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Bird Checklists of the United States

Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge

DeLeon Springs, Florida


Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1964, contains over 18,400 acres of marsh, swamp and upland that border the St. John's River. The habitat and geographical location are ideal for many birds in central Florida.

The refuge is an important area in a section of the country that has seen rapid growth and development over the years. Much of the refuge is accessible only by boat and most of the refuge birders use the manmade dikes that form the pools. These dikes were built through the marsh and lead to Jones Island. The pools attract waterfowl and marsh birds throughout thc year, but especially in the winter months. Other trails, roads and firebreaks are also open for birding on a year-round basis and can be equally rewarding.

Good luck! Your visit today can be the beginning or the extension of a very satisfying learning experience. We sincerely hope your adventures are successful and rewarding. The following checklist includes 212 species plus accidentals.

Seasonal appearance

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal abundance

a - abundant
c - common
u - uncommon
o - occasional
r - rare
* - nests on refuge


LOONS (Order Gaviiformes) Sp S F W ___ Common Loon - - - o
GREBES (Order Podicipediformes) Sp S F W ___ Horned Grebe o - - o ___ Pied-billed Grebe c u c c
CORMORANTS (Order Pelecaniformes) Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant o o o u ___ Anhinga* c c c c
HERONS (Order Ciconiiformes) Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Green Heron* u u u o ___ Little Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Cattle Egret u u u u ___ Great Egret* c c c c ___ Snowy Egret* u u u u ___ Louisiana Heron* u u u u ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* u u u u ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron* o o o o ___ Least Bittern* u c u o ___ American Bittern u r u c
STORKS, IBISES (Order Ciconiiformes) Sp S F W ___ Wood Stork o o o o ___ Glossy Ibis o o o u ___ White Ibis c o o c
WATERFOWL (Order Anseriformes) Sp S F W ___ Canada Goose - - - r ___ Snow Goose - - - r ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck o - o o ___ Mallard - - o o ___ American Black Duck - - o o ___ Mottled Duck* u u u u ___ Gadwall - - o o ___ Northern Pintail u - u u ___ Green-winged Teal u - u u ___ Blue-winged Teal c r c u ___ American Wigeon u - u u ___ Northern Shoveler o - o o ___ Wood Duck* c c c c ___ Redhead o - o o ___ Ring-necked Duck c - c a ___ Canvasback r - r o ___ Greater Scaup r - r r ___ Lesser Scaup u - o u ___ Bufflehead - - o o ___ Ruddy Duck o - u u ___ Hooded Merganser o - o u ___ Red-breasted Merganser o - o o
VULTURES (Order Falconiformes) Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c c ___ Black Vulture* c c c c
HAWKS (Order Falconiformes) Sp S F W ___ American Swallow-tailed Kite* u u - - ___ Mississippi Kite r r - r ___ Everglades Kite r r r r ___ Sharp-shinned Kite o - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk r - r r ___ Red-tailed Hawk o o o o ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk r - r r ___ Short-tailed Hawk r - - - ___ Bald Eagle u o u u ___ Marsh Hawk o - o u ___ Osprey* c c c c
FALCONS (Order Falconiformes) Sp S F W ___ Peregrine Falcon r - r r ___ Merlin - - r r ___ American Kestrel* o r o u
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS(Order Galliformes) Sp S F W ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c ___ Wild Turkey* o o o o
RAILS (Order Gruiformes) Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane r r r r ___ Limpkin* u u u o ___ King Rail* c c c c ___ Virginia Rail o - o o ___ Sora u - u u ___ Black Rail o u o - ___ Purple Gallinule* o u o r ___ Common Gallinule* c c c c ___ American Coot a r c a
PLOVERS (Order Charadriiformes) Sp S F W ___ Killdeer o o o o
SANDPIPERS (Order Charadriiformes) Sp S F W ___ American Woodcock - - o o ___ Common Snipe o - o o ___ Spotted Sandpiper u o o o ___ Greater Yellowlegs o r u o ___ Lesser Yellowlegs o - o o ___ Pectoral Sandpiper - - r - ___ Least Sandpiper r r o - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher - - o - ___ Black-necked Stilt r r - -
GULLS, TERNS (Order Charadriiformes) Sp S F W ___ Herring Gull o - o o ___ Ring-billed Gull c r u c ___ Laughing Gull o - - - ___ Bonaparte's Gull r - r r ___ Forster's Tern - - u c ___ Common Tern r r r r ___ Least Tern r r r r ___ Caspian Tern u u u u ___ Black Tern - - - o
DOVES (Order Columbiformes) Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove* c u c c ___ Common Ground-Dove* u u u u
CUCKOOS (Order Cuculiformes) Sp S F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* u u c r ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r - - -
OWLS (Order Strigiformes) Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl r r r r ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* o o o o ___ Barred Owl* c c c c
GOATSUCKERS (Order Caprimulgiformes) Sp S F W ___ Chuck-will's-widow* u c u - ___ Whip-poor-will o - o o ___ Common Nighthawk* u u c -
SWIFTS (Order Apodiformes) Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* o o o - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* o o o r
KINGFISHERS (Order Coraciiformes) Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher u o u u
WOODPECKERS (Order Piciformes) Sp S F W ___ Common Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u u ___ Hairy Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Downy Woodpecker* u u u u
FLYCATCHERS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Eastern Kingbird o o o - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c u - ___ Eastern Phoebe u - c c ___ Acadian Flycatcher o r o - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee o - o -
SWALLOWS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow c u c a ___ Bank Swallow - r - - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow o - o - ___ Barn Swallow c o c - ___ Cliff Swallow - - r - ___ Purple Martin o o o -
JAYS, CROWS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Scrub Jay* o o o o ___ Fish Crow * c c a a
CHICKADEES, TITMICE (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* o o o o ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch* o o o o
WRENS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ House Wren u - u u ___ Winter Wren - - - r ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ Marsh Wren u - u u ___ Sedge Wren o - o u
THRASHERS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Gray Catbird u - u u ___ Brown Thrasher* u u u u
THRUSHES (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ American Robin c - a a ___ Hermit Thrush o - o u ___ Swainson's Thrush - - o - ___ Veery r - o - ___ Eastern Bluebird o r o o
KINGLETS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u u u c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u c
WAXWINGS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing u - u u
SHRIKES (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* o o o o
STARLINGS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ European Starling* u u u u
VIREOS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c c c ___ Yellow-throated Vireo o r o - ___ Solitary Vireo o - o u ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c c -
WARBLERS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Black-and-white Warbler u - u u ___ Prothonotary Warbler* u u u - ___ Swainson's Warbler r - r - ___ Worm-eating Warbler o - u - ___ Blue-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler - - r - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler o - o o ___ Northern Parula* c c c o ___ Yellow Warbler o - o - ___ Magnolia Warbler o - o - ___ Cape May Warbler o - o - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler o - u - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler u - u c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler o - o r ___ Blackburnian Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* c u c c ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler - - o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler o - o - ___ Pine Warbler* c c c c ___ Prairie Warbler u - u r ___ Palm Warbler c - c c ___ Ovenbird o - u - ___ Northern Waterthrush o o u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush o r o - ___ Kentucky Warbler - - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c c ___ Yellow-breasted Chat - - o r ___ Hooded Warbler o - o - ___ Canada Warbler - - r - ___ American Redstart u - u r
WEAVER FINCHES (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow o o o o
BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Bobolink u - o - ___ Eastern Meadowlark u u u u ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c a ___ Orchard Oriole o - o - ___ Baltimore Oriole o - o - ___ Rusty Blackbird - - - u ___ Boat-tailed Grackle* c c c c ___ Common Grackle* c u c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird r - r o
TANAGERS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager o - u - ___ Summer Tanager* u u u -
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Blue Grosbeak r - r - ___ Indigo Bunting o - o r
FINCHES (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch r - - o ___ Pine Siskin - - - r ___ American Goldfinch u - u u
SPARROWS (Order Passeriformes) Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* c c c c ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u u ___ Grasshopper Sparrow o - o o ___ Le Conte's Sparrow - - - r ___ Vesper Sparrow o - o o ___ Bachman's Sparrow* o o o o ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored) o - - o ___ Chipping Sparrow u - u u ___ Field Sparrow o - o o ___ White-crowned Sparrow - - - r ___ White-throated Sparrow o - o u ___ Fox sparrow - - r r ___ Lincoln's Sparrow - - - r ___ Swamp Sparrow u - c c ___ Song Sparrow u - u u
These additional five species have been recorded only once or twice on Lake Woodruff Refuge and are regarded as accidental:

Magnificent Frigatebird                   Black Skimmer
Roseate Spoonbill                         Wilson's Warbler
Bridled Tern

For additional information contact:
                         Refuge Manager
                         Lake Woodruff NWR
                         P.O. Box 488
                         DeLeon Springs, Florida 32130-0488       
                         Telephone: 904/985-4673

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1982.  Birds of Lake Woodruff.  U.S. Fish 
    and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1982.  Birds of Lake Woodruff.  U.S. Fish 
     and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie 
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govwoodruff.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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