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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of the Fergus Falls Wetland Management District

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota


The five county Fergus Falls Wetland District located in western Minnestota is in an area where freshwater prairie wetlands and the associated northern tallgrass prairie join to form a zone of transition with the northern hard-wood forest. This blend of habitats provides for an impressive diversity of bird species.

This list contains 290 bird species that have been observed within the District. It includes all common, as well as rare and accidental species that are not normally expected to occur here.

Visiting birders are encouraged to stop in at our office in Fergus Falls to share their sightings with District staff, and to learn more about specific birding locations. Enjoy our visit!


Sp - Spring, March - May
S - Summer, June - July
F - Fall, August - November
W - Winter, December - February

a - Abundant— present in large numbers
c - Common— likely to be seen
u - Uncommon— not always seen
r - Rare— present only in some years
ac - Accidental

* - Denotes species nesting on the District


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon* c c c r
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c c c r ___ Horned Grebe c - u - ___ Red-necked Grebe* c c u - ___ Eared Grebe* u u u ac ___ Western Grebe* c u c -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican a c c -
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant* a a a -
HERONS AND BITTERNS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern u u u - ___ Least Bittern* r r r - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c r ___ Great Egret* c c c - ___ Snowy Egret u u u - ___ Little Blue Heron - ac - - ___ Cattle Egret* u r r - ___ Green Heron* c c u ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c c u - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron - ac - -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White-faced Ibis ac - - -
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture* u u u -
SWANS, GEESE, AND DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Greater White-fronted Goose u - r - ___ Snow Goose c - u u ___ Ross's Goose ac - - - ___ Canada Goose* a a a a ___ Brant - - ac - ___ Mute Swan _ ac - - ___ Trumpeter Swan* u r c c ___ Tundra Swan a u a ac ___ Wood Duck* c c c u ___ Gadwall* c u c u ___ American Wigeon* c r c - ___ American Black Duck r - r r ___ Mallard* a c a u ___ Blue-winged Teal* a c c - ___ Cinnamon Teal r - - - ___ Northern Shoveler* c c c - ___ Northern Pintail* c u u ac ___ Green-winged Teal* c u c ac ___ Canvasback* c u c r ___ Redhead* c c c r ___ Ring-necked Duck* a c c r ___ Greater Scaup u - u - ___ Lesser Scaup* a - c r ___ Harelquin Duck - - - ac ___ Surf Scoter ac - ac - ___ White-winged Scoter u - u - ___ Black Scoter ac - ac - ___ Oldsquaw - - ac - ___ Bufflehead c - c u ___ Common Goldeneye* a - c c ___ Hooded Merganser* c u c r ___ Red-breasted Merganser u - r - ___ Ruddy Duck* c c c r
HAWKS AND EAGLES Sp S F W ___ Osprey* u u u - ___ Bald Eagle* c c c u ___ Northern Harrier* c u c r ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* u - c r ___ Cooper's Hawk* u c u u ___ Northern Goshawk r - r r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* u u u ac ___ Broad-winged Hawk c c c - ___ Swainson's Hawk u r u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c u ___ Rough-legged Hawk u - u r ___ Golden Eagle r - r r
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel* c c c u ___ Merlin u u u - ___ Gyrfalcon r - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon r - r r ___ Prairie Falcon r - u r
UPLAND GAME BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge* u u u u ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* c c c u ___ Ruffed Grouse* u u u u ___ Greater Prairie chicken* c u c c ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u
RAILS AND COOTS Sp S F W ___ Yellow Rail* r r - - ___ Virginia Rail* u u u - ___ Sora* c c c - ___ Common Moorhen r r - - ___ American Coot* a a a u
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane* c r u -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover u - u - ___ American Golden Plover u - u - ___ Semipalmated Plover u - u - ___ Killdeer* c c c - ___ American Avocet r - r - ___ Greater Yellowlegs c - c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c - c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u - u - ___ Willet r - r - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Upland Sandpiper* u u r - ___ Whimbrel ac - - - ___ Hudsonian Godwit u - u - ___ Marbled Godwit* c u u - ___ Ruddy Turnstone u - u - ___ Sanderling u - u - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c - c - ___ Western Sandpiper ac - - - ___ Least Sandpiper c - c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper u - u - ___ Baird's Sandpiper u - u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c - c - ___ Dunlin c - u - ___ Stilt Sandpiper u - u - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper r - - - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher c - c - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher u - u - ___ Common Snipe* c c c ac ___ American Woodcock* u u u - ___ Wilson's Phalarope* c u c - ___ Red-necked Phalarope u - u - ___ Long-billed Curlew ac - - -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Laughing Gull - - ac - ___ Franklin's Gull a u a - ___ Bonaparte's Gull c r c - ___ Ring-billed Gull a c a - ___ Herring Gull u r u - ___ Glaucous Gull ac - ac - ___ Black-legged Kittiwake - - ac - ___ Caspian Tern u r u - ___ Common Tern r - r - ___ Forster's Tern* c c c - ___ Black Tern* c c c -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* a a a a ___ Mourning Dove* c c a r
CUCKOOS AND ROADRUNNERS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* u u u - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* r r r -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* r r r r ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl u - u u ___ Northern Hawk Owl - - ac - ___ Barred Owl* u u u u ___ Great Gray Owl ac - - - ___ Long-eared Owl r r r r ___ Short-eared Owl* u u u r ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl* r - r r
NIGHTHAWKS AND NIGHTJARS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* c c c - ___ Whip-poor-will r - r -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* c c c -
HUMMINGBIRD Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* c c c -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c r
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u - ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker u u u u ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker* c c c - ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Northern Flicker* c c c r ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher u - u - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* u u u - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - - - ___ Alder Flycatcher* u u u - ___ Willow Flycatcher u u u - ___ Least Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c c - ___ Western Kingbird* u u u - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c c - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher ac ac ac -
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike r r r - ___ Northern Shrike* u - u u
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* u u u - ___ Blue-headed Vireo u - u - ___ Warbling Vireo* c c c - ___ Philadelphia Vireo r - r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c c -
JAYS, MAGPIES AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Gray Jay - - - ac ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Black-billed Magpie r - r r ___ American Crow* a c a c ___ Common Raven u - u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* a a a r
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow* c c c - ___ Purple Martin* a a a - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* c c c - ___ Bank Swallow* c c c - ___ Cliff Swallow* a a a - ___ Barn Swallow* c c c -
CHICKADEES, TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Boreal Chickadee - - - ac
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch u - u u ___ White-breasted Nuthatch c c c c
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper* u r u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ House Wren* c c c - ___ Winter Wren r - r ac ___ Sedge Wren* c c c - ___ Marsh Wren* c c c - ___ California Wren - - - ac
KINGLETS, BLUEBIRDS, AND THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c - c r ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c - ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher u u u - ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c - ___ Townsend's Solitaire r - r r ___ Veery* c c u - ___ Gray-cheecked Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush c - c - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u r ___ Wood Thrush* r - - - ___ American Robin* a a a u ___ Varied Thrush - ac - ac
MIMICS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Northern Mockingbird r - - - ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c ac
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* a a a c
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit u - u -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing u - u u ___ Cedar Waxwing* c c c u
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler r r - - ___ Golden-winged Warbler* u u u - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - c - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - u - ___ Nashville Warbler* c - c - ___ Northern Parula u - r - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c c - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler c - c - ___ Magnolia Warbler c - c - ___ Cape May Warbler r - - - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler - - ac - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a - a ac ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler* u - u - ___ Pine Warbler - r - - ___ Palm Warbler a - a - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler r - r - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - c - ___ Cerulean Warbler* r r - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler* c - c - ___ American Redstart* c c c - ___ Prothonotary Warbler - ac - - ___ Ovenbird* c c c - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Kentucky Warbler - u - - ___ Connecticut Warbler - u - - ___ Mourning Warbler* u - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* a a c - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler u - u -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager - ac - - ___ Scarlet Tanager* u u u -
SPARROWS, BUNTINGS, AND GROSBEAKS Sp S F W ___ Spotted Towhee r - - - ___ Eastern Towhee* r - r ac ___ American Tree Sparrow c - c u ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c c - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow* c c c - ___ Field Sparrow* u u u - ___ Vesper Sparrow* c c c - ___ Lark Sparrow r r r - ___ Savannah Sparrow* c a c - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* u u u - ___ Henslow's Sparrow* r r - - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow* c c c - ___ Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow* r r - - ___ Fox Sparrow c - u - ___ Song Sparrow* c c c u ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u - ___ Swamp Sparrow* c c c - ___ White-throated Sparrow a - a u ___ Harris' Sparrow c - c u ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u - ___ Dark-eyed Junco a - a c ___ Lapland Longspur c - c r ___ Smith's Longspur r - u - ___ Snow Bunting c - c c ___ Northern Cardinal* r r r r ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* c c c - ___ Blue Grosbeak ac - - - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c - ___ Dickcissel* u u r -
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink* c c c - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a r ___ Eastern Meadowlark* r r - - ___ Western Meadowlark* c c c r ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* a a a r ___ Rusty Blackbird c - c r ___ Brewer's Blackbird* c c c - ___ Common Grackle* a a a r ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c - ___ Orchard Oriole u u u - ___ Baltimore Oriole* c c c -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Pine Grosbeak r - u u ___ Purple Finch* u r u u ___ House Finch* c c c c ___ Red Crossbill u u u u ___ White-winged Crossbill u u u u ___ Common Redpoll c - c c ___ Hoary Redpoll r - r r ___ Pine Siskin c r c c ___ American Goldfinch* c c c u ___ Evening Grosbeak u - r u

For additional information contact:
                      Fergus Falls Wetland Management District
                      Rt. 1, Box 76
                      Fergus Falls, MN 56537
                      Phone: (218)739-2291

Fergus Falls website address: http://www.fws.gov/r3pao/wmd/fergus.html

This resource is based on the following source:

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  2001.  Birds of the Fergus Falls Wetland 
     Management District.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  2001.  Birds of the Fergus Falls Wetland 
     Management District.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govferfalls.htm 
     (Version 30DEC2002).

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