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Bird Checklists of the United States

Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge

Dover, Tennessee


Welcome to Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge, one of over 500 national wildlife refuges administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The 8,862 acre refuge stretches 11 miles on either side of Lake Barkley on the Cumberland River in Stewart County, Tennessee. The combination of deciduous woodlands, open water, marsh and croplands provide excellent habitat for various species of birds. Manipulation of water levels in refuge pools resulting in moist soil areas rich in natural plant and animal life create unlimited food resources for wading birds, marsh and shorebirds, raptors, songbirds and waterfowl.

The refuge is approximately four miles east of Dover, Tennessee off of Highway 49. Travel east from Dover three miles, turn left at the refuge sign and proceed one mile. Signs will direct you to the refuge office/visitor center and main entrance to the refuge.

How to use your checklist

The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The list is arranged in the order established by the American Ornithological Union. This checklist includes 251 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists. Another 25 species which have been observed very infrequently are presently listed under "Accidental" birds. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We appreciate your help in updating our records.


Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following:

Seasonal appearance

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal abundance

a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
x - accidental: out of normal species range
+ - Irruptive species seen most frequently during invasion years (2-10 year intervals)
* - nests on the refuge


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon o - u o
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe c - c u ___ Horned Grebe r - o r
PELICANS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant o - o o ___ Anhinga - r - -
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern o - o r ___ Least Bittern o r - - ___ Great Blue Heron c c c c ___ Great Egret u u u r ___ Snowy Egret r r r - ___ Little Blue Heron u u u - ___ Cattle Egret u o o - ___ Green Heron* c c c - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron u c c r ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron o u r -
IBISES AND STORKS Sp S F W ___ White Ibis+ r - r - ___ Wood Stork+ r r r -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan - - r - ___ Greater White-Fronted Goose r - r r ___ Snow Goose o - u u ___ Canada Goose* c c a a ___ Wood Duck* c c c u ___ Green-winged Teal c - c c ___ American Black Duck u r a a ___ Mallard* u u a a ___ Northern Pintail u - c c ___ Blue-winged Teal c r c r ___ Northern Shoveler c - u u ___ Gadwall u - c c ___ Eurasian Wigeon r - r r ___ American Wigeon u - c c ___ Canvasback o - u c ___ Redhead u - u u ___ Ring-necked Duck c - c c ___ Greater Scaup r - - r ___ Lesser Scaup u - u u ___ Oldsquaw - - - r ___ White-winged Scoter - - r r ___ Common Goldeneye o - o u ___ Bufflehead o - o o ___ Hooded Merganser* u - c c ___ Common Merganser r - o u ___ Red-breasted Merganser o - o u ___ Ruddy Duck o - o o
VULTURES, HAWKS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture* c c c u ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c u ___ Osprey u - u - ___ Bald Eagle* u u u u ___ Northern Harrier u - c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u - c u ___ Cooper's Hawk* u o u u ___ Northern Goshawk - - - - ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk* u o u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk+ - - r r ___ Golden Eagle - - o o ___ American Kestrel* u u u u ___ Merlin r - r - ___ Peregrine Falcon r - r r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey* o o o o ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c c c
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS AND CRANES Sp S F W ___ King Rail o - r - ___ Virginia Rail o - o r ___ Sora u - u r ___ Common Moorhen o - - - ___ American Coot u - u c ___ Sandhill Crane - - r r
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover - - o - ___ American Golden Plover u r r - ___ Semipalmated Plover u o u - ___ Piping Plover - r r - ___ Killdeer* c c c c ___ American Avocet - r r - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c o c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c o c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper c o u - ___ Willet - r r - ___ Spotted Sandpiper c o u - ___ Upland Sandpiper r r r - ___ Sanderling - r r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c o c - ___ Western Sandpiper - r r - ___ Least Sandpiper c u c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper o r r - ___ Baird's Sandpiper - - r - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c o c - ___ Dunlin - - o - ___ Stilt Sandpiper r u u - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper - - r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher o o u - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher r - r - ___ Common Snipe c - u c ___ American Woodcock* u o o r ___ Wilson's Phalarope - - r - ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - o o ___ Ring-billed Gull u - c c ___ Herring Gull o - - o ___ Caspian Tern o r o - ___ Common Tern r - r - ___ Forster's Tern r - - - ___ Least Tern o r o - ___ Black Tern u r o -
PIGEONS, DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r - r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* u c c -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Long-eared Owl - - - - ___ Short-eared Owl - - r r
NIGHTJARS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk u u u - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* u u - - ___ Whip-poor-will* c c o -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* u c c - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u c u -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c c
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u - u c ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r - r - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c u - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - r - ___ Acadian Flycatcher* c c u - ___ Alder Flycatcher r - - - ___ Willow Flycatcher* o u r - ___ Least Flycatcher o - - - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c u o ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c o - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark u r u u
MARTINS AND SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* u c o - ___ Tree Swallow* c u c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u u - ___ Bank Swallow u u o - ___ Cliff Swallow* u u o - ___ Barn Swallow* c c u -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch+ o - o o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u u u u
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper u - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ Bewick's Wren r r r - ___ House Wren o r o - ___ Winter Wren u - o u ___ Sedge Wren u r u r ___ Marsh Wren u - u -
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c - c u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c o ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* c c u -
BLUEBIRDS, THRUSHES AND ROBINS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c c ___ Veery u - o - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush c - u - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u u ___ Wood Thrush* c c u - ___ American Robin* c c c c
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* c c u - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c u
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit u - u u
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing u r u u
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c a
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* u u u u
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c u - ___ Solitary Vireo o - o - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* u u o - ___ Warbling Vireo* u u o - ___ Philadelphia Vireo r - r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c u -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler* u u r - ___ Golden-winged Warbler o - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - c - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r - r - ___ Nashville Warbler c - u - ___ Northern Parula* u u u - ___ Yellow Warbler* u u r - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - u - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - c - ___ Cape May Warbler o - r - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c u ___ Black-throated Green Warbler c - c - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* u u u - ___ Pine Warbler* o o o r ___ Prairie Warbler u u o - ___ Palm Warbler u - u - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler u - c - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - r - ___ Cerulean Warbler* u u o - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u r u - ___ American Redstart u r u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c u - ___ Worm-eating Warbler* u u o - ___ Ovenbird u - u - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* c c r - ___ Kentucky Warbler* u c u - ___ Connecticut Warbler r - - - ___ Mourning Warbler r - - - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ Hooded Warbler* c c c - ___ Wilson's Warbler u u r - ___ Canada Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* c c o -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* c c u - ___ Scarlet Tanager* u u u -
NEW WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak c - c - ___ Blue Grosbeak* u u o - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c - ___ Dickcissel* u c o -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* c c c c ___ American Tree Sparrow+ - - - o ___ Chipping Sparrow* u u o - ___ Field Sparrow* c c c c ___ Vesper Sparrow c - u - ___ Lark Sparrow o r - - ___ Savannah Sparrow c - c c ___ Grasshopper Sparrow o r - - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow r - r r ___ Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow - - o - ___ Fox Sparrow u - u u ___ Song Sparrow* c o c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u - ___ Swamp Sparrow c - c a ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c a ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u u ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c c ___ Lapland Longspur r - o o
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink u - u - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c a ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c c ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u u ___ Common Grackle* c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole* c c r - ___ Northern Oriole u - o -
OLD WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch+ c - u c ___ House Finch c u u c ___ Pine Siskin+ o - u u ___ American Goldfinch* c c c c ___ Evening Grosbeak+ o - r u
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c
ACCIDENTAL BIRDS: The following species have been observed sporadically on the refuge and are considered accidental:

American White Pelican                  Purple Gallinule
Tricolored Heron                        Piping Plover
Glossy Ibis                             Marbled Godwit
Roseate Spoonbill                       Red-necked Phalarope
Fulvous Whistling-Duck                  Laughing Gull
Mute Swan                               Franklin's Gull
Brant                                   Common Ground-Dove
Ross' Goose                             Snowy Owl
Barnacle Goose                          Swainson's Warbler
Cinnamon Teal                           Snow Bunting
Mississippi Kite                        Western Meadowlark
Northern Goshawk                        Yellow-headed Blackbird
Yellow Rail

For further information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge
                 643 Wildlife Road
                 Dover, Tennessee 37058      
                 Telephone: 615/232-7477

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of Cross Creeks National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of Cross Creeks National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govcrosscre.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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