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Bird Checklists of the United States

Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge

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Gautier, Mississippi


Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1975 to provide protection for the endangered Mississippi sandhill crane and to preserve and manage the unique plant communities which comprise the crane's critical habitat. The refuge which is in three separate land units of more than 19,000 acres consists of open pine savanna, planted pine plantations, meadering creeks, and food plots.

Savanna soils are acidic and poorly drained and yet they produce an amazing variety of plants. However, the species diversity of birds is low. Spring and fall migrations through the refuge account for many of the listed sightings.


Seasonal Appearance

W - Winter Dec. - Feb.
s - Spring March - May
S - Summer June - August
F - Fall Sept. - Nov.

Seasonal Abundance

a - abundant -- a common species which is very abundant
c - common -- certain to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u - uncommon -- present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional -- seen only a few times during a season
r - rare -- seen at intervals of 2-5 years
x - accidental -- has been seen once or twice
* - Nests on refuge

This checklist includes species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel, ornithologists,and members of the Mississippi Coast Audubon Society. Observations of birds at the West Jackson County Land Treatment Facility, which includes some refuge property, are not included on this checklist. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at the refuge office. We appreciate your efforts in updating our records.

revised 8/00


GREBES                                 W  s  S  F

___ Pied-billed Grebe                  o  -  -  o

PELICANS W s S F ___ American White Pelican - o - o ___ Brown Pelican r - - -
CORMORANTS W s S F ___ D.C. Cormorant o o - -
FRIGATEBIRDS W s S F ___ Magnificent Frigatebird - - - r
BITTERNS & HERONS W s S F ___ American Bittern - o - o ___ Least Bittern - u - u ___ Great Blue Heron* c u u u ___ Great Egret c u u u ___ Snowy Egret - u u - ___ Little Blue Heron u u u u ___ Tricolored Heron u o o o ___ Cattle Egret o u c u ___ Green Heron* u u u u ___ B.C. Night-Heron c - - - ___ Y.C. Night-Heron - o o -
IBISES W s S F ___ White Ibis - o - o
AMERICAN VULTURES W s S F ___ Black Vulture a a a a ___ Turkey Vulture c c c c
WATERFOWL W s S F ___ Snow Goose r - - - ___ Canada Goose* c u u u ___ Wood Duck* u c c u ___ Gadwall u - - - ___ Mallard r - - r ___ Mottled Duck* u u u u ___ Blue-winged Teal u o - o ___ Northern Shoveler u - - - ___ Redhead o - - - ___ Green-winged Teal u - - - ___ Hooded Merganser u - - u
KITES, HAWKS & EAGLES W s S F ___ Osprey* o c c o ___ Swallow-tailed Kite - o - o ___ Mississippi Kite - o o - ___ Bald Eagle o - - o ___ Northern Harrier c u - u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u u - u ___ Cooper's Hawk u u o u ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk - u u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c c ___ Golden Eagle r - - -
FALCONS W s S F ___ American Kestrel a c u c ___ Merlin o - - - ___ Peregrine Falcon o - - -
PTARMIGANS W s S F ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c
RAILS, GALLINULES, & COOTS W s S F ___ Yellow Rail r r - r ___ Clapper Rail c c c c ___ King Rail u u u u ___ Virginia Rail o o - o ___ Sora - u - u ___ Purple Gallinule - o o - ___ Common Moorhen u u u u ___ American Coot c c o c
CRANES W s S F ___ Sandhill Crane* u u u u
PLOVERS W s S F ___ Black-bellied Plover u o - o ___ Semipalmated Plover u - - o ___ Killdeer* a c u u
SANDPIPERS & PHALAROPES W s S F ___ Greater Yellowlegs u u - u ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u u - u ___ Solitary Sandpiper - u - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u - - u ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u u - u ___ Western Sandpiper u u - u ___ Least Sandpiper u u - u ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u u - u ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - o o o ___ Common Snipe u u u u ___ American Woodcock u u - u
GULLS & TERNS W s S F ___ Laughing Gull o o o o ___ Least Tern - - u -
DOVES W s S F ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Eurasian Collared-Dove - - r - ___ Mourning Dove* a a a a ___ Common Ground Dove u u u u
CUCKOOS W s S F ___ Black-billed Cuckoo - o o u ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo - u o u
BARN OWLS W s S F ___ Barn Owl o o o o
OWLS W s S F ___ Eastern Screech Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Barred Owl u u u u
NIGHTJARS W s S F ___ Common Nighthawk* u c c c ___ Chuck-will's widow* u c c c ___ Whip-poor-will r r - r
SWIFTS W s S F ___ Chimney Swift - c c c
HUMMINGBIRDS W s S F ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird - c u u
KINGFISHERS W s S F ___ Belted Kingfisher* a a u a
WOODPECKERS W s S F ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u u - u ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker o o o o ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS W s S F ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee - c u c ___ Least Flycatcher - o - o ___ Eastern Phoebe u u - u ___ Great Crested Flycatcher c c u - ___ Eastern Kingbird* - c c c
SHRIKES W s S F ___ Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c
VIREOS W s S F ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c c c ___ Blue-headed Vireo u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo - u u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo - u u -
JAYS & CROWS W s S F ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* a a a a ___ Fish Crow c c c c
SWALLOWS W s S F ___ Purple Martin* o u u u ___ Tree Swallow* - u u u ___ N. Rough-winged Swallow - u u u ___ Bank Swallow - u u u ___ Cliff Swallow - u u u ___ Barn Swallow - u u u
CHICKADEES & TITMICE W s S F ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* u u u u
NUTHATCHES W s S F ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch r r - - ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch* c c c c
WRENS W s S F ___ Carolina Wren* u u u u ___ House Wren* c u - u ___ Winter Wren u u - u ___ Sedge Wren c c - c ___ Marsh Wren u u - u
THRUSHES W s S F ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u u - u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c u - u ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher c c o u ___ Eastern Bluebird* a c c c ___ Veery u - - u ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush u - - u ___ Swainson's Thrush u - - u ___ Hermit Thrush c u - u ___ Wood Thrush - u u - ___ American Robin* a c u c
MIMIC THRUSHES W s S F ___ Gray Catbird* u u u u ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* a a a a
STARLINGS W s S F ___ European Starling* u u u u
PIPITS W s S F ___ American Pipit u u - u
WAXWINGS W s S F ___ Cedar Waxwing a c o c
WARBLERS & SPARROWS W s S F ___ Tennessee Warbler - u - u ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - u - ___ Northern Parula* - u u - ___ Yellow Warbler - u - u ___ Magnolia Warbler - - - o ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a c u c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler - - - o ___ Yellow-throated Warbler o - - - ___ Pine Warbler* c c a c ___ Prairie Warbler* - c c u ___ Palm Warbler u o - o ___ Black-and-white Warbler - u - u ___ American Redstart - u - u ___ Prothonotary Warbler* - o u o ___ Worm-eating Warbler - u u - ___ Ovenbird o o - - ___ Northern Waterthrush o o - - ___ Kentucky Warbler - u - u ___ Common Yellowthroat* u c c c ___ Hooded Warbler* - u c u ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* - o u o
TANAGERS W s S F ___ Summer Tanager - u - u ___ Scarlet Tanager - u - u
SPARROWS W s S F ___ Eastern Towhee* a a a a ___ Bachman's Sparrow* c c c c ___ Chipping Sparrow c u o u ___ Field Sparrow u u u u ___ Vesper Sparrow u - - u ___ Savannah Sparrow c c o c ___ Henslow's Sparrow c o - o ___ Le Conte's Sparrow u o - o ___ Fox Sparrow u u - u ___ Song Sparrow c u - u ___ Swamp Sparrow u u - u ___ White-throated Sparrow u - u u
JUNCOS W s S F ___ Dark-eyed Junco c u - u
GROSBEAKS & ALLIES W s S F ___ Northern Cardinal* a a a a ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak - r - r ___ Blue Grosbeak* o c c c ___ Indigo Bunting* - c c u ___ Painted Bunting - r - - ___ Dickcissel x - - - ___ Bobolink - o - o ___ Red-winged Blackbird a c c c ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c u c ___ Common Grackle c c c c ___ Boat-tailed Grackle* c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole* x c c c ___ Baltimore Oriole x u - u
FINCHES W s S F ___ Purple Finch u u - r ___ House Finch o o o o ___ American Goldfinch u u - u
WEAVERS W s S F ___ House Sparrow o o o o
NOTES

DATE___________________________________________________________________________ OBSERVER(S)____________________________________________________________________ WEATHER________________________________________________________________________ TIME AFIELD____________________________________________________________________ # SPECIES______________________________________________________________________


For more information contact:

            Refuge Manager
            Mississippi Sandhill Crane
            7200 Crane Lane
            Gautier, MS 39553
            Phone: (601) 497-6322

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 08/00. Mississippi Sandhill Crane National 
     Wildlife Refuge Checklist. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 08/00. Mississippi Sandhill Crane National 
     Wildlife Refuge Checklist. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govsandhill.htm 
     (Version 18SEP00).

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