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Bird Checklists of the United States

Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge

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Wadesboro, North Carolina

The Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1965 and is administered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior. The refuge is located in Anson and Richmond Counties, North Carolina. The Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge plays a vital role in the protection and perpetuation of waterfowl resources of the interior portion of the Atlantic Flyway.

The Piedmont area of North Carolina once attracted large numbers of Canada geese and ducks. Restoration of the dwindling flock of Canada geese and ducks, providing nesting sanctuary for wood duck, protecting and enhancing red-cockaded woodpecker habitat and providing interpretation and recreational opportunities for the public are the primary refuge objectives. During late fall and winter large numbers of ducks and Canada geese can be seen on the refuge. Unusual numbers of hawks can also be seen.

Refuge headquarters is located six (6) miles north of Wadesboro, North Carolina, on U.S. Highway 52.


The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The birds under major headings are arranged in alphabetical order. Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following:

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal Abundance
a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
x - accicental: out of normal species range

This checklist includes 168 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We will appreciate your help in updating our records.

"Have a Safe and Enjoyable Visit"

LOONS AND GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe c u c c
PELICANS AND CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant O - - -
ANHINGAS, FRIGATEBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Anhinga o o - -
BITTERNS, EGRETS, HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern - - - o ___ Cattle Egret o o - - ___ Great Blue Heron c c c c ___ Great Egret u u u - ___ Green-backed Heron c c c - ___ Least Bittern - o - - ___ Little Blue Heron u u u - ___ Tricolored Heron - r - -
IBISES AND STORKS Sp S F W ___ Glossy Ibis - r - - ___ Wood Stork - o - -
DUCKS, GEESE AND SWANS Sp S F W ___ American Black Duck c - c c ___ American Wigeon c - c c ___ Blue-winged Teal u c c u ___ Brant x x x x ___ Bufflehead - - - r ___ Canada Goose c - a a ___ Canvasback - - - r ___ Common Goldeneye - - - r ___ Gadwall - - o o ___ Greater White-fronted Goose - - - r ___ Green-winged Teal c - u c ___ Hooded Merganser u - - u ___ Lesser Scaup u - r u ___ Mallard c - c c ___ Mallard×Black Duck Hybrid - - - o ___ Northern Pintail c - o c ___ Northern Shoveler u - u c ___ Redhead - - - r ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - - r ___ Ring-necked Duck c - c c ___ Ruddy Duck - - o o ___ Snow Goose (white phase) r - r r (blue phase) - r - r ___ Tundra Swan r - - r ___ Wood Duck c c c c
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture c c c c ___ Turkey Vulture c c c c
OSPREYS, KITES, EAGLES, HAWKS, AND FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel c c c c ___ Bald Eagle o o o o ___ Broad-winged Hawk - o o - ___ Cooper's Hawk u o c c ___ Golden Eagle o - - o ___ Northern Harrier c - c c ___ Osprey u u c r ___ Peregrine Falcon - - r r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk c c c c ___ Red-tailed Hawk c c c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - - o
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Northern Bobwhite a a a a ___ Wild Turkey r r r r
RAILS, CRANES, GALLINULES, AND COOTS Sp S F W ___ American Coot o - c c ___ Purple Gallinule o o - -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer c u c c ___ American Woodcock c r c c ___ Common Snipe r - c r ___ Least Sandpiper o o o - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c c o - ___ Semipalmated Plover - - - o ___ Solitary Sandpiper c o o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper o - o o ___ Upland Sandpiper r - r -
JAEGERS, GULLS AND TERNS Sp S W F ___ Black Tern - r r - ___ Ring-billed Gull o - - o
PIGEONS AND DOVES Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove a a a a ___ Rock Dove c c c c
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo o - o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo c c c -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barred Owl c c c c ___ Common Barn-Owl c c c c ___ Eastern Screech-Owl u c c u ___ Great Horned Owl c c c c
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Chuck-will's-widow c c c - ___ Common Nighthawk c c c - ___ Whip-poor-will c c - -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS, KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher c c c c ___ Chimney Swift c c c - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird c c c -
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Downy Woodpecker c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker c c c c ___ Northern Flicker c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker o o o o ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker c c c c ___ Red-cockaded Woodpecker o o o o ___ Red-headed Woodpecker c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Acadian Flycatcher c c c - ___ Eastern Kingbird c c - - ___ Eastern Phoebe c c c c ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee c c c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher c c - - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher - - o -
MARTINS AND SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Barn Swallow c c c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow c c c - ___ Purple Martin o a a - ___ Tree Swallow c - c c
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ American Crow a a a a ___ Blue Jay c c c c
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse c c c c
NUTHATCHES AND CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper c - c c ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch c c c c ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch c - c c ___ White-breasted Nuthatch c c c c
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren c c c c ___ House Wren c c c - ___ Marsh Wren c - c r ___ Winter Wren - - o o
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher u c - - ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet - - - c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c c
THRUSHES, ROBINS AND BLUEBIRDS Sp S F W ___ American Robin c o c c ___ Eastern Bluebird c c c c ___ Hermit Thrush c - c c ___ Swainson's Thrush u - u - ___ Wood Thrush c c c -
THRASHERS, MOCKINGBIRDS AND CATBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird - c c - ___ Brown Thrasher c c c c ___ Northern Mockingbird a a a a
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit - - - o
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES AND STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing o - o o ___ European Starling c c c c ___ Loggerhead Shrike c c c c
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Red-eyed Vireo c c c - ___ Solitary Vireo o - - o ___ White-eyed Vireo c c c - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo o o o -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ American Redstart o o o - ___ Black-and-white Warbler c c c - ___ Blackpoll Warbler a a a - ___ Common Yellowthroat c c c - ___ Hooded Warbler c c c - ___ Northern Parula c c c - ___ Northern Waterthrush o - o - ___ Ovenbird o o o - ___ Palm Warbler - - - o ___ Pine Warbler c c c c ___ Prairie Warbler c c c - ___ Prothonotary Warbler o o o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat c c c - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a - a a ___ Yellow-throated Warbler c c c - ___ Yellow Warbler c c c -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager c - c - ___ Summer Tanager c c c -
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS AND BUNTING Sp S F W ___ Blue Grosbeak c c c - ___ Indigo Bunting c c c - ___ Northern Cardinal c c c c
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Chipping Sparrow c c c c ___ Dark-eyed Junco c c c c ___ Field Sparrow c c c c ___ Fox Sparrow - - - c ___ Grasshopper Sparrow - o - r ___ Rufous-sided Towhee c c c c ___ Savannah Sparrow c - c c ___ Song Sparrow c - c c ___ Vesper Sparrow c - c c ___ White-throated Sparrow c c c c
BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS, ORIOLES, AND COWBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Bobolink a - c - ___ Brewer's Blackbird - - - c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird o o o o ___ Common Grackle c - c c ___ Eastern Meadowlark a a a a ___ Northern Oriole r - r - ___ Orchard Oriole c c c - ___ Red-winged Blackbird a a a a ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ American Goldfinch c c c c ___ Evening Grosbeak - - a a ___ Pine Siskin - - - o ___ Purple Finch a - a a
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow a a a a
For further information, contact:
                     Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge
                     Route 1, Box 92
                     Wadesboro, North Carolina 28170

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Pee Dee National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Pee Dee National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 22MAY98).

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