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Bird Checklists of the United States

Gulf Islands National Seashore

Ocean Springs, Mississippi
Gulf Breeze, Florida

The National Seashore comprises several diverse ecological communities which attract a wide variety of bird life. The offshore barrier islands consist of open beaches, dunes, freshwater marshes and wooded areas. On the mainland, also, are freshwater marshes, salt marshes and wooded areas which offer wildlife habitats.

More than 280 species of birds have been identified within the boundaries of Gulf Islands National Seashore, since its establishment in January 1971. This list reflects information gathered inside park boundaries and in neighboring areas by park staff and local observers. New information in subsequent years will no doubt add to this list. Please report unusual or new sightings to the Interpretation Division.


Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

c - common: 5-25 individuals per day
u - uncommon: several individuals per day or less
o - occasional: one individual per season or less
r - rare: has occurred within the area at least once since 1965
Some species have abundance information shown by state


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon c o u c
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe c r u c ___ Horned Grebe MS o o u c FL c o u c ___ Eared Grebe r - o o
BOOBIES Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican MS - r - - FL - u - - ___ Brown Pelican MS - r - - FL - u - -
GANNETS Sp S F W ___ Northern Gannet MS r r o u FL u u o u
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican u u u u ___ Brown Pelican c c c c
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant c u u c
DARTERS Sp S F W ___ Anhinga FL r r r -
FRIGATEBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Magnificent Frigatebird u u o r
BITTERNS & HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern u - u u ___ Least Bittern u u u r ___ Great Blue Heron c c c c ___ Great Egret u u u u ___ Snowy Egret u u u u ___ Little Blue Heron u u u u ___ Tricolored Heron u u u u ___ Reddish Egret u u o o ___ Cattle Egret u c u o ___ Green Heron u c c o ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron o - o u ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron u c u r
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White Ibis o o u r
SWANS, GEESE & DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Snow Goose FL o - o o ___ Wood Duck u u u u ___ Green-winged Teal u - u u ___ American Black Duck FL r - - r ___ Mottled Duck o u u o ___ Mallard o - u u ___ Northern Pintail r - - r ___ Blue-winged Teal c - u r ___ Northern Shoveler r - o r ___ Gadwall o - o o ___ American Wigeon o - - o ___ Canvasback o - o o ___ Redhead u - o u ___ Ring-necked Duck o r o o ___ Greater Scaup o - - u ___ Lesser Scaup c o o c ___ Oldsquaw MS r - - r FL o - - u ___ Black Scoter MS - - - r FL - - - o ___ Surf Scoter MS - - - r FL - - - o ___ White-winged Scoter MS - - - r FL - - - o ___ Common Goldeneye u - - c ___ Bufflehead u - - c ___ Hooded Merganser o - - u ___ Red-breasted Merganser c o o c ___ Ruddy Duck MS o - - c FL o - - o
AMERICAN VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture MS u u u c FL - - o o ___ Turkey Vulture MS o o o c FL o o o o
KITES, EAGLES & HAWKS Sp S F W ___ Osprey u u u o ___ Swallow-tailed Kite o o - - ___ Mississippi Kite MS o o u - FL o u u - ___ Bald Eagle o o o o ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk) u o u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk o - u u ___ Red-shouldered Hawk o o o o ___ Broad-winged Hawk o o c - ___ Red-tailed Hawk u o u c
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel MS u u u c FL o o u c ___ Merlin o - o o ___ Peregrine Falcon MS r - r r FL o - o o
PHEASANTS, TURKEYS & QUAIL Sp S F W ___ Northern Bobwhite o o o o
RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS Sp S F W ___ Clapper Rail c c c c ___ King Rail o o o o ___ Virginia Rail u - u u ___ Sora u - u o ___ Purple Gallinule o o o - ___ Common Moorhen u u u o ___ American Coot c o c c
PLOVERS & OYSTERCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover c u c c ___ American Golden Plover (Lesser Gol-Pl.) o - r - ___ Snowy Plover u u u u ___ Wilson's Plover r r o - ___ Semipalmated Plover u o u o ___ Piping Plover o o o u ___ Killdeer c o c c ___ American Oystercatcher r - r -
SANDPIPERS & PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt r - r - ___ American Avocet r - r - ___ Greater Yellowlegs o - o u ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u - o o ___ Solitary Sandpiper r - r - ___ Willet c c c c ___ Spotted Sandpiper c u c u ___ Upland Sandpiper r - o - ___ Whimbrel o - o - ___ Long-billed Curlew - - r - ___ Marbled Godwit r r r - ___ Ruddy Turnstone c o c c ___ Red Knot o o o o ___ Sanderling c u c c ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u u c - ___ Western Sandpiper u r c o ___ Least Sandpiper u - u u ___ White-rumped Sandpiper o - - - ___ Baird's Sandpiper r - r - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u - u r ___ Dunlin c o c c ___ Stilt Sandpiper o - o - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper - - r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher u o u o ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - r - - ___ Common Snipe c - u c ___ American Woodcock FL o - - o ___ Wilson's Phalarope - r r -
GULLS & TERNS Sp S F W ___ Laughing Gull c c c c ___ Bonaparte's Gull c - - c ___ Ring-billed Gull c u u c ___ Herring Gull c o u c ___ Glaucous Gull - - - r ___ Great Black-backed Gull MS r - r r FL o - r o ___ Gull-billed Tern u u - r ___ Caspian Tern o o o - ___ Royal Tern c c c c ___ Sandwich Tern c u c r ___ Common Tern o o u r ___ Forster's Tern c c c c ___ Least Tern c c u - ___ Sooty Tern - r r - ___ Black Tern u u c r ___ Black Skimmer c c c o
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove u u u u ___ White-winged Dove r - - r ___ Mourning Dove c c c c ___ Common Ground-Dove u u u u ___ Eurasian Collared-Dove FL u u u u
CUCKOOS & ANIS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo MS o o o - FL o - o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo u - u - ___ Groove-billed Ani r - o o
BARN OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl o o o o
TYPICAL OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl u u u u ___ Burrowing Owl FL o - o o ___ Barred Owl o o o o ___ Short-eared Owl FL - - r -
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk c c u - ___ Chuck-will's-widow c c u - ___ Whip-poor-will o - o o
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift u c u r
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird u o u -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher u o c c
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker u o u o ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u u ___ Downy Woodpecker c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker o o o o ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker) c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker u u u u
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee u u c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher MS - - r - FL - - o - ___ Acadian Flycatcher u u u - ___ Least Flycatcher r - o - ___ Eastern Phoebe u - c u ___ Great Crested Flycatcher c c c - ___ Western Kingbird - - o r ___ Eastern Kingbird c c c - ___ Gray Kingbird o c o - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher r - o -
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin c c c o ___ Tree Swallow MS u - c c FL u - c o ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u o u - ___ Bank Swallow r r o - ___ Cliff Swallow FL o - o - ___ Barn Swallow c c c r
JAYS & CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay c c c c ___ Fish Crow c c c c
CHICKADEES & TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch r - u r ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch c c c c
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper - - o r
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren c c c c ___ House Wren c - c c ___ Winter Wren - - r r ___ Sedge Wren o - o o ___ Marsh Wren c c c c
KINGLETS & GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet o - o o ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher c u c u
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird u u c u ___ Veery u - u - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush u - u - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u u ___ Wood Thrush MS u c u - FL u u u - ___ American Robin u - c c
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird c - c u ___ Northern Mockingbird c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher c c c c
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing c - u c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike u u u u
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling c c c c
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo c c c o ___ Solitary Vireo u - o u ___ Yellow-throated Vireo u u o - ___ Warbling Vireo r - r - ___ Philadelphia Vireo o - o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo c u c r ___ Black-whiskered Vireo o r - -
WOOD-WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler o - o - ___ Golden-winged Warbler o - o - ___ Tennessee Warbler u - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - u u ___ Nashville Warbler o - o r ___ Northern Parula c c c - ___ Yellow Warbler u u c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler o - u - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u r ___ Cape May Warbler u - r - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler o - u o ___ Blackburnian Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler u u u o ___ Pine Warbler c c c c ___ Prairie Warbler u o u r ___ Palm Warbler u - u o ___ Bay-breasted Warbler o - o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u r u - ___ Cerulean Warbler o - o - ___ Black-and-white Warbler c - c r ___ American Redstart u - u r ___ Prothonotary Warbler c u c - ___ Worm-eating Warbler o - o - ___ Swainson's Warbler o - o - ___ Ovenbird u r u r ___ Northern Waterthrush o - o - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush o o o - ___ Kentucky Warbler o o o - ___ Mourning Warbler - - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat c c c c ___ Hooded Warbler u u u - ___ Wilson's Warbler r - o r ___ Canada Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat o o o -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager u u u - ___ Scarlet Tanager u - u -
CARDINALS & GROSBEAKS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak u - u - ___ Blue Grosbeak u u u r ___ Indigo Bunting u u u r ___ Painted Bunting o r r - ___ Dickcissel o - o r
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee c c c c ___ Chipping Sparrow u - u c ___ Field Sparrow u - u c ___ Vesper Sparrow o - o o ___ Lark Sparrow r - o r ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u c ___ Grasshopper Sparrow MS r - - r FL r - - - ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow o - o o ___ Seaside Sparrow o - o - ___ Fox Sparrow - - - r ___ Song Sparrow u - o c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow r - r r ___ Swamp Sparrow c - o c ___ White-throated Sparrow c - u c ___ White-crowned Sparrow o - o o ___ Dark-eyed Junco - - o o
BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink u - r - ___ Eastern Meadowlark u u u u ___ Red-winged Blackbird c c c c ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird r r r r ___ Brewer's Blackbird - - r r ___ Boat-tailed Grackle MS c c c c FL o o o o ___ Common Grackle c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole u c u - ___ Baltimore Oriole o - u r
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Pine Siskin o - - o ___ American Goldfinch c - u c ___ Purple Finch r - r u
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow c c c c
ACCIDENTALS Pacific Loon Black-legged Kittiwake Red-throated Loon Franklin's Gull Red-necked Grebe Lesser Nighthawk Greater Shearwater Caribbean Elaenia (FL) Manx Shearwater Ash-throated Flycatcher Wilson's Storm-Petrel Vermillion Flycatcher Canada Goose Cave Swallow Greater White-fronted Goose White-breasted Nuthatch Common Merganser Sage Thrasher Harlequin Duck Varied Thrush Swainson's Hawk Bell's Vireo Rough-legged Hawk Black-throated Gray Warbler Roseate Spoonbill Connecticut Warbler Wood Stork Shiny Cowbird (FL) Parasitic Jaeger Black-headed Grosbeak Pomarine Jaeger Evening Grosbeak Iceland Gull Western Tanager Lesser Black-backed Gull House Finch

For additional information contact:
                 Gulf Islands National Seashore
                 Mississippi District
                 3500 Park Road
                 Ocean Springs, Mississippi 39564
                 Telephone: 601/875-8021

                 Gulf Islands National Seashore
                 Florida District
                 1801 Gulf Breeze Parkway
                 Gulf Breeze, Florida 32561
                 Telephone: 904/934-2600

This resource is based on the following source:
National Park Service.  1994.  Birds of Gulf Islands National Seashore.  
     National Park Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service.  1994.  Birds of Gulf Islands National Seashore.  
     National Park Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govgulfisle.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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