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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of East Rock Park

small state map showing location

New Haven, Connecticut

East Rock Park consists of fields, woods, cliffs, marshes, and a river. With this diversity of habitats coupled with New Haven's position as one of the chief migratory routes there exists a wide variety of birds within the park that visit and nest.

Warblers are one of the main attractions of East Rock Park during the spring migration and a variety of hawks can be viewed in flight from the summit of East Rock during the fall migration.

The birds and their seasonal status are listed below. It should be noted through that due to fluctuations of bird populations their status cannot always be strictly bound.


Sp - Spring
Su - Summer
F - Fall
W - Winter

A - Abundant - Birds very frequently seen in the park and usually in large numbers.
C - Common - Birds that are often seen in the park but not as bountiful as certain others.
U - Uncommon - Infrequently seen birds, but which occur with some regularity.
R - Rare - Seldom seen birds, a sighting perhaps once or twice a year or less.
VR - Very Rare - Few sighting in the history of the park.
N - Nesting birds.
+ - Birds generally viewed flying over the park, not landing.
Blank spaces - Birds not seen in that particular season.

1 - Sporadic
2 - Uncommon in wooded areas
3 - Nest at times

LOONS & GREBES Sp Su F W ___ Common Loon + U-R ___ Pied-billed Grebe U R ___ D.C. Cormorant + U-R
EGRETS & HERONS Sp Su F W ___ Great Blue Heron U U U ___ American Egret + U U U ___ Snowy Egret U U U ___ Green Heron C C U N ___ B.C. Night Heron U U U ___ Least Bittern R ___ American Bittern R R
WATERFOWL Sp Su F W ___ Mute Swan U U U ___ Canada Goose U U U ___ Mallard C C C C N ___ Black Duck C C C C N ___ American Wigeon U U ___ G.W. Teal U ___ B.W. Teal U ___ Wood Duck C C C R N ___ Hooded Merganser R
Birds of Prey Sp Su F W ___ Turkey Vulture + R ___ Goshawk R R R ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk U C R ___ Cooper's Hawk R R ___ Red-tailed Hawk C-U C-U C-U C-U ___ Red-shouldered Hawk U U U U ___ Broad-winged Hawk U U C U ___ Rough-legged Hawk R ___ Golden Eagle + R ___ Bald Eagle + R ___ Osprey R R ___ Peregrine Falcon R ___ Pigeon Hawk U ___ Sparrow Hawk C-U C-U C-U C-U N
GROUSE Sp Su F W ___ Ruffed Grouse U U U U N
RAILS Sp Su F W ___ Virginia Rail U U ___ Common Gallinule R ___ Coot U
SANDPIPER-LIKE Sp Su F W ___ Killdeer C C ___ Woodcock U U U R ___ Common Snipe U U ___ Spotted Sandpiper U U ___ Solitary Sandpiper U U ___ Greater Yellowlegs U U ___ Lesser Yellowlegs U U ___ Pectoral Sandpiper R R
GULLS Sp Su F W ___ Black-backed Gull + U U U U ___ Herring Gull + C C C C ___ Ring-billed Gull C U C C ___ Laughing Gull U U
DOVES Sp Su F W ___ Rock Dove A A A A N ___ Mourning Dove C C C C N
Cuckoos Sp Su F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo U U U N ___ Black-billed Cuckoo U U U N
OWLS Sp Su F W ___ Screech Owl C-U C-U C-U C-U N ___ Great Horned Owl R R ___ Barred Owl R R ___ Long-eared Owl R R ___ Saw-whet Owl R ___ Whip-poor-will U R U ___ Nighthawk + C C C ___ Chimney Swift + C C C ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird U U ___ Belted Kingfisher C C C U
WOODPECKERS Sp Su F W ___ Common Flicker C C C R N ___ Pileated Woodpecker R R R R ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker R ___ Red-headed Woodpecker R R ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker U U R ___ Hairy Woodpecker C C C C N ___ Downy Woodpecker C C C C N
FLYCATCHERS Sp Su F W ___ Eastern Kingbird C C C N ___ Phoebe C C C N ___ Crested Flycatcher C C U N ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher R R ___ Least Flycatcher C U ___ Wood Pewee C U U ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher R ___ Willow Flycatcher U U
SWALLOWS Sp Su F W ___ Tree Swallow C U C ___ Bank Swallow U U U ___ Rough-winged Swallow C C U N ___ Barn Swallow C C C N ___ Cliff Swallow R R ___ Purple Martin + R
CROW, JAY Sp Su F W ___ Blue Jay A A A A N ___ Crow A A A A N ___ Fish Crow C C C C N
CHICKADEE Sp Su F W ___ B.C. Chickadee A A A A N ___ Tufted Titmouse C C C C N ___ White-breasted Nuthatch C C C C N ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch U U U ___ Brown Creeper U C C
WRENS Sp Su F W ___ House Wren C C C N ___ Winter Wren U ___ Carolina Wren U U U U ___ Long-billed Marsh Wren U U
THRUSHES Sp Su F W ___ Mockingbird C C C U N ___ Catbird A A C R N ___ Brown Thrasher C C C R N ___ Robin A A C U N ___ Wood Thrush C C C ___ Hermit Thrush U U U ___ Olive-backed Thrush U U ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush U U ___ Veery C C C N ___ Eastern Bluebird U U U U
KINGLETS Sp Su F W ___ Blue-green Gnatcatcher U U U N ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet C U C C ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet U C ___ Cedar Waxwing1 U U U U ___ Starling A A A A N
VIREOS Sp Su F W ___ White-eyed Vireo U U U N ___ Yellow-throated Vireo R R ___ Blue-headed Vireo C U ___ Red-eyed Vireo C C C N ___ Philadelphia Vireo R R
WARBLERS Sp Su F W ___ Black & White Warbler C U C N ___ Prothonotary Warbler R ___ Worm-eating Warbler U U U N ___ Golden-winged Warbler R R ___ Blue-winged Warbler C U C N ___ Brewster's Warbler R R ___ Lawrence's Warbler R R ___ Tennessee Warbler C U ___ Nashville Warbler C U ___ Parula Warbler C U ___ Yellow Warbler C C C N ___ Magnolia Warbler U U ___ Cape May Warbler U U ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler U U ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C A ___ Black-throated Green Warbler U U N ___ Hermit Warbler VR ___ Cerulean Warbler R R ___ Blackburnian Warbler U U ___ Yellow-throated Warbler VR ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler C C C N ___ Bay-breasted Warbler U U ___ Black-poll Warbler C C ___ Pine Warbler U U ___ Prairie Warbler U U ___ Palm Warbler C U ___ Oven-bird C C C N ___ N. Water-thrush U U ___ La. Water-thrush U U ___ Kentucky Warbler VR ___ Connecticut Warbler R ___ Mourning Warbler R R ___ Yellow-throat C C C N ___ Yellow-breasted Chat R R ___ Hooded Warbler U U ___ Wilson's Warbler C U ___ Canada Warbler C C ___ American Redstart3 C A
WEAVER FINCHES Sp Su F W ___ English Sparrow2 A A A A N ___ House Finch C-U C-U C-U C-U N
BLACKBIRDS Sp Su F W ___ Bobolink + U U ___ Meadowlark + U U ___ Red-wing A A A R N ___ Orchard Oriole U N ___ Baltimore Oriole C C U N ___ Rusty Blackbird U U R ___ Common Grackle A A A U N ___ Eastern Cowbird C C C R N ___ Scarlet Tanager C C C N ___ Summer Tanager VR
FINCHES Sp Su F W ___ Cardinal C C C C N ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak C C U N ___ Indigo Bunting U U U N ___ Evening Grosbeak1 U U ___ Purple Finch U U C U ___ Pine Grosbeak1 R ___ Redpoll1 U ___ Pine Siskin1 U U ___ American Goldfinch C C C U N ___ Red Crossbill U ___ White-winged Crossbill U ___ Rufous-sided Towhee C C C R N
SPARROWS Sp Su F W ___ Savannah Sparrow U ___ Dark-eyed Junco U C A ___ Tree Sparrow C C ___ Chipping Sparrow C C C N ___ Field Sparrow C C C U N ___ White-crowned Sparrow U U ___ White-throated Sparrow U U A ___ Fox Sparrow U U U ___ Lincoln's Sparrow U U ___ Swamp Sparrow C-U C-U C-U U N ___ Song Sparrow A A A C N

This resource is based on the following source:
King, John A., Steve D. Daddona, Noble S. Proctor and Richard English.  No 
     date.  Birds of East Rock Park, New Haven, Connecticut.  East Rock 
     Neighborhood Association in cooperation with CETA.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
King, John A., Steve D. Daddona, Noble S. Proctor and Richard English.  No 
     date.  Birds of East Rock Park, New Haven, Connecticut.  East Rock 
     Neighborhood Association in cooperation with CETA.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 02DEC99)

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