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Bird Checklists of the United States

Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge

Basking Ridge, New Jersey


Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge contains over 7,409 acres of hardwood swamp, upland timber, marsh and water, brush, pasture, and cropland. this diverse habitat attracts a wide variety of migratory and residential birds. with perpetual protection of its wilderness portion and continued management of the rest, the Refuge will become increasingly important as a haven for birds amidst the surrounding urban areas.

This folder identifies 222 species that have been identified on the Great Swamp Refuge since 1960. Much of the list is from records of the Summit Nature Club and from William Boyle, Richard Kane, Allan Keith, and Robert Lewis. This list is in accordance with the Sixth American Ornithologists' Union Checklist as amended.


Most birds are migratory, therefore their seasonal occurrence is coded as follows:

Season
Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Relative Abundance
a - abundant: a species which is very numerous
c - common: likely to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: may be present but not every year
* - birds known to nest on or near the refuge
# - threatened or endangered species


LOONS, GREBES Sp S F W ___ Common Loon u - r - ___ Pied-billed Grebe u o o r ___ Horned Grebe - - r -
BITTERNS, HERONS, IBISES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* c c c o ___ Least Bittern* u c u - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c u ___ Great Egret o o o r ___ Snowy Egret - o o - ___ Little Blue Heron o o o - ___ Cattle Egret r r r - ___ Green Heron* c a a - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron o o o - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron r r - - ___ Glossy Ibis o o o -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Mute Swan o o o - ___ Snow Goose r - o o ___ Canada Goose* a a a a ___ Wood Duck* a a a u ___ Green-winged Teal* c u c u ___ American Black Duck* c u c u ___ Mallard* a a a a ___ Northern Pintail u r c u ___ Blue-winged Teal* c c c - ___ Northern Shoveler o o o r ___ Gadwall o r o o ___ American Wigeon u r c o ___ Canvasback r - r r ___ Ring-necked Duck u - - o ___ Common Goldeneye - - r r ___ Bufflehead r - r r ___ Hooded Merganser* o o - o ___ Common Merganser r - - r ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - - r ___ Ruddy Duck - - r r
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture u u u u ___ Turkey Vulture c c c c ___ Osprey o - u - ___ Bald Eagle# o o o o ___ Northern Harrier u r u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk o r o o ___ Northern Goshawk - - r r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* u u u o ___ Broad-winged Hawk* u o u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk o - o o ___ Golden Eagle - - - r ___ American Kestrel* c c c c ___ Merlin r - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon# - - r -
GROUSE, QUAIL, TURKEY Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* u u u u ___ Ruffed Grouse* u u u u ___ Wild Turkey* o o o o ___ Northern Bobwhite r r r r
RAILS, CRANES Sp S F W ___ King Rail* o u o - ___ Virginia Rail* a a a o ___ Sora* c c c r ___ Common Moorhen* u c c - ___ American Coot u - u u
PLOVERS, SANDPIPERS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer* c c c o ___ Greater Yellowlegs o o o - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u o u - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u u u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* u u u - ___ Upland Sandpiper r - - - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper o o o - ___ Least Sandpiper u u o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u u u - ___ Dunlin r - - - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher r r - - ___ Common Snipe a r c o ___ American Woodcock* a c a o
GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Bonaparte's Gull - - - r ___ Ring-billed Gull o - o c ___ Herring Gull o o o u ___ Great Black-backed Gull o - - u
DOVES, CUCKOOS, OWLS, SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRD Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove u u u u ___ Mourning Dove* a a a a ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* u u o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* u u o - ___ Barn Owl o o o o ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Long-eared Owl o - o o ___ Short-eared Owl - - - o ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl - - r r ___ Common Nighthawk c u c - ___ Chimney Swift c c c - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u o u - ___ Belted Kingfisher c c c u
WOODPECKERS, FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker o - o r ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Northern Flicker* c c c u ___ Pileated Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher o r o - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher o r u - ___ Acadian Flycatcher* o o - - ___ Alder Flycatcher* o o - - ___ Willow Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Least Flycatcher* o o o - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c o ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c -
LARKS, SWALLOWS, JAYS, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark - o o o ___ Purple Martin* u u - - ___ Tree Swallow* c a a r ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u c u - ___ Bank Swallow u u u - ___ Cliff Swallow u - - - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c - ___ Blue Jay* a a a a ___ American Crow* a a a a ___ Fish Crow o o o o
TITMICE, NUTHATCHES, WRENS Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* a a a a ___ Tufted Titmouse* a a a a ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch o o u o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c ___ Brown Creeper* c u c u ___ Carolina Wren* c c c u ___ House Wren* c a c - ___ Winter Wren u - u o ___ Marsh Wren* c c c r
KINGLETS, THRUSHES, THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - c u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c o ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* c c u - ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c c ___ Veery* c c c - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush c - c - ___ Hermit Thrush c - c o ___ Wood Thrush* c c c - ___ American Robin* a a a u ___ Gray Catbird* a a a r ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c r
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLING Sp S F W ___ American Pipit u - u - ___ Cedar Waxwing c u c u ___ Northern Shrike - - r r ___ Loggerhead Shrike r - - r ___ European Starling* a a a a
VIREOS, WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c c - ___ Solitary Vireo u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* c c c - ___ Warbling Vireo* u u r - ___ Philadelphia Vireo - - o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c c - ___ Blue-winged Warbler* c c c - ___ Golden-winged Warbler o - - - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - c - ___ Nashville Warbler u - u - ___ Northern Parula c - c - ___ Yellow Warbler* a a a - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler* c o c - ___ Magnolia Warbler c - c - ___ Cape May Warbler u - u - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler c - c - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a - c u ___ Black-throated Green Warbler c - c - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler r - - - ___ Pine Warbler o - o - ___ Prairie Warbler o - - - ___ Palm Warbler c - u - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler u - u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - c - ___ Cerulean Warbler o o - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler* c c c - ___ American Redstart* c c c - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* o o o - ___ Ovenbird* c c c - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* u o u - ___ Kentucky Warbler o r - - ___ Connecticut Warbler - - o - ___ Mourning Warbler u - o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* a a a r ___ Hooded Warbler o - o - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler c r c - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* o o o -
TANAGERS, SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager o - - - ___ Scarlet Tanager* c c c - ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* c c c - ___ Indigo Bunting* u o u - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* a a a o ___ American Tree Sparrow c - c a ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c c r ___ Field Sparrow* c c c u ___ Vesper Sparrow o o r o ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u r ___ Grasshopper Sparrow r - r - ___ Fox Sparrow u - u o ___ Song Sparrow* c c c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow o - o - ___ Swamp Sparrow* a a a u ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c c ___ White-crowned Sparrow o - o - ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c c ___ Snow Bunting - - r r
BLACKBIRDS, FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* u u u - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a u ___ Eastern Meadowlark* u u u o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird r r r - ___ Rusty Blackbird c - c o ___ Common Grackle* a c a o ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c o ___ Orchard Oriole u u - - ___ Baltimore Oriole* c c c - ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ House Finch* c c c c ___ Red Crossbill - - r r ___ White-winged Crossbill - - r r ___ Common Redpoll r - r r ___ Pine Siskin o - o o ___ American Goldfinch* a a c c ___ Evening Grosbeak o - o r ___ House Sparrow* a a a a
ACCIDENTALS - the following species have been seen on the Refuge one or two times:
___ White Ibis                               ___ Black Tern
___ Tundra Swan                              ___ Monk Parakeet
___ Brant                                    ___ Whip-poor-will
___ Double-crested Cormorant                 ___ Chuck-will's-widow
___ Greater White-fronted Goose              ___ Varied Thrush
___ Lesser Black-backed Gull                 ___ Lesser Scaup
___ Mississippi Kite


For more information contact:
                   Refuge Manager
                   Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge
                   Pleasant Plains Road, RD1, Box 152
                   Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920
                   Telephone: 201/425-1222

Great Swamp is one of more than 500 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat and represents the most comprehensive wildlife resource management program in the world. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys, and include small islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The character of the refuges is as diverse as the nation itself.

The Service also manages National Fish Hatcheries, and provides Federal leadership in habitat protection, fish and wildlife research, technical assistance and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.


This resource is based on the following source:
Summit Nature Club, W. Boyle, R. Kane, A. Keith, R. Lewis.  1992.  Birds 
     of Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey.  U.S. Fish and 
     Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Summit Nature Club, W. Boyle, R. Kane, A. Keith, R. Lewis.  1992.  Birds 
     of Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey.  U.S. Fish and 
     Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie 
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govgrtswamp.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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