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Bird Checklists of the United States

Cape Hatteras National Seashore

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Hatteras, North Carolina


BIRDS OF THE OUTER BANKS

Nearly 400 species of birds have been sighted within Cape Hatteras National Seashore and its surrounding waters. This impressive number is due to several factors: a location on the Eastern Flyway, varied habitats, and strong winds and storms that often bring exhausted vagrants to our shores.

This checklist presents each bird's usual status throughout the year. The abundance categories are based on chances of the bird being seen under good conditions and in optimum habitat. Some species may be very localized. A list of accidental species is included. Always remember that birds are highly mobile and can often occur out of range or season.

WHEN AND WHERE

Birding is always exciting on the Outer Banks though the greatest variety of species occurs during spring and fall migrations. For those seeking out migratory shorebirds, the various inlet tidal flats, the ponds at Pea Island and Bodie Island, and the salt ponds at the Cape Hatteras Point offer the greatest concentrations.

Landbird migration in the fall can be good but spotty, with best observations occurring in the shrub thickets along the dikes at Pea Island and in the maritime woods on lower Hatteras and Ocracoke Islands. Most resident landbirds can be found in Buxton Woods.

Herons, egrets, terns, skimmers, and other birds that breed locally are best seen in the warmer months. These birds frequent both salt and freshwater areas. Winter ducks and geese concentrate in the large ponds on Pea Island and Bodie Island.

Sightings of pelagic birds usually requires a boat trip of 15 miles or more offshore. However, one may have success in spotting some of these birds from the Cape Hatteras Point, especially after storms.

Please report any unusual sightings at one of our Visitor Centers or in the log book outside the Hatteras Island Ranger Office.


ABUNDANCE DESIGNATIONS

1 - COMMON: Easily seen in the proper habitat.
2 - FAIRLY COMMON: Seen most of the time in the proper habitat.
3 - UNCOMMON: Usually present, but not certain to be seen.
4 - OCCASIONAL: Seen only a few times during a year.
5 - RARE: Not seen every year.

Species

LOONS                              |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec|

___ Red-throated Loon              |111|111|112|223|444|---|---|---|---|444|433|211|
___ Common Loon                    |111|111|111|111|223|444|444|444|444|333|322|111|

GREBES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Pied-billed Grebe |111|111|111|122|444|444|433|332|222|211|111|111| ___ Horned Grebe |322|221|112|233|455|5--|---|---|---|---|444|333| ___ Red-necked Grebe |555|555|55-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|555| ___ Eared Grebe |555|555|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--5|555|555|
SHEARWATERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Northern Fulmar |---|-44|332|233|444|---|---|---|---|333|334|555| ___ Black Capped Petrel |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Cory's Shearwater |---|---|---|-44|322|111|111|111|111|112|223|---| ___ Greater Shearwater |---|---|---|444|333|221|112|222|333|333|444|555| ___ Sooty Shearwater |---|---|---|---|-33|355|555|555|555|555|---|---| ___ Manx Shearwater |444|433|333|344|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|333| ___ Audubon's Shearwater |444|444|333|333|222|111|111|111|111|112|223|444|
STORM-PETRELS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Wilson's Storm-Petrel |---|---|---|-22|111|111|111|111|122|244|455|555| ___ White-faced Storm-Petrel |---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|555|555|55-|---|---| ___ Leach's Storm-Petrel |---|---|---|444|443|333|333|333|344|444|455|555| ___ Band-rumped Storm-Petrel |---|---|---|---|--3|333|333|333|3--|---|---|---|
TROPICBIRDS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ White-tailed Tropicbird |---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|444|44-|---|---|---| ___ Masked Booby |---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|444|455|5--|---|---|
GANNETS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Northern Gannet |111|111|111|111|223|344|555|555|555|443|221|111|
PELICANS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ American White Pelican |444|444|444|455|555|555|555|555|444|444|444|444| ___ Brown Pelican |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|
CORMORANTS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Great Cormorant |333|333|333|444|44-|---|---|---|-44|444|444|333| ___ Double-crested Cormorant |111|111|111|111|112|334|444|443|222|111|111|111|
FRIGATE BIRDS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Magnificent Frigate Bird |---|---|---|---|-55|555|55-|---|---|---|---|---|
BITTERNS & HERONS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ American Bittern |333|333|333|333|445|555|555|555|443|333|333|333| ___ Least Bittern |---|---|---|-44|444|444|444|444|444|44-|---|---| ___ Great Blue Heron |111|111|111|122|333|333|221|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Great Egret |222|222|211|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|112|222| ___ Snowy Egret |333|333|222|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|222|222| ___ Little Blue Heron |444|444|322|111|111|111|111|111|122|222|233|333| ___ Tricolored Heron |333|333|222|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|222|222| ___ Cattle Egret |555|555|544|333|221|111|111|111|122|223|334|555| ___ Green-backed Heron |---|---|-44|332|222|222|222|222|222|333|455|555| ___ Black-crowned Night Heron |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Yellow-crowned Night Heron |---|---|---|-33|333|333|333|333|333|333|455|555|
IBISES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ White Ibis |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Glossy Ibis |444|444|333|222|222|222|222|222|233|333|344|444|
GEESE & DUCKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Fulvous Whistling Duck |555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555| ___ Tundra Swan |111|111|112|344|444|444|444|444|444|433|221|111| ___ Greater White-fronted Goose |555|555|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|555| ___ Snow Goose |111|111|122|334|444|444|444|444|433|221|111|111| ___ Blue Goose |333|333|344|44-|---|---|---|---|---|--3|333|333| ___ Ross Goose |555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--5|555|555| ___ Brant |222|222|222|233|445|55-|---|---|---|---|322|222| ___ Canada Goose |111|111|111|112|344|444|444|444|433|222|111|111| ___ Wood Duck |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| ___ Green-winged Teal |111|111|111|122|33-|---|---|-33|322|111|111|111| ___ Eurasian Teal |444|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444| ___ American Black Duck |111|111|111|122|222|222|222|222|211|111|111|111| ___ Mallard |222|222|222|333|444|444|444|444|443|222|222|222| ___ Northern Pintail |111|111|111|223|444|---|---|-44|322|111|111|111| ___ Blue-winged Teal |444|444|422|111|122|444|433|332|111|223|333|444| ___ Northern Shoveler |111|111|111|112|44-|---|---|---|322|111|111|111| ___ Gadwall |111|111|111|122|222|222|222|222|211|111|111|111| ___ Eurasian Wigeon |455|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|--5|544|444|444| ___ American Wigeon |111|111|122|223|4--|---|---|---|311|111|111|111| ___ Canvasback |222|222|233|33-|---|---|---|---|---|-33|222|222| ___ Redhead |222|222|233|355|5--|---|---|---|---|---|332|222| ___ Ring-necked Duck |111|111|113|33-|---|---|---|---|---|-33|311|111| ___ Greater Scaup |333|333|333|33-|---|---|---|---|---|-33|333|333| ___ Lesser Scaup |111|111|113|333|4--|---|---|---|---|-33|111|111| ___ Common Eider |444|444|455|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|444| ___ King Eider |444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|444| ___ Harlequin Duck |444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|444| ___ Oldsquaw |333|333|344|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|333| ___ Black Scoter |222|222|222|234|455|555|555|555|555|331|112|222| ___ Surf Scoter |222|222|222|223|455|555|555|---|---|311|122|222| ___ White-winged Scoter |333|333|333|344|4--|---|---|---|---|---|333|333| ___ Common Goldeneye |333|333|344|44-|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|333| ___ Bufflehead |111|111|111|122|444|---|---|---|---|---|311|111| ___ Hooded Merganser |111|111|111|223|---|---|---|---|---|---|331|111| ___ Common Merganser |555|555|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555| ___ Red-breasted Merganser |111|111|111|122|233|334|555|555|544|433|221|111| ___ Ruddy Duck |111|111|133|344|4--|---|---|---|---|---|311|111|
VULTURES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Turkey Vulture |555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|555|444|555|555|
HAWKS & EAGLES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Osprey |---|---|443|332|222|222|222|222|222|233|44-|---| ___ American Swallow-tailed Kite |---|---|555|554|444|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---| ___ Bald Eagle |555|555|555|555|544|444|444|444|455|555|555|555| ___ Northern Harrier |111|111|111|112|334|444|333|222|221|111|111|111| ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk |222|222|222|233|44-|---|---|---|443|111|122|222| ___ Cooper's Hawk |444|444|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|333|444|444| ___ Red-shouldered Hawk |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Broad-winged Hawk |---|---|---|---|555|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| ___ Red-tailed Hawk |333|333|344|44-|---|---|---|---|---|444|433|333| ___ Rough-legged Hawk |55-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--5|555|
FALCONS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ American Kestrel |111|111|111|223|455|55-|---|-42|211|111|111|111| ___ Merlin |333|333|333|344|4--|---|---|---|-22|223|333|333| ___ Peregrine Falcon |333|333|333|344|4--|---|---|---|433|222|333|333|
GROUSE |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Ring-necked Pheasant |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| ___ Northern Bobwhite |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|
RAILS & ALLIES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Yellow Rail |444|444|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|444| ___ Black Rail |444|444|444|433|333|333|333|333|333|344|444|444| ___ Clapper Rail |222|222|222|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|122| ___ King Rail |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Virginia Rail |111|111|111|222|333|333|333|322|111|111|111|111| ___ Sora |333|333|333|322|33-|---|---|-44|222|233|333|333| ___ Common Moorhen |333|333|333|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|333|333| ___ American Coot |111|111|111|223|344|444|444|444|433|322|111|111|
PLOVERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Black-bellied Plover |111|111|111|111|111|223|333|211|111|111|111|111| ___ Lesser Golden Plover |---|---|---|-55|555|555|555|544|444|444|444|555| ___ Wilson's Plover |---|---|---|443|333|333|333|333|444|---|---|---| ___ Semipalmated Plover |333|333|333|322|111|233|442|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Piping Plover |444|444|444|333|333|333|333|333|333|344|444|444| ___ Killdeer |222|222|223|344|455|555|444|333|333|333|333|333|
OYSTERCATCHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ American Oystercatcher |333|333|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|233|333|333|
AVOCETS & STILTS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Black-necked Stilt |---|---|---|332|222|222|222|222|33-|---|---|---| ___ American Avocet |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|222|222|222|223|333|
SANDPIPERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Greater Yellowlegs |222|222|211|111|122|233|211|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Lesser Yellowlegs |333|333|322|211|113|--3|211|111|111|112|222|222| ___ Solitary Sandpiper |5--|---|---|433|223|444|322|222|233|344|455|555| ___ Willet |222|222|221|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|122| ___ Spotted Sandpiper |55-|---|---|433|223|444|322|222|233|344|455|555| ___ Upland Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|444|44-|---|---|---| ___ Whimbrel |555|555|554|322|113|344|322|111|222|333|344|555| ___ Long-billed Curlew |---|---|---|---|-55|555|555|444|444|555|555|555| ___ Hudsonian Godwit |---|---|---|---|-55|---|---|444|333|333|33-|---| ___ Marbled Godwit |344|444|444|443|333|333|333|322|222|222|222|222| ___ Ruddy Turnstone |333|333|322|222|111|344|433|111|122|222|222|2--| ___ Red Knot |333|333|333|333|211|223|444|333|111|112|22-|---| ___ Sanderling |111|111|111|111|111|233|332|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper |---|---|---|-33|211|344|-22|111|222|233|455|---| ___ Western Sandpiper |112|222|222|223|344|---|422|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Least Sandpiper |344|444|333|211|112|---|311|111|111|222|222|333| ___ White-rumped Sandpiper |---|---|---|-44|322|344|5--|443|333|333|3--|---| ___ Baird's Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|44-|---|---| ___ Pectoral Sandpiper |---|---|544|433|444|---|-32|222|222|233|3--|---| ___ Purple Sandpiper |444|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|444| ___ Dunlin |111|111|111|111|122|344|444|444|433|211|111|111| ___ Curlew Sandpiper |---|---|---|555|555|5--|-55|555|555|5--|---|---| ___ Stilt Sandpiper |---|---|---|-44|344|5--|322|222|333|333|445|555| ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|444|---|---| ___ Ruff |---|---|---|---|555|555|555|555|5--|---|---|---| ___ Short-billed Dowitcher |333|333|333|211|111|223|211|111|111|112|222|233| ___ Long-billed Dowitcher |333|333|333|333|455|---|---|322|222|222|222|233| ___ Common Snipe |222|222|222|233|4--|---|---|444|433|222|222|222| ___ American Woodcock |333|333|333|344|444|455|555|555|555|544|433|333| ___ Wilson's Phalarope |---|---|---|---|-55|555|444|333|344|455|---|---| ___ Red-necked Phalarope |---|---|---|---|222|444|444|422|222|222|---|---| ___ Red Phalarope |222|222|222|111|---|---|---|444|433|333|222|111|
JAEGERS, GULLS & TERNS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Pomarine Jaeger |555|555|444|322|222|444|433|222|222|222|2--|---| ___ Parasitic Jaeger |555|555|555|533|222|33-|---|--3|332|222|223|333| ___ Long-tailed Jaeger |---|---|---|---|433|---|---|444|444|444|4--|---| ___ Great Skua |444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44| ___ South Polar Skua |---|---|---|---|--3|444|444|444|44-|---|---|---| ___ Laughing Gull |344|444|322|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|122| ___ Little Gull |443|333|344|4--|---|---|---|---|---|555|555|544| ___ Common Black Headed Gull |555|555|555|555|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555| ___ Bonaparte's Gull |111|111|111|112|344|444|445|555|554|444|333|211| ___ Ring-billed Gull |111|111|111|111|122|233|333|333|333|211|111|111| ___ Herring Gull |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Iceland Gull |444|444|455|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44| ___ Lesser Black-backed Gull |333|333|344|444|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|333| ___ Glaucous Gull |444|444|455|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|-54| ___ Great Black-backed Gull |111|111|111|111|222|222|222|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Black-legged Kittiwake |222|233|333|445|5--|---|---|---|---|444|332|222| ___ Sabine's Gull |---|---|---|---|-55|---|---|---|-55|---|---|---| ___ Gull-billed Tern |---|---|---|322|222|222|222|223|344|4--|---|---| ___ Caspian Tern |---|---|---|444|333|333|333|322|222|222|344|---| ___ Royal Tern |333|333|211|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|222| ___ Sandwich Tern |---|---|-33|322|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|355| ___ Roseate Tern |---|---|---|---|---|555|444|555|---|---|---|---| ___ Common Tern |---|---|---|322|111|111|111|122|444|55-|---|---| ___ Arctic Tern |---|---|---|---|--4|555|---|-44|4--|---|---|---| ___ Forster's Tern |111|222|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Least Tern |---|---|---|322|111|111|111|122|344|4--|---|---| ___ Bridled Tern |---|---|---|---|-33|222|222|211|113|33-|---|---| ___ Sooty Tern |---|---|---|---|443|333|333|322|444|---|---|---| ___ Black Tern |---|---|---|--5|553|444|433|222|344|555|---|---|
SKIMMERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Black Skimmer |444|444|333|211|111|111|111|111|111|112|233|344|
ALCIDS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Dovekie |555|555|55-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|555| ___ Razorbill |555|555|555|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|555|
DOVES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Rock Dove |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| ___ Mourning Dove |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|
CUCKOOS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Black-billed Cuckoo |---|---|---|---|---|44-|---|444|555|55-|---|---| ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo |---|---|---|-33|222|222|222|233|333|333|---|---|
OWLS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Common Barn-Owl |333|333|333|444|444|444|444|444|444|433|333|333| ___ Eastern Screech Owl |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Great Horned Owl |333|333|344|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|333|333| ___ Short-eared Owl |333|333|344|44-|---|---|---|---|---|444|333|333| ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl |555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|555|555|
NIGHTJARS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Common Nighthawk |---|---|---|---|344|444|444|444|444|---|---|---| ___ Chuck-Will's-Widow |---|---|---|-33|222|222|333|333|3--|---|---|---|
SWIFTS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Chimney Swift |---|---|---|322|222|222|222|222|333|3--|---|---|
HUMMINGBIRDS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird |---|---|---|443|333|333|333|333|444|444|---|---|
KINGFISHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Belted Kingfisher |111|111|112|223|444|444|433|222|111|111|111|111|
WOODPECKERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Red-headed Woodpecker |---|---|---|---|44-|---|---|444|444|444|---|---| ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker |333|333|333|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|443|333| ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker |333|333|333|---|---|---|---|---|---|322|333|333| ___ Downy Woodpecker |333|333|333|444|444|444|444|433|333|333|333|333| ___ Hairy Woodpecker |555|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|555| ___ Northern Flicker |111|111|222|333|333|333|333|333|221|111|111|111| ___ Pileated Woodpecker |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|
FLYCATCHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Eastern Wood-Peewee |---|---|---|---|434|4--|---|-33|333|33-|---|---| ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher |333|333|333|---|---|---|---|--5|55-|---|---|---| ___ Acadian Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|444|---|---|555|555|5--|---|---| ___ Least Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--3|33-|---|---| ___ Eastern Phoebe |333|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|---|322|333|333| ___ Great Crested Flycatcher |---|---|---|-22|222|222|222|222|222|---|---|---| ___ Western Kingbird |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|544|433|444|555| ___ Eastern Kingbird |---|---|---|-22|222|222|222|211|113|3--|---|---| ___ Gray Kingbird |---|---|---|---|-55|---|---|---|-55|5--|---|---| ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher |---|---|---|---|---|-55|555|555|555|5--|---|---|
LARKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Horned Lark |555|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|555|555|555|
SWALLOWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Purple Martin |---|---|-44|322|222|222|222|233|445|55-|---|---| ___ Tree Swallow |333|333|333|333|44-|---|---|443|211|111|223|333| ___ No. Rough-winged Swallow |---|---|---|-55|---|---|-55|555|---|---|---|---| ___ Bank Swallow |---|---|---|---|-44|---|444|333|444|---|---|---| ___ Cliff Swallow |---|---|---|---|-44|4--|---|444|444|44-|---|---| ___ Barn Swallow |---|---|---|311|111|111|111|111|122|344|---|---|
JAYS AND CROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Blue Jay |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ American Crow |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Fish Crow |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|
TITMICE |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Carolina Chickadee |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Tufted Titmouse |555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|555|
NUTHATCHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch |333|333|444|444|---|---|---|---|443|222|333|333|
CREEPERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Brown Creeper |333|333|3--|---|---|---|---|---|--3|222|444|444|
WRENS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Carolina Wren |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ House Wren |222|233|333|3--|---|---|---|---|-33|322|222|222| ___ Winter Wren |333|333|33-|---|---|---|---|---|---|-33|333|333| ___ Sedge Wren |111|111|111|122|33-|---|---|---|444|322|111|111| ___ Marsh Wren |111|111|111|122|222|222|222|222|222|211|111|111|
THRUSHES AND ALLIES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet |111|113|3--|---|---|---|---|---|---|311|111|111| ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet |111|111|111|333|---|---|---|---|---|311|111|111| ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher |---|---|---|444|444|---|---|444|444|444|555|555| ___ Veery |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|55-|---|---|---| ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|4--|---|---| ___ Swainson's Thrush |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-33|33-|---|---| ___ Hermit Thrush |222|222|222|33-|---|---|---|---|---|-33|222|222| ___ Wood Thrush |---|---|---|---|444|---|---|---|---|444|---|---| ___ American Robin |111|111|111|223|444|---|---|---|433|221|111|111|
MIMICS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Gray Catbird |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Northern Mockingbird |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Brown Thrasher |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
PIPITS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Water Pipit |444|444|455|555|5--|---|---|---|---|443|333|333|
WAXWINGS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Cedar waxwing |222|111|111|122|444|---|---|444|332|222|222|222|
SHRIKES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Loggerhead Shrike |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|555|555|555|
VIREOS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ White-eyed Vireo |444|444|433|332|222|222|222|222|223|344|444|444| ___ Solitary Vireo |333|333|333|44-|---|---|---|---|---|443|333|333| ___ Yellow-throated Vireo |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--5|5--|---|---| ___ Philadelphia Vireo |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|544|44-|---|---| ___ Red-eyed Vireo |---|---|---|--3|333|333|344|444|443|33-|---|---|
WOOD WARBLERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Blue-winged Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|---|---|---| ___ Golden-winged Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|5--|---|---| ___ Tennessee Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|4--|---|---| ___ Orange-crowned Warbler |222|222|223|333|---|---|---|---|---|443|322|222| ___ Nashville Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|455|555|555| ___ Northern Parula |---|---|---|-44|444|44-|---|---|--3|33-|---|---| ___ Yellow Warbler |---|---|---|---|333|333|333|222|223|---|---|---| ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|55-|---|---| ___ Magnolia Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|222|222|---|---| ___ Cape May Warbler |---|---|---|---|55-|---|---|---|311|133|---|---| ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-22|224|445|555| ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler |111|111|111|112|33-|---|---|---|-33|221|111|111| ___ Black-throated Green Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-33|333|---|---| ___ Blackburnian Warbler |---|---|---|---|-55|55-|---|---|-44|444|---|---| ___ Yellow-throated Warbler |---|---|---|---|444|4--|---|---|555|555|555|555| ___ Pine Warbler |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Prairie Warbler |---|---|---|211|111|111|112|221|111|133|444|555| ___ Palm Warbler |333|344|444|444|---|---|---|---|433|111|223|333| ___ Bay-breasted Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|44-|---|---| ___ Blackpoll Warbler |---|---|---|---|33-|---|---|---|---|222|---|---| ___ Black & White Warbler |---|---|---|---|44-|---|---|322|222|344|455|555| ___ American Redstart |---|---|---|---|55-|---|---|311|111|113|---|---| ___ Prothonotary Warbler |---|---|---|-33|222|222|223|333|33-|---|---|---| ___ Worm-eating Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--4|44-|---|---| ___ Ovenbird |444|444|---|---|44-|---|---|---|-33|333|444|444| ___ Northern Waterthrush |---|---|---|---|4--|---|---|222|222|233|---|---| ___ Connecticut Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|455|---|---| ___ Common Yellowthroat |333|333|333|211|111|111|111|111|111|111|223|333| ___ Hooded Warbler |---|---|---|444|444|44-|---|---|444|4--|---|---| ___ Wilson's Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|---|---| ___ Canada Warbler |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-55|555|5--|---|---| ___ Yellow-breasted Chat |555|55-|---|---|222|222|222|333|333|344|455|555|
TANAGERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Summer Tanager |---|---|---|---|444|---|---|---|444|4--|---|---| ___ Scarlet Tanager |---|---|---|-44|44-|---|---|---|-44|444|---|---|
CARDINALS & ALLIES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Northern Cardinal |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak |---|---|---|444|44-|---|---|---|-33|333|---|---| ___ Blue Grosbeak |---|---|---|---|333|333|---|---|-33|333|---|---| ___ Indigo Bunting |---|---|---|-22|222|223|333|333|222|222|445|555| ___ Painted Bunting |555|555|555|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---| ___ Dickcissel |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|444|55-|---|
NEW WORLD SPARROWS & ALLIES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Rufous-sided Towhee |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Chipping Sparrow |444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---|---|322|333|444| ___ Clay-colored Sparrow |555|555|555|---|---|---|---|---|--5|444|555|555| ___ Field Sparrow |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| ___ Vesper Sparrow |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|455|555| ___ Lark Sparrow |555|555|555|---|---|---|---|-44|444|445|555|555| ___ Savannah Sparrow |111|111|111|112|33-|---|---|---|322|111|111|111| ___ "Ipswich Sparrow" |444|444|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|444| ___ Grasshopper Sparrow |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|444|555| ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow |222|222|222|233|344|44-|---|---|-33|322|222|222| ___ Seaside Sparrow |333|333|333|322|222|222|222|222|222|222|333|333| ___ Fox Sparrow |333|333|3--|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|333|333| ___ Song Sparrow |111|111|111|112|222|222|222|222|222|222|111|111| ___ Lincoln's Sparrow |55-|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|555|555| ___ Swamp Sparrow |111|111|111|111|333|---|---|---|---|-33|111|111| ___ White-throated Sparrow |222|222|222|223|---|---|---|---|-33|311|122|222| ___ White Crowned Sparrow |555|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|322|333|444| ___ Dark-eyed Junco |444|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|---|311|111|233| ___ Lapland Longspur |444|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|444| ___ Snow Bunting |444|455|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|
BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Bobolink |---|---|---|---|344|---|---|-22|222|222|44-|---| ___ Red-winged Blackbird |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Eastern Meadowlark |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--5|444|555|555|555| ___ Rusty Blackbird |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|455|555| ___ Boat-tailed Grackle |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| ___ Common Grackle |333|311|111|111|111|111|111|111|333|333|333|333| ___ Brown-headed Cowbird |333|311|111|111|111|111|111|333|444|444|444|444| ___ Orchard Oriole |---|---|---|-33|333|333|333|33-|---|---|---|---| ___ Northern Oriole |55-|---|---|---|44-|---|---|-33|111|223|335|555|
FINCHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ Purple Finch |333|344|455|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|333|333| ___ House Finch |444|444|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|444|444|444| ___ Pine Siskin |333|344|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|443|333|333| ___ American Goldfinch |333|333|444|444|---|---|---|---|---|-22|222|233| ___ Evening Grosbeak |444|444|555|555|5--|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|
OLD WORLD SPARROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| ___ House Sparrow |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|

ACCIDENTAL SPECIES
Pacific Loon                       Whip-poor-will*
Western Grebe                      Olive-sided Flycatcher
Herald Petrel                      Alder Flycatcher*
Red-billed Tropicbird              Willow Flycatcher*
Anhinga                            Vermilion Flycatcher
"Great White Heron"                White-breasted Nuthatch
Reddish Egret                      Brown-headed Nuthatch
Roseate Spoonbill                  Bewick's Wren
Wood Stork                         Northern Wheatear
Mute Swan                          Eastern Bluebird
Black Vulture                      Sage Thrasher 
Mississippi Kite                   Sprague's Pipit
Swainson's Hawk                    Northern Shrike
Golden Eagle                       Cerulean Warbler
Purple Gallinule                   Louisiana Waterthrush*
Sandhill Crane                     Kentucky Warbler
Spotted Redshank                   Mourning Warbler
"Eurasian Whimbrel"                Western Tanager
Black-tailed Godwit                Bachman's Sparrow
Bar-tailed Godwit                  American Tree Sparrow
Little Stint                       Lark Bunting
Franklin's Gull                    Le Conte's Sparrow
Common/Mew Gull                    Western Meadowlark
Thayer's Gull                      Brewer's Blackbird
Thick-billed Murre                 Red Crossbill
White-winged Dove                  Common Redpoll
Snowy Owl                          Flamingo sp.†
Burrowing Owl                      Barnacle Goose†
  
       * assumed--no records for Seashore
       † species of questionable origin

This resource is based on the following source:
Fussell, John III, Marcia Lyons, and Alan D. Barron. 1990. Birds of the Outer
     Banks. National Park Service, Department of the Interior. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Fussell, John III, Marcia Lyons, and Alan D. Barron. 1990. Birds of the Outer
     Banks. National Park Service, Department of the Interior. Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govhatteras.htm 
     (Version 18JUL00).

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