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Bird Checklists of the United States

Congaree Swamp National Monument

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Hopkins, South Carolina


Columbia Audubon Society
Birds of Congaree Swamp National Monument

Congaree Swamp National Monument protects over 22,200 acres (8,880 hectares) of floodplain forest, swamp, and adjacent uplands along the Congaree River in Richland County, South Carolina (just southeast of Columbia). This bird checklist summarizes the status of 173 species which have been found on park property. Since most of the park is forest, many species which are common in farmlands just outside of the park are listed here as rare or absent from this list altogether. Furthermore certain species (such as owls and goatsuckers) are certainly more common than this list indicates.

This list is compiled from over 6,000 observations of more than 50 birders since the establishment of the park. This checklist consists of species' names, breeding status symbol, and abundance symbols for each of the twelve months of the year. For species which are not expected year-round, early and late dates are given on the line immediately beneath the species' name. If a species should occur in the park, but we have no definite record for a particular month, the underscore symbol (_) occurs in that month's column.

Explanation of symbols:

* = probably breeds in the park
a = abundant (95% chance of finding the species)
c = common (80% chance)
u = uncommon (50% chance)
o = occasional (20% chance)
r = rare (5% chance or less)

This checklist is sponsored by the Columbia Audubon Society and is compiled by Robin Carter.
December 1995


Pelicans and their Allies:      J  F  M  A  M  J  J  A  S  O  N  D

___ Double-cr Cormorant                     r     r
    5/8/95, 7/1/91
___ Anhinga                     _  r  r  o  o  r  r  _  r  r  _  r

Herons and Egrets: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ American Bittern r 3/9/90 ___ Great Blue Heron o o o u o r r r r o o r ___ Great Egret r r o r 3/28-5/29, 9/5-9/8 ___ Snowy Egret r 9/8/90 ___ Little Blue Heron r r r 4/24-5/6, 9/8 ___ Cattle Egret r r r _ r 4/18-8/25 ___ Green Heron * r _ r r r _ o _ r 3/27-11/4 ___ Yellow-Cr Night-Heron * o r o _ _ _ r r 3/10-10/5
Ibises and Storks, etc.: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ White Ibis r r 4/19/87, 6/15/86 ___ Wood Stork r o r 5/30-7/11
Geese and Ducks: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Canada Goose r 5/6/95 ___ Wood Duck * u u u u u r _ _ r o u u ___ Green-winged Teal r 11/22/92 ___ Mallard r 2/23/82 ___ Blue-winged Teal r 3/15/92 ___ Ring-necked Duck r 11/22/92 ___ Hooded Merganser _ r r 12/21-2/23
Vultures and Hawks: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Black Vulture * o _ u u r r r _ r o u o ___ Turkey Vulture * u o u u u r _ _ o u c c ___ Osprey r o r r 3/29-5/8, 9/11 ___ Am. Swallow-tail Kite r r 4/29-4/30, 7/14 ___ Mississippi Kite * o o u u 4/23-7/21 ___ Bald Eagle r r 9/11/88, 10/9/94 ___ Northern Harrier r _ r r r r 10/20-3/21 ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk r r _ o r u o o 9/14-4/30 ___ Cooper's Hawk _ _ _ _ r r _ r 10/2-5/11 ___ Red-shouldered Hawk * c c c c u u o o c c c u ___ Broad-winged Hawk r r r 3/27-4/?, 9/17 ___ Red-tailed Hawk r r _ o o u o 10/16-4/30 ___ American Kestrel _ r _ r o r r 10/5-4/5
Gallinaceous birds: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Wild Turkey * _ _ r o _ _ _ _ r r r _ ___ Northern Bobwhite * r _ _ r o r _ _ r r r _
Rails and Cranes: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ rail sp. (King?) r 3/16/93
Shorebirds: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Killdeer r _ r r 2/22-5/6 ___ Lesser Yellowlegs r 4/26/91 ___ Solitary Sandpiper r 9/8/90 ___ Spotted Sandpiper r r 4/28/95, 5/28/92 ___ Common Snipe r 10/28/90 ___ Amerian Woodcock o r r _ r o 9/6-2/7
Gulls and Terns: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Bonaparte's Gull r 4/20/92 ___ Ring-billed Gull r 4/20/92
Pigeons and Doves: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Rock Dove r _ _ r 5/6-8/1 ___ Mourning Dove * r u u c o o o o o r o o
Cuckoos: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r r r 5/2, 9/26-10/25 ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo * u u u u u u u 4/17-10/22
Owls: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Eastern Screech-Owl * _ _ _ _ r _ _ _ r _ r r ___ Great Horned Owl * _ _ _ _ r r _ _ _ r r _ ___ Barred Owl * u u u c c u u _ c c u u
Goatsuckers: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Common Nighthawk r 5/6/95 ___ Chuck-will's-widow * o o 5/3-6/28 ___ Whip-poor-will * o o u 4/4-6/28
Swifts and Hummingbirds: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Chimney Swift * o c c o c c c u 3/27-10/22 ___ Ruby-thr Hummingbd * r c c u o o o 3/28-9/28
Kingfisher: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Belted Kingfisher * r o o o r _ _ r r u o u 8/4-5/26
Woodpeckers: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Red-headed Wdpckr * u u u c o o o o c c u u ___ Red-bellied Wdpckr * c c c c c u c u c c c c ___ Yellow-bell Sapsckr u u u o r c c c 9/8-4/5 ___ Downy Woodpecker * c c c c u u u u c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker * u u u u r o u o u u o u ___ Red-cockade Wdpckr * r r o o o _ _ _ _ r r o ___ Northern Flicker * c c c u r r r o o c c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker * c c c c u o u u c c c c
Flycatchers: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r r 9/11-10/3 ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee * o o o u u u o 4/18-10/31 ___ Acadian Flycatcher * c c u u u c r 4/17-10/5 ___ Least Flycatcher r 5/2/91 ___ Empidonax sp. r r 9/28/85, 10/3/93 ___ Eastern Phoebe c u o r r u c c 10/7-4/4 (bred 1988) ___ Gt Crested Flycatcher * c u u u u u 4/11-9/16 ___ Western Kingbird r 9/30/79 ___ Eastern Kingbird r o 4/26-5/28
Swallows: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Purple Martin o r r r o 3/20-7/23 ___ Tree Swallow r r r 3/30-4/17, 9/11-9/16 ___ N Rough-winged Swal. r r 4/19-5/11 ___ Barn Swallow o r 5/8-5/11, 8/18
Jays and Crows: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Blue Jay * o o u u u r _ _ c c u u ___ American Crow * u o u u o r _ _ o c c c ___ Fish Crow * r r u o r o o r r 2/23-10/1
Chickadees and Titmice: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Carolina Chickadee * u u c a u u u u c a c c ___ Tufted Titmouse * u u c a c u u u c a c c
Nuthatches: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch r 1/22/94 ___ White-br Nuthatch * u u u c u u o u u u u c ___ Brown-hd Nuthatch * o o o u o o o o o o u o
Creepers: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Brown Creeper o o r r o o 10/22-3/17
Wrens: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Carolina Wren * c c c a c c c c c a c c ___ House Wren r r r r o o r 3/3-5/8 9/27-12/8 ___ Winter Wren u u u r o u u 10/18-4/17
Kinglets and Gnatcatchers: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c c c r u c c 10/9-4/4 ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet a a a c r r c a a 9/28-5/6 ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u a c c c c c r r r 3/16-12/7
Thrushes: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Eastern Bluebird * u o _ r r _ r _ o u c c ___ Veery o o u 4/26-5/10, 9/6-9/29 ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush r r 4/26/94, 5/7/88 ___ Swainson's Thrush r o o r 4/26-5/10, 9/8-10/1 ___ Hermit Thrush c c c c r c c 10/31-4/28 ___ Wood Thrush * c u u u _ o o r 4/11-11/27 ___ American Robin c c c o r r o c c 9/2-5/6
Mimids: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Gray Catbird r _ r u o o c u _ 9/22-5/26 ___ Northern Mockingbird r r r r r r o o r 9/28-5/8 ___ Brown Thrasher * u u u u r _ r _ o c c u
Waxwings: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Cedar Waxwing r r _ r r r r o u 10/31-6/24
Shrikes: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Loggerhead Shrike r _ _ _ r _ _ _ _ o r _
Starlings: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ European Starling r r 4/30/94, 5/6/95
Vireo: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ White-eyed Vireo * _ r u a c c c c a c o o ___ Solitary Vireo u o o o r r c c 10/19-5/6 ___ Yellow-throated Vireo * r c c u u u u r 3/18-10/2 ___ Warbling Vireo r _ r 4/23-6/4 ___ Philadelphia Vireo r r 5/2/92, 9/22/91 ___ Red-eyed Vireo * a c c c r c o 4/1-10/8
Warblers: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Blue-winged Warbler o r u u 4/20-4/27, 8/18-10/11 ___ Golden-winged Warbler r r 8/30/92, 9/15/85 ___ Tennessee Warbler r r r r 4/17-5/3, 9/28-10/11 ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r r r r o o 10/22-3/21 ___ Northern Parula * c a a a c c c c r 3/16-11/10 ___ Yellow Warbler r 5/3/92, 5/6/95 ___ Chesnut-sided Warbler r c r 8/26-10/8 ___ Magnolia Warbler r c c 5/6, 9/8-10/22 ___ Cape May Warbler r r 4/18-5/10 ___ Black-thr Blue Warbler u u r 4/22-5/15, 10/9-10/22 ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c c a a r c c c 10/11-5/2 ___ Black-thr Green Warbler r r r r r 3/30-5/6, 9/25-10/8 ___ Blackburnian Warbler r r r r 4/30-5/10, 9/25-10/4 ___ Yellow-thr Warbler * r c c c u u u u o _ r 2/23-12/21 ___ Pine Warbler * o c c c u o r o c u u c ___ Prairie Warbler o o r r _ _ r 4/17-5/26, 8/26-12/21 ___ Palm Warbler r r 4/20/93, 12/7/91 ___ Bay-breasted Warbler r r 5/2/91, 10/22/89 ___ Blackpoll Warbler r r 5/10-5/14, 10/11 ___ Cerulean Warbler r r 4/20-4/22, 9/3 ___ Black-and-white Warbler r r o u o r c u _ o 8/26-5/10 ___ American Redstart * r c _ _ u c c 4/18-10/22 ___ Prothonotary Warbler * r a c u u o o 3/25-9/19 ___ Worm-eating Warbler u u o c r 4/15-5/8, 8/26-10/8 ___ Swainson's Warbler * c u r r r r 4/17-9/15 ___ Ovenbird o c r o o 4/16-5/17, 8/26-10/22 ___ Northern Waterthrush u o r r r 4/4-5/17, 8/26-10/3 ___ La Waterthrush * o u r r r 3/24-7/2 ___ Kentucky Warbler * c c u u o r 4/18-9/11 ___ Common Yellowthroat * r - o c c r r o u u o _ ___ Hooded Warbler * r a c u u u c r 3/27-10/11 ___ Wilson's Warbler r 12/4/87 ___ Canada Warbler o o 5/2-5/14, 9/6-9/15 ___ Yellow-breasted Chat * o u u _ _ r 4/20-9/14
Tanagers: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Summer Tanager * r c c u u _ u o 3/19-10/3 ___ Scarlet Tanager o o u o 4/20-5/15, 9/14-10/22
New World Grosbeaks: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Northern Cardinal * a a a a a c c u a a a a ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak r r o o 4/23-5/10, 9/15-10/22 ___ Blue Grobeak r o r 4/26-5/13, 10/3 ___ Indigo Bunting * c c u u u o o 4/17-10/31
Towhees and Sparrows: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Rufous-sided Towhee * u u u c r _ _ r r c c c ___ Bachman's Sparrow r 5/16/82 ___ Chipping Sparrow o r o r 3/10-4/14, 11/7-12/21 ___ Field Sparrow r _ r r r r r 11/11-5/6 ___ Vesper Sparrow r 1/10/91 ___ Savannah Sparrow r r r 12/1-2/8 ___ Fox Sparrow o o r o u 11/4-3/20 ___ Song Sparrow o o o r r c u 10/21-3/28,6/5 ___ Swamp Sparrow o o o o r o u o 10/8-5/6 ___ White-throated Sparrow a a a a r u c a 10/8-5/6 ___ Dark-eyed Junco u u r r r u c 10/28-4/1
Icterids: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Bobolink r 5/6/95 ___ Red-winged Blackbird r _ r r r r r o 11/10-6/24 ___ Eastern Meadowlark r r r r 4/5-5/13, 11/4-12/18 ___ Rusty Blackbird r r r o 10/22-1/16 ___ Common Grackle * o u u c u _ o _ r u u c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird * r c c o r 3/27-7/2 ___ Orchard Oriole r r 4/26-5/1 ___ Northern Oriole r r _ r 5/6, 9/19-11/16
True Finches: J F M A M J J A S O N D ___ Purple Finch r r r r o 11/28-3/29 ___ Pine Siskin r r o r 11/4-2/23 ___ American Goldfinch c u u u r _ r o o u c c ___ Evening Grosbeak o o r r r 11/28-3/25
Observers: ____________________________________________________________________ Area covered: _________________________________________________________________ Date: ___________ Start time: _________________ Stop time: ____________________ Miles/km: _______ on foot; __________ by car; ___________ by boat; ____________ Hours: __________ on foot; __________ by car; ___________ by boat; ____________ Weather: ______________________________________________________________________

Please send any records of rare birds, birds not on this list (for any month), updated early/late dates, or any other comments to:

                              Columbia Audubon Society
                              P.O. Box 5923
                              Columbia, SC 29250           
                              or call (803) 748-9066

This resource is based on the following source:
Carter, Robin.  December 1995.  Birds of Congaree Swamp National Monument.  
     Columbia Audubon Society.  Unpaginated.  
This resource should be cited as:
Carter, Robin.  December 1995.  Birds of Congaree Swamp National Monument.  
     Columbia Audubon Society.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govcongaree.htm 
     (Version 23FEB01).

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