Shearwater (P. lherminieri) A
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Hydrobatidae - Storm-Petrels (3) - - - Wilson's Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus) SM - - - White-faced Storm-Petrel (Pelagodroma marina) A* - - - r+ Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) sM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Phaethontidae - Tropicbirds (2) - - - White-tailed Tropicbird (Phaethon lepturus) - - - Red-billed Tropicbird (P. aethereus) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Sulidae - Boobies & Gannets (2) - - - Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) A* - - - Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus) swM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Pelecanidae - Pelicans (2) - - - American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) A - - - Brown Pelican (P. occidentalis) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants (2) - - - + Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocrax auritus) SM - - - t Great Cormorant (P. carbo) Wm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Fregatidae - Frigatebirds (1) - - - Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Ardeidae - Bitterns & Herons (14) - - - r+ American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) Swm - - - r+ Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) S - - - + Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) SwM - - - r+ Great Egret (A. alba) S - - - Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) A* - - - Western Reef-Heron (E. gularis) A* - - - r+ Snowy Egret (E. thula) Sm - - - r+ Little Blue Heron (E. caerulea) S - - - t Tricolored Heron (E. tricolor) S - - - Reddish Egret (E. rufescens) A* - - - r+ Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) S - - - + Green Heron (Butorides virescens) Sm - - - r+ Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) Swm - - - t Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea) S
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Threskiornithidae - Ibises & Spoonbills (3) - - - White Ibis (Eudocimus albus) A - - - r+ Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) Sm - - - White-faced Ibis (P. chihi) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Ciconiidae - Storks (1) - - - Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Cathartidae - American Vultures (2) - - - t Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) vSS - - - + Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) SmSS
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Anatidae - Geese, Swans & Ducks (42) - - - Fulvous Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) A - - - Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) A - - - Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens) M - - - Ross's Goose (C. rossii) A* - - - + Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) RwM - - - Brant (B. bernicla) wM - - - Barnacle Goose (B. leucopsis) A* - - - + Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) Ri - - - Tundra Swan (C. columbianus) A - - - + Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) SmSS - - - + Gadwall (Anas strepera) Swm - - - Eurasian Wigeon (A penelope) V - - - t American Wigeon (A. americana) MSS - - - + American Black Duck (A rubripes) rWM - - - + Mallard (A. platyrhynchos) R - - - r+ Blue-winged Teal (A. discors) sM - - - r+ Northern Shoveler (A. clypeata) sMSS - - - t Northern Pintail (A. acuta) swM - - - + Green-winged Teal (A. crecca) swM - - - Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) WM - - - Redhead (A. americana) WM - - - t Ring-necked Duck (A. collaris) wM - - - Tufted Duck (A. fuligula) V - - - Greater Scaup (A. marila) WM - - - Lesser Scaup (A. affinis) M - - - Steller's Eider (Polysticta stelleri) A* - - - King Eider (Somateria spectabilis) W - - - r+ Common Eider (S. mollissima) sW - - - Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) W - - - Labrador Duck (Camptorhynchus labradorius)[1862] E - - - Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata) WM - - - White-winged Scoter (M. fusca) WM - - - Black Scoter (M. nigra) WM - - - Oldsquaw (Clangula hyemalis) WM - - - Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) WM - - - Common Goldeneye (B. clangula) WM - - - Barrow's Goldeneye (B. islandica) W - - - + Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) swM - - - + Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) sWMSS - - - t Red-breasted Merganser (M. serrator) sWM - - - Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominicus) A* - - - r+ Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) swM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Accipitridae - Kites, Eagles & Hawks (15) - - - r+ Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) SM - - - Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus) A* - - - Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis) A - - - r+ Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) rsWM - - - White-tailed Eagle (H. albicilla) A* - - - r+ Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus) SwM - - - r+ Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus) swM - - - r+ Cooper's Hawk (A. cooperii) swM - - - r+ Northern Goshawk (A. gentilis) RWm - - - + Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) SwM - - - + Broad-winged Hawk (B. platypterus) SM - - - Swainson's Hawk (B. swainsoni) A - - - + Red-tailed Hawk (B. jamaicensis) RwM - - - Rough-legged Hawk (B. lagopus) Wm - - - Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) Wm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Falconidae - Falcons (5) - - - Eurasian Kestrel (Falco tinniunculus) A* - - - + American Kestrel (F. sparverius) wSM - - - Merlin (F. columbarius) M - - - Gyrfalcon (F. rusticolus) W - - - r+ Peregrine Falcon (F. peregrinus) rwM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Phasianidae - Pheasants & Turkeys (4) - - - + Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) Ri - - - + Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) R - - - T Greater Prairie-Chicken (Heath Hen) E (Tympanuchus cupido cupido)[1931] - - - + Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) R
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Odontophoridae - Quail (1) - - - + Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) R
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Rallidae - Rails, Gallinules & Coots (9) - - - Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis) M - - - Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis) A* - - - r+ Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris) S - - - r+ King Rail (R. elegans) S - - - + Virginia Rail (R. limicola) SwM - - - + Sora (Porzana carolina) SM - - - Purple Gallinule (Porphyrula martinica) A - - - r+ Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) S - - - r+ American Coot (Fulica americana) swMf
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Gruidae - Cranes (1) - - - Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis) A
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Charadriidae - Plovers & Lapwings (9) - - - Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) A* - - - Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) wMSS - - - American Golden-Plover (P. dominica) Mf - - - Snowy Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) A* - - - Wilson's Plover (C. wilsonia) A - - - Semipalmated Plover (C. semipalmatus) M - - - + Piping Plover (C. melodus) Sm - - - + Killdeer (C. vociferus) SMSS - - - Mountain Plover (C. montanus) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Haematopodidae - Oystercatchers (1) - - - + American Oystercatcher (Haemantopus palliatus) S
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Recurvirostridae - Stilts & Avocets (2) - - - Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) A - - - American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana) Mf
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Scolopacidae - Sandpipers & Allies (41) - - - Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca) M - - - Lesser Yellowlegs (T. flavipes) M - - - Spotted Redshank (T. erythropus) A* - - - Solitary Sandpiper (T. solitaria) M - - - + Willet (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus) SM - - - Wandering Tattler (Heteroscelus incanus) A* - - - + Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia) Sm - - - r+ Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda) sM - - - Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis)[1913] MfE? - - - Whimbrel (N. phaeopus) Mf - - - Eurasian Curlew (N. arquata) A* - - - Long-billed Curlew (N. americanus) A* - - - Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa) A* - - - Hudsonian Godwit (L. haemastica) Mf - - - Bar-tailed Godwit (L. lapponica) A - - - Marbled Godwit (L. fedoa) Mf - - - Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) wM - - - Red Knot (Calidris canutus) wM - - - Sanderling (C. alba) wM - - - Semipalmated Sandpiper (C. pusilla) M - - - Western Sandpiper (C. mauri) Mf - - - Red-necked Stint (C. ruficollis) A* - - - Little Stint (C. minuta) A* - - - t Least Sandpiper (C. minutilla) M - - - White-rumped Sandpiper (C. fuscicollis) M - - - Baird's Sandpiper (C. bairdii) Mf - - - Pectoral Sandpiper (C. melanotos) M - - - Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (C. acuminata) A* - - - Purple Sandpiper (C. maritima) W - - - Dunlin (C. alpina) wM - - - Curlew Sandpiper (C. ferruginea) V - - - Stilt Sandpiper (C. himantopus) Mf - - - Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis) Mf - - - Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) V - - - Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus) M - - - Long-billed Dowitcher (L. scolopaceus) Mf - - - r+ Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) swM - - - + American Woodcock (Scolopax minor) SM - - - t Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) Mf - - - Red-necked Phalarope (P. lobatus) M - - - Red Phalarope (P. fulicaria) M
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Laridae - Gulls, Terns & Allies (36) - - - Great Skua (Catharacta skua) sWm - - - South Polar Skua (C. maccormicki) Sm - - - Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus) sM - - - Parasitic Jaeger (S. parasiticus) sM - - - Long-tailed Jaeger (S. longicaudus) M - - - r+ Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla) Sm - - - Franklin's Gull (L. pipixcan) A - - - Little Gull (L. minutus) SwM - - - t Black-headed Gull (L. ridibundus) sWM - - - Bonaparte's Gull (L. philadelphia) WMSS - - - Mew Gull (L. canus) A - - - t Ring-billed Gull (L. delawarensis) sWM - - - + Herring Gull (L. argentatus) R - - - Iceland Gull (L. glaucoides) W - - - Lesser Black-backed Gull (L. fuscus) V - - - Glaucous Gull (L. hyperboreus) W - - - + Great Black-backed Gull (L. marinus) R - - - Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini) Mf - - - Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) WM - - - Ross's Gull (Rhodostethia rosea) A* - - - Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) A* - - - Gull-billed Tern (Sterna nilotica) A - - - Caspian Tern (S. caspia) M - - - Royal Tern (S. maxima) V - - - Sandwich Tern (s. sandvicensis) V - - - r+ Roseate Tern (S. dougallii) Sm - - - + Common Tern (S. hirundo) Sm - - - r+ Arctic Tern (S. paradisaea) Sm - - - t Forster's Tern (S. forsteri) Vf - - - + Least Tern (S. antillarum) S - - - Bridled Tern (S. anaethetus) A* - - - Sooty Tern (S. fuscata) A - - - White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus) A* - - - Black Tern (C. niger) M - - - Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus) A* - - - r+ Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger) S
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Alcidae - Auks, Murres & Puffins (8) - - - Dovekie (Alle alle) WM - - - Common Murre (Uria aalge) WM - - - Thick-billed Murre (U. lomvia) WM - - - Razorbill (Alca torda) WM - - - Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis) [1700's] E - - - Black Guillemot (Cepphus grylle) W - - - Long-billed Murrelet (Brachyramphus perdix) A* - - - Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arcticus) W
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Columbidae - Pigeons & Doves (5) - - - + Rock Dove (Columba livia) Ri - - - Band-tailed Pigeon (C. fasciata) A* - - - White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica) A* - - - + Mourning Dove (Z. macroura) R - - - T Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) [1894] E
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Cuculidae - Cuckoos & Allies (3) - - - Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) A* - - - + Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus) Sm - - - + Yellow-billed Cuckoo (C. americanus) Sm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Tytonidae - Barn Owls (1) - - - r+ Barn Owl (Tyto alba) R
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Strigidae - Typical Owls (11) - - - + Eastern Screech-Owl (Otus asio) R - - - + Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) R - - - Snowy Owl (Nyctea scandiaca) W - - - Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula) A* - - - Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) A* - - - + Barred Owl (Strix varia) R - - - Great Gray Owl (S. nebulosa) A* - - - r+ Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) R - - - r+ Short-eared Owl (A. flammeus) Swm - - - Boreal Owl (Aegolius funereus) A* - - - + Northern Saw-whet Owl (A. acadicus) sWM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Caprimulgidae - Goatsuckers (3) - - - r+ Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) sM - - - Chuck-will's-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis) V - - - + Whip-poor-will (C. vociferus) Sm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Apodidae - Swifts (1) - - - + Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) Sm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Trochilidae - Hummingbirds (4) - - - + Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) sM - - - Black-chinned Hummingbird (A. alexandri) A* - - - Rufuous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) A* - - - Allen's Hummingbird (S. sasin) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Alcedinidae - Kingfishers (1) - - - + Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon) Swm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Picidae - Woodpeckers (10) - - - Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) A* - - - r+ Red-headed Woodpecker (M. erythrocephalus) swVf - - - r+ Red-bellied Woodpecker (M. carolinus) Rm - - - + Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) SM - - - + Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens) R - - - + Hairy Woodpecker (P. villosus) R - - - Three-toed Woodpecker (P. tridactylus) A* - - - Black-backed Woodpecker (P. arcticus) V - - - + Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) SwM - - - + Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) R
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Tyrannidae - Tyrant Flycatchers (22) - - - r+ Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi) sM - - - Western Wood-Pewee (C. sordidulus) A* - - - + Eastern Wood-Pewee (C. virens) Sm - - - Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris M - - - r+ Acadian Flycatcher (E. virescens) S - - - + Alder Flycatcher (E. alnorum) Sm - - - + Willow Flycatcher (E. traillii) Sm - - - + Least Flycatcher (E. minimus) SM - - - Hammond's Flycatcher (E. hammondii) A* - - - Gray Flycatcher (E. wrightii) A* - - - + Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) SM - - - Say's Phoebe (S. saya) Af - - - Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) A* - - - Ash-throated Flycactcher (Miarchus cinerascens) A* - - - + Great Crested Flycatcher (M. crinitus) Sm - - - Streaked/Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (Myiodynastes maculatus/luteiventris A* - - - Cassin's Kingbird (Tyrannus vociferans) A* - - - Western Kingbird (T. verticalis) Vf - - - + Eastern Kingbird (T. tyrannus) SM - - - Gray Catbird (T. dominicensis) A* - - - Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (T. forficatus) A - - - Fork-tailed Flycatcher (T. savana) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Laniidae - Shrikes (2) - - - T Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) [1971] M - - - Northern Shrike (L. excubitor) W
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Vireonidae - Vireos (6) - - - + White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus) Sm - - - + Yellow-throated Vireo (V. flavifrons) Sm - - - + Blue-headed Vireo (V. solitarius) SM - - - + Warbling Vireo (V. gilvus) Sm - - - Philadelphia Vireo (V. philadelphicus) Mf - - - + Red-eyed Vireo (V. olivaceus) SM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Corvidae - Jays, Magpies & Crows (6) - - - Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis) A - - - + Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) RWM - - - Eurasian Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) A* - - - + American Crow (C. brachyrhynchos) R - - - + Fish Crow (C. ossifragus) R - - - r+ Common Raven (C. corax) R
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Alaudidae - Larks (1) - - - + Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris) sWM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Hirundinidae - Swallows (8) - - - r+ Purple Martin (Progne subis) Sm - - - Brown-chested Martin (P. tapera) A* - - - + Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) SM - - - Violet-green Swallow (T. thalissina) A* - - - + N. Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis) S - - - + Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia) SM - - - + Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) Sm - - - + Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) SM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Paridae - Titmice (3) - - - + Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) Rm - - - Boreal Chickadee (P. hudsonicus) Wm - - - + Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor) Rm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Sittidae - Nuthatches (2) - - - + Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis) RM - - - + White-breasted Nuthatch (S. carolinensis) Rm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Certhiidae - Creepers (1) - - - + Brown Creeper (Certhia americana) RM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Troglodytidae - Wrens (6) - - - Rock Wren (Salpinctes obsoletus) A* - - - + Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus) R - - - + House Wren (Troglodytes aedon) SM - - - + Winter Wren (T. troglodytes) SwM - - - t Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis) S - - - + Marsh Wren (C. palustris) Sm
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Regulidae - Kinglets (2) - - - r+ Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa) sWM - - - t Ruby-crowned Kinglet (R. calendula) sMSS
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Silviidae - Gnatcatcher (1) - - - + Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea) SM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Turdidae - Bluebirds & Thrushes (13) - - - Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) Af - - - + Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) SwM - - - Mountain Bluebird (S. currucoides) A* - - - Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi) A* - - - + Veery (Catharus fuscescens) Sm - - - Gray-cheeked Thrush (C. minimus) M - - - T Bicknell's Thrush (C. bicknelli) [1972] M - - - r+ Swainson's Thrush (C. ustulatus) sM - - - + Hermit Thrush (C. guttatus) SMSS - - - + Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) Sm - - - Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) A* - - - + American Robin (T. migratorius) SwM - - - Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) A
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Mimidae - Mimic Thrushes (4) - - - + Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) SMSS - - - + Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) R - - - Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus) A* - - - + Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) SM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Sturnidae - Starlings (1) - - - + European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Ri
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Motacillidae - Wagtails & Pipits (2) - - - American Pipit (Anthus rebescens) M - - - Sprague's Pipit (A. spragueii) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Bombycillidae - Waxwings (2) - - - Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) V - - - + Cedar Waxwing (B. cedrorum) SwM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Parulidae - Wood-Warblers (43) - - - + Blue-winged Warbler (Vermiviora pinus) Sm - - - r+ Golden-winged Warbler (V. chrysoptera) Sm - - - Tennessee Warbler (V. peregrina) M - - - Orange-crowned Warbler (V. celata) Mf - - - + Nashville Warbler (V. ruficapilla) SM - - - Lucy's Warbler (V. luciae) A* - - - r+ Northern Parula (Parula americana) sM - - - + Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia) SM - - - + Chestnut-sided Warbler (D. pensylvanica) SM - - - + Magnolia Warbler (D. magnolia) SM - - - Cape May Warbler (D. tigrina) M - - - + Black-throated Blue Warbler (D. caerulescens) SM - - - + Yellow-rumped Warbler (D. coronata) SWM - - - Black-throated Gray Warbler (D. nigrescens) A* - - - + Black-throated Green Warbler (D. virens) SM - - - Townsend's Warbler (D. townsendi) A* - - - Hermit Warbler (D. occidentalis) A* - - - + Blackburnian Warbler (D. fusca) SM - - - Yellow-throated Warbler (D. dominica) V - - - + Pine Warbler (D. pinus) Sm - - - + Prairie Warbler (D. discolor) S - - - Palm Warbler (D. palmarum) M - - - Bay-breated Warbler (D. castanea) M - - - r+ Blackpoll Warbler (D. striata) sM - - - r+ Cerulean Warbler (D. cerulea) sM - - - + Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia) SM - - - + American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) SM - - - t Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) V - - - r+ Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorus) Sm - - - Swainson's Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii) A* - - - + Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus) SM - - - + Northern Waterthrush (S. noveboracensis) sM - - - + Louisiana Waterthrush (S. motacilla) S - - - o Kentucky Warbler (Oporornis formosus) V - - - Connecticut Warbler (O. agilis) Mf - - - r+ Mourning Warbler (O. philadelphia) sM - - - MacGillivray's Warbler (O. tolmiei) A* - - - + Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas) SMSS - - - t Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina) sV - - - Wilson's Warbler (W. pusilla) M - - - + Canada Warbler (W. canadensis) SM - - - Painted Redstart (Myioborus pictus) A* - - - t Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens) swM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Thraupidae - Tanagers (3) - - - Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra) V - - - + Scarlet Tanager (P. olivacea) SM - - - Western Tanager (P. ludoviciana) A
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Emberizidae - Sparrows & Allies (31) - - - Green-tailed Towhee (Pipilo chlorurus) A* - - - Spotted Towhee (P. maculatus) A* - - - + Eastern Towhee (P. erythrophthalmus) Sm - - - American Tree Sparrow (Spizella arborea) Wm - - - + Chipping Sparrow (S. passerina) Sm - - - o Clay-colored Sparrow (S. pallida) Af - - - Brewer's Sparrow (S. breweri) A* - - - + Field Sparrow (S. pusilla) Swm - - - r+ Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus) Sm - - - Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus) Vf - - - Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys) Vf - - - + Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis) SwM - - - r+ Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum) Sm - - - t Henslow's Sparrow (A. henslowii) S - - - LeConte's Sparrow (A. leconteii) A - - - Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow (A. nelsoni) M - - - + Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow (A. caudacutus) Sm - - - r+ Seaside Sparrow (A. maritimus) Sw - - - Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca) wM - - - + Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia) RSM - - - r+ Lincoln's Sparrow (M. lincolnii) sM - - - + Swamp Sparrow (M. georgiana) SwM - - - + White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis) SwM - - - Harris's Sparrow (Z. querula) A - - - White-crowned Sparrow (Z. leucophrys) M - - - Golden-crowned Sparrow (Z. atricapilla) A* - - - + Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis) sWM - - - McCown's Longspur (Calcarius mccownii) A* - - - Lapland Longspur (C. lapponicus) wM - - - Chestnut-collared Longspur (C. ornatus) A* - - - Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) WM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Cardinalidae - Cardinals & Allies (7) - - - + Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) R - - - + Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus) SM - - - Black-headed Grosbeak (Pl melanocephalus) A - - - o Blue Grosbeak (Guirace caerulea) V - - - + Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) Sm - - - Painted Bunting (P. ciris) A - - - oT Dickcissel (Spiza americana) [c. 1877] Vf
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Icteridae - Blackbirds, Orioles & Allies (12) - - - + Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) SM - - - + Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) SM - - - + Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) Swm - - - Western Meadowlark (S. neglecta) A - - - Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus) Vf - - - r+ Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus) sM - - - Brewer's Blackbird (E. cyanocephalus) Af - - - + Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) SwM - - - + Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) SwM - - - + Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius) S - - - + Baltimore Oriole (I. galbula) SM - - - Bullock's Oriole (I. bullockii) A*
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Fringillidae - Fringilline Finches (10) - - - Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) W - - - + Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus) SWM - - - + House Finch (C. mexicanus) R - - - t Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) sWM - - - White-winged Crossbill (L. leucoptera) WM - - - Common Redpoll (Carduelis flammea) WM - - - Hoary Redpoll (C. hornemanni) A - - - t Pine Siskin (C. pinus) sWM - - - + American Goldfinch (C. tristis) R - - - r+ Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus) sWM
A B C N.S. Species Major/Minor Occurrence Passeridae - Old World Sparrows (1) - - - + House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) Ri

For additional information contact:

Division of Fisheries and Wildlife
Field Headquarters
Westboro, Massachusetts 01581-3337


This resource is based on the following source:
Blodget, Bradford G.  1998.  Checklist of the Birds of Massachusetts.  
     Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife.  25 pages.
This resource should be cited as:
Blodget, Bradford G.  1998.  Checklist of the Birds of Massachusetts.  
     Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife.  25 pages.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govmasst.htm  
     (Version 23FEB01).

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