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Bird Checklists of the United States

Dahomey and Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuges

Cleveland and Grenada, Mississippi


Dahomey and Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuges are located respectively near Cleveland, Mississippi and Grenada, Mississippi. The refuges are comprised of a mixture of bottomland hardwoods, marshes, swamps, sloughs, and croplands. The surrounding area of catfish ponds, croplands and the close proximity to the Mississippi River often works in conjunction with these refuge habitats to attract an unusual variety of migratory birds in the Mississippi Flyway.

The best opportunities for observing the greatest variety and number of birds are during fall and spring migration periods. Visitors are encouraged to report any observations on seasonal abundance and nesting occurrence.

This list is in accordance with the Fifth A.O.U. Check-list as amended. Enjoy your visit!

Ethics for Birdwatching

Take care not to disturb nesting birds, exposing eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation.

Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration.

Do not litter. Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, 6-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food.


Seasonal appearance

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal abundance

a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
* - nests on refuge


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon c - u c
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c u c c
PELICANS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican o - o - ___ Double-crested Cormorant o - o a
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern o - o o ___ Least Bittern* u c u - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Great Egret u u c u ___ Snowy Egret o o o - ___ Little Blue Heron* o c c o ___ Tricolored Heron - o o - ___ Cattle Egret* u c c u ___ Green Heron* c c c o ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron o o o o ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron o u u o
IBISES, SPOONBILL, STORK Sp S F W ___ Glossy Ibis - - o o ___ White Ibis o u c o
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck - - - r ___ Tundra Swan - - - o ___ Greater White-Fronted Goose - - - c ___ Snow Goose - - - c ___ Canada Goose - - u c ___ Wood Duck* a a a a ___ Green-winged Teal u - u u ___ American Black Duck o - o u ___ Mallard c u c c ___ Northern Pintail o - o u ___ Blue-winged Teal c - c o ___ Cinnamon Teal - - r r ___ Northern Shoveler c - c c ___ Gadwall c - c c ___ American Wigeon c - c c ___ Canvasback o - o o ___ Redhead - - - o ___ Ring-necked Duck - - c c ___ Greater Scaup - - - o ___ Lesser Scaup o - o o ___ Common Goldeneye - - - o ___ Bufflehead o - o u ___ Hooded Merganser u u - u ___ Common Merganser - - - r ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - - r ___ Ruddy Duck u - o c
VULTURES, HAWKS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture o o o o ___ Turkey Vulture c c c c ___ Osprey r - r r ___ Mississippi Kite* o c u - ___ Bald Eagle - - o o ___ Northern Harrier u - u c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - o u ___ Cooper's Hawk u - u u ___ Red-shouldered Hawk u - u u ___ Broad-winged Hawk u - o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk c u c c ___ Golden Eagle - - r o ___ American Kestrel c o c c ___ Merlin - - o u
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey* c c c c ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS AND CRANES Sp S F W ___ King Rail o o o o ___ Sora u o u o ___ Purple Gallinule* u u u r ___ Common Moorhen* c c u o ___ American Coot c o o c
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ American Golden Plover o - - - ___ Semipalmated Plover o - o o ___ Killdeer* c c c c ___ Black-necked Stilt r - - - ___ American Avocet - - r - ___ Greater Yellowlegs u u u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u u u - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u - u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u u - ___ Upland Sandpiper o - o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper o - o - ___ Western Sandpiper o o o - ___ Least Sandpiper o - o o ___ Baird's Sandpiper o - o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper o o o - ___ Dunlin a r o o ___ Short-billed Dowitcher - - o - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - - o o ___ Common Snipe c - c c ___ American Woodcock u - u u ___ Bonaparte's Gull - - r r ___ Ring-billed Gull - - u u ___ Forster's Tern r - - - ___ Least Tern r - - -
PIGEONS, DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove c c c c ___ White-winged Dove - - r - ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c ___ Common Ground-Dove - o o -
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c o -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl* o o o o ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Short-eared Owl - - r r
NIGHTJARS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* o u o - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* o o - - ___ Whip-poor-will o o - -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* u c u - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u c u -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c c
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u c ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* u u u - ___ Acadian Flycatcher* c c - - ___ Eastern Phoebe u u u u ___ Vermilion Flycatcher - - - o ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* u u - - ___ Western Kingbird - - r - ___ Eastern Kingbird* u c c o ___ Gray Kingbird* c c u - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher - - o -
MARTINS AND SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* c c c - ___ Tree Swallow c - c o ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow - u u u ___ Barn Swallow u c u -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c ___ Fish Crow o o o o
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - o o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch r - r o
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper - - r o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ House Wren u u u u ___ Winter Wren u - u u ___ Sedge Wren o - o o ___ Marsh Wren* o - o u
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* o u u o
BLUEBIRDS, THRUSHES AND ROBINS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c o ___ Veery u - u - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush u - u - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u u ___ Wood Thrush* u c u - ___ American Robin* c u c u
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* u o o o ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c u
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit u - - u
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing u - u u
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* u u u u
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* u u u o ___ Solitary Vireo o - o u ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* o u o -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler o - o - ___ Golden-winged Warbler o - o - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler - - - u ___ Northern Parula* c c u - ___ Yellow Warbler u - u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler c - u - ___ Magnolia Warbler r - u - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler u u c - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - o - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - o - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler u u u - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler u - o - ___ Prairie Warbler o - - - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - o - ___ Cerulean Warbler o - - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u o o - ___ American Redstart u - u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c u - ___ Worm-eating Warbler o - - - ___ Swainson's Warbler o o - - ___ Ovenbird u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush u u u - ___ Kentucky Warbler* u u u - ___ Nashville Warbler u - u - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c u - ___ Hooded Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* u u - -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* c c c - ___ Scarlet Tanager u - u -
NEW WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* a a a a ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak u - o - ___ Blue Grosbeak o o - - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c - ___ Painted Bunting* u u u - ___ Dickcissel* c c c -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* u u u u ___ Chipping Sparrow u - u u ___ Field Sparrow u u u u ___ Vesper Sparrow u - u u ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u u ___ Henslow's Sparrow r - - - ___ Song Sparrow c - c c ___ Swamp Sparrow u - u c ___ White-throated Sparrow u - u c ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u u ___ Dark-eyed Junco u - u c
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink u - o - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a a ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c u c c ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u c ___ Brewer's Blackbird u - u u ___ Common Grackle c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole* u c u - ___ Northern Oriole u c u r
OLD WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ American Goldfinch u - u c
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow c c c c
To report observations or to obtain further information, contact:

                      Refuge Manager
                      Mississippi Wetland Management District
                      P.O. Box 1070
                      Grenada, Mississippi 38901      
                      Telephone: 601/226-8286

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Dahomey and Tallahatchie 
     National Wildlife Refuges.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Dahomey and Tallahatchie 
     National Wildlife Refuges.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govdahomey.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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