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Bird Checklists of the United States

Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Mound City, Missouri


This bird list contains 268 species which have been recorded on the refuge. Another 33 birds, listed under "Accidental" birds, have been reported but are not normally expected to be present.


* - indicates birds which nest locally
# - indicates endangered species

Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

a - abundant: common species that is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon r - r -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c u c r ___ Horned Grebe u - u - ___ Eared Grebe u r u - ___ Western Grebe r - r -
PELICANS, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican a u a - ___ Double-crested Cormorant c r c -
BITTERNS, HERONS, IBISES Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* o o u r ___ Least Bittern* u u r - ___ Great Blue Heron c c c r ___ Great Egret u u u - ___ Snowy Egret r u r - ___ Little Blue Heron o u r - ___ Cattle Egret o u u - ___ Green Heron* u c o - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* o c o - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron* o u o - ___ White-faced Ibis o r r -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan (Whistling Swan) r - r r ___ Greater White-fronted Goose u - c r ___ Snow Goose a r a o ___ Ross' Goose u - u r ___ Canada Goose a u a c ___ Wood Duck* o c c r ___ Mallard* a c a a ___ American Black Duck o o o u ___ Northern Pintail* a r a o ___ Green-winged Teal c r c u ___ Blue-winged Teal* c o c r ___ Cinnamon Teal o - r - ___ Gadwall c r c r ___ American Wigeon c r c o ___ Northern Shoveler c r c r ___ Canvasback u - u r ___ Redhead o r o r ___ Ring-necked Duck c - u r ___ Greater Scaup - - r - ___ Lesser Scaup c r c - ___ Common Goldeneye o - o u ___ Bufflehead u - u - ___ White-winged Scoter - - r - ___ Ruddy Duck u o u - ___ Hooded Merganser u u u r ___ Common Merganser c - o c ___ Red-breasted Merganser o - o r
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture u c u - ___ Osprey o - o - ___ Bald Eagle# u - c c ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk)* u o u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u r u u ___ Cooper's Hawk o r o o ___ Northern Goshawk - - - r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk r r r r ___ Broad-winged Hawk r r r - ___ Swainson's Hawk o - o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c o c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - o ___ Golden Eagle - - o o ___ American Kestrel o o o r ___ Merlin r - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon# r - r - ___ Prairie Falcon - - r r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* c c c c ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* u u u u
RAILS Sp S F W ___ Yellow Rail r - r - ___ King Rail* u u u - ___ Virginia Rail* u o u - ___ Sora c u c - ___ Common Moorhen o o - - ___ American Coot* a o a r ___ Sandhill Crane r - r -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover c - u - ___ American Golden-Plover (Lesser Gol-Pl.) c - u - ___ Snowy Plover r - - - ___ Semipalmated Plover u u o - ___ Piping Plover o o r - ___ Killdeer* c c c o ___ American Avocet u o u - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c u c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c c c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u u u - ___ Willet u r o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Upland Sandpiper* o o o - ___ Whimbrel r - - - ___ Long-billed Curlew r r - - ___ Hudsonian Godwit o r - - ___ Marbled Godwit o o r - ___ Ruddy Turnstone u o r - ___ Red Knot r - r - ___ Sanderling o o o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c c c - ___ Western Sandpiper o o r - ___ Least Sandpiper c c c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper c u u - ___ Baird's Sandpiper u u o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c u c - ___ Dunlin u r u - ___ Stilt Sandpiper u u o - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper r o o - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher u u - - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher c o c - ___ Common Snipe u o u r ___ American Woodcock* u o o - ___ Wilson's Phalarope u o o - ___ Red-necked Phalarope u o o -
GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull c o c - ___ Bonaparte's Gull o r o - ___ Ring-billed Gull c o c o ___ Herring Gull u r u r ___ Caspian Tern o r o - ___ Common Tern o - u - ___ Forster's Tern u o u - ___ Least Tern r o r - ___ Black Tern c c o -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* c c c o
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* u u u - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c u -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl* r r r r ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Long-eared Owl o - r u ___ Short-eared Owl o r o u ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl - - - o
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk o u o - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* u u - - ___ Whip-poor-will* u u r -
SWIFTS, HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* u u - - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* o u o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher u u u r
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c c u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker o - o u ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker)* c c c u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher u r u - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* u u o - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - r - ___ Acadian Flycatcher* u u u - ___ Alder Flycatcher u - u - ___ Willow Flycatcher* u u - - ___ Least Flycatcher u - u - ___ Eastern Phoebe* u u u - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* u u u - ___ Western Kingbird o r o - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* u u u c
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* c c c - ___ Tree Swallow* c u c - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u u - ___ Bank Swallow* a c a - ___ Cliff Swallow c a a - ___ Barn Swallow* c c a -
JAYS, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES, NUTHATCHES, CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch r - r o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u u u u ___ Brown Creeper u - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* o o o o ___ Bewick's Wren r r r - ___ House Wren* c c u - ___ Winter Wren o - o o ___ Sedge Wren* u u u - ___ Marsh Wren* u u u -
KINGLETS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u c ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c o ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u u - -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* u u u r ___ Veery r - r - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush c - c - ___ Hermit Thrush o - o r ___ Wood Thrush* u u - - ___ American Robin* c c c o
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* c c o - ___ Northern Mockingbird* o o o r ___ Brown Thrasher* c c u -
PIPITS, WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) r - r - ___ Bohemian Waxwing - - - o ___ Cedar Waxwing* c u c o
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike - - - r ___ Loggerhead Shrike u u u u
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c a
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo o r r - ___ Bell's Vireo* c c u - ___ Solitary Vireo o - o - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* o u o - ___ Warbling Vireo* c c u - ___ Philadelphia Vireo u - u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c u -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-winged Warbler o - o - ___ Tennessee Warbler u - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - u - ___ Nashville Warbler u - u - ___ Northern Parula u - u - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - u - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - u - ___ Palm Warbler u - u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - u - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u - u - ___ American Redstart* c u u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* r r r - ___ Ovenbird* u u u - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush o - o - ___ Kentucky Warbler* o u - - ___ Mourning Warbler o - o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c u r ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* c c - -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* r u - - ___ Scarlet Tanager* o o r - ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* u u o - ___ Blue Grosbeak* o u - - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c o - ___ Dickcissel* c c - - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* c c c c ___ American Tree Sparrow c - c c ___ Chipping Sparrow* u u o - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow o - o - ___ Field Sparrow* c o c - ___ Vesper Sparrow* c o c - ___ Lark Sparrow* u u o - ___ Savannah Sparrow u r u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* o u o - ___ Henslow's Sparrow r r r - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow o - o r ___ Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow r - r - ___ Fox Sparrow u - o u ___ Song Sparrow* c c c u ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u - ___ Swamp Sparrow* c r c u ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c o ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c o ___ Harris Sparrow o - u u ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c c ___ Lapland Longspur - - o o
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* u r u - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a c a a ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c u c o ___ Western Meadowlark o o o o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* u u u r ___ Rusty Blackbird c - c o ___ Brewer's Blackbird u - u r ___ Great-tailed Grackle o - o o ___ Common Grackle* a c a c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* a c a o ___ Orchard Oriole* c c o - ___ Baltimore Oriole* c c r -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch - - u u ___ Red Crossbill - - - r ___ White-winged Crossbill - - - r ___ Common Redpoll - - - r ___ Pine Siskin - - - u ___ American Goldfinch* c c c u
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* a a a a
ACCIDENTALS Tricolored Heron Red Phalarope Glossy Ibis Black-legged Kittiwake White Ibis Parasitic Jaeger Greater Flamingo Sabine's Gull Brant Laughing Gull Barnacle Goose Common Ground-Dove Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Snowy Owl Fulvous Whistling-Duck Three-toed Woodpecker Eurasian Wigeon Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Surf Scoter Black-billed Magpie Oldsquaw Mountain Bluebird Mississippi Kite Townsend's Solitaire Gyrfalcon Bronzed Cowbird Greater Prairie-Chicken Evening Grosbeak Whooping Crane# Lark Bunting Ruff Snow Bunting Black-necked Stilt

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge
                 PO Box 101
                 Mound City, Missouri 64470
                 Telephone: 660/442-3187

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of Squaw Creek National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Missouri.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of Squaw Creek National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Missouri.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated. 
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.   
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govsquawcrk.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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