Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Camp Verde, Arizona
This checklist presents the abundance and status of 228 bird species known in Tuzigoot National Monument and its surrounding area, including Peck's Lake, Tavasci Marsh, and the adjacent Verde River (refer to the map on back of this checklist) in Yavapai County, Arizona. The wide variety of birds in and around Tuzigoot is largely due to the diversity of habitats around the monument and throughout the Verde Valley. Approximately 60 species of birds are known or suspected to breed within the checklist boundaries.
The seasonal status (based on abundance and frequency of occurrence) and preferred habitat(s) of each bird species recorded in the monument and immediate vicinity are presented in this checklist. It is important to note that our status and abundance categories are based proimarily on estimates of the number of individuals present, not on how likely you are to see an individual of that species in the area. We have done this so that the checklist can provide the foundation for future comparisons of population trends. Because of our definitions, some species that we list as uncommon or fairly common might be easily found during trips to the appropriate habitat, even though not amny individuals will be present. For example, one to two bald eagles are often present at Peck's Lake during the winter and are almost certain to be seen, even though they are classified as uncommon. Therefore, you may be able to see many "uncommon" species during your trip to the monument.
Common names of the birds and the order in which they are listed conform to the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist of North American Birds (6th edition, 1983) and subsequent supplements. The listed information is based on the authors' own sightings (1990-1994) and on information generously provided by individuals with many years of experience birding at Tuzigoot National Monument. This updated checklist owes much to the previous 1985 ckecklist by Joseph and Kathy Zarki. Future birding efforts will undoubtedly uncover new species and/or provide information that may modify the status of some species in this checklist. The National Park Service encourages reporting sightings of new and rare species to Tuzigoot National Monument or to authors of this checklist.
Neotropical Migrants: A large number of the breeding birds, as well as many of the non-breeding species that use this area, are neotropical migrants. Neotropical migrants are birds that winter in Mexico, South and Central America and migrate northward annually to breed throughout North Amercia. Some species of neotropical migrant birds have suffered significatnt population declines throughout their range due primarily to habitat destruction, alteration, and fragmentation. These population declines are a cause for immediate concern, and many government and private organizations in North Central, and South America are promoting ocnservation of neotropical migrants. The goal of these conservation efforts is to protect the birds and their habitats so that species do not become endangered or extinct in the future.
A - Abundant: usually present in large number (>100 per day).
C - Common: usually present in moderate numbers (25-100 per day).
FC - Fairly Common: usually present in small numbers (10-25 per day).
U - Uncommon: usually present in low numbers (1-10 per day).
R - Rare: only a few present annually (1-10 per year).
O - Occasional: a few present in less than half a year, or available habitat.
I - Irregular: fairly common to abundant some years, and absent in others.
S - Casual: absent in some years, 1-10 present several times each decade.
X - Accidental: one record of its appearance, and unlikely to be repeated.
- Known or suspected to breed within the area
* - Neotropical migrant species
HABITAT (H) TYPES
W - Open Water: Aquatic habitat characterized by flowing or open standing water. This habitat is found at the Verde River, Peck's Lake, and portions of Tavasci Marsh.
M - Marsh: Wetland habitat that typically includes bulrushes, cattails, and seepwillows. Tavasci Marsh and portions of Peck's Lake shoreline contain most of the marsh habitat in this area.
R - Riparian: Wetland-associated habitat that consists largely of dense associations of sycamores, cottonwoods, willows, tamarisk, and baccharis. Riparian habitat occurs primarily along the edges of the Verde River, Peck's Lake, and Tavasci Marsh.
U - Mixed Desert Upland Shrubs: Upland habitat dominated by shrubs such as cresote bush, mesquite, acacia, mahonia, and by several species of cacti and seasonal grasses. This is the predominat habitat surrounding the monument and its adjacent area.
Species LOONS W Sp S F H ___ Common Loon S - - - W
GREBES W Sp S F H ___ Western Grebe - R - R W/M ___ Pied-billed Grebe C C C C W/M ___ Eared Grebe FC U - FC W/M
PELICANS W Sp S F H ___ American White Pelican I I - I W
CORMORANTS W Sp S F H ___ Double-crested Cormorant - O - O W
HERONS AND BITTERNS W Sp S F H ___ American Bittern R R - R M ___ Least Bittern - R - R M ___ Great Blue Heron C C C C W/M/R ___ Cattle Egret - R - - - ___ Great Egret R R - R W/M ___ Snowy Egret - U R U W/M ___ Little Blue Heron - X - - - ___ Green Heron R U U R W/M/R ___ Black-crowned Night Heron R R I R W/M/R
IBIS W Sp S F H ___ White-faced Ibis - FC - FC M
WATERFOWL W Sp S F H ___ Tundra Swan - R - R W ___ Greater White-fronted Goose R - - R W/M ___ Snow Goose S S - S W ___ Canada Goose C - - FC W/M ___ Wood Duck C C C C W/M/R ___ Green-winged Teal C U R U W/M ___ Mallard C FC U FC W/M ___ Northern Pintail U U - U W/M ___ Blue-winged Teal R U - U W/M ___ Cinnamon Teal FC FC - U W/M ___ Northern Shoveler U U - U W/M ___ Gadwall A C - C W/M ___ American Wigeon C R S C W/M ___ Canvasback U U - U W/M ___ Redhead U U - U W/M ___ Ring-necked Duck FC FC - FC W/M ___ Lesser Scaup U - - U W/M ___ Common Goldeneye R - - - W/M ___ Bufflehead U U - U W/M ___ Hooded Merganser R R - R W/M ___ Common Merganser C C U C W/M ___ Ruddy Duck U U - U W/M
VULTURES, HAWKS, AND FALCONS W Sp S F H ___ Turkey Vulture* - U FC U R/U ___ Osprey* R R - R W/R ___ Bald Eagle U R R U W/R ___ Northern Harrier* U U - U M/U ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk* U R - U R/U ___ Cooper's Hawk* U U U U R/U ___ Common Black-hawk* - R R R R/U ___ Harris Hawk* - O - - U ___ Swainson's Hawk* - R - R R/U ___ Zone-tailed Hawk* - S - S R/U ___ Red-tailed Hawk C C C C R/U ___ Ferruginous Hawk* - S - S U ___ Rough-legged Hawk R - - - U ___ Golden Eagle* R R R R R/U ___ American Kestrel* R U U U R/U ___ Merlin* - R - R R/U ___ Peregrine Falcon* R R R R R/U ___ Prairie Falcon* R R R R U
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS W Sp S F H ___ Gambel's Quail A A A A R/U
RAILS AND ALLIES W Sp S F H ___ Virginia Rail FC FC FC FC W/M ___ Sora FC FC FC FC W/M ___ Common Moorhen U U U U W/M ___ American Coot A C C A W/M
SHOREBIRDS AND GULLS W Sp S F H ___ Killdeer* U U U U W/M ___ Black-necked Stilt - U - U W/M ___ American Avocet - U - U W/M ___ Greater Yellowlegs - R - R W/M ___ Lesser Yellowlegs - U - U W/M ___ Solitary Sandpiper - R - R W/M ___ Willet - R - R W/M ___ Spotted Sandpiper R U - U W ___ Long-billed Curlew - R - - W ___ Marbled Godwit - R - R W ___ Western Sandpiper - U - U W ___ Least Sandpiper - U - U W ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - U - U W ___ Common Snipe U U - U M/R ___ Wilson's Phalarope - U - U W ___ Northern Phalarope - R - R W ___ Franklin's Gull - R - - W ___ Bonaparte's Gull - R - - W ___ Ring-billed Gull - R - R W ___ California Gull - U - - W ___ Sabine's Gull - X - - W ___ Forster's Tern - S - S W ___ Black Tern - S - S W/M
PIGEONS AND DOVES W Sp S F H ___ Rock Dove FC FC FC FC R/U ___ White-winged Dove* - O O - R/U ___ Mourning Dove* U FC C U R/U
CUCKOOS, ROADRUNNERS, AND ALLIES W Sp S F H ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* - - U R R ___ Greater Roadrunner U U U U U
OWLS W Sp S F H ___ Western Screech-Owl U U U U R/U ___ Great Horned Owl U U U U R/U ___ Elf Owl* - R R - R ___ Long-eared Owl* - R - R R ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl R - - R R
GOATSUCKERS W Sp S F H ___ Lesser Nighthawk* - U C - W/U ___ Common Nighthawk* - U - U W/U ___ Common Poorwill* - R U R W/U
SWIFTS W Sp S F H ___ Vaux's Swift* - S - R W/R ___ White-throated Swift* - FC FC U W/R
HUMMINGBIRDS W Sp S F H ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird* - C C - R/U ___ Anna's Hummingbird* R R R R U ___ Costa's Hummingbird* - R - - U ___ Calliope Hummingbird* - R - R R/U ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird* - R - R R/U ___ Rufous Hummingbird* - U - U R/U
KINGFISHERS W Sp S F H ___ Belted Kingfisher U U U U W/R
WOODPECKERS W Sp S F H ___ Lewis' Woodpecker* I - - - R ___ Acorn Woodpecker I I - I R ___ Gila Woodpecker FC FC FC FC R ___ Red-naped Sapsucker* R - - - R/U ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker U U FC U R/U ___ Hairy Woodpecker R - - R R ___ Northern Flicker* FC FC FC C R/U
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS W Sp S F H ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher* - R - R R ___ Western Wood-Pewee* - FC U FC R ___ Willow Flycatcher* - R R R R ___ Hammond's Flycatcher* - U - U R ___ Dusky Flycatcher* - U - U R ___ Gray Flycatcher* - U - U R/U ___ Pacific-Slope Cordilleran Flycatcher* - U - U R/U ___ Black Phoebe U U FC U W/R ___ Say's Phoebe* FC FC FC FC R/U ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher* - FC FC - R/U ___ Brown-crested Flycatcher* - U U U R ___ Cassin's Kingbird* - U FC U R ___ Western Kingbird* - FC FC U R/U ___ Vermillion Flycatcher* R U U U M/R
SWALLOWS W Sp S F H ___ Purple Martin* - U - U W ___ Tree Swallow* - FC - FC W/R ___ Violet-green Swallow* - C C C W/R ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* - FC C U W/R ___ Bank Swallow* - R - R W/R ___ Cliff Swallow* - C C C W/R ___ Barn Swallow* - U - U W/M
JAYS AND CROWS W Sp S F H ___ Steller's Jay I - - S R/U ___ Scrub Jay U U U U U ___ Pinyon Jay - I - I U ___ American Crow (S) - - - - - ___ Common Raven U U U U R/U
WRENS W Sp S F H ___ Rock Wren* C C C C U ___ Canyon Wren U U U U U ___ Bewick's Wren C C C C R/U ___ House Wren* I R - R R ___ Marsh Wren* U - - U M
TITMICE AND BUSHTITS W Sp S F H ___ Bridled Titmouse FC FC FC FC R/U ___ Plain Titmouse R R R R U ___ Verdin FC FC FC FC U ___ Bushtit FC FC FC FC R/U
NUTHATCHES W Sp S F H ___ White-breasted Nuthatch R R - R R
CREEPERS W Sp S F H ___ Brown Creeper* R - - R R
GNATCATCHERS AND KINGLETS W Sp S F H ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet* FC FC - U R/U ___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher* U U - - U ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* - U U U R/U
THRUSHES W Sp S F H ___ Western Bluebird* FC U - U R/U ___ Mountain Bluebird* U U - U R/U ___ Townsend's Solitaire* R R - R R/U ___ Swainson's Thrush* - X - - - ___ Hermit Thrush* U U - U R/U ___ American Robin* A U O FC R/U
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS W Sp S F H ___ Northern Mockingbird* O FC FC O U ___ Sage Thrasher* R R - R U ___ Bendire's Thrasher* - S - S U ___ Crissal Thrasher U U U U U
PIPITS W Sp S F H ___ American Pipit* O I - I M/R
VIREOS W Sp S F H ___ Bell's Vireo* - C C - R/U ___ Gray Vireo* - R - R U ___ Solitary Vireo* - U - U R/U ___ Warbling Vireo* - U - U R
WAXWINGS W Sp S F H ___ Cedar Waxwing* - R - R R
SILKY FLYCATCHERS W Sp S F H ___ Phainopepla* O FC FC R R/U
SHRIKES W Sp S F H ___ Loggerhead Shrike* R U U R U
STARLINGS W Sp S F H ___ European Starling A A A A R/U
WOOD WARBLERS W Sp S F H ___ Orange-crowned Warbler* - FC - FC R/U ___ Nashville Warbler* - U - U R ___ Virginia's Warlber* - U - U R ___ Lucy's Warbler* - C C FC R,U ___ Yellow Warbler* FC - C FC R ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler (X)* - - - - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler* U FC - FC R/U ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler* - FC - FC R ___ Townsend's Warbler* - U - U R ___ Hermit Warbler* - R - R R ___ Northern Waterthrush* - R - R R' ___ MacGillivray's Warbler* - U - U R ___ Common Yellowthroat* X C C FC M/R ___ Red-faced Warbler* - S - S R ___ Wilson's Warlber* - FC - FC R/U ___ Painted Redstart* - R - R R ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* - FC FC U R
TANAGERS W Sp S F H ___ Summer Tanager* - U FC U R ___ Western Tanager* - U - U R/U
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS, AND ALLIES W Sp S F H ___ Northern Cardinal* FC FC FC FC R/U ___ Black-headed Grosbeak* - C S C R ___ Blue Grosbeak* - FC FC R R ___ Lazuli Bunting* - U - U R ___ Indigo Bunting* - R R - R ___ Green-tailed Towhee* - U - U R/U ___ Rufous-sided Towhee* - R R U R/U ___ Canyon Towhee U U U U U ___ Abert's Towhee FC FC FC FC R/U ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow U U U U R/U ___ Chipping Sparrow* U U - FC U ___ Brewer's Sparrow* R C - C U ___ Vesper Sparrow* - U - U U ___ Lark Sparrow* - O O O U ___ Black-throated Sparrow* R C C U U ___ Sage Sparrow* R U - U U ___ Lark Bunting* - U - U U ___ Savannah Sparrow* FC U - U U ___ Song Sparrow* C C C C M/R ___ Lincoln's Sparrow* R FC - FC M/R ___ White-throated Sparrow* O - - O R/U ___ White-crowned Sparrow* A A - A R/U ___ Dark-eyed Junco* C U - U R/U
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES W Sp S F H ___ Red-winged Blackbird* A A C A W/M ___ Western Meadowlark* C C U C U ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* R U - U M ___ Brewer's Blackbird* A FC - FC M/R ___ Great-tailed Grackle C U FC FC R/U ___ Bronzed Cowbird* - R R - R/U ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* - FC C U R/U ___ Hooded Oriole* - U U - R ___ Northern (Bullock's) Oriole* - U U - R ___ Scott's Oriole* - U U - R/U
FINCHES AND ALLIES W Sp S F H ___ Cassin's Finch S - - - R ___ House Finch U FC C U R/U ___ Pine Siskin* U U - U R ___ Lesser Goldfinch* FC C C U R/U ___ Lawrence's Goldfinch* S S - S U ___ American Goldfinch* U U - U R ___ Evening Grosbeak - I - I R/U
WEAVER FINCHES W Sp S F H ___ House Sparrow FC FC FC FC U
United States Department of the Interior National Park Service Montezuma Castle/Tuzigoot National Monuments P.O. Box 219 Camp Verde, AZ 86322This resource is based on the following source:
Johnson, Matthew, and Mark Sogge. 1995. A Checklist of Birds of Tuzigoot National Monument and Vicinity. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
Johnson, Matthew, and Mark Sogge. 1995. A Checklist of Birds of Tuzigoot National Monument and Vicinity. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govtuzigoot.htm (Version 30DEC2002).