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Bird Checklists of the United States

Hennepin Parks

small state map showing location

Plymouth, Minnesota


Sightings of rare species or any species not included on this list should be reported to Hennepin Parks' Wildlife Section, (476-4663).


Park use guidelines for birders

Thank you for your cooperation. Your comments and suggestions are welcome. For information about birding classes and programs contact Hennepin Parks at 559-9000.


Hennepin Parks Mission Statement

The mission of Hennepin Parks is to promote environmental stewardship and to provide opportunities for people to enhance their live and increase their enjoyment and well-being through outdoor recreation and education experiences in a natural resources-based park system.

Hennepin Parks maintains a system of seven park reserves and a number of regional parks in or near Hennepin County. The combined area is more than 24,000 acres. Almost all native habitat types found within Hennepin County are represented in the park reserves.

This list of 280 bird species includes only those that have been observed within the Park Reserve District since 1968.

The taxonomic order and common names used here conform with the A.O.U. Checklist of North American Birds (6th Edition, 1983) and its supplements.


Status Codes
*- Positive nesting records within the park system.
o- Nesting assumed based upon observations in the parks.
  - (No code) Migrant, even when present in summer.

Park Codes
Letter codes after species' names are parks where a species is most likely to be found (not given for "rare" and "accidental" species). Call the numbers listed for more information about birding at specific locations.

B--Baker Park Reserve (612) 476-4663
C--Carver Park Reserve (612) 472-4911
CH--Crow-Hassan Park Reserve (612) 476-4663
CL--Cleary Lake Regional Park (612) 941-7993
CR--Coon Rapids Dam Regional Park (612) 424-8172
E--Elm Creek Park Reserve (612) 420-4300
F--French Regional Park (612) 476-4663
H--Hyland-Bush-Anderson Regional Park Reserve (612) 941-7993
M--Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve (612) 476-4663
N--Noerenberg Gardens (612) 476-4663
R--Lake Rebecca Park Reserve (612) 476-4663

Habitat Codes(not given for "accidental" species)

A--Aerial-birds most often seen in flight or soaring.
O--Open country-grasslands, prairies, meadows (less than 10% shrubs or trees).
S--Shrubs/Small trees-fencerows, forest edges, overgrown fields.
F--Forests-woodlots, conifer groves-(trees greater than 30 ft. tall, closed canopy).
W--Water/Wetland-ponds, lakes, rivers, marshes, swamps, wet meadows.
D--Developed-buildings, feeders, trails, roads, landscape plantings, bridges.

Seasons

Sp--Spring--early March to late May.
S--Summer--late May to mid August.
F--Fall--mid August to late November
W--Winter-- late November to early March.

Season Abundance Codes

a--Abundant, easily seen in all parks.
c--Common, regularly visible in most parks.
u--Uncommon, but predictable occurring in specific areas.
r--Rare, seen infrequently, unpredictable.
*--Accidental, only one or two records for the parks since 1968.


Species                      Status      Park          Habitat      Seasons
LOONS, GREBES                                                       Sp  S  F  W

___ Common Loon                *         (C,CH,E,M)    W             u  u  u  -
___ Pied-billed Grebe          *         (All)         W             c  c  c  -
___ Horned Grebe                         (C,H)         W             u  -  r  -
___ Red-necked Grebe           *         (H)           W             u  r  -  -
___ Western Grebe                                                    *  -  -  -

Species Status Park Habitat Seasons PELICANS, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican (C) W u u u - ___ Double-crested Cormorant (C,CH,H) W c u u -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons BITTERNS, HERONS, EGRETS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern * W r r r - ___ Least Bittern o (B,C,E) W u u r - ___ Great Blue Heron * (All) W c c c - ___ Great Egret (All) W c c c - ___ Snowy Egret - * - - ___ Little Blue Heron - * - - ___ Cattle Egret W r r - - ___ Green Heron * (All) W c c c - ___ Black-crowned-Night-Heron (CH,E,F,H) W u u u - ___ Yellow-crowned-Night-Heron W r r - -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan (All) A,W c r c r ___ Trumpeter Swan * (B,C,CH,R) W c c c c ___ Greater White-fronted Goose * - - - ___ Snow Goose (Blue Goose) W r - r - ___ Canada Goose * (All) W a a a c ___ Wood Duck * (All) W c c c r ___ Green-winged Teal * (C,H,R) W u r u - ___ American Black Duck (C,CR) W r r u r ___ Mallard * (All) W a a a c ___ Northern Pintail (C,E) W r - u - ___ Blue-winged Teal * (All) W c c c - ___ Cinnamon Teal * - - - ___ Northern Shoveler * (C,R) W u r u - ___ Gadwall (C,R) W u - u - ___ Eurasian Widgeon - - * - ___ American Widgeon (B,C,E,R) W c - c - ___ Canvasback * W r r r - ___ Redhead * (C,E,F) W u r u - ___ Ring-necked Duck (All) W c r c - ___ Greater Scaup W r - r - ___ Lesser Scaup (All) W c r c - ___ Oldsquaw - - * - ___ Common Goldeneye (B,C,CR,R) W u - u u ___ Bufflehead * (All) W c r c - ___ Hooded Merganser * (All) W u r u - ___ Common Merganser (C,CR,F,H) W c - u - ___ Red-breasted Merganser (CR) W u - r - ___ Ruddy Duck * (E) W u u u -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons AMERICAN VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture (All) A u r u -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons OSPREYS Sp S F W ___ Osprey * (C,R) O,W - u u r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons EAGLES, HARRIERS, HAWKS Sp S F W ___ Bald Eagle * (C,CH,CR,E) A,W u u u r ___ Northern Harrier * (CH,E) O u r u r ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk (All) A,D c r c u ___ Cooper's Hawk * (All) F u u u r ___ Northern Goshawk F r - r r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk * (M) F u u u r ___ Broad-winged Hawk * (C,F,H,M) F u u u - ___ Swainson's Hawk * - - - ___ Red-tailed Hawk * (All) O,S,F c c c u ___ Rough-legged Hawk O r - - r ___ Golden Eagle - - * -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel * (All) O c c c u ___ Merlin O r - r - ___ Peregrine Falcon A,W r r r r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons PHEASANTS, GROUSE, TURKEYS Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge (Hungarian Partridge) O r - r r ___ Ring-necked Pheasant * (All) O,S c c c u ___ Ruffed Grouse * F r r r r ___ Wild Turkey (B) F u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite (released) (CH) O u u u u
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons RAILS, COOTS, CRANES Sp S F W ___ Yellow Rail - - * - ___ Virginia Rail o (All) W u u - - ___ Sora * (All) W u u r - ___ Common Moorhen - * - - ___ American Coot * (All) W a u a - ___ Sandhill Crane (C,CH) O,W u r - -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover W r - r - ___ American Golden-Plover W r - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover W r - - - ___ Killdeer * (All) O,D c c c -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons SANDPIPERS, SNIPE, WOODCOCK Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs (C,CH) W u u u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs (C,CH,R) W c c c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper (C,F) W u u r - ___ Willet W r - - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper * (C) W u u u - ___ Upland Sandpiper * O r r - - ___ Hudsonian Godwit * - - - ___ Marbled Godwit * - - - ___ Ruddy Turnstone W r - r - ___ Red Knot - - * - ___ Sanderling W r r r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper (C,E) W u u - - ___ Least Sandpiper (C) W u u u - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper * * - - ___ Baird's Sandpiper W r r r - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper (C) W u u u - ___ Dunlin W r - r - ___ Stilt Sandpiper W r - r - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher W r r - - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher W r - r - ___ Common Snipe o (C,CH,E,M) W u r u - ___ American Woodcock * (All) S,F u r r -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Wilson's Phalarope W r r - -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull (All) A,W u r c - ___ Bonaparte's Gull A,W r r r - ___ Ring-billed Gull (All) A,W,D a c a - ___ Herring Gull (CR) A,W u - u r ___ Thayer's Gull W - - - r ___ Iceland Gull - - - * ___ Glaucous Gull W - - - r ___ Caspian Tern (C,F) W u r r - ___ Common Tern W r - r - ___ Forster's Tern o (C,F,H) W u u u - ___ Black Tern * (CH,E,H) W u u u -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons PIGEONS, DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove * (CH,CR,E) A u u u u ___ Mourning Dove * (All) D,S c c c r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo * (All) S u u u - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo * S,F r r r -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons TYPICAL OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl o F r r r r ___ Great Horned Owl * (All) O,S,F c c c c ___ Snowy Owl O r ___ Barred Owl * (All) F u u u u ___ Great Gray Owl - - - * ___ Long-eared Owl * F r r r r ___ Short-eared Owl O r - r r ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl D,S,F - - r r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons GOATSUCKERS, SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk o (All) A u u u - ___ Whip-poor-will F r - - - ___ Chimney Swift * (B) A u u u -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird * (All) A,D u u u - ___ Rufous Hummingbird - - * -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher * (All) W u u u r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker * O r r r r ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker * (All) F c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker * (All) F u r u - ___ Downy Woodpecker * (All) D,O,F c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker * (All) D,F c c c c ___ Northern Flicker * (All) D,F c c c r ___ Pileated Woodpecker * (All) F u u u u
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher S,F r - r - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee * (All) F c c c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher S r - r - ___ Acadian Flycatcher * (E,M) F r u - - ___ Alder Flycatcher o (B,M) W u r u - ___ Willow Flycatcher * (B,C,M) W u u u - ___ Least Flycatcher * (All) S,F c c c - ___ Eastern Phoebe * (All) D c u c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher * (All) F c c u - ___ Western Kingbird * - - - ___ Eastern Kingbird * (All) O,S c c u - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher - * - -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons LARKS, SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark o (C,CH,E) O r r r u ___ Purple Martin * (N,F) A,W u r u - ___ Tree Swallow * (All) A,O,W a c c - ___ N. Rough-winged Swallow * (CH) A,W u u u - ___ Bank Swallow * (C,CH,CR) A,W u r u - ___ Cliff Swallow * (C,CH,CR) A,W u r u - ___ Barn Swallow * (B,C,CH) A,D c c c -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons JAYS, MAGPIES, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Gray Jay D - - - r ___ Blue Jay * (All) D,S,F a a a a ___ Black-billed Magpie - - - * ___ American Crow * (All) All a a a a
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons CHICKADEES, TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee * (All) D,O,F a a a a ___ Tufted Titmouse * - - -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch (H,N) D,F u - u r ___ White-breasted Nuthatch * (All) D,F c c c c
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper * (E,H) D,F u r u u
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons WRENS Sp S F W ___ House Wren * (All) D,S c a c - ___ Winter Wren S,W r - r - ___ Sedge Wren * (All) O,W u u u - ___ Marsh Wren * (B,C,E,H) W u u u -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons KINGLETS, GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet (All) F u - u r ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet (All) D,S,F c - c - ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher * (C,CR,E,M) F c c c -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons BLUEBIRDS, SOLITAIRES, THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird * (All) D,O,S c c c r ___ Mountain Bluebird * * - - ___ Townsend's Solitaire F - - - r ___ Veery * (C,E,M) F c u c - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush (All) S,F u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush (All) S,F c - c - ___ Hermit Thrush (All) F c - c - ___ Wood Thrush * (C,E,M) F u u r - ___ American Robin * (All) D,S,F a a a r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird * (All) D,S c c c - ___ Northern Mockingbird * - - - ___ Brown Thrasher * (All) S u u u r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit W r - r - ___ Sprague's Pipit - - * -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing D,S r - - r ___ Cedar Waxwing * (All) S,D c c c r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike (C,E) D,O,S r - r u ___ Loggerhead Shrike o O,S r r r r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling * (All) D,F c c c c
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo * - - - ___ Bell's Vireo * - - - ___ Solitary Vireo (C,H,M) F u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo * (C,E,M,R) F u u u - ___ Warbling Vireo * (C,CL,E,F) W,F u u u - ___ Philadelphia Vireo S r - r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo * (All) F c c c -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler * (C,CL,H,M) S,F u u r - ___ Golden-winged Warbler * (M) S u r u - ___ Tennessee Warbler (All) F,S c - c - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler (All) S u - u - ___ Nashville Warbler (All) S,F c - c - ___ Northern Parula S,F r - r - ___ Yellow Warbler * (All) S,W a a c - ___ Chesnut-sided Warbler * (All) S c r c - ___ Magnolia Warbler (C,M) S,F r - u - ___ Cape May Warbler F r - r - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler S r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (All) S,F a - a - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler (C,M) F u - u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler (N) F u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler * - - - ___ Pine Warbler F,D r - r - ___ Palm Warbler (All) S,D c - c - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler (N,M) F r - u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler (All) F u r u - ___ Cerulean Warbler * (C,M) F u u - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler (All) F c r c - ___ American Redstart * (B,C,E,M) S,F c c c - ___ Prothonotary Warbler * * - - ___ Ovenbird * (C,E,M) F u u c - ___ Northern Waterthrush (B,C,E) F,W u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush * - - - ___ Kentucky Warbler * - - - ___ Connecticut Warbler S,F r - r - ___ Mourning Warbler * (M) S,W u u u - ___ Common Yellowthroat * (All) S,W a a c - ___ Hooded Warbler * (C,M) F u u - - ___ Wilson's Warbler (C) S,W u - u - ___ Canada Warbler (C) S,F u - u - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat * - - -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Scarler Tanager * (C,M) F u u u -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal * (All) D,S,F c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak * (All) D,S,F c c c - ___ Indigo Bunting * (C,E,M) S u u u - ___ Dickcissel o O - r - -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons TOWHEES, SPARROWS, LONGSPURS Sp S F W ___ Green-tailed Towhee * - - - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee * (H,M) S,D u u u - ___ American Tree Sparrow (All) D,S,O c - c c ___ Chipping Sparrow * (E,F,H,N) D u u u - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow * (C,CH,E,H) O,S u u u - ___ Field Sparrow * (CH,F,H,R) S u u u - ___ Vesper Sparrow * (CH,H) O u u u - ___ Lark Sparrow * - - - ___ Savannah Sparrow o (CH,M,R) O u u u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow * (C,H) O u u u - ___ Henslow's Sparrow * O r r - - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow O,W r - r - ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow * - - - ___ Fox Sparrow (All) D,F c - c - ___ Song Sparrow * (All) S a a a r ___ Lincoln's Sparrow (All) D,S u - u - ___ Swamp Sparrow * (B,C,E,M) W c c c - ___ White-throated Sparrow (All) D,S c - c - ___ White-crowned Sparrow D r - r - ___ Harris' Sparrow (B,C,CR,R) D,O,S u - u - ___ Dark-eyed Junco (All) D,O,S a - a u ___ Lapland Longspur O r - r - ___ Snow Bunting O - - r r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink * (B,C,CL,H) O u u - - ___ Red-winged Blackbird * (All) W,D a a a r ___ Eastern Meadowlark * (All) O u u u r ___ Western Meadowlark * O r r r r ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird * (E,M,F,R) W c c u - ___ Rusty Blackbird W r - r r ___ Brewer's Blackbird O r r r - ___ Common Grackle * (All) D,S,F a a a r ___ Brown-headed Cowbird * (All) D,S,F a a a r ___ Orchard Oriole * (C,CH,H,M) S u u u - ___ Northern Oriole * (All) D,S c c c -
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Pine Grosbeak D,F - - - r ___ Purple Finch (All) D,F u - u u ___ House Finch * (F,H) D u u u c ___ Red Crossbill D,F - - - r ___ White-winged Crossbill D,F - - - r ___ Common Redpoll (C,E,H) D,O u - u u ___ Hoary Redpoll D,O - - - r ___ Pine Siskin (F) D u - u u ___ American Goldfinch * (All) D,O,S c a a c ___ Evening Grosbeak D,F r - r r
Species Status Park Habitat Seasons WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow * (All) D c c c c

For additional information contact:

                 
                 Hennepin Parks
                 12615 County Road 9
                 Plymouth, Minnesota 55441-1248
                 (612) 559-9000

This resource is based on the following source:
National Park Service.  No date.  Birds of Hennepin Parks checklist and 
     observation guide.  National Park Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service.  No date.  Birds of Hennepin Parks checklist and 
     observation guide.  National Park Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govhenn.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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