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Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore

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Munising, Michigan


'PARTNERS IN FLIGHT' in Central Upper Michigan

Federal lands in central Upper Michigan include the Hiawatha National Forest. Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore and the Seney National Wildlife Refuge. These management units have different charters and histories and are managed for purposes ranging from timber production to forest and park recreation to wetlands management; all are concerned with the fates of resident birds.

Declining populations of "neotropical migrants," birds that breed in the temperate latitudes of North America but winter far to the south, have become a focus of attention for conservationists. Populations in many regions have undergone severe decline between the late 1940's and the late 1980's. Is this happening in central Upper Michigan?

In June of 1989, the Munising District of the Hiawatha National Forest initiated an annual breeding bird survey modeled after pilot programs developed on the Nicolet National Forest in Wisconsin. During two early morning sessions, volunteer experts surveyed 130 individual listening points established on USFS lands to represent various forest types and management practices. Limited coverage of Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore by the Hiawatha Survey began in 1990 with establishment of 10 listening points in the wetlands and pine forest of Sand Point. In 1992, the park's representation grew to 40 stations, and 24 stations were added on the Seney National Wildlife Refuge.

As of the spring of 1993, the Hiawatha Survey has grown into an annual combined effort to assess general population trends of birds that breed on federal lands in central Upper Michigan; effects of various agency management practices on avian populations are also being addressed. Regional efforts of this type have been instigated in other parts of North America. The Hiawatha Survey is part of the U.S. Federal Interagency contribution to "Partners in Flight, the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program." This international program grew out of the common concern for neotropical migrants by national, state and corporate land managers, academic institutions and private conservation groups

Through perpetuation of the Hiawatha Survey, Hiawatha National Forest, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore and Seney National Wildlife Refuge hope to keep a "hand on the pulse" of some aspects of environmental quality through annual assessment of breeding bird populations.


This resource is based on the following source:

National Park Service.  1997.  Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan.  
    National Park Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service.  1997.  Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan.  
     National Park Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie 
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govprok.htm
     (Version 22MAY98).

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