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Bird Checklists of the United States

The Birds of Tumacacori National Historical Park

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Tumacacori, Arizona

Sp - Spring
Su - Summer
Fa - Fall
Wi - Winter
X  - Common 
*  - Sighted

HAWKS, HARRIERS and FALCONS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii * ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus x x ___ Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus * * ___ Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni x ___ Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis x x x x ___ Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus * ___ Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus * ___ Harris Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus * ___ American Kestrel Faico sparverius x x x x ___ Merlin Falco columbarius *
BANDED PLOVERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Killdeer Charadrius vociferus x x x
VULTURES Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Turkey Vulture Cathartes dura x x x ___ Black Vulture Cathartes atratus x x
QUAIL Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelli x x * x
HERONS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias x * x x ___ Green Heron Butorides striatus x ___ Bittern, American Botaurus lentiginosus * ___ White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi *
SHOREBIRDS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Black-necked Stilt Himanoptus mexicanus *
PIGEONS and DOVES Sp Su Fa Wi ___ White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica x x * x ___ Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura x x x x ___ Inca Dove Columbina inca x x x ___ Ground Dove Columbina passerina x x x ___ Rock Dove Columbina livia x x x
CUCKOOS and ROADRUNNERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus x x ___ Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus x x x x
OWLS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus *
GOATSUCKERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttalli x ___ Buff-collared Nightjar Caprimulgus ridgwayi x ___ Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles actuipennis x
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri x x x ___ Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna * ___ Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope * ___ Blue-throated Hummingbird Lampornis clemenciae x ___ Broad-billed Hummingbird Cyanthus latirostris x x x ___ Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus x x ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus x x x ___ Costa's Hummingbird Hylocharis leucotis x ___ Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps x
WOODPECKERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Common Flicker Colaptes auratus x x x x ___ Gila Woodpecker Melanterpes uropygialis x x x x ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris x x ___ Hairy Woodpecker Picoides pillosus *
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Vermillion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus x x x x ___ Tropical kingbird Tyannus dominicenis * x x ___ Western Kingbird Tyannus verticalis x x ___ Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans * x ___ Gray Flycatcher Tyrannus dominicensis * ___ Western Flycatcher Empidonax Difficilis * x ___ Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii * x * ___ Willow Flycatcher Empidonax trailii * * ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii x * x ___ Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens * ___ Northern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe x x x
LARK Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris x x
PHOEBES Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans x ___ Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya x x x x ___ Western Pewee Contopus sordidulus x
SWALLOWS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina x ___ Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis x ___ Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica * *
CROW Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Raven Corvus corax x x x x
TITMICE, VERDINS & BUSHTITS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Verdin Auriparus flaviceps x x x x ___ White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis x x x x
CREEPERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Brown Creeper Certhia americana x x x x
WRENS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Bewick's Wren Thyromanes bewickii x x x x ___ Cactus Wren Campylorhyncus brunneicapillus x x x ___ Rock Wren Sapinctes obsoletus x x x
MOCKINGBIRDS and THRASHERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos x x x x ___ Bendire's Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei x x ___ Curve-billed Thrashers Toxostoma curvirostre x x x x ___ Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma dorsale x x
THRUSHES and BLUEBIRDS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Robin Turdus migratorius * ___ Hermit Thrush Catharus guttalus x x ___ Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana x x x
KINGLETS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura x x ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea x x x x ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula x x x x
SILKY FLYCATCHERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens x x x x
SHRIKES Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus x x x x
STARLINGS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Starling Sturnus vulgaris x x x
VIREOS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Solitary Vireo Vireo solitarius x x ___ Western Bell's Vireo bellii x x x ___ Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus *
WARBLERS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata x x x ___ Virginia's Warbler Vermivora luciae x x x ___ Lucy's Warbler Vermivora luciae x x x ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronat x x x x ___ Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia x x x ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens x x x x ___ Grace's Warbler Dendroica gracine x ___ Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pussila x x ___ MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmie x x ___ Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virensnb x ___ House Sparrow Passer domesticus x x x x
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS, & ORIOLES Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Western Meadowlark Sternella neglecta x x x x ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus x x x ___ Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus x x x x ___ Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus x x x ___ Bullock's Oriole icterus galbula x x ___ Streak-backed Oriole icterus pustulatus * ___ Great-tailed Grackle Quicscalus mexicanus x x x ___ Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus x x x x ___ Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater x x x x ___ Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus x x x
TANAGER Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Summer Tanager Piranga rubra x
GROSBEAKS, FINCHES, & SPARROWS Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Cardinal Cardinalis x x x x ___ Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus x x x x ___ Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus x x x x ___ Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea x ___ Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena x x ___ Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor x ___ House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus x x x x ___ Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis tristis ___ Black-backed x x x ___ Green-backed x x x ___ Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chorurus x x x ___ Rufous-sided Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus * ___ Brown Towhee Pipilo fuscus x x x x ___ Albert's Towhee Pipilo aberti x x ___ Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes graminetus x ___ Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis x x x ___ Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus x x ___ Gray-headed Junco (Slate) Junco hyealis x ___ Cassin's Sparrow Aimophila cassinii x ___ Rufous-winged Sparrow Aimophila carpalis x ___ Chipping Sparrow Spizella arborea x x x ___ Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri x ___ White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leuchophyrus x x x ___ Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii x x ___ Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia x x ___ Cassin's Sparrow Aimophila cassinii x ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps x ___ Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata x ___ Sage Sparrow Amphispiza belli x ___ Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis x ___ Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus x
WATERFOWL Sp Su Fa Wi ___ Black-bellied Whistling-duck Dendrocygna autumnalis *
BIRD (Aves): a warm-blooded vertebrate, having a body covered wotj feathers and forelimbs modified into wings. It has a two part scientific name in Latin. This name usually describes a characteristic pertinent to that bird. It is accepted and understood by scientists and amateur bird enthusiasts throughout the world, regardless of their spoken language. Of the 28 orders of birds, 21 orders representing 645 species are found in North America, north of Mexico. This is less than 8% of the world's birds on 17% of the world's land. Since Tumacacori is so close to the international border with Mexico, bird visitor's from south of the border are often seen here.

Bird Habitat: Tumacacori National Historical Park is uniquely situated 3260 feet above sea level in the Sonoran Desert and onthe banks of the flowing Santa Cruz River. Annual rain- fall measures 15.20 inches. Summer rains come in heavy thunder showers during the July-August monsoon season. Winter rains generally come slow and steady, and penetrate deeply into the soil. Temperatures in the summer are warm to hot, and mild in the winter. These are optimum growing conditions for a variety of desert plants - grasses, trees, and shrubs, and succulent plants. This plant provides food, water, lodging and shade for birds that permanently live in the area or stop briefly on their migratory flight.

United States Department of the Interior
National Park Service
Tumacacori National Historical Park
P.O. Box 67
Tumacacori, AZ 85640

This resource is based on the following source:
National Park Service.  No date.  Birds of Tumacacori National Historical 
     Park, Tumacacori, Arizona.  National Park Service. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service.  No date.  Birds of Tumacacori National Historical 
     Park, Tumacacori, Arizona.  National Park Service. Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 02DEC99)          

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