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Bird Checklists of the United States

Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Crossett, Arkansas


Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1975 as mitigation for the U.S. Corps of Engineers Ouachita and Black Rivers Navigation Project, is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The refuge is located in south central Arkansas on U.S. Highway 82, approximately 7 miles west of Crossett. The objectives of this 65,000 acre refuge include protecting and enhancing habitat for endangered species such as the red-cockaded woodpecker, providing habitat for nesting and wintering migratory birds such as waterfowl, protecting cultural resources and providing opportunities for wildlife dependent public use.

The refuge is crisscrossed by an intricate system of rivers, creeks, sloughs and lakes meandering through extensive bottomland hardwood forests with the adjoining higher elevations occupied by pine and upland hardwoods. The diversity of habitats present supports a large variety of bird species including almost 100 species known to nest here and many other species that utilize the area during migration. Felsenthal Refuge is located in the Mississippi Flyway, one of four major flyways in North America used by migratory birds. The refuge contains the world's largest greentree reservoir which provides the capability to flood 21,000 acres of forestland during the winter for waterfowl and wading birds. This ability has resulted in the refuge becoming a major wintering area for waterfowl with peak populations exceeding 300,000 birds in recent years.

The fall and spring periods provide the most exciting opportunities to observe bird life as many species of waterfowl, neotropical migrants and shorebirds move through the area. Bald eagles may be seen in the fall and winter as they follow migrating waterfowl down the flyway. During late spring and summer, the refuge serves as home to a host of species such as warblers, woodpeckers, and barred owls that nest here.

Information concerning accessibility may be obtained at the refuge visitor center, located 5 miles west of Crossett on U.S. Highway 82. Additional information can be obtained by writing the Refuge manager, P.O. Box 1157. Crossett, AR 71635. The refuge bird list contains 228 species that have been observed on the refuge or in the surrounding area. Visitors are urged to report any sightings of speices no present on this list.


Seasonal appearance
Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal abundance
c - common: (almost always found)
f - fairly common: (usually seen but in small numbers)
u - uncommon: (difficult to find and often over looked)
r - rare: (not expected, but reliably reported at least one time)
e - expected: (should occur but no records)
* - nests on refuge


GREBES                                          Sp       S       F       W

___ Common Loon                                 u        -       u       u
___ Horned Grebe                                u        -       -       u
___ Pied-billed Grebe*                          u        u       u       u
___ Eared Grebe                                 u        -       u       u

PELICANS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican u - u - ___ Double-crested Cormorant c u f c ___ Anhinga* u u u -
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern u - u - ___ Great Blue Heron* c f c c ___ Great Egret* f u u - ___ Snowy Egret* u u u - ___ Little Blue Heron c u c - ___ Tricolored Heron r r e - ___ Cattle Egret* u u u - ___ Green Heron* f c f - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* u u u - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron* u u u -
IBISES, SPOONBILL, STORK Sp S F W ___ White Ibis - r - - ___ Wood Stork - u u -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan - - - r ___ Snow Goose u - u u ___ Canada Goose u - u u ___ Wood Duck* c c c c ___ Green-winged Teal u - u r ___ American Black Duck u - u u ___ Mallard* c - c c ___ Northern Pintail r - r r ___ Blue-winged Teal u r u r ___ Northern Shoveler u - u u ___ Gadwall f - f c ___ American Wigeon u - u u ___ Canvasback r - r r ___ Redhead r - r r ___ Ring-necked Duck u - u u ___ Lesser Scaup u - u u ___ Oldsquaw - - - r ___ Bufflehead r - r r ___ Hooded Merganser u - u u ___ Common Merganser r - - r ___ Ruddy Duck r - r r ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - - r
VULTURES, HAWKS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture* c c c c ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c c ___ Osprey u - u r ___ Mississippi Kite* u u r - ___ Bald Eagle - - u u ___ Northern Harrier u - u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* u r u u ___ Cooper's Hawk* u r u u ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk u u u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c c ___ Golden Eagle r - r r ___ American Kestrel* f u u f ___ Peregrine Falcon - - - r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W (Quail, Turkey, and Allies) ___ Wild Turkey* f f u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* u u u u
RAILS, GALLINULES, AND COOTS Sp S F W ___ King Rail* r r r - ___ Sora u - u r ___ American Coot* c - c c ___ Virginia Rail r r r -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer* u u u u ___ Greater Yellowlegs u r u - ___ Ring-billed Gull u - u u ___ Herring Gull u - u u ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u r u - ___ Caspian Tern r - r - ___ Forster's Tern u - u - ___ Least Tern u u - - ___ Black Tern u - u - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u u u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u u - ___ Upland Sandpiper u - r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u - u - ___ Western Sandpiper r - r - ___ Least Sandpiper u - u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u r u - ___ Common Snipe u - u r ___ American Woodcock u r u r
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c ___ Rock Dove* u u u u
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r - r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c u - ___ Greater Roadrunner u u u e
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl r - r r ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Barred Owl* c c c c
NIGHTJARS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk u u c - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* c c u - ___ Whip-poor-will u - u -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* c c c - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* c c c -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* f f f f
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c c u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker f - u c ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker u u u u ___ Red-cockaded Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee c c c - ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher e - e - ___ Acadian Flycatcher u u - - ___ Least Flycatcher e - e - ___ Eastern Phoebe u u u u ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* f c f - ___ Eastern Kingbird* u c u - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher u - u -
MARTINS, SWALLOWS AND LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark - - - r ___ Purple Martin* f c - - ___ Tree Swallow u - u - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u u - ___ Barn Swallow* f f f - ___ Bank Swallow u - u - ___ Cliff Swallow r - r -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Fish Crow* c c u u ___ American Crow* u u u u
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch u u u c ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch u - - u ___ White-breasted Nuthatch u r u r
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper u - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ Bewick's Wren* u u u u ___ House Wren u - u u ___ Winter Wren u - u f ___ Sedge Wren u - u r ___ Marsh Wren u r u r
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet f - f c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* c c u -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c c ___ Veery e - - - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush e - - - ___ Swainson's Thrush e - e - ___ Wood Thrush* c c c - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u f ___ American Robin* c c c c
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird u u u - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c c
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit r - r -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing f - u f
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* u u u u ___ European Starling* c c c c
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c u r ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* u u u - ___ Warbling Vireo e e e - ___ Philadelphia Vireo u - u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c u - ___ Solitary Vireo u - u u ___ Bell's Vireo u u - -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler u - u - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - u u ___ Nashville Warbler u - u - ___ Northern Parula* f u f - ___ Yellow Warbler f - f - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler e - e - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - f c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler f - f - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* u u u - ___ Pine Warbler* c c c c ___ Prairie Warbler u u u - ___ Palm Warbler r - r - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler u - u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler e - - - ___ Cerulean Warbler* u u u - ___ Black-and-white Warbler* f u u - ___ American Redstart* f u r - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c f - ___ Worm-eating Warbler u u u - ___ Swainson's Warbler e - - - ___ Ovenbird e - e - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* f u u - ___ Kentucky Warbler* f f u - ___ Mourning Warbler e - e - ___ Common Yellowthroat* f u f - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* f f f - ___ Hooded Warbler* f u u - ___ Canada Warbler e - e - ___ Wilson's Warbler e - e -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* f f f - ___ Scarlet Tanager u - u - ___ Dickcissel* u u - -
NEW WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak u - u - ___ Blue Grosbeak* f u u - ___ Indigo Bunting* c f f - ___ Painted Bunting* u u - -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* f u u f ___ Bachman's Sparrow* u u - - ___ Chipping Sparrow* u u u u ___ Field Sparrow* c u u c ___ Vesper Sparrow u - u u ___ Lark Sparrow* u u r - ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u c ___ Le Conte's Sparrow r - r r ___ Fox Sparrow u - u u ___ Song Sparrow f - f c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u u ___ Swamp Sparrow u - u u ___ White-throated Sparrow c - f c ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u r ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - u c ___ Lapland Longspur r - - r
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c c ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c c ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u u ___ Brewer's Blackbird u - u u ___ Common Grackle* c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole* c c u - ___ Northern Oriole* u u u -
OLD WORLD FINCHES AND HOUSE SPARROW Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u - - u ___ House Finch e - e e ___ Red Crossbill r - - r ___ American Goldfinch c - u c ___ Pine Siskin u - u u ___ Evening Grosbeak r - - r ___ House Sparrow* c c c c
Sighting Notes
Date:________________________ Time:__________________ to:______________________

Weather:_______________________________________________________________________

No. of Species:________________________________________________________________

Route or area:_________________________________________________________________

Observers:_____________________________________________________________________

Remarks:_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

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For further information contact:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge
                     P.O. Box 1157
                     Crossett, Arkansas 71635
                     Telephone: 501/364-3167

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1996.  Birds of Felsenthal National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1996.  Birds of Felsenthal National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govfelsenth.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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