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Bird Checklists of the United States

Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge

Rhinehart, Louisiana


Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1958 and is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service primarily as a wintering area for migratory waterfowl. Refuge headquarters is located off U.S. Highway 84 about 30 miles northeast of Alexandria, Louisiana.

The 5,308 acre refuge is managed for wintering waterfowl and to preserve the existing bottomland hardwood forest and its related native wildlife species. The refuge borders nine miles of the 26,000 acre Catahoula Lake, one of North America's most important natural waterfowl wintering areas. Peak wintering waterfowl populations on the refuge exceed 50,000 birds.

Ethics for Birdwatching

Take care not to disturb nesting birds. This exposes eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation.

Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration.

Do not litter. Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, 6-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food.

How to use your checklist

The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The list is arranged in the order established by the American Ornithological Union. This checklist includes 198 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We appreciate your help in updating our records.


Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following:

Seasonal appearance

Sp - Spring - March to May
S - Summer - June to August
F - Fall - September to November
W - Winter - December to February

Seasonal abundance

a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
* - nests on the refuge


GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe c u c c
PELICANS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican o r u u ___ Double-crested Cormorant c o u a ___ Anhinga c c o o
HERONS, EGRETS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern o r o - ___ Least Bittern r o r - ___ Great Blue Heron c c c c ___ Great Egret c a u o ___ Snowy Egret u c c o ___ Little Blue Heron u c c o ___ Tricolored Heron r o o r ___ Cattle Egret c a a u ___ Green Heron* u c c r ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron - o o - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron - c u -
IBISES, SPOONBILL, STORK Sp S F W ___ Glossy Ibis - r r - ___ White Ibis r u u r ___ Roseate Spoonbill - o r - ___ Wood Stork - u o -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck - r r - ___ White-Fronted Goose r - o r ___ Snow Goose r - o r ___ Canada Goose r - r r ___ Wood Duck* c c c c ___ Green-winged Teal o r c u ___ American Black Duck r - r r ___ Mottled Duck u u u r ___ Mallard c o a a ___ Northern Pintail c r c c ___ Blue-winged Teal o r c o ___ Northern Shoveler o r c c ___ Gadwall c r c c ___ American Wigeon c r c c ___ Canvasback u r o u ___ Redhead r - o r ___ Ring-necked Duck c r c a ___ Greater Scaup r - r r ___ Lesser Scaup u r u u ___ Common Goldeneye - - r r ___ Bufflehead - - r r ___ Hooded Merganser o r o o ___ Ruddy Duck r - o o
VULTURES, HAWKS AND ALLIES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture u u u u ___ Turkey Vulture c c c c ___ Osprey r r r r ___ Mississippi Kite o o - - ___ Bald Eagle o r o u ___ Northern Harrier u - u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk - - r r ___ Cooper's Hawk r r r r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk r r u r ___ Red-tailed Hawk c u c c ___ Golden Eagle r - r r ___ American Kestrel u - u c ___ Merlin - - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon - - r r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey r r r r ___ Northern Bobwhite* r r r r
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS AND CRANES Sp S F W ___ King Rail r r r r ___ Sora r - r r ___ Purple Gallinule r r r - ___ Common Moorhen r r r - ___ American Coot c r u c
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Semipalmated Plover o r o - ___ Killdeer* c c c c ___ Black-necked Stilt o u o - ___ Greater Yellowlegs o o o o ___ Lesser Yellowlegs o c c o ___ Solitary Sandpiper o o o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper o r o - ___ Upland Sandpiper u u o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper o - o - ___ Least Sandpiper u o u u ___ Western Sandpiper o - o o ___ Pectoral Sandpiper o r o - ___ Dunlin r - - r ___ Short-billed Dowitcher r - r o ___ Common Snipe c - c c ___ American Woodcock o r u u ___ Bonaparte's Gull - - r r ___ Ring-billed Gull o - o o ___ Herring Gull - - o r ___ Caspian Tern r r r - ___ Forster's Tern - - o r
PIGEONS, DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* c c a a ___ Common Ground-Dove - - r r
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo r - r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c - -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl o o o o ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl u u u u ___ Barred Owl* c c c c
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk o u u - ___ Chuck-will's-widow o o r - ___ Whip-poor-will r - r -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift o o o - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird o o o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher c o u c
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker c - u c ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker* c u u a ___ Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee u u u - ___ Acadian Flycatcher c c u - ___ Eastern Phoebe u o o c ___ Vermilion Flycatcher - - r o ___ Great Crested Flycatcher o o - - ___ Eastern Kingbird u u o - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher - - r r
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark o - r o
MARTINS AND SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* c c u - ___ Tree Swallow c - c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow c c c r ___ Barn Swallow u o u -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c a a ___ Fish Crow u u u u
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse c u u c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch u - - u
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper u - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ House Wren r - r o ___ Winter Wren o - r u ___ Sedge Wren r - r - ___ Marsh Wren r - r -
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c - o c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - o c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher u c u r
BLUEBIRDS, THRUSHES AND ROBINS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c c ___ Veery r - r - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush r - r - ___ Swainson's Thrush r - r - ___ Hermit Thrush o - o u ___ Wood Thrush* c c c - ___ American Robin a u u a
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird u - u r ___ Northern Mockingbird* a a a a ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c c
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit r - r o
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing o - o o
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling c c c c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike u u u u
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c c r ___ Yellow-throated Vireo r o r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo r u r -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-winged Warbler - - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler r - r - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r - r o ___ Nashville Warbler - - - r ___ Northern Parula u u o - ___ Yellow Warbler o - u - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler u - - c ___ Yellow-throated Warbler u u u - ___ Pine Warbler - - o r ___ Cerulean Warbler o r o - ___ Black-and-white Warbler o o o - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c c r ___ Louisiana Waterthrush - - - r ___ Kentucky Warbler o o r - ___ Common Yellowthroat u u o o ___ Hooded Warbler r o r - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat r o r -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* c c u - ___ Scarlet Tanager r - - -
NEW WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* a a a a ___ Blue Grosbeak u - - u ___ Indigo Bunting* c c u - ___ Painted Bunting* c c u - ___ Dickcissel o o - -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee u u u u ___ Chipping Sparrow u u u u ___ Field Sparrow u u u u ___ Vesper Sparrow r - r o ___ Savannah Sparrow - - r r ___ Fox Sparrow - - - r ___ Song Sparrow c - - c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow - - - r ___ Swamp Sparrow r - r u ___ White-throated Sparrow r - u c ___ White-crowned Sparrow - - r r ___ Dark-eyed Junco - - u c
BLACKBIRDS, GRACKLES, COWBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c c ___ Eastern Meadowlark c c c c ___ Rusty Blackbird r - r o ___ Brewer's Blackbird c - - c ___ Common Grackle* c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole c c u - ___ Northern Oriole c c u -
OLD WORLD FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch r - - r ___ American Goldfinch u - - u
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* o o o o
For further information contact:
                       Refuge Manager
                       Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge
                       P.O. Drawer Z
                       Rhinehart, Louisiana 71363
                       Telephone: 318/992-5261

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Catahoula National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Catahoula National Wildlife 
     Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govcatahoul.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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