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Bird Checklists of the United States

Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge

Paris, Tennessee


Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge, containing 51,000 acres, is situated on TVA's Kentucky Lake in central-western Tennessee. The refuge has three units, all superimposed on lands and waters of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Established in 1945, the refuge is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the U.S. Department of the Interior.

Tennessee Refuge headquarters are in Paris, Tennessee. All three units - Big Sandy, Duck River, and Busseltown may be reached on all weather roads. Excellent birdwatching locations are found on all three units along improved refuge roads open to public travel.

This leaflet lists 226 species of birds that have been identified on Tennessee Refuge by refuge personnel and visiting birdwatchers. Seasonal abundance of each species is noted as follows:


Seasonal appearance
Sp - Spring - (March to May)
S - Summer - (June to August)
F - Fall - (September to November)
W - Winter - (December to February)

Seasonal abundance
a - abundant
c - common
u - uncommon
o - occasional
r - rare
* - Nests on Refuge
# - Endangered Species


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon o - o o
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Horned Grebe u - u u ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c u c c
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ White Pelican o - o -
CORMORANTS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant u - u - ___ Anhinga u u - -
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Green Heron* c c c - ___ Little Blue Heron* u c - - ___ Cattle Egret u u r - ___ Great Egret* c c c o ___ Snowy Egret r r r - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron u u u - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron u - u - ___ Least Bittern* u u u - ___ American Bittern u - u - ___ Wood Ibis - o o -
SWANS, GEESE AND DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Whistling Swan - u u - ___ Canada Goose a o a a ___ Greater White-Fronted Goose - - r r ___ Snow Goose u - u o ___ Mallard* a o a a ___ Black Duck a r a a ___ Gadwall c - c c ___ Northern Pintail a - a a ___ Green-winged Teal c - c c ___ Blue-winged Teal c c c o ___ Cinnamon Teal r - r - ___ American Wigeon a - a a ___ Northern Shoveler c - c c ___ Wood Duck* c c c c ___ Redhead u - u u ___ Ring-necked Duck u - c c ___ Canvasback u - u u ___ Lesser Scaup c - c c ___ Common Goldeneye u - u u ___ Bufflehead c - c c ___ Oldsquaw r - r r ___ Black Scoter - - r r ___ White-winged Scoter r - r r ___ Ruddy Duck c - u u ___ Hooded Merganser c u c c ___ Common Merganser u - u u ___ Red-breasted Merganser u - u u
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture c c c c ___ Turkey Vulture c c c c
HAWKS, EAGLES, OSPREY, AND FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Goshawk - - - r ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o r o o ___ Cooper's Hawk* u u u u ___ Marsh Hawk c o c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - r ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c o c c ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk* o - o - ___ Golden Eagle r - o u ___ Bald Eagle# r - u u ___ Osprey u u u r ___ Peregrine Falcon# r - r r ___ Merlin u r u u ___ American Kestrel u r u u
RAILS, GALLINULE, AND COOTS Sp S F W ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ King Rail u u u - ___ Virginia Rail o - o - ___ Sora u - u - ___ Common Galllinule o o o - ___ American Coot* c u c c
PLOVERS, SANDPIPERS AND SNIPE Sp S F W ___ American Avocet - r r - ___ Semipalmated Plover u u u - ___ Killdeer* c c c c ___ American Golden Plover o - - - ___ Black-bellied Plover - o o - ___ American Woodcock o - o o ___ Common Snipe c - c c ___ Upland Sandpiper r - r - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u u - ___ Solitary Sandpiper c c c - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c c c o ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c c c r ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c c c - ___ Least Sandpiper c c c - ___ Baird's Sandpiper - o o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c c c - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper - o o - ___ Sanderling - o o -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Herring Gull c - c c ___ Ring-billed Gull a - a a ___ Franklin's Gull r - r - ___ Bonaparte's Gull r - r - ___ Forster's Tern o - o - ___ Common Tern o - o - ___ Least Tern c c c - ___ Caspian Tern o - o - ___ Black Tern o - o -
PIGEONS, DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* a a a a
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* r r r - ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* c c c -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl* r r r r ___ Screech Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* o o o o ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Short-eared Owl r - r r
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Chuck-will's-widow* c c c - ___ Whip-poor-will* c r c - ___ Common Nighthawk* c c c -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* c c c -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* c c c -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c o
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker* c - c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c
KINGBIRDS, FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Eastern Phoebe* u o u u ___ Acadian Flycatcher* u u u - ___ Least Flycatcher - u u - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c c -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark o o o o
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow a - a - ___ Bank Swallow* u u u - ___ Rough-winged Swallow* c c c - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c - ___ Cliff Swallow* c c c - ___ Purple Martin* c c - -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Common Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u u u u
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper o - o o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ House Wren u - u u ___ Winter Wren u - u u ___ Bewick's Wren* u u u u ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ Long-billed Marsh Wren o - o r ___ Short-billed Marsh Wren u - u -
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c r
BLUEBIRDS, THRUSHES AND ROBINS Sp S F W ___ American Robin* c c c c ___ Wood Thrush* c c c - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u u ___ Swainson's Thrush c - c - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush c - c - ___ Veery u - u - ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c c
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* c c c - ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u u
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit u - u u
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing c - c c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* a a a a
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo u - u - ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c c - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo u - u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c c - ___ Warbling Vireo* c o c -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Black-and-white Warbler o o o - ___ Prothonotary Warbler c c c - ___ Worm-eating Warbler o - o - ___ Golden-winged Warbler u - u - ___ Blue-winged Warbler c - c - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - c - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r - r - ___ Nashville Warbler c - c - ___ Northern Parula Warbler* c u c - ___ Yellow Warbler c - c - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u - ___ Cape May Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-rump Warbler a - a c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler c - c - ___ Cerulean Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* c u c - ___ Blackburnian Warbler c - c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - u - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler c - c - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - c - ___ Pine Warbler u o u - ___ Prairie Warbler* c o c - ___ Palm Warbler c - c - ___ Ovenbird u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* u o u - ___ Kentucky Warbler* u o u - ___ Yellowthroat* a a a - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* c c c - ___ Hooded Warbler* c u c - ___ American Redstart* c c c -
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink c - o - ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c c ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole* c c c - ___ Northern Oriole* u o u - ___ Rusty Blackbird c - c c ___ Common Grackle* c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c c
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager u - u - ___ Summer Tanager* c c c -
SPARROWS, BUNTINGS, GROSBEAKS Sp S F W ___ Cardinal* a a a a ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak u - u - ___ Indigo Bunting* u - u u ___ Dickcissel c c c - ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ American Goldfinch c c c c ___ Rufous-sided Towhee c c c c ___ Savannah Sparrow c - c c ___ Grasshopper Sparrow o o o - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow o - o o ___ Vesper Sparrow u - u u ___ Lark Sparrow o - o - ___ Dark-eyed Junco a - a a ___ Tree Sparrow o - o o ___ Chipping Sparrow* c u c - ___ Field Sparrow* c - c c ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u u ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c c ___ Fox Sparrow u - u u ___ Lincoln's Sparrow o - o o ___ Swamp Sparrow c - c c ___ Song Sparrow c - c c
These species are of accidental or casual occurrence, and have been recorded only once or twice:

Red-necked Grebe
Brant 
Barnacle Goose
Greater Scaup
Roseate Spoonbill
Sandhill Crane
Black Rail
Purple Gallinule
Whimbrel
Willet
Short-billed Dowitcher
Ruddy Turnstone
Red Knot
Dunlin
Laughing Gull
Caspian Tern
Snowy Owl
Ground Dove

Birdwatchers visiting Tennnessee Refuge are asked to look for the following species that should occur on the refuge. If positive observations are made, notify:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Box 849
                     Paris, Tennessee 38242

Least Grebe
Stilt Sandpiper
Long-billed Dowitcher
Saw-whet Owl
Fish Crow 
Red-breasted Nuthatch
Philadelphia Vireo
Myrtle Warbler
Northern Water-Thrush
Wilson's Warbler
Canada Warbler
Brewer's Blackbird
Blue Grosbeak
Pine Siskin
Henslow's Sparrow

For further information contact:
                 
                 Refuge Manager
                 Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge
                 810 East Wood Street, Suite B
                 P.O. Box 849
                 Paris, Tennessee 38242

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1979.  Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1979.  Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govtennesse.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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