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Bird Checklists of the United States

Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Round Oak, Georgia


Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge is located in the wild and beautiful rolling clay hills of the lower Georgia Piedmont. The refuge, which contains approximately 35,000 acres, was purchased under the Resettlement Act in the 1930's when erosion, the boll weevil, and finally the great depression made it impossible for the small farms to provid a living for their owners. It is operated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the Department of the Interior.

Following establishment of the refuge the eroded hills reverted to pine and hardwood forests with an understory of dogwoods and native shrubs. Today through an active habitat management program, which works with the natural successional process, habitats are provided for a diverse community of wildlife including many kinds of birds.

Except for a short time during managed deer and turkey hunts, most of the refuge is open for birdwatching. The public use facilities at the office/visitor center and Allison Lake are open year-round. Access to most parts of the refuge is by gravel road and foot travel.

A parking area and two wildlife trails are located adjacent to Allison Lake. The Allison Lake trail contains habitat for a variety of birds. Wood ducks utilize the artificial nest structures in Allison Lake and their broods may be seen during spring and summer months.

The red-cockaded woodpecker trail courses through compartment 14 and ends at an active colony site. Cavity trees in the colony are characterized by accumulations of white pitch and are marked by a painted white stripe at the base of the tree. Birds are more active around the colony site during spring and early summer. The trail also provides opportunities to observe the songbirds that use the various forest habitats. This trail is 1 1/4 miles long (one way) and involves some strenuous walking.

This folder lists 198 species of birds confirmed as occuring on the refuge. Should you find species of birds not on this list, please contact the Refuge Manager, Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, Round Oak, Georgia 31038. We are interested in keeping the list updated and need to know the observers, dates, sites of observations, and the species seen.


Birds nesting locally are preceded by an *. Symbols indicating seasonal abundance of each species are as follows:

Seasonal appearance

Sp - March to May
S - June to August
F - September to November
W - December to February

Seasonal abundance

c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years


GREBES                                          Sp       S       F       W

___ Pied-billed Grebe                           u        u       u       u

CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant - r - -
ANHINGAS Sp S F W ___ Anhinga - r - -
BITTERNS, HERONS, & EGRETS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern - r - - ___ Least Bittern - r - - ___ Great Blue Heron u u u u ___ Great Egret o o o o ___ Snowy Egret o o o - ___ Little Blue Heron r o o - ___ Tricolored Heron - r - - ___ Cattle Egret - o - - ___ Green-backed Heron* u u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron - - o r ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron - r - -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White Ibis - o - -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Snow Goose (blue phase) - - r - ___ Canada Goose o - o o ___ Wood Duck* c c c c ___ Green-winged Teal o - u o ___ American Black Duck u - c c ___ Mallard* c o c c ___ Northern Pintail o - o r ___ Blue-winged Teal u - u - ___ Northern Shoveler o - - o ___ Gadwall o - o - ___ American Wigeon o - o - ___ Canvasback o - - o ___ Redhead r - - r ___ Ring-necked Duck c - c c ___ Lesser Scaup o - - o ___ Bufflehead o - o o ___ Hooded Merganser* o r u c ___ Common Merganser r - - r ___ Red-breasted Merganser r - - r ___ Ruddy Duck o - o o
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture* c c c c ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c c
HAWKS AND FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Osprey o - o o ___ Bald Eagle - - - o ___ Northern Harrier u - u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk* o r o o ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* u u u u ___ Broad-winged Hawk r o r - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c c ___ Golden Eagle r - - o ___ American Kestrel* o r o o
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c
RAILS Sp S F W ___ King Rail r r - - ___ Purple Gallinule - r - - ___ Common Moorhen - r - - ___ American Coot o - o o
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane o - o o
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer o o o o
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs o - r - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs o - r - ___ Solitary Sandpiper o - o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u o u u ___ Upland Sandpiper o r r - ___ Least Sandpiper o o o - ___ Common Snipe o - o o ___ American Woodcock* o o o o
GULLS Sp S F W ___ Ring-billed Gull - - - o
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove u u u u ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* u u u -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Barred Owl* u u u u
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* o o u - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* c c c - ___ Whip-poor-will* o u u -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* c c c -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* o o o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c c
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u u ___ Downy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-cockaded Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c c - ___ Acadian Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Eastern Phoebe c - c c ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark - - r r
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* u u u - ___ Tree Swallow r r - - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow o o o - ___ Barn Swallow o o o -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c ___ Fish Crow u u - -
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES AND CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch* - - r r ___ White-breasted Nuthatch r r r r ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch* c c c c ___ Brown Creeper u - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ Bewick's Wren r - r r ___ House Wren o - r o ___ Winter Wren o - o o ___ Sedge Wren r - - - ___ Marsh Wren - - - o
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - o u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - u c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* c c c -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c c ___ Veery o - o - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush r - o - ___ Swainson's Thrush u - u - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u u ___ Wood Thrush* c c c - ___ American Robin* c o o c
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* u u u r ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c c
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit o - o o
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing u - u u
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* o o o o
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* o o o o
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c c r ___ Solitary Vireo* c u c o ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* c c c - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c c -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-winged Warbler u - u - ___ Tennessee Warbler r - u - ___ Northern Parula o o o - ___ Yellow Warbler r - r - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler o - o - ___ Magnolia Warbler r r - - ___ Cape May Warbler r - r - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler - - o - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* u u u - ___ Pine Warbler* c c c c ___ Prairie Warbler* c c c - ___ Palm Warbler c - c - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler r - r - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - u - ___ Cerulean Warbler r - r - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u - u - ___ American Redstart u - u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler o - - - ___ Worm-eating Warbler u - u - ___ Ovenbird r - r - ___ Northern Waterthrush r - r - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* u u u - ___ Kentucky Warbler* u u u - ___ Common Yellowthroat* u u u u ___ Hooded Warbler* c c c - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* u u u -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* c c c - ___ Scarlet Tanager o - o -
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS, AND BUNTINGS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak r - r - ___ Blue Grosbeak* u u u - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c -
TOWHEES AND SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* c c c c ___ Bachman's Sparrow* u u u u ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c c c ___ Field Sparrow* c c c c ___ Vesper Sparrow - - o o ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u u ___ Grasshopper Sparrow r - - - ___ Fox Sparrow - - o o ___ Song Sparrow c - c c ___ Swamp Sparrow c - c c ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c c ___ White-crowned Sparrow r - - - ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c c
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink u - o - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c c ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c c ___ Rusty Blackbird o - - u ___ Common Grackle* u u u c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird u o o u ___ Orchard Oriole* u u - - ___ Northern Oriole r - - -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u - o u ___ House Finch - - r r ___ Pine Siskin - - - o ___ American Goldfinch* c o o c ___ Evening Grosbeak - - - r
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* o o o o
Accidental or casual occurrence and have been seen only once or twice:
Wood Stork 
Tundra Swan
Merlin
Yellow Rail
Red-necked Phalarope
Laughing Gull

NOTES
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

For additional information contact:
                         United States Department Of The Interior
                         Fish and Wildlife Service
                         Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge
                         Route 1, Box 670
                         Round Oak, Georgia 31038

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1985.  Birds of Piedmont National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Georgia.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1985.  Birds of Piedmont National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Georgia.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govpiedmont.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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