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Bird Checklists of the United States

Mattamuskeet and Swan Quarter
National Wildlife Refuges

Swan Quarter, North Carolina


The two refuges are wintering grounds for large numbers of ducks, geese and swans. Ospreys nest in low cypress trees near the edge of Lake Mattamuskeet and are seen at both refuges in summer. The marsh and woodbnds provide a variety of habitat for over 200 avian species.


The seasonal occurrence and abundance of these species are coded as follows:

Seasonal Appearance
Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal Abundance
a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
* - nests on the refuge


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Red-throated Loon - - u c ___ Common Loon o - u c
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* u u c c ___ Horned Grebe u - - u ___ Eared Grebe o - - o
PELICANS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican - r r - ___ Brown Pelican - o o o ___ Double-crested Cormorant c u c c ___ Anhinga - r - -
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* o o c c ___ Least Bittern* o c c - ___ Great Blue Heron* a a a a ___ Snowy Egret c c c c ___ Little Blue Heron - c c - ___ Cattle Egret - u u - ___ Great Egret a a a a ___ Green Heron* c c c - ___ Tricolored Heron u u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* u u u u ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron - - r -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ Glossy Ibis c c c - ___ White Ibis - o - -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan r r a a ___ Greater White-fronted Goose - - r r ___ Snow Goose - - c c ___ Brant - - r r ___ Canada Goose* c c a a ___ Wood Duck* a a a a ___ Green-winged Teal - - a a ___ American Black Duck* c o c a ___ Mallard* u u a a ___ Northern Pintail - - a a ___ Blue-winged Teal u - u u ___ Northern Shoveler o - u u ___ Gadwall u o c c ___ American Wigeon u - a a ___ Eurasian Wigeon - - u u ___ Canvasback - - c c ___ Redhead - - u u ___ Ring-necked Duck - - c c ___ Greater Scaup - - - o ___ Lesser Scaup - - c c ___ Oldsquaw - - - u ___ Surf Scoter - - r u ___ White-winged Scoter - - o o ___ Black Scoter - - u u ___ Common Goldeneye - - u u ___ Bufflehead - - c c ___ Hooded Merganser - - u u ___ Common Merganser - - u u ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - u u ___ Ruddy Duck - - c c ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck - - r r
VULTURES, HAWKS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture* u u u u ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c c ___ Osprey* a a u r ___ Bald Eagle o o u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* u u u u ___ Cooper's Hawk o o u u ___ Red-shouldered Hawk u u u u ___ Broad-winged Hawk - - o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* u u u c ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - r ___ Northern Harrier - - c c ___ Merlin - - u u ___ American Kestrel c - c c ___ Peregrine Falcon - - u u ___ Golden Eagle - - r r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c ___ Wild Turkey o o o o
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS AND CRANES Sp S F W ___ Yellow Rail - - - r ___ Clapper Rail* u u u u ___ King Rail* u u u u ___ Virginia Rail - - u u ___ Sora u - u - ___ Black Rail r r - - ___ Common Moorhen u u o o ___ American Coot c o c a
PLOVERS AND SANDPIPERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover u u u u ___ Upland Plover - - o - ___ Wilson's Plover u - u o ___ Semipalmated Plover u - u o ___ Killdeer* o o o c ___ American Golden Plover r - - - ___ American Oystercatcher - o - - ___ American Avocet - r - - ___ Black-necked Stilt o o - - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c o c o ___ Hudsonian Godwit - - r - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u o u o ___ Solitary Sandpiper c - c - ___ Willet* u u o o ___ Spotted Sandpiper c u c u ___ Whimbrel o - o - ___ Ruddy Turnstone r - r - ___ Upland Sandpiper r - r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u u u - ___ Western Sandpiper u u u - ___ Least Sandpiper u - u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper o - o - ___ Dunlin o u u o ___ Short-billed Dowitcher o - o o ___ Long-billed Dowitcher o - o o ___ Sanderling o - o - ___ Common Snipe - - u c ___ American Woodcock - - c c ___ Red-necked Phalarope - - r - ___ Laughing Gull a a a a ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - o o ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c c ___ Herring Gull c c c c ___ Great Black-backed Gull o - c c ___ Gull-billed Tern - o - o ___ Caspian Tern o - o - ___ Royal Tern o o o o ___ Sandwich Tern - r - - ___ Common Tern* u u u - ___ Forster's Tern* u u u o ___ Least Tern - u - - ___ Black Tern - - o - ___ Black Skimmer o o r -
PIGEONS AND DOVES Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r r r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c - -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl u u u u ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Barred Owl* u u u u ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl r r r r
NIGHTJARS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk - u u - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* u u u - ___ Whip-poor-will - u u -
SWIFTS AND HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift c c - - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* c c o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher c c c c
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - - u ___ Downy Woodpecker* u u u c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* - u u o ___ Acadian Flycatcher - u - - ___ Eastern Phoebe o - u c ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c o - ___ Western Kingbird - - r - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark - - - r
MARTINS AND SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* a a - - ___ Tree Swallow o - u c ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow c - - - ___ Barn Swallow* c c o -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* u u u u ___ American Crow* a a a a ___ Fish Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* u u u u
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - r r ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u u - u ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch* u u u u
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper - - o o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* u u c c ___ House Wren* u u u u ___ Marsh Wren* u u u u
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet - - - u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* o o o r
BLUEBIRDS, THRUSHES AND ROBINS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* u u - o ___ Swainson's Thrush o - o - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u c ___ Wood Thrush* c c u - ___ American Robin* c c u u
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* c c c u ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c c
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit - - - u
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing - - u u
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike - - - o
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c c - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo o o o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c c - ___ Solitary Vireo o - o -
WARBLER Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler - - o o ___ Northern Parula o o u - ___ Yellow Warbler* o o - - ___ Magnolia Warbler r - - - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a - u a ___ Black-throated Green Warbler o - - - ___ Blackburnian Warbler r - - - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* c u o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c c ___ Pine Warbler* u u u u ___ Prairie Warbler* u u - - ___ Palm Warbler u - u r ___ Blackpoll Warbler o - - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler o - u r ___ American Redstart u - u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c - - ___ Worm-eating Warbler r - - - ___ Cape May Warbler r - r - ___ Swainson's Warbler r r - - ___ Ovenbird u u u - ___ Northern Waterthrush o - o - ___ Hooded Warbler* u u - - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat o - o r
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager u u - -
NEW WORLD SEEDEATERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Indigo Bunting* u u - - ___ Blue Grosbeak* u u - - ___ Snow Bunting - - - r ___ Purple Finch o - o u ___ Pine Siskin - - - o ___ American Goldfinch u - - u ___ Evening Grosbeak - - - r ___ House Finch u - u u ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* c c c c ___ Chipping Sparrow - o u u ___ Field Sparrow u u u u ___ Vesper Sparrow - - - u ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u c ___ Grasshopper Sparrow - - - o ___ Seaside Sparrow* u u u u ___ Fox Sparrow u - u c ___ Swamp Sparrow u - u c ___ Song Sparrow u - u c ___ White-throated Sparrow u - u c ___ White-crowned Sparrow - - u u ___ Dark-eyed Junco u - u c
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink o - o - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a a ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird r - - r ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c a ___ Rusty Blackbird - - - o ___ Brewer's Blackbird - - - r ___ Boat-tailed Grackle u u u u ___ Common Grackle* c c c a ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c u u c ___ Orchard Oriole* u u o - ___ Baltimore Oriole - - o -
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c
For further information, contact:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge
                     Route 1, Box N-2
                     Swan Quarter, North Carolina 27885
                     Telephone: 919/926-4021

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1991.  Wildlife of Mattamuskeet and Swan 
     Quarter National Wildlife Refuges.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  
     Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1991.  Wildlife of Mattamuskeet and Swan 
     Quarter National Wildlife Refuges.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  
     Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govmattamus.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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