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Bird Checklists of the United States

Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge

Marksville, Louisiana


Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge Complex was established in 1988 and is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service primarily as a wintering area for migratory waterfowl. Refuge headquarters is located on the Tunica-Biloxi Indian Reservation off Highway 1 South in Marksville.

The 20,554 acre complex is managed for wintering waterfowl, preservation of existing bottomland forest, and the restoration of bottomland hardwoods for native willife species. Historically an important area for migratory waterfowl, the refuge was established to help meet the goals of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan. Peak waterfowl populations on the refuge exceed 45,000 birds.


How To Use Your Checklist
The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The birds are arranged under bird groups. Symbols are used to represent seasonal appearance and occurrence information.

Seasonal appearance
Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal abundance
a - abundant (a common species which is very numerous)
c - common (certain to be seen in suitable habitat)
u - uncommon (present but not certain to be seen)
o - occasional (seen only a few times a year)
r - rare (seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years)
* - nests on the refuge


This checklist includes 168 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting birders. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We will appreciate your help in updating our records.
GREBES                                          Sp       S       F       W

___ Pied-billed Grebe                           u        u       c       c

PELICANS AND THEIR ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican r o o r ___ Double-crested Cormorant u u c c ___ Anhinga* c c u r
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern o r o - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Great Egret* c c c o ___ Snowy Egret* u c c o ___ Cattle Egret* c a a o ___ Little Blue Heron* u c c - ___ Tricolored Heron* o o o - ___ Green-backed Heron* u c c - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron - r r - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron* u c u -
IBISES, SPOONBILL AND STORKS Sp S F W ___ Glossy Ibis - r r - ___ White Ibis u o u r ___ Roseate Spoonbill - o o - ___ Wood Stork - o o -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck - r - - ___ Greater White-Fronted Goose r - c c ___ Snow Goose r - c c ___ Canada Goose r - r r ___ Wood Duck* c c c c ___ Green-winged Teal o r a c ___ American Black Duck r - o o ___ Mottled Duck r r o o ___ Mallard o r a a ___ Northern Pintail r - a u ___ Blue-winged Teal o o c o ___ Northern Shoveler c - o c ___ Gadwall c - o c ___ American Wigeon c - o c ___ Canvasback - - o r ___ Redhead - - - r ___ Ring-necked Duck - - c a ___ Lesser Scaup - - r r ___ Hooded Merganser* u u o o ___ Ruddy Duck - - - r ___ Common Goldeneye - - - r
VULTURES, HAWKS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture* c c c c ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c c ___ Osprey o o o r ___ Mississippi Kite o u - - ___ Swallow-tailed Kite r - - - ___ Bald Eagle o r o o ___ Northern Harrier* c c c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk - - o o ___ Cooper's Hawk - o o o ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk r r o r ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c c ___ Golden Eagle - - - r ___ American Kestrel o o o c ___ Merlin - - o r ___ Peregrine Falcon - - r r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W (Quail, Turkey and Allies) ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* u o u u
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS AND CRANES Sp S F W ___ King Rail r r r r ___ Sora r - r r ___ Purple Gallinule r r r r ___ Common Moorhen* u u u - ___ American Coot c r u c ___ Sandhill Crane - - o o
SHOREBIRDS, SNIPE AND GULLS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer* c c c c ___ Black-necked Stilt o u o - ___ Greater Yellowlegs o o o o ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c c o o ___ Willet - r - - ___ Solitary Sandpiper o r r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper o u o - ___ Least Sandpiper u u o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper r r o - ___ Stilt Sandpiper - o - - ___ Dunlin o - - r ___ Short-billed Dowitcher o - r o ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - r r r ___ Common Snipe c - o c ___ American Woodcock r - r u ___ Herring Gull - - - r
PIGEONS AND DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* c c a a ___ Common Ground-Dove r - r o
CUCKOOS AND ANIS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r - r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c - - ___ Groove-billed Ani - - r -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Common Barn Owl r r r r ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Barred Owl* c c c c
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird o o o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* u u u u
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker c - u c ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* c u u a ___ Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee u u u - ___ Eastern Phoebe u o o c ___ Vermilion Flycatcher - - r o ___ Eastern Kingbird o o o - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher - - r r
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark o - r o
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow c u c - ___ Barn Swallow c u u - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow c u c r
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c a a
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse c u u c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch u - - u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ House Wren r - r u ___ Winter Wren o - r u
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c - o c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - o c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher u u u u
BLUEBIRDS, THRUSHES AND ROBINS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird c u c c ___ Hermit Thrush o - o u ___ American Robin a u u a
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird u - u r ___ Northern Mockingbird* a a a a ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c c
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing o - - o
STARLING Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c c
SHRIKE Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike c u u u
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo c c c r ___ Solitary Vireo r - r u
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r - r o ___ Nashville Warbler - - r - ___ Northern Parula u u o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler u - - c ___ Yellow-throated Warbler u u u - ___ Pine Warbler - - o r ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c c r ___ Swainson's Warbler r - r r ___ Common Yellowthroat u u o o ___ Yellow-breasted Chat r o r -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager r - - -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* a a a a ___ Blue Grosbeak u - - u ___ Indigo Bunting c c u - ___ Painted Bunting c c u - ___ Dickcissel o o - - ___ American Goldfinch u - - u
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee u u u u ___ Chipping Sparrow u u u u ___ Field Sparrow u u u u ___ Vesper Sparrow r - r o ___ Savannah Sparrow - - r r ___ Grasshopper Sparrow - - r r ___ Fox Sparrow - - - r ___ Song Sparrow c - - c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow - - - r ___ Swamp Sparrow r - r u ___ White-throated Sparrow r - u c ___ White-crowned Sparrow - - r r ___ House Sparrow o o o o ___ Dark-eyed Junco - - u c
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink r - r - ___ Eastern Meadowlark c c c c ___ Red-winged Blackbird c c c c ___ Brewer's Blackbird c - - c ___ Common Grackle c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole o o o - ___ Northern Oriole o o o -

For additional information contact:
                     United States Department of the Interior               
                     Fish and Wildlife Service
                     Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge
                     401 Island Road
                     Marksville, LA 71351

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Lake Ophelia National 
     Wildlife Refuge Complex.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  5 pages.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Lake Ophelia National 
     Wildlife Refuge Complex.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  5 pages.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govophelia.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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