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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of the Yuma Field Office

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Yuma, Arizona

Bureau of Land Management Yuma Field Office

The Yuma Field Office manages 1.6 million acres of public land in Arizona and California. Habitats vary from aquatic river, lake, and marsh environments to terrestrial uplands with broad sandy plains, rocky foothills, and desert mountain peaks. Vegetation ranges form wetland and riparian species such as cattail, willow, and cottonwood, to desert plants like creosotebush, palo verde, and giant saguaro cactus.

This checklist contains the names of 269 (check this number!) species that occur within the area. Bird names are according to the 41st supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist of North American Birds. The abundance and residency codes given are general and should only be used as guides. Species abundance may vary yearly or seasonally. Habitats also determine where a species will be found and how numerous it may be.

The checklist will be periodically updated, so notification of interesting sightings would be greatly appreciated. Sightings of birds not contained in this checklist or those categorized as rare or accidental should be documented by photographs or complete details. Please report them to:

Bureau of Land Management
Yuma Field Office
2555 East Gila Ridge Road
Yuma, AZ 85365


C - Common or abundant - Generally seen in suitable habitat, sometimes in large numbers. Includes the terms "fairly common" and "not uncommon".
U - Uncommon - Seldom or infrequently seen, though not unusual.
R - Rare - Low probability of being seen, but not out of its usual range.


y - Yearlong - Found in the area all year.
s - Summer - Resident during summer. This category includes the period of migration to and from this area.
w - Winter - Resident during winter. Includes the period of migration to and from this area.
t - Transient or migrant - Spring or fall migrant; summer of winter visitor.

LOONS ____ Pacific Loon R,w ____ Common Loon U,w GREBES ____ Pied-billed Grebe C,y ____ Horned Grebe R,w ____ Eared Grebe U,w ____ Western Grebe C,y ____ Clark's Grebe C,y PELICANS ____ American White Pelican U,y ____ Brown Pelican R,t CORMORANTS ____ Double-crested Cormorant C,y HERONS, EGRETS AND BITTERNS ____ American Bittern R,w ____ Least Bittern U,y ____ Great Blue Heron C,y ____ Great Egret C,y ____ Snowy Egret C,y ____ Little Blue Heron R,t ____ Cattle Egret U,y ____ Green Heron U,y ____ Black-crowned Night-Heron C,y IBISES AND SPOONBILLS ____ White-faced Ibis U,y STORKS ____ Wood Stork R,s SWANS, GEESE AND DUCKS ____ Fulvous Whistling Duck R,s ____ Tundra Swan R,w ____ Greater White-fronted Goose R,w ____ Snow Goose U,w ____ Ross' Goose R,w ____ Canada Goose C,w ____ Wood Duck R,w ____ Green-winged Teal C,w ____ Mallard C,w ____ Northern Pintail C,w ____ Blue-winged Teal U,t ____ Cinnamon Teal C,y ____ Northern Shoveler C,w ____ Gadwall C,w ____ American Wigeon C,w ____ Canvasback U,w ____ Redhead C,w ____ Ring-necked Duck C,w ____ Greater Scaup R,w ____ Lesser Scaup C,w ____ Common Goldeneye C,w ____ Barrow's Goldeneye R,w ____ Bufflehead C,w ____ Hooded Merganser R,w ____ Common Merganser C,w ____ Red-breasted Merganser U,w ____ Ruddy Duck C,w AMERICAN VULTURES ____ Turkey Vulture C,y HAWKS, KITES AND EAGLES ____ Osprey U,y ____ White-tailed Kite R,w ____ Bald Eagle U,y ____ Northern Harrier U,w ____ Sharp-shinned Hawk U,w ____ Cooper's Hawk U,y ____ Common Black-Hawk R,s ____ Harris' Hawk U,y ____ Swainson's Hawk U,t ____ Zone-tailed Hawk R,s ____ Red-tailed Hawk C,y ____ Ferruginous Hawk U,w ____ Rough-legged Hawk R,w ____ Golden Eagle U,y FALCONS AND CARACARAS ____ American Kestrel C,y ____ Merlin U,w ____ Peregrine Falcon R,t ____ Prairie Falcon U,y PHEASANTS AND QUAIL ____ Ring-necked Pheasant R,y ____ Gambel's Quail C,y RAILS,GALLINULES AND COOTS ____ Black Rail U,y ____ Clapper Rail U,y ____ Virginia Rail U,y ____ Sora U,w ____ Common Moorhen U,y ____ American Coot C,y CRANES ____ Sandhill Crane U,w PLOVERS ____ Black-bellied Plover U,t ____ Snowy Plover R,t ____ Semipalmated Plover U,t ____ Killdeer C,y ____ Mountain Plover R,w AVOCETS AND STILTS ____ Black-necked Stilt U,y ____ American Avocet U,t SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES ____ Greater Yellowlegs U,w ____ Lesser Yellowlegs U,t ____ Solitary Sandpiper U,w ____ Willet U,t ____ Spotted Sandpiper C,w ____ Whimbrel R,t ____ Long-billed Curlew U,t ____ Marbled Godwit U,t ____ Red Knot R,t ____ Sanderling R,t ____ Western Sandpiper C,t ____ Least Sandpiper C,w ____ Baird's Sandpiper U,t ____ Pectoral Sandpiper U,t ____ Dunlin U,w ____ Short-billed Dowitcher R,t ____ Long-billed Dowitcher C,w ____ Common Snipe C,w ____ Wilson's Phalarope U,t ____ Red-necked Phalarope R,t GULLS, TERNS AND ALLIES ____ Franklin's Gull R,t ____ Bonaparte's Gull R,w ____ Ring-billed Gull C,w ____ California Gull U,w ____ Herring Gull R,w ____ Caspian Tern U,t ____ Common Tern U,t ____ Forster's Tern U,w ____ Least Tern R,t ____ Black Tern U,t PIGEONS AND DOVES ____ Rock Dove (Domestic Pigeon) C,y ____ White-winged Dove C,s ____ Mourning Dove C,y ____ Inca Dove U,y ____ Common Ground-Dove U,y ____ Ruddy Ground-Dove R,w CUCKOOS AND ROADRUNNERS ____ Yellow-billed Cuckoo R,s ____ Greater Roadrunner C,y BARN-OWLS ____ Barn-Owl U,y TYPICAL OWLS ____ Western Screech-Owl U,y ____ Great Horned Owl U,y ____ Elf Owl U,s ____ Burrowing Owl U,y ____ Long-eared Owl R,w ____ Short-eared Owl R,w NIGHTJARS ____ Lesser Nighthawk C,s ____ Common Poorwill U,s SWIFTS ____ Vaux's Swift U,t ____ White-throated Swift C,y HUMMINGBIRDS ____ Black-chinned Hummingbird C,s ____ Anna's Hummingbird C,y ____ Costa's Hummingbird C,y ____ Calliope Hummingbird R,t ____ Rufous Hummingbird U,t ____ Allen's Hummingbird R,t KINGFISHERS ____ Belted Kingfisher C,w WOODPECKERS ____ Lewis' Woodpecker R,w ____ Gila Woodpecker C,y ____ Red-naped Sapsucker U,w ____ Ladder-backed Woodpecker C,y ____ Gilded Flicker C,y ____ Northern Flicker C,w TYRANT FLYCATCHERS ____ Olive-sided Flycatcher U,t ____ Western Wood-Pewee U,t ____ Willow Flycatcher U,s ____ Hammond's Flycatcher U,t ____ Dusky Flycatcher R,t ____ Gray Flycatcher U,t ____ Pacific-slope Flycatcher U,t ____ Cordilleran Flycatcher U,t ____ Black Phoebe C,y ____ Say's Phoebe C,y ____ Vermilion Flycatcher U,y ____ Ash-throated Flycatcher C,s ____ Brown-crested Flycatcher R,s ____ Cassin's Kingbird R,t ____ Western Kingbird C,s LARKS ____ Horned Lark C,y SWALLOWS ____ Purple Martin R,t ____ Tree Swallow C,w ____ Violet-green Swallow U,t ____ Northern Rough-winged Swallow C,s ____ Bank Swallow U,t ____ Cliff Swallow C,s ____ Barn Swallow C,t JAYS AND CROWS ____ Scrub Jay R,w ____ American Crow U,w ____ Common Raven C,y VERDIN AND BUSHTITS ____ Verdin C,y ____ Bushtit R,w NUTHATCHES AND CREEPERS ____ Red-breasted Nuthatch R,t ____ Brown Creeper R,w WRENS ____ Cactus Wren C,y ____ Rock Wren C,y ____ Canyon Wren U,y ____ Bewick's Wren U,y ____ House Wren C,w ____ Winter Wren R,w ____ Marsh Wren C,y KINGLETS, GNATCATCHERS AND ALLIES ____ Golden-crowned Kinglet R,w ____ Ruby-crowned Kinglet C,w ____ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher U,y ____ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher C,y ____ Western Bluebird U,w ____ Mountain Bluebird U,w ____ Townsend's Solitaire R,w ____ Swainson's Thrush U,t ____ Hermit Thrush U,w ____ American Robin U,w MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS ____ Northern Mockingbird C,y ____ Sage Thrasher U,t ____ Bendire's Thrasher U,s ____ Curve-billed Thrasher U,y ____ Crissal Thrasher U,y ____ LeConte's Thrasher U,y PIPITS ____ American Pipit C,w WAXWINGS ____ Cedar Waxwing U,w SILKY-FLYCATCHERS ____ Phainopepla C,y SHRIKES ____ Loggerhead Shrike C,y STARLINGS ____ European Starling C,y VIREOS ____ Bell's Vireo U,s ____ Gray Vireo R,t ____ Cassin's Vireo U,w ____ Plumbeous Vireo U,w ____ Warbling Vireo C,t WOOD-WARBLERS ____ Orange-crowned Warbler C,w ____ Nashville Warbler C,t ____ Virginia's Warbler R,t ____ Lucy's Warbler U,s ____ Yellow Warbler U,s ____ Yellow-rumped Warbler C,w ____ Black-throated Gray Warbler C,t ____ Townsend's Warbler C,t ____ Hermit Warbler C,t ____ Black-and-white Warbler R,t ____ American Redstart R,t ____ Northern Waterthrush R,t ____ MacGillivray's Warbler C,t ____ Common Yellowthroat C,y ____ Wilson's Warbler C,t ____ Yellow-breasted Chat C,s TANAGERS ____ Summer Tanager U,s ____ Western Tanager C,t CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS AND ALLIES ____ Northern Cardinal R,y ____ Rose-breasted Grosbeak R,t ____ Black-headed Grosbeak C,t ____ Blue Grosbeak C,s ____ Lazuli Bunting C,t ____ Indigo Bunting R,s SPARROWS ____ Green-tailed Towhee U,t ____ Spotted Towhee U,w ____ Canyon Towhee C,y ____ Abert's Towhee C,y ____ Chipping Sparrow U,w ____ Brewer's Sparrow U,w ____ Black-chinned Sparrow R,w ____ Vesper Sparrow C,w ____ Lark Sparrow U,y ____ Black-throated Sparrow C,y ____ Sage Sparrow U,w ____ Lark Bunting R,t ____ Savannah Sparrow C,w ____ Grasshopper Sparrow R,w ____ Fox Sparrow R,w ____ Song Sparrow C,y ____ Lincoln's Sparrow U,w ____ Golden-crowned Sparrow R,w ____ White-crowned Sparrow C,w ____ Dark-eyed Junco U,w ____ Lapland Longspur R,w ____ Chestnut-collared Longspur R,w BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES ____ Red-winged Blackbird C,y ____ Western Meadowlark C,y ____ Yellow-headed Blackbird C,s ____ Brewer's Blackbird C,w ____ Great-tailed Grackle C,y ____ Brown-headed Cowbird C,y ____ Bronzed Cowbird R,s ____ Hooded Oriole U,s ____ Bullock's Oriole U,s ____ Scott's Oriole R,s FINCHES ____ House Finch C,y ____ Pine Siskin R,w ____ Lesser Goldfinch U,y ____ Lawrence's Goldfinch R,t ____ American Goldfinch U,w OLD WORLD SPARROW ____ House Sparrow C,y ACCIDENTALS
The following birds have been observed within the boundaries of Yuma Field Office area, but are out of their ordinary range.
  Red-throated Loon               Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
  Yellow-billed Loon              Steller's Jay               
  Least Grebe                     Pinyon Jay                  
  Red-necked Grebe                Clark's Nutcracker          
  Laysan Albatross                Mountain Chickadee          
  Sooty Shearwater                Bridled Titmouse            
  Blue-footed Booby               White-breasted Nuthatch     
  Brown Booby                     Pygmy Nuthatch              
  Neotropic Cormorant             American Dipper             
  Magnificent Frigatebird         Rufous-backed Robin         
  Tricolored Heron                Varied Thrush               
  Reddish Egret                   Gray Catbird                
  Yellow-crowned Night-Heron      Sprague's Pipit             
  White Ibis                      Bohemian Waxwing            
  Roseate Spoonbill               Northern Shrike             
  Brant                           Yellow-throated Vireo       
  Eurasian Wigeon                 Hutton's Vireo              
  Oldsquaw                        Red-eyed Vireo              
  Surf Scoter                     Blue-winged Warbler         
  White-winged Scoter             Tropical Kingbird           
  Mississippi Kite                Thick-billed Kingbird       
  Northern Goshawk                Golden-winged Warbler       
  Red-shouldered Hawk             Tennessee Warbler           
  Crested Caracara                Northern Parula             
  American Golden-Plover          Chestnut-sided Warbler      
  Upland Sandpiper                Magnolia Warbler            
  Ruddy Turnstone                 Cape May Warbler            
  Black Turnstone                 Black-throated Blue Warbler 
  Red Phalarope                   Black-throated Green Warbler
  Pomarine Jaeger                 Palm Warbler                
  Parasitic Jaeger                Bay-breasted Warbler        
  Long-tailed Jaeger              Blackpoll Warbler           
  Laughing Gull                   Prothonotary Warbler        
  Heermann's Gull                 Worm-eating Warbler         
  Mew Gull                        Ovenbird                    
  Thayer's Gull                   Louisiana Waterthrush       
  Yellow-footed Gull              Kentucky Warbler            
  Western Gull                    Hooded Warbler              
  Glaucous-winged Gull            Painted Redstart            
  Black-legged Kittiwake          Hepatic Tanager             
  Sabine's Gull                   Scarlet Tanager
  Gull-billed Tern                Pyrrhuloxia
  Black Skimmer                   Varied Bunting
  Band-tailed Pigeon              Painted Bunting
  Groove-billed Ani               American Tree Sparrow
  Flammulated Owl                 Sharp-tailed Sparrow
  Cactus Ferruginous              Swamp Sparrow
  Pygmy-Owl                       White-throated Sparrow
  Common Nighthawk                Harris' Sparrow
  Broad-billed Hummingbird        McCown's Longspur
  Broad-tailed Hummingbird        Bobolink
  Acorn Woodpecker                Eastern Meadowlark
  Yellow-bellied Sapsucker        Rusty Blackbird
  Red-breasted Sapsucker          Common Grackle
  Williamson's Sapsucker          Orchard Oriole
  Greater Peewee                  Purple Finch
  Eastern Phoebe                  Cassin's Finch
  Dusky-capped Flycatcher         Red Crossbill
  Tropical Kingbird               Evening Grosbeak
  Thick-billed Kingbird           

Field Notes

Date:_________________________ Time:___________________________________________



This resource is based on the following source:

Bureau of Land Management. No date.  Birds of the Yuma Field Office,
     Arizona.  Bureau of Land Management. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Bureau of Land Management. No date.  Birds of the Yuma Field Office,
     Arizona.  Bureau of Land Management. Unpaginated.  Jamestown,
     ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 30DEC20020).

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