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Bird Checklists of the United States

White Sands National Monument

Alamogordo, New Mexico


This checklist includes 210 species of birds that have been reported within White Sands National Monument. While few birds inhabit the gypsum dune field, many occur in the surrounding desert plains, playa lakes, and foothill areas of the monument. The Visitor Center area is usually the best place to observe birds. The species names and the organization of this list conform to the classification of North American birds adopted by the American Ornithologists' Union in 1983. Should you observe and identify a bird not listed, report your findings to a park ranger. Notes on any unusual observations are welcome.


pr - permanent resident
sr - summer resident and breeder
wr - winter resident
m - migrant

c - common: easily found in proper habitat in the right season
o - occasional: usually present in proper habitat and season, but not certain to be seen
r - rare: occurrence unpredictable, with only a few sightings per year


LOONS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Common Loon m r
GREBES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Western Grebe m r ___ Horned Grebe m r ___ Eared Grebe wr r ___ Pied-billed Grebe m r
PELICANS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ American White Pelican m r
HERONS & IBIS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ American Bittern m r ___ Great Blue Heron m o ___ Snowy Egret m r ___ Cattle Egret m r ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron m o ___ White-faced Ibis m o
WATERFOWL STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Snow Goose m o ___ Canada Goose m r ___ Green-winged Teal m o ___ Mallard m c ___ Northern Pintail m o ___ Blue-winged Teal m c ___ Cinnamon Teal m o ___ Northern Shoveler m c ___ Gadwall m o ___ American Wigeon m r ___ Canvasback m r ___ Redhead m o ___ Ring-necked Duck m o ___ Lesser Scaup m o ___ Bufflehead m o ___ Common Merganser m o ___ Ruddy Duck m c
VULTURES, HAWKS & FALCONS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Turkey Vulture sr o ___ Mississippi Kite m r ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk) wr c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk m r ___ Cooper's Hawk m r ___ Swainson's Hawk sr c ___ Red-tailed Hawk wr o ___ Ferruginous Hawk wr r ___ Rough-legged Hawk wr r ___ Golden Eagle pr r ___ American Kestrel pr c ___ Merlin m r ___ Peregrine Falcon m r ___ Prairie Falcon wr r
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Scaled Quail pr o ___ Gambel's Quail pr o
RAILS, GALLINULES & CRANES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Virginia Rail m r ___ Common Moorhen m r ___ American Coot m o ___ Sandhill Crane m r
SHOREBIRDS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Black-bellied Plover m r ___ Snowy Plover m r ___ Semipalmated Plover m r ___ Killdeer pr o ___ Black-necked Stilt m o ___ American Avocet m o ___ Greater Yellowlegs m r ___ Solitary Sandpiper m r ___ Willet m r ___ Spotted Sandpiper m o ___ Long-billed Curlew m o ___ Hudsonian Godwit m r ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper m r ___ Western Sandpiper m o ___ Least Sandpiper m o ___ Baird's Sandpiper m r ___ Long-billed Dowitcher m r ___ Common Snipe wr r ___ Wilson's Phalarope m c
GULLS & TERNS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Franklin's Gull m r ___ Bonaparte's Gull m r ___ Ring-billed Gull m r ___ Forster's Tern m r ___ Black Tern m o
DOVES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Rock Dove pr r ___ Mourning Dove pr c ___ White-winged Dove sr o ___ Inca Dove sr r
OWLS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Barn Owl pr r ___ Western Screech-Owl pr r ___ Great Horned Owl pr o ___ Burrowing Owl pr r
NIGHTJARS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Lesser Nighthawk sr c ___ Common Nighthawk sr o ___ Common Poorwill sr o
SWIFTS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ White-throated Swift sr o
HUMMINGBIRDS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird sr o ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird sr r ___ Rufous Hummingbird m r
KINGFISHERS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Belted Kingfisher m r
WOODPECKERS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Red-headed Woodpecker m r ___ Red-naped Sapsucker m r ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker pr o ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker) pr o
FLYCATCHERS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher m r ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher sr o ___ Cassin's Kingbird sr r ___ Western Kingbird sr c ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher m r ___ Western Wood-Pewee sr o ___ Empidonox sp. sr o ___ Black Phoebe sr r ___ Say's Phoebe pr c ___ Dusky-capped Flycatcher sr r
LARKS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Horned Lark pr c
SWALLOWS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Purple Martin m r ___ Tree Swallow m r ___ Violet-green Swallow m o ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow sr r ___ Cliff Swallow sr o ___ Barn Swallow sr o
CROWS & JAYS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ American Crow m o ___ Chihuahuan Raven pr c ___ Common Raven pr r
VERDINS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Verdin pr o
NUTHATCHES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch wr r
CREEPERS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Brown Creeper wr r
WRENS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Cactus Wren pr c ___ Rock Wren pr r ___ Bewick's Wren pr r ___ House Wren m r ___ Marsh Wren pr r
GNATCATCHERS & KINGLETS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet wr r
THRUSHES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Western Bluebird wr r ___ Mountain Bluebird wr r ___ Townsend's Solitaire m r ___ Hermit Thrush m r ___ Wood Thrush m r ___ American Robin m o
THRASHERS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Gray Catbird m r ___ Northern Mockingbird sr c ___ Sage Thrasher m r ___ Brown Thrasher m r ___ Curve-billed Thrasher pr o ___ Crissal Thrasher pr o
PIPITS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) m r
WAXWINGS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Cedar Waxwing wr r
SHRIKES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Loggerhead Shrike pr c
STARLINGS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ European Starling pr o
VIREOS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Gray Vireo m r ___ Solitary Vireo m r
WARBLERS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Orange-crowned Warbler m r ___ Virginia's Warbler m o ___ Northern Parula m r ___ Lucy's Warbler sr r ___ Yellow Warbler m r ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler m c ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler m r ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler m r ___ Palm Warbler m r ___ Black-and-white Warbler m r ___ American Redstart m r ___ Ovenbird m r ___ Northern Waterthrush m r ___ MacGillivray's Warbler m r ___ Common Yellowthroat sr r ___ Wilson's Warbler m c
TANAGERS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Summer Tanager m r ___ Western Tanager m o
GROSBEAKS, SPARROWS & BUNTINGS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Pyrrhuloxia wr c ___ Painted Bunting m r ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak m r ___ Black-headed Grosbeak m o ___ Blue Grosbeak sr o ___ Lazuli Bunting m o ___ Indigo Bunting m r ___ Dickcissel m r ___ Green-tailed Towhee m r ___ Rufous-sided Towhee sr r ___ Canyon Towhee pr r ___ Cassin's Sparrow m r ___ Chipping Sparrow sr o ___ Clay-colored Sparrow m r ___ Brewer's Sparrow wr o ___ Black-chinned Sparrow sr o ___ Vesper Sparrow m o ___ Lark Sparrow wr o ___ Black-throated Sparrow pr c ___ Sage Sparrow wr r ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow m r ___ Lark Bunting wr c ___ Savannah Sparrow wr r ___ Baird's Sparrow wr r ___ Song Sparrow wr r ___ Lincoln's Sparrow wr o ___ White-throated Sparrow m r ___ White-crowned Sparrow wr c ___ Dark-eyed Junco m o
BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Red-winged Blackbird pr r ___ Eastern Meadowlark pr c ___ Western Meadowlark pr c ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird m o ___ Brewer's Blackbird wr c ___ Great-tailed Grackle pr c ___ Common Grackle m r ___ Brown-headed Cowbird pr r ___ Bullock's Oriole sr o ___ Scott's Oriole sr o
FINCHES STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ Cassin's Finch m r ___ House Finch pr c ___ Pine Siskin m r ___ Lesser Goldfinch m o
OLD WORLD SPARROWS STATUS ABUNDANCE ___ House Sparrow pr c
CASUAL OR ACCIDENTAL SPECIES STATUS ABUNDANCE (Completely out of normal range, although some may be common in surrounding areas) ___ Common Black-Hawk sr r ___ Bank Swallow m o ___ Western Scrub-Jay sr r ___ Pinyon Jay sr r ___ Plain Titmouse pr r ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher wr r ___ Painted Redstart sr r ___ Yellow-throated Warbler m r
White Sands National Monument is administered by the National Park Service. For additional information contact:
                 White Sands National Monument
                 PO Box 1086
                 Holloman AFB, New Mexico 88330     
                 Telephone: 505/479-6124

This resource is based on the following source:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  1993.  A checklist of the birds of 
     White Sands National Monument.  Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  
     Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  1993.  A checklist of the birds of 
     White Sands National Monument.  Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  
     Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govwhitesan.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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