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Bird Checklists of the United States

Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Rochert, Minnesota


This is a list of 245 bird species that have been observed at Tamarac NWR since 1983. The 14 additional species listed as "Accidental" have been reported, but are not normally expected occur here.


S - Spring — March-May
s - Summer — June-August
F - Fall — September-November
W - Winter — December-February

a - abundant: common species that is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
# - Reintroduced since 1987
* - nesting species
solid lines indicate approximate taxonomic categories


LOONS S s F W ___ Common Loon* c c c -
GREBES S s F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c c c - ___ Horned Grebe u - u - ___ Red-necked Grebe* c c c - ___ Eared Grebe u - u - ___ Western Grebe r - r -
PELICANS S s F W ___ American White Pelican u u u -
CORMORANTS S s F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant c u c -
BITTERNS, HERONS S s F W ___ American Bittern* u u u - ___ Least Bittern r r r - ___ Great Blue Heron* a a a - ___ Great Egret r r r - ___ Green-backed Heron* u u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron u u u - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron r r r -
SWANS, GEESE S s F W ___ Tundra Swan u - u - ___ Trumpeter Swan# u u u - ___ Greater White-fronted Goose r - r - ___ Snow Goose u - u - ___ Canada Goose* c c c -
DUCKS S s F W ___ Wood Duck* a c a - ___ Green-winged Teal* u u u - ___ American Black Duck* u r u - ___ Mallard* a c a - ___ Northern Pintail* u r u - ___ Blue-winged Teal* a c a - ___ Northern Shoveler u r u - ___ Gadwall* u u u - ___ American Wigeon* u u c - ___ Canvasback u r u - ___ Redhead* u u c - ___ Ring-necked Duck* a c a - ___ Greater Scaup r - r - ___ Lesser Scaup* a r a - ___ Oldsquaw - - r - ___ Black Scoter - - r - ___ White-winged Scoter - - r - ___ Common Goldeneye* c c c - ___ Bufflehead* u r c - ___ Hooded Merganser* c u c - ___ Common Merganser c r c - ___ Red-breasted Merganser u - u - ___ Ruddy Duck* u r u -
VULTURES S s F W ___ Turkey Vulture u u u -
HAWKS, EAGLES S s F W ___ Osprey* u u u - ___ Bald Eagle* c c c - ___ Northern Harrier* u u u - ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* u u u - ___ Cooper's Hawk* r r u u ___ Northern Goshawk r - r r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* r r r - ___ Broad-winged Hawk* c c a - ___ Swainson's Hawk r r r - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c - ___ Rough-legged Hawk u - u r ___ Golden Eagle r r r r
FALCONS S s F W ___ American Kestrel* c c c - ___ Merlin r - r - ___ Peregrine Falcon r - r - ___ Gyrfalcon r - r -
PARTRIDGE, GROUSE S s F W ___ Gray Partridge r r r r ___ Ring-necked Pheasant r r r r ___ Ruffed Grouse* c c c c
RAILS S s F W ___ Yellow Rail r - r - ___ Virginia Rail* u u u - ___ Sora* u u u - ___ American Coot* c u a -
CRANES S s F W ___ Sandhill Crane r - r -
PLOVERS S s F W ___ Black-bellied Plover r - r - ___ Lesser Golden-Plover r - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover r - r - ___ Killdeer* c c c -
SHOREBIRDS S s F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs u u u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c c c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u - u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper u u u - ___ Upland Sandpiper u - u - ___ Hudsonian Godwit r - r - ___ Marbled Godwit r - r - ___ Ruddy Turnstone r - r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper r - r - ___ Least Sandpiper u u u - ___ Baird's Sandpiper r - r - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u u u - ___ Dunlin r - r - ___ Stilt Sandpiper r - r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher r - r - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher r - r - ___ Common Snipe* c c c - ___ American Woodcock* c u c -
PHALAROPES S s F W ___ Wilson's Phalarope u u r - ___ Red-necked Phalarope r - r -
GULLS, TERNS S s F W ___ Franklin's Gull u u u - ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c - ___ Herring Gull u u u - ___ Caspian Tern u u u - ___ Common Tern c c u - ___ Forster's Tern u u u - ___ Black Tern c c u -
DOVES S s F W ___ Rock Dove r r r r ___ Mourning Dove* c c c -
CUCKOOS S s F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* u u - - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo u u - -
OWLS S s F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl r r r r ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c u ___ Snowy Owl r - r r ___ Barred Owl* u u u u ___ Great Gray Owl - - r r ___ Long-eared Owl r r r - ___ Short-eared Owl r r r - ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl u u u -
GOATSUCKERS S s F W ___ Common Nighthawk u u u - ___ Whip-poor-will r r r -
SWIFTS S s F W ___ Chimney Swift* c c c -
HUMMINGBIRDS S s F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* c c c -
KINGFISHERS S s F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c -
WOODPECKERS S s F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u - ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker* c c c - ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Three-toed Woodpecker r - - r ___ Black-backed Woodpecker r - - r ___ Northern Flicker* a c a - ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u
FLYCATCHERS S s F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher u u u - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - r - ___ Alder Flycatcher u u r - ___ Least Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Western Kingbird r r r - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c -
LARKS S s F W ___ Horned Lark c c c r
SWALLOWS S s F W ___ Purple Martin* c c u - ___ Tree Swallow* c c c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* u u u - ___ Bank Swallow u u u - ___ Cliff Swallow* c c c - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c -
JAYS, MAGPIES, CROWS S s F W ___ Gray Jay r - r r ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Black-billed Magpie r - r r ___ American Crow* c c c u ___ Common Raven r - r u
CHICKADEES S s F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Boreal Chickadee r - r r
NUTHATCHES S s F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch u u u u ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c
CREEPERS S s F W ___ Brown Creeper u u u u
WRENS S s F W ___ House Wren* c c c - ___ Winter Wren u u u - ___ Sedge Wren* c c c - ___ Marsh Wren* c c c -
KINGLETS S s F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c - c - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c -
THRUSHES S s F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c - ___ Veery* c c c - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush u - u - ___ Hermit Thrush* u u u - ___ Wood Thrush* u u u - ___ American Robin* a a u r
THRASHERS S s F W ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Brown Thrasher* u u u -
WAXWINGS S s F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing u - u u ___ Cedar Waxwing* c u c u
SHRIKES S s F W ___ Northern Shrike u - u u ___ Loggerhead Shrike r r r -
STARLINGS S s F W ___ European Starling c c c u
VIREOS S s F W ___ Solitary Vireo u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* u u u - ___ Warbling Vireo* c c c - ___ Philadelphia Vireo u - u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c c -
WOOD WARBLERS S s F W ___ Golden-winged Warbler* u u u - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - c - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler c - c - ___ Nashville Warbler c u c - ___ Northern Parula u u u - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler* c c c - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u - ___ Cape May Warbler u - u - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler* a u a - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler* u u u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u u u - ___ Pine Warbler c r c - ___ Palm Warbler c - c - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler u - u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - c - ___ Black-and-white Warbler* c u c - ___ American Redstart* c c c - ___ Ovenbird* c c c - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Connecticut Warbler u r u - ___ Mourning Warbler u u u - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler u r u -
TANAGERS S s F W ___ Scarlet Tanager u u u -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS S s F W ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* c c c - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c - ___ Dickcissel r r - -
TOWHEES, SPARROWS S s F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* u r u - ___ American Tree Sparrow c - c r ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c c - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow* c c c - ___ Vesper Sparrow* u u u - ___ Lark Sparrow r r r - ___ Savannah Sparrow c c c - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow u u r - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow u u u - ___ Fox Sparrow c - c - ___ Song Sparrow* a a c - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u - ___ Swamp Sparrow* c c c - ___ White-throated Sparrow* c c c - ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u - ___ Harris' Sparrow u - u - ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c u ___ Lapland Longspur c - c u ___ Snow Bunting u - u c
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES S s F W ___ Bobolink* c c c - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a - ___ Eastern Meadowlark r r r - ___ Western Meadowlark* c c c - ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c c u - ___ Rusty Blackbird c - c - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* c u c - ___ Common Grackle* a a a - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* a a a - ___ Orchard Oriole r r - - ___ Northern Oriole* c c c -
FINCHES S s F W ___ Pine Grosbeak r - r u ___ Purple Finch* c u c c ___ Red Crossbill r - r u ___ White-winged Crossbill r - u u ___ Common Redpoll c - c c ___ Hoary Redpoll - - - r ___ Pine Siskin* c u c c ___ American Goldfinch* c c c u ___ Evening Grosbeak* u - u c
OLD WORLD SPARROWS S s F W ___ House Sparrow* u u u u
ACCIDENTAL BIRDS Greater Prairie Chicken Tufted Titmouse Sharp-tailed Grouse Mountain Bluebird Common Moorhen Townsend's Solitaire American Avocet Varied Thrush Boreal Owl Northern Mockingbird Red-bellied Woodpecker Northern Cardinal Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Field Sparrow

Birdwatching is encouraged. Please check at the Refuge office for times and places of entry. Please obey posted signs. For further information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge
                 Rochert, Minnesota 56578
                 Telephone: 218/847-2641

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1997.  Birds of Tamarac National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Minnesota.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1997.  Birds of Tamarac National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Minnesota. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govtamarac.htm 
     (Version 02MAR00).

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