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Bird Checklists of the United States

Effigy Mounds National Monument

small state map showing location

Harpers Ferry, Iowa


Along the Father of Waters, the Upper Mississippi River Wild Life and Fish Refuge stretches 284 miles from above Wabasha, Minnesota, nearly to Rock Island, Illinois. This mid-continental river country offers fabulous opportunities for birding among extensive marsh lands, wooded bottom lands, open water, sand prairie, and wooded bluffs.

Refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists have contributed to this list of 291 species of birds. Season, nesting status, and abundance for each bird's suitable habitat are coded as follows:

a - abundant: (present in large numbers)
c - common: (certain to be seen but seldom in large numbers)
u - uncommon: (present in smaller numbers or not always seen)
o - occasional: (seldom seen, present in most years)
r - rare: (present only in some years)
* - nests on the refuge

S - March - May
s - June - August
F - September - November
W - December - February

"This bird list is in accordance with the Fifth American Ornithologists' Union Check List of North American Birds as amended. New names are used with former names in parenthesis."


LOONS & GREBES S s F W ___ Common Loon u - u - ___ Red-necked Grebe r - r - ___ Horned Grebe u - u - ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c c c -
PELICANS, CORMORANTS S s F W ___ American White Pelican o - o - ___ Double-crested Cormorant* u u c -
BITTERNS, HERONS S s F W ___ Great Blue Heron* a a a r ___ Green Heron* c c c - ___ Little Blue Heron - o - - ___ Cattle Egret u - r - ___ Great Egret (Common Egret)* c c c - ___ Snowy Egret r r - - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c c c - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron* u u u - ___ Least Bittern* u u u - ___ American Bittern* u u u -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS S s F W ___ Tundra Swan a - a u ___ Canada Goose* a c a c ___ White-fronted Goose r - r - ___ Snow Goose (White Morph) c - c - ___ Mallard* a a a c ___ Black Duck* c u c r ___ Gadwall c u c - ___ Pintail c r c r ___ Green-winged Teal* c r c r ___ Blue-winged Teal* a c a - ___ American Wigeon a u a - ___ Northern Shoveler c u c - ___ Wood Duck* a a a r ___ Redhead u - u o ___ Ring-necked Duck a r a r ___ Canvasback u r a u ___ Greater Scaup u - u - ___ Lesser Scaup a r a u ___ Common Goldeneye c - c u ___ Bufflehead c - c r ___ Oldsquaw r - o r ___ White-winged Scoter r - u r ___ Black Scoter (Common Scoter) - - r r ___ Surf Scoter r - r - ___ Ruddy Duck c r c - ___ Hooded Merganser* c u c r ___ Common Merganser c - c u ___ Red-breasted Merganser u - u r
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS S s F W ___ Turkey Vulture c c c r ___ Goshawk - - - o ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk c u c o ___ Cooper's Hawk u u u o ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c c ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* u u u r ___ Swainson's Hawk - - r - ___ Broad-winged Hawk* c u a - ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - u u ___ Golden Eagle r - r r ___ Bald Eagle* c u c c ___ Marsh Hawk* u u u c ___ Osprey u u u r ___ Peregrine Falcon o o o - ___ Merlin (Pigeon Hawk) o - u - ___ American Kestrel (Sparrow Hawk)* c c c u
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS S s F W ___ Ruffed Grouse* c c c c ___ Bobwhite* c c c c ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* u u u u ___ Gray Partridge* u u u u ___ Turkey o o o o
RAILS, CRANES S s F W ___ King Rail* u u - - ___ Virginia Rail* u u u - ___ Sora* c c c - ___ Common Gallinule* u u u - ___ American Coot* a c a o ___ Sandhill Crane u u u -
SHOREBIRDS S s F W ___ Semipalmated Plover u u u - ___ Killdeer* c c c r ___ American Golden-Plover u - u - ___ Black-bellied Plover u - u - ___ Ruddy Turnstone r r - - ___ American Woodcock* u u u - ___ Common Snipe c u c o ___ Upland Sandpiper (Upland Plover)* u u - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Solitary Sandpiper u u u - ___ Willet r r r - ___ Greater Yellowlegs u u u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c c c - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper c c c - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper u u u - ___ Baird's Sandpiper u u u - ___ Least Sandpiper c c c - ___ Dunlin u u u - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher u u u - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher u - u - ___ Stilt Sandpiper u u u - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c c c - ___ Marbled Godwit r - - - ___ Hudsonian Godwit r - - - ___ Sanderling u u u - ___ Avocet r r - - ___ Wilson's Phalarope u u u - ___ Northern Phalarope r - r -
GULLS, TERNS S s F W ___ Herring Gull c c c u ___ Ring-billed Gull c c c u ___ Franklin's Gull u - u - ___ Bonaparte's Gull u - u - ___ Forster's Tern u o u - ___ Common Tern* u u u - ___ Caspian Tern u u u - ___ Black Tern c c u -
DOVES S s F W ___ Rock Dove* c c c c ___ Mourning Dove* c c c u
CUCKOOS S s F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c u - ___ Black-billed Cuckoo* c c u -
OWLS S s F W ___ Screech Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Snowy Owl r - o o ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Long-eared Owl* u u u u ___ Short-eared Owl u - u u ___ Saw-whet Owl* o o o o
GOATSUCKERS & SWIFTS S s F W ___ Whip-poor-will* c c c - ___ Common Nighthawk* c a u - ___ Chimney Swift* c a u -
HUMMINGBIRDS S s F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u c u -
KINGFISHERS S s F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c u o
WOODPECKERS S s F W ___ Common Flicker (Yellow-shafted)* c c c u ___ Pileated Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* c c c u ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker* c u c r ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c
FLYCATCHERS S s F W ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c u - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c u - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher u u u - ___ Acadian Flycatcher* u c - - ___ Alder Flycatcher (Trail's) u - u - ___ Willow Flycatcher (Trail's)* c c u - ___ Least Flycatcher* a a c - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* c c c - ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher u u u -
LARKS S s F W ___ Horned Lark* c c c u
SWALLOWS S s F W ___ Tree Swallow* a a c - ___ Bank Swallow* c c u - ___ Rough-winged Swallow* c c u - ___ Barn Swallow* a a c - ___ Cliff Swallow* u u u - ___ Purple Martin* a a u -
JAYS, CROWS S s F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ Common Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES S s F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES S s F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch o - o o
CREEPERS S s F W ___ Brown Creeper c o c u
WRENS S s F W ___ House Wren* a a c - ___ Winter Wren u - u r ___ Bewick's Wren o - o - ___ Carolina Wren* u u u - ___ Marsh Wren* c c c - ___ Sedge Wren* u u u -
THRASHERS S s F W ___ Mockingbird r r - - ___ Grey Catbird* c c c - ___ Brown Thrasher* c c c -
THRUSHES S s F W ___ American Robin* a a a o ___ Wood Thrush* c c u - ___ Hermit Thrush u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush c - c - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush u - u - ___ Veery c - c - ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c r
KINGLETS S s F W ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u u - - ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c -
PIPITS S s F W ___ American Pipit u - u -
WAXWINGS S s F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing - - - r ___ Cedar Waxwing* c c c u
SHRIKES S s F W ___ Northern Shrike r - o o ___ Loggerhead Shrike* u u u -
STARLINGS S s F W ___ Starling* a a a c
VIREOS S s F W ___ White-eyed Vireo r r - - ___ Bell's Vireo* u u - - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo c c c - ___ Solitary Vireo u - u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c a - ___ Philadelphia Vireo u - u - ___ Warbling Vireo a a a -
WOOD WARBLERS S s F W ___ Black-and-white Warbler c - c - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c - - ___ Blue-winged Warbler* u u - - ___ Golden-winged Warbler u u u - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - c - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - u - ___ Nashville Warbler c - c - ___ Northern Parula u - u - ___ Yellow Warbler* a a o - ___ Magnolia Warbler u - u - ___ Cape May Warbler u - u - ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (Myrtle) a - a - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler u - u - ___ Cerulean Warbler* u u - - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u - u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler u - u - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler u - u - ___ Blackpoll Warbler u - u - ___ Pine Warbler o - o - ___ Palm Warbler c - c - ___ Ovenbird* u u u - ___ Northern Waterthrush u - u - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* o o o - ___ Kentucky Warbler* r r - - ___ Connecticut Warbler r - r - ___ Mourning Warbler o - o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* a a c - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* r r - - ___ Hooded Warbler r r - - ___ Wilson's Warbler u - u - ___ Canada Warbler u - u - ___ American Redstart* a a c -
OLD WORLD SPARROWS S s F W ___ House Sparrow* a a a a
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES S s F W ___ Bobolink* u u u - ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c o ___ Western Meadowlark* c c c o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c c c - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a u ___ Orchard Oriole* u u - - ___ Northern Oriole (Baltimore)* c c - - ___ Rusty Blackbird c - c o ___ Brewer's Blackbird* u u u r ___ Common Grackle* a a a u ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* a a u r
TANAGERS S s F W ___ Scarlet Tanager* u u u -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS, TOWHEES, SPARROWS & FINCHES S s F W ___ Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* c c c c ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c - ___ Dickcissel* c c - - ___ Evening Grosbeak o - o u ___ Purple Finch c - c u ___ Pine Grosbeak - - r r ___ Hoary Redpoll - - - r ___ Common Redpoll u - - u ___ Pine Siskin u - u u ___ American Goldfinch* a a a c ___ Red Crossbill r r - r ___ White-winged Crossbill r - - r ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* u u u - ___ Savannah Sparrow* c c c - ___ House Finch u u u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* u u r - ___ Henslow's Sparrow* u u r - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow r r r - ___ Vesper Sparrow* c c c - ___ Lark Sparrow* u u - - ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored,Oregon) a - a a ___ Tree Sparrow c - a a ___ Chipping Sparrow* a a a - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow u - u - ___ Field Sparrow* c c c r ___ Harris' Sparrow o - o - ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u r ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c r ___ Fox Sparrow u - u - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u - ___ Swamp Sparrow* c c c r ___ Song Sparrow* a a a o ___ Lapland Longspur r - r r ___ Snow Bunting - - u u
The following 26 species are of rare or accidental occurrence with only 1 or 2 recorded observations:

Arctic Loon                  Parasitic Jaeger
Red-throated Loon            Glaucous Gull
Eared Grebe                  Black-legged Kittiwake
Western Grebe                Roseate Tern
Mute Swan                    Least Tern
Glossy Ibis                  Hawk Owl
White-faced Ibis             Western Kingbird
European Wigeon              Common Raven
Cinnamon Teal                Gray Jay
Black Vulture                Boreal Chickadee
Trumpeter Swan               Worm-eating Warbler
Long-billed Curlew           Western Tanager
Red Knot                     Black-headed Grosbeak

These 6 species formerly occurred on the refuge:

Swallow-tailed Kite
Greater Prairie Chicken
Whooping Crane
Passenger Pigeon
Carolina Parakeet
Sharp-tailed Grouse

Notes

Date_________________________________No. Species_____________________

Time Afield__________________________________________________________

Observers____________________________________________________________

Weather______________________________________________________________

Remarks______________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

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Information

This bird checklist was originally developed for the Upper Mississippi Wild Life and Fish Refuge, which is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Effigy Mounds National Monument is located at about the halfway point along the Refuge length, and shares its boundary along the river. Generally the same bird species seen on the Refuge can be seen in or around the Monument. It was decided therefore, to duplicate this valuable ornithological information for use here. We would like to thank the Fish and Wildlife Service for their permission to use this checklist.


For further information contact:
                 National Park Service
                 Effigy Mounds National Monument
                 151 HWY. 76
                 Harpers Ferry, Iowa 52146

This resource is based on the following source:
National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of 
     Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa.  National Park Service, U.S. 
     Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of 
     Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa.  National Park Service, U.S. 
     Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.goveffigy.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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