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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of Northern Mississippi

small state map showing location

Northern Mississippi


The included area is essentially the northern 1/3 of the State, i.e., above latitude 33° 30' N, which passes through Columbus and Greenwood, crossing a short distance N of Starkville & Winona. U.S. Hwy. 82 approximates the S limit. The main list includes 276 species that are permanent residents, or occur yearly, or have occurred numerous times though not annually. A second list has 42 species not known to occur yearly that have been identified only one or a few times. This gives a current total of 318 species, a high degree of avian biodiversity, which is constantly threatened. Several former residents are now extinct or extirpated.

Use of This Checklist
Birds' names in the list follow the biological sequence of the 6th Edition of the American Ornithologists Union Check-list, 1983, and its suplements. Letter codes after a species' name describe the species' status in the area based on the available information to December 1993.


SEASONAL OCCURRENCE AND ABUNDANCE

Seasons:
Sp - Spring migration (early March to 1st week of June)
S - Summer resident (late May to mid-August)
F - Fall migration (mid-July to late November)
W - Winter resident (Nov to early Mar)

Abundance Codes:[assume proper habitat noting constrast, e.g., Delta vs. Hills]
a - abundant: usual in large numbers
c - common: usual in moderate numbers
f - fairly common: usual in small nos.
u - uncommon: low numbers, often missed
r - rare: very unlikeyly to be seen
i - irregular: not found each year, nos. may be either low or high
x - exceptional seasonal abundance

Breeding Status and Residency:
N - Nesting in some part of area
N? - suspected/possible; need data
L - Local - limited occurrence over area+
V - Vagrant - out of species' range, but may be found again in any year.
C - Casual - found very irregularly (3 or less imes out of 10 years)

Partners in Flight Status: estimates for 1993 on species of concern nesting in the Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain Region, mainly neotropical migrants:

1 - Severely at risk
2 - Moderately at risk
3 - Slightly at risk


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon i x f u
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe N? u r f f ___ Horned Grebe i - u u ___ Eared Grebe - r r -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican r - c r
CORMORANTS; ANHINGAS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant N? u i c a ___ Anhinga N? r i - -
BITTERNS; HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern r - r i ___ Least Bittern N r r i - ___ Great Blue Heron N u u c a ___ Great Egret N? r u c i ___ Snowy Egret N? r u u - ___ Little Blue Heron N u c u - ___ Tricolored Heron CV - i - - ___ Cattle Egret N? u f u i ___ Green Heron N f c r i ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron N? i i i - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron N r r r -
IBISES; STORKS Sp S F W ___ White Ibis V - r - - ___ Wood Stork V - i - -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan - - r - ___ Greater White-Fronted Goose - u u - ___ Snow Goose r - f c ___ Ross' Goose - - r - ___ Canada Goose NL u u c c ___ Wood Duck N f f f f ___ Green-winged Teal r - f c ___ American Black Duck - u c - ___ Mallard N u u c a ___ Northern Pintail - f c - ___ Blue-winged Teal N? c x c i ___ Northern Shoveler r - c a ___ Gadwall i - c c ___ American Wigeon i - c c ___ Canvasback - u u - ___ Redhead - r r - ___ Ring-necked Duck - c a - ___ Greater Scaup - r r - ___ Lesser Scaup r - a f ___ Oldsquaw C - - i - ___ Black Scoter C - - i - ___ Surf Scoter C - - i - ___ White-winged Scoter C - - i - ___ Common Goldeneye - i u - ___ Bufflehead r - u c ___ Hooded Merganser N? r i u c ___ Common Merganser - - i - ___ Red-breasted Merganser - r r - ___ Ruddy Duck r - u c
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture N u u u u ___ Turkey Vulture N f f c c
OSPREY/KITES/HAWKS/EAGLES/FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Osprey (N) u i f x ___ Mississippi Kite 2NL u u u - ___ Bald Eagle NL r i u c ___ Northern Harrier i - u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk r - f u ___ Cooper's Hawk N u r f u ___ Red-shouldered Hawk u u u u ___ Broad-winged Hawk 2 u r u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk u u f c ___ Rough-legged Hawk C - - - i ___ Golden Eagle C - - i i ___ American Kestrel NL u r f c ___ Merlin r - u r ___ Peregrine r - u i
Turkey AND QUAIL Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey N u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite N c c c c
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS Sp S F W ___ King Rail N r r r r ___ Virginia Rail r - u x ___ Sora r - u x ___ Common Moorhen LN r i r - ___ American Coot f - c u
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane V - - - i
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover r - f - ___ American Golden Plover f - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover f - f - ___ Piping Plover - - r - ___ Killdeer f f a c
STILTS AND AVOCETS Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt LN r i r - ___ American Avocet r - r -
SANDPIPERS AND PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs c - c r ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c - c i ___ Solitary Sandpiper u - f - ___ Willet C i - i - ___ Spotted Sandpiper f - f i ___ Upland Sandpiper r - r - ___ Ruddy Turnstone - - r - ___ Sanderling C - - r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper f - f - ___ Western Sandpiper r - f i ___ Least Sandpiper a - a u ___ White-rumped Sandpiper u - r - ___ Baird's Sandpiper r - r - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c - a - ___ Dunlin r - u i ___ Stilt Sandpiper r - u - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper r - r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher f - f - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher f - f - ___ Common Snipe f - f c ___ American Woodcock NL r i u u ___ Wilson's Phalarope r - r -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Laughing Gull V r - i i ___ Franklin's Gull i - r i ___ Little Gull C - - - i ___ Com. Black-headed Gull C - - - i ___ Bonaparte's Gull u - f c ___ Ring-billed Gull u i f a ___ Herring Gull i - u u ___ Black-legged Kittiwake C - - - r ___ Caspian Tern u - f i ___ Common Tern r - r - ___ Forster's Tern f x f u ___ Least Tern LN r r r - ___ Black Tern f - f -
PIGEONS, DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove N c c c c ___ Mourning Dove N c c a a ___ Common Ground-Dove CV - - i i
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r - r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo 1N f f f -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl LN r r r r ___ Eastern Screech-Owl N c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl N f f f f ___ Barred Owl N f f f f ___ Short-eared Owl L - - - r
GOATSUCKERS (CAPRIMULGIDS) Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk 3N c c c - ___ Chuck-will's-widow 1N c c c - ___ Whip-poor-will 2LN u u u -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift 2N c c a -
HUMMINGBIRDS s S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird 3N u u f -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher LN f f f f
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker N f f f f ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker N f f f f ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker f - f c ___ Downy Woodpecker N c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker N u u u u ___ Northern Flicker N u u f f ___ Pileated Woodpecker N f f f f
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r - r - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee 2N f f f - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - r - ___ Acadian Flycatcher 2LN u u r - ___ Alder Flycatcher r - r - ___ Willow Flycatcher LN? r - r - ___ Least Flycatcher r - r - ___ Eastern Phoebe LN u u f f ___ Great Crested Flycatcher 2N c c u - ___ Western Kingbird V i x i - ___ Eastern Kingbird 3N c c u - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher CN r i r -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark N f u f c
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin 3N f f u - ___ Tree Swallow N? c - c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow 3N f u c - ___ Bank Swallow LN? u - u - ___ Cliff Swallow LN f r f - ___ Barn Swallow 3N c c c -
JAYS AND CROWS (CORVIDS) Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay N c c a a ___ Common Crow N c c c a ___ Fish Crow LN f f f i
CHICKADEES, TITMICE (PARIDS) Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee N c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse N c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch i - i i ___ White-breasted Nuthatch N f f f f ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch LN u u u u
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper r - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren N c c c c ___ Bewick's Wren N? r x r r ___ House Wren u - u r ___ Winter Wren u - u u ___ Sedge Wren r - r r ___ Marsh Wren r - r r
KINGLETS to THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet - - u c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet r - u c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher 2N f f f i ___ Eastern Bluebird N f f c c ___ Veery r - r - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush f - f - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u f ___ Wood Thrush 2N f f u - ___ American Robin N c c c a
MIMIDS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird 2N f f u x ___ Northern Mockingbird N c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher N f f f f
WAGTAILS/PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit L r - u u ___ Sprague's Pipit CL - - - r
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing c - f c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike N u u u u
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling N c c a a
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo 2N c c u x ___ Bell's Vireo CN? r i r - ___ Solitary Vireo u - u r ___ Yellow-throated Vireo 1N f f u - ___ Warbling Vireo 3NL r r r - ___ Philadelphia Vireo r r r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo 3N f f u -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler LN? u - u - ___ Golden-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler f - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - f r ___ Nashville Warbler f - r - ___ Northern Parula 2N u u r - ___ Yellow Warbler 3N? f - u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - r - ___ Magnolia Warbler f - f - ___ Cape May Warbler r - r x ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c f ___ Black-throated Green Warbler f - f - ___ Blackburnian Warbler f - f - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler 2N f f u x ___ Pine Warbler N c c c c ___ Prairie Warbler 1LN u u r - ___ Palm Warbler r - r i ___ Bay-breasted Warbler u - r - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - r - ___ Cerulean Warbler 1N? r - r - ___ Black-and-white Warbler 2LN f f u x ___ American Redstart 2LN u u u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler 1LN f f u - ___ Worm-eating Warbler 1LN r r r - ___ Swainson's Warbler 1LN r r r - ___ Ovenbird 3LN u r r - ___ Northern Waterthrush f u - - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush 1LN u u u - ___ Kentucky Warbler 1N f f u - ___ Mourning Warbler r - r - ___ Connecticut Warbler C r - - - ___ Common Yellowthroat 3N c c f r ___ Hooded Warbler 1LN u u u - ___ Wilson's Warbler r - r - ___ Canada Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat 3N c c u -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager 2N c c u - ___ Scarlet Tanager N? f i u -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS, SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal N c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak f - u - ___ Blue Grosbeak 3N f f u - ___ Indigo Bunting 3N c c f - ___ Painted Bunting 2LN r r r - ___ Dickcissel 2N c c f i ___ Rufous-sided Towhee N c c c c ___ Bachman's Sparow LN r r - - ___ Chipping Sparrow 3LN u r u c ___ Field Sparrow N f f c c ___ Vesper Sparrow r - r u ___ Lark Sparrow 2LN r i r - ___ Savannah Sparrow f - c a ___ Grasshopper Sparrow 2LN r r r x ___ Le Conte's Sparrow x - r u ___ Fox Sparrow r - u f ___ Song Sparrow r - c a ___ Lincoln's Sparrow r - r i ___ Swamp Sparrow u - c a ___ White-throated Sparrow f x c a ___ White-crowned Sparrow r - r u ___ Dark-eyed Junco i - u c ___ Lapland Longspur - - u f ___ Smith's Longspur C - - - r
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink f - u - ___ Red-winged Blackbird N c c a a ___ Eastern Meadowlark N c c c a ___ Western Meadowlark L - - i i ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird C r - r - ___ Rusty Blackbird r - u f ___ Brewer's Blackbird r - u f ___ Common Grackle N c c a a ___ Brown-headed Cowbird N f f c c ___ Orchard Oriole 1N f f u - ___ Northern Oriole 2LN u u r -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch r - u f ___ House Finch N u u u f ___ Pine Siskin u - u f ___ American Goldfinch N c r f a
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow N c c c c

Notes on sightings, or species not on list:
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

EXTREMELY RARE/ACCIDENTAL SPECIES (ONCE/A FEW TIMES EVER)

Red-throated Loon                         Lesser Black-backed Gull
Pacific Loon                              Glaucous Gull P
Red-necked Grebe                          Slaty-backed Gull P
Western Grebe                             Snowy Owl S
Brown Pelican                             Saw-whet Owl
Reddish Egret                             Long-eared Owl
Glossy Ibis                               Rufous Hummingbird P
Roseate Spoonbill                         W. Wood-Pewee S
Trumpeter Swan P                          Say's Phoebe P
Brant P                                   Vermilion Flycatcher S
Am. Swallow-tailed Kite 1S                Mountain Bluebird P
N. Goshawk S                              Western Tanager
Swainson's Hawk S                         Am. Tree Sparrow
Ferrugious Hawk                           Lazuli Bunting
Prairie Falcon P                          Clay-colored Sparrow
Mountain Plover P                         Henslow's Sparrow
Whimbrel P                                Sharp-tailed Sparrow
Marbled Godwit                            Harris' Sparrow
Ruff                                      Snow Bunting
Red Knot                                  Red Crossbill
Red Phalarope                             Evening Grosbeak

[P=photographed; S=specimen]

This check-list was assembled by W. Marvin Davis of the University of Mississippi from both personal observations and concurrent data of others since 1964, plus some from 50 to 75 years before. Many records were from the U.S. corps of Engineers lakes, area State Parks of the Mississippi Dept. of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, and the U.S. Forest Service's Holly Springs and Tombigbee National Froests. Appreciation is expressed to staffs of these agencies for making such areas availiable for bird related recreation. Special appreciation is expressed to colleagues for sharing data, and to organizations underwriting publication costs to enable the wider distribution of the list, the goal of which is increasing knowledge of the bird life of this region, and an appreciation for it, and for all our environment.
Enjoy Mississippi's Birds!

This resource is based on the following source:
Davis, W.M.  No date.  Field checklist of birds of North Mississippi.  U.S. 
     Corps of Engineers, Mississippi Wildlife, Fisheries & Parks, U.S. Forest 
     Service, Tombigbee National Forest.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Davis, W.M.  No date.  Field checklist of birds of North Mississippi.  U.S. 
     Corps of Engineers, Mississippi Wildlife, Fisheries & Parks, U.S. Forest 
     Service, Tombigbee National Forest.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govnorthms.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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