Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
You will find 265 species of birds listed in this brochure, 39 of which, are considered incidental to this area and are listed separately.
This bird list is in accordance with the Sixth American Ornithologists' Union Ckecklist as amended.
Birdwatching is encouraged. For more information, or to report any unusual sightings, contact:
Refuge Manager Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge 6975 Mower Road Saginaw, Michigan 48601 Telephone: 517/777-5930
Shiawassee NWR is one of more than 500 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The NWR System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and its habitat. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys and include small islands in the Carribean and South Pacific. The refuges are as diverse as the nation itself.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency dedicated to the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species. It also manages National Fish Hatcheries and provides leadership in habitat protection, fish and wildlife research, and technical assistance.
To help preserve our natural heritage, buy a Federal Duck Stamp. Proceeds from sales are used to acquire habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife.
Symbols used are as follows:
* - indicates nesting on the Refuge has recently occurred
Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February
a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen or heard in a suitable habitat, not in large numbers
u - uncommon: present but not always seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during the season
r - rare: seen every 2 to 5 years
LOONS, GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* u u u - ___ Horned Grebe r - r -
PELICANS, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican r r r - ___ Double-crested Cormorant c r c -
BITTERNS, HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* r r r - ___ Least Bittern* r o r - ___ Great Blue Heron a a a u ___ Great Egret u a c - ___ Cattle Egret r r r - ___ Green Heron* u u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron u u u -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan (Whistling Swan) u - u - ___ Greater White-fronted Goose r - r - ___ Snow Goose u - u o ___ Ross' Goose r - r - ___ Canada Goose* a c a a ___ Wood Duck* c c c - ___ Green-winged Teal c o c - ___ American Black Duck c u c c ___ Mallard* a c a c ___ Northern Pintail u - u - ___ Blue-winged Teal* c u c - ___ Northern Shoveler u - u - ___ Gadwall o - o - ___ American Wigeon u - u - ___ Canvasback o r o - ___ Redhead* o r o - ___ Ring-necked Duck u - u - ___ Greater Scaup r - r - ___ Lesser Scaup u - u - ___ Common Goldeneye o - o o ___ Bufflehead u - u - ___ Hooded Merganser* u o u - ___ Common Merganser c r a c ___ Red-breasted Merganser r - r - ___ Ruddy Duck u - u -
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture u u u - ___ Osprey r r r - ___ Bald Eagle* u u u u ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk) u o u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o r o r ___ Cooper's Hawk o r o o ___ Northern Goshawk - - r r ___ Red-shoulderd Hawk r r r r ___ Broad-winged Hawk r r r - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk r - r u ___ Golden Eagle r - r r ___ American Kestrel o r o o ___ Merlin r - r - ___ Peregrine Falcon o - o -
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* u u u u ___ Ruffed Grouse r r r r ___ Wild Turkey u u u u
RAILS, CRANES Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail* u u u - ___ Sora* u u u - ___ Common Moorhen* u u u - ___ American Coot* u u u - ___ Sandhill Crane r - r -
PLOVERS, SANDPIPERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover o - o - ___ American Golden-Plover r - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover u - u - ___ Killdeer* c c c - ___ American Avocet r - r - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c - c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c - c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u - u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Hudsonian Godwit r - r - ___ Marbled Godwit r - - - ___ Red Knot r - r - ___ Sanderling - - r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u - u - ___ Least Sandpiper u - u - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper o - o - ___ Baird's Sandpiper o - o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u - u - ___ Dunlin c - u - ___ Silt Sandpiper o - u - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper - - r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher u - u - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher r - u - ___ Common Snipe u - u - ___ American Woodcock o r r - ___ Wilson's Pharalope r - o - ___ Red-necked Pharalope r - r -
GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Bonaparte's Gull u - u - ___ Ring-billed Gull c c a o ___ Herring Gull u u c u ___ Glaucous Gull - - - r ___ Great Black-backed Gull - - - r ___ Caspian Tern u - u - ___ Common Tern u - u - ___ Forster's Tern r - r - ___ Black Tern r o r -
DOVES through KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove r r r r ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* o o o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* o o o - ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Snowy Owl - - - r ___ Barred Owl* u u u u ___ Short-eared Owl - - - o ___ Common Nighthawk o - o - ___ Chimney Swift o o o - ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird u o o - ___ Belted Kingfisher* u u u r
WOODPECKERS, FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u - ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker r - r - ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker)* c c c r ___ Pileated Woodpecker* r r r r ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r - r - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c u - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - r - ___ Alder Flycatcher r - - - ___ Willow Flycatcher* u u o - ___ Least Flycatcher* u u o - ___ Eastern Phoebe* u u u - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c u - ___ Eastern Kingbird* u u u -
LARKS, SWALLOWS, JAYS, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* c c c c ___ Purple Martin r - - - ___ Tree Swallow* a c a - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* c u c - ___ Bank Swallow c u c - ___ Cliff Swallow r - r - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c - ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c
TITMICE, NUTHATCHES, WRENS Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* a a a a ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - - r ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c ___ Brown Creeper* c u u u ___ House Wren* c c c - ___ Winter Wren r - r - ___ Sedge Wren* r r r - ___ Marsh Wren* c c c -
KINGLETS, THRUSHES, THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u - ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u u o - ___ Eastern Bluebird* u o u - ___ Veery r - r - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush o - o - ___ Swainson's Thrush u - u - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u - ___ Wood Thrush* u u u - ___ American Robin* a a a r ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Brown Thrasher* o o o -
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) r - r - ___ Cedar Waxwing* u u u u ___ Northern Shrike - - - o ___ European Starling* c c c c
VIREOS, WARBLERS, TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo r - r - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* o o r - ___ Warbling Vireo* u u u - ___ Philadelphia Vireo r - r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* u u u - ___ Blue-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Golden-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler u - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler r - r - ___ Nashville Warbler u - u - ___ Northern Parula r - r - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - u - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u - ___ Cape May Warbler u - u - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler u - u - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - u - ___ Pine Warbler r - r - ___ Palm Warbler u - u - ___ Bay-breaster Warbler u - u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - u - ___ Cerulean Warbler o r r - ___ Black-and-white Warbler u - u - ___ American Redstart* u u u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* u u r - ___ Ovenbird* u u u - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Connecticut Warbler r - r - ___ Mourning Warbler u - u - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c c - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler u - u - ___ Scarlet Tanager* u u o -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* c u u - ___ Indigo Bunting* u u u - ___ Eastern Towhee o r o - ___ American Tree Sparrow o - - c ___ Chipping Sparrow* u u u - ___ Field Sparrow* r r r - ___ Vesper Sparrow* u u u - ___ Savannah Sparrow* c c c - ___ Fox Sparrow o - o - ___ Song Sparrow* a a a o ___ Lincon's Sparrow o - o - ___ Swamp Sparrow* o o o - ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c - ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u - ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c u ___ Lapland Longspur o - - r ___ Snow Bunting o - - u
BLACKBIRDS, FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* o o u - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a r ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* r r - - ___ Eastern Meadowlark o r r r ___ Rusty Blackbird u - u - ___ Brewer's Blackbird r - r - ___ Common Grackle* c c c - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c r ___ Baltimore Oriole* u u o - ___ Purple Finch - - r r ___ House Finch u u u u ___ Common Redpoll - - - r ___ Pine Siskin r - - r ___ American Goldfinch* a a a a ___ Evening Grosbeak - - - r ___ House Sparrow u u u u
INCIDENTAL Common Loon Laughing Gull Eared Grebe Franklin's Gull Yellow-crowned Night Heron Iceland Gull Snowy Egret Lesser Black-backed Gull White Ibis Long-eared Owl Glossy Ibis Whip-poor-will Trumpeter Swan Acadian Flycatcher Mute Swan Carolina Wren Barnacle Goose Northern Mockingbird Oldsquaw Bohemian Waxwing Black Scoter Kirtland's Warbler Surf Scoter Prairie Warbler White-winged Scoter Yellow-breasted Chat Gyrfalcon Dickcissel* Northern Bobwhite Western Meadowlark King Rail Pine Grosbeak Black-necked Stilt Hoary Redpoll Willet Yellow Rail Whimbrel Henslow's Sparrow Ruff
FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Green Point Enviromental Learning Center 3010 Maple Street Saginaw, Michigan 48602 Phone: 989-759-1669This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. No date. Birds of Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge, Saginaw, Michigan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. No date. Birds of Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge, Saginaw, Michigan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govshiawa.htm (Version 05OCT01)