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Bird Checklists of the United States

Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Havana, Illinois


The Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1936. It is within the Mississippi Flyway that extends from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. The refuge is a vital link in the flyway to provide rest and feed for migrating birds.

The refuge contains 4,488 acres of land and water within the flood plain of the Illinois River in Mason County, Illinois. Lake Chautauqua impounds about 3,500 acres of water. Another 800 acres of water and timbered bottomland are located outside of the impounded area. The remaining acreage is composed of upland and timber.

Peak fall waterfowl populations average nearly a quarter of a million birds. The average peak concentration during early winter normally exceeds 100 thousand ducks and up to 40 thousand geese. Mallards comprise the bulk of the duck population during migration. Shorebird co S - June-August
ncentrations during the fall migration have reached a peak of 150,000 birds.

Summer records for some shorebirds, flycatchers and swallows actually represent early fall migrants.

The following birdlist contains 254 species representing observations since 1938. Another 20 birds, listed under Accidentals, have been reported but are not normally expected to be present. Those species marked with an asterisk (*) have nsested on the refuge. The list is in accordance with the current A.O.U. checklist.


Season
Sp - Spring - March-May
S - Summer - June-August
F - Fall - September-November
W - Winter - December-February

Relative Abundance
a - abundant: common species that is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: present but not certain to be seen
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
o - occasional: seen only a few times during the season


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon o - o -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe c o c - ___ Horned Grebe u - u -
PELICANS, CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican r - o - ___ Double-crested Cormorant o o c -
BITTERNS, HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* c u u - ___ Least Bittern r u r - ___ Great Blue Heron* a a c u ___ Great Egret a a c r ___ Snowy Egret r o o - ___ Little Blue Heron - u o - ___ Cattle Egret u u u - ___ Green-backed Heron* u c u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* o c o - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron r r r -
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan r - r r ___ Greater White-fronted Goose r - r - ___ Snow Goose c - c o ___ Canada Goose* c o c c ___ Wood Duck* a a a o ___ Green-winged Teal c u a o ___ American Black Duck c u c o ___ Mallard* a o a u ___ Northern Pintail c r c o ___ Blue-winged Teal* c u a r ___ Northern Shoveler c - c - ___ Gadwall u r u r ___ American Wigeon c r c r ___ Canvasback c r c o ___ Redhead c - c o ___ Ring-necked Duck c - c o ___ Greater Scaup r - r - ___ Lesser Scaup a r c u ___ Black Scoter r - r - ___ Surf Scoter r - r r ___ White-winged Scoter r - r r ___ Common Goldeneye u - u c ___ Bufflehead u - u o ___ Hooded Merganser u r u o ___ Common Merganser a - u a ___ Red-breasted Merganser o - o - ___ Ruddy Duck u o a o
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture* o o o -
HAWKS, EAGLES Sp S F W ___ Osprey u o o o ___ Bald Eagle u - u c ___ Northern Harrier o r o c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u o u o ___ Cooper's Hawk u r u o ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* o o o o ___ Broad-winged Hawk o r o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk u - u c
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel* c c c o ___ Merlin r - r - ___ Peregrine Falcon o o o -
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant o o o o ___ Northern Bobwhite* a a a a
RAILS, CRANES Sp S F W ___ King Rail r - r - ___ Virginia Rail u o u - ___ Sora* c r c - ___ Common Moorhen r r r - ___ American Coot a o a u ___ Sandhill Crane r - r -
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover u r u - ___ American Golden-Plover u r u - ___ Semipalmated Plover u r c - ___ Piping Plover r r r - ___ Killdeer* c c a o
AVOCETS Sp S F W ___ American Avocet - o u -
SANDPIPERS Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs u o c - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c u a - ___ Solitary Sandpiper c o c - ___ Willet r - o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* c c c - ___ Upland Sandpiper r r r - ___ Hudsonian Godwit r r u - ___ Marbled Godwit - r r r ___ Ruddy Turnstone r - o - ___ Red Knot - - o - ___ Sanderling r o o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u o c - ___ Western Sandpiper r o u - ___ Least Sandpiper c u a - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper o - r - ___ Baird's Sandpiper r o o - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper* c o a - ___ Dunlin r - u - ___ Stilt Sandpiper r o c - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper - u u u ___ Short-billed Dowitcher u o c - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher o o c - ___ Common Snipe u r u o ___ American Woodcock o o r - ___ Wilson's Phalarope r o u - ___ Red-necked Phalarope r - o -
GULLS, TERNS Sp S F W ___ Laughing Gull r r r - ___ Franklin's Gull r r u - ___ Bonaparte's Gull u r u r ___ Ring-billed Gull c u c o ___ Herring Gull c r c c ___ Sabine's Gull - - r - ___ Caspian Tern o - u - ___ Common Tern c r c - ___ Forster's Tern o r o - ___ Least Tern o o o - ___ Black Tern c o c -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove c c c c ___ Mourning Dove* a a a c
CUCKOOS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo u o u - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* u c u -
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* o o o o ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Short-eared Owl o o o o
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* u c c - ___ Whip-poor-will* c c o -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift u c u -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird c u c -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* c c c o
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker c c c c ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker c - c o ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Northern Flicker c c c u ___ Pileated Woodpecker c c c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r r u - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee c c c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher u - u - ___ Acadian Flycatcher u o u - ___ Alder Flycatcher u - u - ___ Willow Flycatcher u u r - ___ Least Flycatcher c - c - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c u - ___ Great Crested Flycatcher c c u - ___ Eastern Kingbird* c c u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* c c c c
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* c c o - ___ Tree Swallow* c a a - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* c u u - ___ Bank Swallow u c c - ___ Cliff Swallow u u c - ___ Barn Swallow c c a -
JAYS, CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* a c a c ___ American Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch r - r o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* c c c c
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper o r c c
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c u ___ Bewick's Wren r r - - ___ House Wren c c c - ___ Winter Wren u - u u ___ Marsh Wren u o u -
KINGLETS, THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet c - c u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c u ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher r r r - ___ Eastern Bluebird* o r o r ___ Veery u - u - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush c - c - ___ Swainson's Thrush c - c - ___ Hermit Thrush c - c - ___ Wood Thrush c c u - ___ American Robin* a a a u
THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* c c c - ___ Northern Mockingbird* u o u u ___ Brown Thrasher* c c u r
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit r - u -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing c o c r
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike r - r -
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* a c a a
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo o r r - ___ Bell's Vireo* u u o - ___ Solitary Vireo u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo o r o - ___ Warbling Vireo* c c u - ___ Philadelphia Vireo u - u - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c u -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Blue-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Golden-winged Warbler r - r - ___ Tennessee Warbler c - a - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u - u - ___ Nashville Warbler c - c - ___ Northern Parula u r u - ___ Yellow Warbler* c c u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler c - c - ___ Magnolia Warbler c - c - ___ Cape May Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler a - a - ___ Black-throated Green Warbler c - c - ___ Blackburnian Warbler u u c - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler r r r - ___ Pine Warbler r - r - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler o - o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler c - u - ___ Cerulean Warbler r - r - ___ Black-and-white Warbler c - c - ___ American Redstart* c a u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c u - ___ Ovenbird* c u c - ___ Northern Waterthrush c - c - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush u - r - ___ Kentucky Warbler r r r - ___ Connecticut Warbler r - r - ___ Mourning Warbler r - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c c u - ___ Hooded Warbler u r r - ___ Wilson's Warbler c - c - ___ Canada Warbler u - c - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat u u o -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager u u u - ___ Scarlet Tanager u r u -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* a a a a ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak* c c c - ___ Blue Grosbeak r r r - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c c - ___ Dickcissel* c a c -
TOWHEES, SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* c c u o ___ American Tree Sparrow c - c a ___ Chipping Sparrow* c c c - ___ Clay-colored Sparrow r - r - ___ Field Sparrow* c a c o ___ Vesper Sparrow* u c u o ___ Lark Sparrow* u c u - ___ Savannah Sparrow u - u - ___ Grasshopper Sparrow o u o r ___ Le Conte's Sparrow o - o - ___ Sharp-tailed Sparrow r - o - ___ Fox Sparrow c - c o ___ Song Sparrow* c c c u ___ Lincoln's Sparrow o - o - ___ Swamp Sparrow u - u o ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c o ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - u - ___ Harris' Sparrow o - o r ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c a ___ Lapland Longspur r - r - ___ Snow Bunting r - r -
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink o o o - ___ Red-winged Blackbird a c a u ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c c o ___ Western Meadowlark r o r o ___ Rusty Blackbird c - c o ___ Common Grackle* c a c o ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* u c u o ___ Orchard Oriole r r r - ___ Northern Oriole* c c c -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ Pine Siskin u - u o ___ American Goldfinch* a a a u ___ Evening Grosbeak* r - r r
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* a a a a ___ Eurasian Tree Sparrow r r r r
ACCIDENTAL BIRDS Eared Grebe Little Gull Trumpeter Swan Thayer's Gull Mute Swan Iceland Gull Cinnamon Teal Glaucous Gull Oldsquaw Lesser Black-backed Gull Northern Goshawk Ivory Gull Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Snowy Owl Whimbrel Red Crossbill Red Phalarope White-winged Crossbill Parasitic Jaeger Common Redpoll

Sighting Notes
Time in Field_______________________________ Date______________________________

Weather________________________________________________________________________

Observers______________________________________________________________________

Species Total__________________________________________________________________

Location_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

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For further information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge
                 R.R. #2   
                 Havana, Illinois 62644
                 Telephone: 309/535-2290

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1990.  Birds of Chautauqua National Wildlife  
     Refuge, Illinois.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1990.  Birds of Chautauqua National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Illinois.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govchautauq.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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