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Bird Checklists of the United States

Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge

Dardanelle, Arkansas


Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1957 primarily as a wintering area for migratory waterfowl, and is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Located in the Arkansas River Valley about 8 miles down river from the town of Dardanelle, the refuge contains 6,174 acres of diversified wildlife habitat including agricultural fields' mixed forest, irregularly flooded timber, mudflat, and open water.

Because of the refuge's habitat diversity and a geographical location near the transitional zone for eastern and western species, a birding visit may be unusually rewarding. Ducks in numbers often exceeding 30,000 are common sights funneling into grain fields during December and January. Mallards make up 90% of the flight but American Wigeon, Northern Pintail, Gadwall, and Green-winged Teal are also common. Snow and Canada Geese, along with lesser numbers of Greater White-fronted and Ross' Geese, are usually found resting in the old river channel or feeding in the wheat, corn, and milo fields along with the ducks, Bald Eagles frequent the refuge November through March and occasional Golden Eagles may also be observed. These magnificent birds perch regally on solitary large trees scattered throughout the farm unit and along the river bank, The Greater Roadrunner resides in limited numbers and the Scissor-tailed Flycatcher is common from spring through fall. Northern Bobwhites and Mourning Doves find the farmland and edges to be ideal year round as do seasonal residents or migrants such as Bobolinks and many species of sparrows. A variety of herons, egrets, and shorebirds frequent the pool and mudflats. Seven species of owls, including Burrowing and Long-eared, have occurred in proper habitat on the refuge. Numerous vireos, warblers, buntings, and orioles inhabit the woodlands especially during migration and some remain to nest.

Ethics for Birdwatching

Take care not to disturb nesting birds. This exposes eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation.

Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration.

Do not litter. Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, 6-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food.

How to use your checklist

The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. This checklist includes 240 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We appreciate your help in updating our records.

We sincerely hope your time spent here will be enjoyable and that you will return again soon.


Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following:

Seasonal appearance

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal abundance

a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years


GREBES AND LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon - - - o ___ Pied-billed Grebe r r c u
PELICANS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican u - u r ___ Double-crested Cormorant u u u c ___ Anhinga o c - -
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern - - - o ___ Great Blue Heron c c c a ___ Great Egret c c c o ___ Snowy Egret r r o - ___ Little Blue Heron r u u - ___ Cattle Egret r r - - ___ Green Heron u u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron - u u - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron - u u u
IBISES, SPOONBILL, STORK Sp S F W ___ White Ibis - - r - ___ Wood Stork - - o - ___ Plegadis Ibis - - o -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan - - - r ___ Snow Goose u - c c ___ Ross' Goose u - u u ___ Canada Goose u u c c ___ Wood Duck u u u u ___ Green-winged Teal - - c c ___ American Black Duck r - r r ___ Mallard c u a a ___ Northern Pintail o - c c ___ Blue-winged Teal o u c o ___ Northern Shoveler u - u u ___ Gadwall c - c c ___ American Wigeon c - c c ___ Canvasback - - r - ___ Redhead r - r r ___ Ring-necked Duck u - u u ___ Greater White-fronted Goose u - u u ___ Lesser Scaup u - u u ___ Common Goldeneye r - r r ___ Hooded Merganser - - u u ___ Common Merganser u - u u ___ Ruddy Duck r - r -
VULTURES, HAWKS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture c c c c ___ Turkey Vulture a a a a ___ Osprey u u u - ___ Bald Eagle u u c c ___ Northern Harrier c - c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk u u u u ___ Red-shouldered Hawk c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk u u u - ___ Swainson's Hawk o - - - ___ Red-tailed Hawk c c c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk - o o - ___ Golden Eagle r - r u ___ American Kestrel c c c c ___ Merlin - - - r
WOODCOCK AND SNIPE Sp S F W ___ Common Snipe c - c c ___ American Woodcock u - - -
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey c c c c ___ Northern Bobwhite a a a a
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Peregrine Falcon - - r r ___ Prairie Falcon - - - o
CRANES AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane - - - o ___ American Coot u - c u ___ Sora u - u -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ American Avocet - - r - ___ Black-bellied Plover o - u - ___ American Golden Plover o - - - ___ Semipalmated Plover u r r - ___ Killdeer a a a a ___ Greater Yellowlegs u - u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u - u - ___ Solitary Sandpiper r o o - ___ Willet o - o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper c o c - ___ Upland Sandpiper u - o - ___ Hudsonian Godwit o - - - ___ Whimbrel o o - - ___ Ruddy Turnstone - - o - ___ Sanderling o - - - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u - - - ___ Western Sandpiper - r u - ___ Least Sandpiper u u u - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper u r - - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c - c - ___ Dunlin o - r - ___ Stilt Sandpiper r - r - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher u o u - ___ Wilson's Phalarope c - u -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Ring-billed Gull u - c c ___ Black Tern u o u - ___ Least Tern u u u - ___ Franklin's Gull u - u - ___ Bonaparte's Gull - - u u ___ Caspian Tern - - o - ___ Herring Gull u - u u ___ Forster's Tern o - o -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove u u u u ___ Mourning Dove a a a a ___ Common Ground-Dove o - - -
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r - r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo u u u - ___ Greater Roadrunner u u u u
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl u u u u ___ Short-eared Owl u - r u ___ Eastern Screech-Owl c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl u u u u ___ Barred Owl c c c c ___ Burrowing Owl - - - o ___ Long-eared Owl r - r r
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk c c c - ___ Chuck-will's-widow c c - - ___ Whip-poor-will - r - r
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift c c c - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird u u u -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher c c c u
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker c - c c ___ Downy Woodpecker c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker c c c c ___ Northern Flicker c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker u u u u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee c c c - ___ Acadian Flycatcher u - - - ___ Alder Flycatcher u - - - ___ Least Flycatcher u - - - ___ Eastern Phoebe u u u u ___ Great Crested Flycatcher c c - - ___ Eastern Kingbird - c u u ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher c c c -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark u u u c
MARTINS AND SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin - c c c ___ Tree Swallow u r u - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow c c c - ___ Barn Swallow c c c - ___ Bank Swallow u - u - ___ Cliff Swallow u u u -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay c c c c ___ Fish Crow c c c u ___ Carolina Chickadee c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse c c c c ___ White-breasted Nuthatch u u u u ___ American Crow a a a a ___ Brown Creeper - - - u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren a c c c ___ Bewick's Wren u - u u ___ House Wren u - u r ___ Winter Wren - - - u ___ Sedge Wren - - u r ___ Marsh Wren - - u -
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher c c - -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird c c u u ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush r - r - ___ Swainson's Thrush u - r - ___ Wood Thrush c c c - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u u ___ American Robin c c a a
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird u u u - ___ Northern Mockingbird c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher c c c c
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit r - r r
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing c c - c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike c c c c
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Bell's Vireo c c r - ___ Philadelphia Vireo o - - - ___ White-eyed Vireo c u u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo c u u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo c u u - ___ Solitary Vireo - - r - ___ Warbling Vireo o u r -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ American Redstart u u - - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - - - ___ Ovenbird u - - - ___ Palm Warbler - - r - ___ Blackpoll Warbler - u - - ___ Hooded Warbler u - - - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - - - ___ Northern Parula u - - - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - - - ___ Prairie Warbler u - - - ___ Tennessee Warbler u - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler - - r - ___ Nashville Warbler u - - - ___ Yellow Warbler u - - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c c ___ Yellow-throated Warbler u u u - ___ Pine Warbler - - u u ___ Black-and-white Warbler u - - - ___ Prothonotary Warbler u - - - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush u - - - ___ Kentucky Warbler u - - - ___ Common Yellowthroat c c u - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat u u - - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - - -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager c c c - ___ Scarlet Tanager u u u -
NEW WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal a a a a ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak u - u - ___ Blue Grosbeak u - - - ___ Indigo Bunting c c u - ___ Painted Bunting u u - - ___ Dickcissel a a r -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee - - u u ___ American Tree Sparrow - - - o ___ Chipping Sparrow r - - - ___ Vesper Sparrow - - u u ___ Savannah Sparrow c - c a ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u u ___ Swamp Sparrow c - c c ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c a ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c a ___ Harris' Sparrow u - u u ___ Clay-colored Sparrow r - r - ___ Field Sparrow a a a a ___ Grasshopper Sparrow r r - - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow u - u u ___ Fox Sparrow u - u c ___ Song Sparrow c - c c ___ Lark Sparrow c c c c ___ Dark-eyed Junco o - u c ___ Lapland Longspur u - u u
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird a a a a ___ Brewer's Blackbird - - - o ___ Eastern Meadowlark a a a a ___ Western Meadowlark r - r r ___ Rusty Blackbird c - u c ___ Common Grackle c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird c c c u ___ Orchard Oriole - c c c ___ Northern Oriole c c u - ___ Bobolink - u - o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird r r - -
OLD WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u - - c ___ House Finch - o o - ___ American Goldfinch c - c c ___ Evening Grosbeak - - r - ___ Pine Siskin - - r -
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow c c c c
For further information contact:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge
                     Route 1, Box 59
                     Dardanelle, Arkansas 72834-9704
                     Telephone: 501/229-4300

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1995.  Birds of Holla Bend National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1995.  Birds of Holla Bend National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govhollaben.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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