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Bird Checklists of the United States

Rydell National Wildlife Refuge

Erskine, Minnesota


The Rydell National Wildlife Refuge, containing approximately 2500 acres, is situated in the Prairie Pothole Region of Northwestern Minnesota between the flat Red River Valley flood plain on the west and the rolling hardwood forest and lake region on the east. Established in 1992, the refuge is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the U.S. Department of the Interior.

The refuge contains a variety of habitat types ranging from cropland with drained wetlands to controlled Type IV and V wetlands. Upland habitat consists of scattered mixed hardwood and brush, woodlots and planted spruce, flowering and fruit-producing trees and shrubs. Excellent birdwatching locations are found in this diverse area along refuge roads and trails.


This leaflet lists 194 species of birds that have been identified on Rydell Refuge by refuge personnel and visiting birdwatchers. Seasonal abundance of each species is noted as follows:

Sp - Spring (March - May)
S - Summer (June - July)
F - Fall (August - November)
W - Winter (December - February)

a - abundant: common species that is very numerous
c - common: likely seen or heard in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only few times during season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2-5 years

* - confirmed nesting on refuge
+ - probable nesting on refuge


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon+ c c o -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Horned Grebe r - r - ___ Pied-billed Grebe+ u u u - ___ Eared Grebe r - r - ___ Red-necked Grebe o o o -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican r r r -
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant o o o -
BITTERNS, HERONS Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron c c u - ___ Green Heron o o o - ___ American Bittern o o o -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan r - r - ___ Trumpeter Swan* c c u - ___ Snow Goose r - r - ___ Canada Goose* a a a o ___ Wood Duck* c c c - ___ Green-winged Teal o o o - ___ Mallard* c c c r ___ Northern Pintail r - r - ___ Blue-winged Teal u u u - ___ Northern Shoveler o r r - ___ Gadwall o - o - ___ American Wigeon o - o - ___ Canvasback o r o - ___ Redhead o r o - ___ Ring-necked Duck u o u - ___ Greater Scaup r - r - ___ Lesser Scaup u r u - ___ Common Goldeneye u r u - ___ Bufflehead u r u - ___ Ruddy Duck r - r - ___ Hooded Merganser+ o o o - ___ Common Merganser o - o - ___ Red-breasted Merganser o - o -
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture r - r -
HAWKS, EAGLES, FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Osprey r r r - ___ Bald Eagle r r r - ___ Northern Harrier o o o - ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o o o r ___ Cooper's Hawk+ o o o r ___ Northern Goshawk - - - r ___ Broad-winged Hawk o r o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk+ c c c - ___ Rough-legged Hawk r - - r ___ Golden Eagle - - - r ___ American Kestrel o o o - ___ Merlin r - - r ___ Peregrine Falcon r - r - ___ Prairie Falcon r - r -
GROUSE Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant r r r r ___ Ruffed Grouse* o u u u
RAILS Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail o o r - ___ Sora+ u c o - ___ American Coot u o u -
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane o - o -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer+ c u u - ___ Spotted Sandpiper o o o - ___ Upland Sandpiper o o o - ___ Common Snipe r r r - ___ American Woodcock o o o -
GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull u - u - ___ Bonaparte's Gull u - u - ___ Ring-billed Gull u u u - ___ Herring Gull r - r - ___ Common Tern u o u - ___ Forster's Tern u o u - ___ Black Tern u o u -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* c c o o ___ Mourning Dove* u u u -
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo u o o - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo r r r -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Great Horned Owl u u u o ___ Barred Owl o o o o ___ Snowy Owl r - - r
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk o o o - ___ Whip-poor-will r r r -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift r r r -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u c c -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher u u u -
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker+ o u u - ___ Downy Woodpecker+ c u u c ___ Hairy Woodpecker+ u u u u ___ Northern Flicker u o u r ___ Pileated Woodpecker+ u o o u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee u c c - ___ Least Flycatcher+ u c c - ___ Acadian Flycatcher r r r - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher+ u c u - ___ Western Kingbird r - - - ___ Eastern Kingbird u u u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark r - - r
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin r - r - ___ Tree Swallow* c a a - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow o o o - ___ Bank Swallow+ u o u - ___ Cliff Swallow+ u u u - ___ Barn Swallow* c a c -
JAYS, MAGPIES, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Black-billed Magpie o o o r ___ American Crow+ c c c o ___ Common Raven r - - r
CHICKADEES Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* o c c a
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch o r o o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper o r o o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ House Wren* u c u - ___ Sedge Wren+ u c u - ___ Marsh Wren+ u c u -
KINGLETS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r - r - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet o - o -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* u c u - ___ Veery o r r - ___ Swainson's Thrush o - o - ___ Hermit Thrush o - o - ___ American Robin* c c c -
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird+ u c u - ___ Brown Thrasher+ u u u -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing r - - r ___ Cedar Waxwing+ u u u o
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike r - - o
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling r r r r
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo o r o - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo+ u o u - ___ Warbling Vireo u o u - ___ Philadelphia Vireo o r o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo+ u c u -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler o r o - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler o - o - ___ Nashville Warbler o r o - ___ Northern Parula o - o - ___ Yellow Warbler+ c c c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u o u - ___ Magnolia Warbler o - o - ___ Cape May Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler u - u - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler o - o - ___ Blackburnian Warbler o - o - ___ Pine Warbler o - o - ___ Palm Warbler o - o - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler o - o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler o - o - ___ Black-and-white Warbler o r o - ___ American Redstart o r o - ___ Ovenbird+ u u u - ___ Connecticut Warbler r - r - ___ Mourning Warbler r - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat+ u c u - ___ Wilson's Warbler o - o - ___ Canada Warbler o - o -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Scarlet Tanager+ u o o -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS, SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak+ u o o - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee o - o - ___ Pine Grosbeak r - - r ___ Evening Grosbeak r - - r ___ Blue Grosbeak - - r - ___ Indigo Bunting u o o - ___ Snow Bunting r - - r ___ American Tree Sparrow r - r r ___ House Sparrow+ c c c c ___ Chipping Sparrow+ c a c - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow+ c a c - ___ Field Sparrow o o o - ___ Vesper Sparrow+ c c u - ___ Savannah Sparrow+ c c u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow o - o - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow o r o - ___ Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow r r r - ___ Fox Sparrow o - o - ___ Song Sparrow+ c c c - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow r - r - ___ Swamp Sparrow u o u - ___ White-throated Sparrow u r u - ___ White-crowned Sparrow o - o - ___ Harris' Sparrow o - o - ___ Dark-eyed Junco o - o r
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink+ u c u - ___ Eastern Meadowlark r r r - ___ Western Meadowlark u o u - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a r ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird o - o - ___ Rusty Blackbird r - r r ___ Brewer's Blackbird r - r r ___ Common Grackle c u c - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird c u c - ___ Orchard Oriole r - r - ___ Northern Oriole+ u u u -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u u u u ___ House Finch o o o o ___ Red Crossbill r - - r ___ White-winged Crossbill r - - r ___ Common Redpoll r - - r ___ Hoary Redpoll r - - r ___ Pine Siskin o o o o ___ American Goldfinch+ c c c o

Information is continually being collected for The Rydell National Wildlife Refuge Birding Checklist. Birdwatchers visiting Rydell National Wildlife Refuge are asked to keep records of all observations, and return a copy of this information to:
        
                       Refuge Manager
                       Rydell National Wildlife Refuge
                       Rt. 3. Box 105
                       Erskine, MN 56535
                       Telephone: 218/687-2229

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Rydell National Wildlife Refuge.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Rydell National Wildlife Refuge.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govrydell.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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