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Bird Checklists of the United States

Santee National Wildlife Refuge

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Santee, South Carolina


The Santee National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1941 as a refuge for migratory waterfowl, lies in the upper coastal plains of central South Carolina in Clarendon County, approximately seven miles south of Summerton on Highway 301.

The refuge is comprised of 15,095 acres of mixed hardwoods, mixed pine-hardwoods, pine plantations, marsh, croplands, old fields, ponds, impoundments, and open waters located in four separate management units along Lake Marion, a hydro-electric reservoir. This diversity of habitats on Santee supports a wide variety of birds.

This list of 293 species is based on records and observations by refuge personnel, state biologists, and visiting birders and on a literature search of appropriate publications. Persons having information regarding species not listed are urged to contact the Refuge Manager.


Since most birds are migratory, species use of the refuge is indicated by the following codes:

P = Permanent Resident
W = Winter Visitor
S = Summer Resident
T = Transient
A = Accidental


LOONS ___ Common Loon T ___ Red-throated Loon T
GREBES ___ Red-necked Grebe T ___ Horned Grebe W ___ Eared Grebe A ___ Pied-billed Grebe P
PELICANS, CORMORANTS, DARTERS ___ American White Pelican A ___ Double-crested Cormorant P ___ Anhinga P
HERONS, BITTERNS, STORKS ___ Great Blue Heron P ___ Green Heron S ___ Little Blue Heron P ___ Cattle Egret S ___ Great Egret P ___ Snowy Egret P ___ Tricolored Heron P ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron P ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron S ___ Least Bittern S ___ American Bittern W ___ Wood Stork A
IBISES ___ Glossy Ibis S ___ White Ibis P
WATERFOWL ___ Tundra Swan W ___ Canada Goose W ___ Barnacle Goose A ___ Greater White-fronted Goose W ___ Snow Goose W ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck A ___ Mallard P ___ American Black Duck W ___ Gadwall W ___ Northern Pintail W ___ Green-winged Teal P ___ Blue-winged Teal P ___ Cinnamon Teal A ___ Eurasian Wigeon A ___ American Wigeon W ___ Northern Shoveler W ___ Wood Duck P ___ Redhead W ___ Ring-necked Duck W ___ Canvasback W ___ Greater Scaup W ___ Lesser Scaup W ___ Common Goldeneye W ___ Bufflehead W ___ White-winged Scoter A ___ Ruddy Duck W ___ Hooded Merganser W ___ Common Merganser W ___ Red-breasted Merganser W
VULTURES ___ Turkey Vulture P ___ Black Vulture P
HAWKS ___ American Swallow-tailed Kite A ___ Mississippi Kite S ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk W ___ Cooper's Hawk P ___ Red-tailed Hawk P ___ Red-shouldered Hawk P ___ Broad-winged Hawk S ___ Rough-legged Hawk A ___ Golden Eagle W ___ Bald Eagle P ___ Northern Harrier W
OSPREYS, FALCONS ___ Osprey P ___ Peregrine Falcon T ___ Merlin T ___ American Kestrel W
QUAIL, TURKEY, CRANES ___ Northern Bobwhite P ___ Wild Turkey P ___ Sandhill Crane A
RAILS, AVOCETS ___ King Rail P ___ Virginia Rail W ___ Sora W ___ Yellow Rail T ___ Black Rail T ___ Purple Gallinule S ___ Common Moorhen P ___ American Coot W ___ American Avocet A
PLOVERS ___ Semipalmated Plover T ___ Wilson's Plover T ___ Killdeer P ___ Piping Plover T ___ American Golden Plover T ___ Black-bellied Plover T
SANDPIPERS ___ Marbled Godwit T ___ Whimbrel T ___ Upland Sandpiper T ___ Greater Yellowlegs W ___ Lesser Yellowlegs T ___ Solitary Sandpiper T ___ Willet T ___ Spotted Sandpiper W ___ Ruddy Turnstone T ___ Wilson's Phalarope T ___ American Woodcock P ___ Common Snipe W ___ Short-billed Dowitcher T ___ Long-billed Dowitcher T ___ Red Knot T ___ Sanderling T ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper T ___ Western Sandpiper T ___ Least Sandpiper T ___ White-rumped Sandpiper T ___ Baird's Sandpiper T ___ Pectoral Sandpiper T ___ Dunlin T ___ Stilt Sandpiper T ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper T ___ Ruff A
GULLS, TERNS, SKIMMERS ___ Herring Gull P ___ Ring-billed Gull P ___ Laughing Gull T ___ Franklin's Gull A ___ Bonaparte's Gull W ___ Forster's Tern W ___ Common Tern W ___ Little Tern S ___ Royal Tern T ___ Caspian Tern T ___ Black Tern T ___ Black Skimmer A
PIGEONS, DOVES, CUCKOOS ___ Rock Dove P ___ Mourning Dove P ___ Common Ground-Dove A ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo S ___ Black-billed Cuckoo T
OWLS ___ Barn Owl P ___ Eastern Screech-Owl P ___ Great Horned Owl P ___ Barred Owl P ___ Long-eared Owl W ___ Short-eared Owl W ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl T
GOATSUCKERS ___ Chuck-will's widow S ___ Whip-poor-will T ___ Common Nighthawk S
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS, KINGFISHERS ___ Chimney Swift S ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird S ___ Belted Kingfisher P
WOODPECKERS ___ Northern Flicker P ___ Pileated Woodpecker P ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker P ___ Red-headed Woodpecker P ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker W ___ Hairy Woodpecker P ___ Downy Woodpecker P ___ Red-cockaded Woodpecker P
FLYCATCHERS ___ Eastern Kingbird S ___ Gray Kingbird A ___ Western Kingbird T ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher A ___ Great Crested Flycatcher S ___ Eastern Phoebe W ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher T ___ Acadian Flycatcher S ___ Willow Flycatcher T ___ Alder Flycatcher T ___ Least Flycatcher T ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee S ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher T
LARKS, SWALLOWS ___ Horned Lark W ___ Tree Swallow T ___ Bank Swallow T ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow S ___ Barn Swallow S ___ Cliff Swallow T ___ Purple Martin S
JAYS, CROWS ___ Blue Jay P ___ American Crow P ___ Fish Crow P
TITMICE, NUTHATCHES, CREEPERS ___ Carolina Chickadee P ___ Tufted Titmouse P ___ White-breasted Nuthatch P ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch W ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch P ___ Brown Creeper W
WRENS ___ House Wren W ___ Winter Wren W ___ Bewick's Wren A ___ Carolina Wren P ___ Marsh Wren W ___ Sedge Wren W
MIMIC THRUSHES, THRUSHES ___ Northern Mockingbird P ___ Gray Catbird P ___ Brown Thrasher P ___ American Robin P ___ Wood Thrush S ___ Hermit Thrush W ___ Swainson's Thrush T ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush T ___ Veery T ___ Eastern Bluebird P
KINGLETS ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher P ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet W ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet W
PIPITS ___ American Pipit W ___ Sprague's Pipit A
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLINGS ___ Cedar Waxwing W ___ Loggerhead Shrike P ___ European Starling P
VIREOS ___ White-eyed Vireo S ___ Yellow-throated Vireo S ___ Solitary Vireo W ___ Red-eyed Vireo S ___ Philadelphia Vireo T ___ Warbling Vireo T
WOOD WARBLERS ___ Black-and-white Warbler P ___ Prothonotary Warbler S ___ Swainson's Warbler S ___ Worm-eating Warbler T ___ Golden-winged Warbler T ___ Blue-winged Warbler T ___ Tennessee Warbler T ___ Orange-crowned Warbler W ___ Nashville Warbler T ___ Northern Parula S ___ Yellow Warbler T ___ Magnolia Warbler T ___ Cape May Warbler T ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler T ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler W ___ Black-throated Green Warbler T ___ Cerulean Warbler T ___ Blackburnian Warbler T ___ Yellow-throated Warbler P ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler T ___ Bay-breasted Warbler T ___ Blackpoll Warbler T ___ Pine Warbler P ___ Kirtland's Warbler T ___ Prairie Warbler S ___ Palm Warbler W ___ Ovenbird T ___ Northern Waterthrush T ___ Louisiana Waterthrush S ___ Kentucky Warbler S ___ Connecticut Warbler T ___ Mourning Warbler T ___ Common Yellowthroat P ___ Yellow-breasted Chat S ___ Hooded Warbler S ___ Wilson's Warbler T ___ Canada Warbler T ___ Slate-throated Redstart S
WEAVER FINCHES, BLACKBIRDS ___ House Sparrow P ___ Bobolink T ___ Eastern Meadowlark P ___ Western Meadowlark A ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird A ___ Red-winged Blackbird P ___ Orchard Oriole S ___ Northern Oriole W ___ Rusty Blackbird W ___ Brewer's Blackbird A ___ Boat-tailed Grackle A ___ Common Grackle P ___ Brown-headed Cowbird P
TANAGERS ___ Western Tanager T ___ Scarlet Tanager T ___ Summer Tanager S
FINCHES ___ Northern Cardinal P ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak T ___ Blue Grosbeak S ___ Indigo Bunting S ___ Painted Bunting S ___ Dickcissel T ___ Evening Grosbeak W ___ Purple Finch W ___ House Finch T ___ Pine Siskin W ___ American Goldfinch W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee P ___ Savannah Sparrow W ___ Grasshopper Sparrow W ___ Henslow's Sparrow A ___ Le Conte's Sparrow W ___ Vesper Sparrow W ___ Lark Sparrow T ___ Bachman's Sparrow P ___ Dark-eyed Junco W ___ Chipping Sparrow P ___ Clay-colored Sparrow A ___ Field Sparrow P ___ White-crowned Sparrow W ___ White-throated Sparrow W ___ Fox Sparrow W ___ Lincoln's Sparrow A ___ Swamp Sparrow W ___ Song Sparrow W
For further information contact:
                       Refuge Manager
                       Santee National Wildlife Refuge
                       Route 2, Box 370
                       Summerton, South Carolina 29148       
                       Telephone: 803/478-2217

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1989.  Birds of the Santee National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Refuge.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1989.  Birds of the Santee National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Refuge.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govsantee.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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